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Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
Linda  E.  Endersby 

David  A.  Ranzan 
Indexing  Editor 

Janette  Pardo 
Richard  Mizellc 
Peter  Mikulas 

Paul  B.  Israel 
Director  and  General  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

A  UPA  Collection  from 

00  LexisNexis- 

7500  Old  Georgetown  Road  •  Bctlicsda,  AID  20814-6126 
Edison  signuuire  used  wilh  permission  ol'McGniw-Edison  Company 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  2007  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and 
index  or  of  the  microfilm  may  be  reproduced,  stored  in  a  retrieval  system,  or  transmitted  in  any 
form  by  any  means— graphic,  electronic,  mechanical,  or  chemical,  including  photocopying, 
recording  or  taping,  or  information  storage  and  retrieval  systems— without  written  permission  of 
Rutgers,  The  State  University  ofNew  Jersey,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 


Director  and  General  Editor 
Paul  Israel 

Senior  Editor 
Thomas  Jeffrey 

Associate  Editors 
Louis  Carlat 
Theresa  Collins 

Assistant  Editor 
David  Hochfeldcr 

Indexing  Editor 
David  Ranzan 

Consulting  Editor 
Linda  Endersby 

Visiting  Editor 
Amy  Flanders 

Editorial  Assistants 
Alexandra  Rimer 
Kelly  Enright 
Eric  Barry 

Outreach  and  Development 
(Edison  Across  the  Curriculum) 

Theresa  Collins 

Business  Manager 
Rachel  Wcissenburgcr 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey  National  Park  Service 

Richard  L.  McCormick  Maryanne  Gerbauckas 

Ziva  Galili  Michelle  Ortwcin 

Ann  Fabian 

Paul  Clemens  Smithsonian  Institution 

Harold  Wallace 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Marc  Mappen 


Robert  Friedel,  University  of  Maryland 
Louis  Galambos,  Johns  Hopkins  University 
Susan  Hockey,  Oxford  University 
Thomas  P.  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Ronald  Kline,  Cornell  University 
Robert  Rosenberg,  John  Wiley  &  Sons 
Marc  Rothenberg,  Joseph  Henry  Papers,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Philip  Scranton,  Rutgers  University/Hagley  Museum 
Merritt  Roe  Smith,  Massachusetts  Institute  of  Technology 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers  Board  of  Sponsors. 

This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historical 
Commission,  National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission,  and  The  National 
Endowment  for  the  Humanities.  Major  underwriting  has  been  provided  by  the  Barkley  Fund, 
through  the  National  Trust  for  the  Humanities,  and  by  The  Charles  Edison  Foundation. 

We  are  grateful  for  the  generous  support  of  the  IEEE  Foundation,  the  Hyde  &  Watson 
Foundation,  the  Martinson  Family  Foundation,  and  the  GE  Foundation.  We  acknowledge  gifts 
from  many  other  individuals,  as  well  as  an  anonymous  donor;  the  Association  of  Edison 
Illuminating  Companies;  and  the  Edison  Electric  Institute.  For  the  assistance  of  all  these 
organizations  and  individuals,  as  well  as  for  the  indispensable  aid  of  archivists,  librarians, 
scholars,  and  collectors,  the  editors  arc  most  grateful. 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 


Naval  Consulting  Board  and  Related  Wartime  Research  Papers 
Correspondence  (1919) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining 
to  Edison's  continuing  association  with  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  (NCB)  an 
his  experimental  research  for  the  Navy  during  the  year  following  the  end  of 
the  war  The  correspondents  include  Secretary  of  the  Navy  Josephus  Daniels 
and  Assistant  Secretary  Franklin  D.  Roosevelt;  NCB  members  Andrew  M. 
Hunt  Thomas  Robins,  and  William  L.  Saunders;  inventor  William  G.  Ruggles, 
and  experimenters  Paul  D.  Payne  and  Bruce  R.  Silver  Included  are  'terns 
relatinq  to  the  writing  of  an  official  history  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  by 
Joyd  N  Scott;  Edison's  use  of  the  yacht  USS  Hauoli  for  experimental 
research;  his  opinion  about  the  future  role  of  the  NCB;  and  ongoing  questions 
about  the  planned  Naval  Research  Laboratory.  There  are  also  documents 
pertaining  to  the  end  of  the  war,  including  the  disposition  of  various  supplies 
and  equipment,  the  termination  of  experimental  work  by  some  of  Edison  s 
men,  and  a  preliminary  list  of  Edison's  research  Fleets  prepared  by  h.s 
assistant  William  H.  Meadowcroft  for  Rear  Admiral  W.  Strother  Smith,  the 
Nava!  officer  responsible  for  the  NCB.  Some  of  the  letters  discuss  Newman 
H  Holland's  acoustic  range  finder  and  the  submarine  listening  apparatus  that 
Edison  wished  to  have  built  at  the  Brooklyn  Navy  Yard. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  includes  routine  items  relating  to  financial,  adF’l.s^Jy®- 
and  personnel  matters;  unsolicited  correspondence  from  mventors,  routine 
thank-you  letters  signed  by  Edison;  and  documents,  unrelated  to  Edison, 
regarding  the  future  of  the  NCB. 

S.  P.  No.  249  (Hauoli) 

Gravesend  Bay  ,  H.Y. 
Jan.  S  1919.  •  ■ 


length  overall 
length  on  waterline 
Net  tonnage 
Gross  tonnage 
Coal  oapaoity 
Water  oapaoity 

220  feet. 
187  feet. 

55  tons. 
5300  gals. 

provisions  for  5  days. 

10  K.W.  dynamo  (  Ho  Batteries) 

Draught  II  feet. 

Beam  21  feet* 

4  Cylinder  triple  expansion  engine. 

Single  sorew  propulsion. 

Maximum  speed  17  knots.  Economic  speed  13  knots 
Wireless  telegraph  and  wireless  telephone. 

3  listening  devices. 

Crew  60  men  and  6  offioers. 

Stub  bowsprit  (Ho  stays  attaohed) 




To : 

The  Sowunndsait,  Third  2!  aval  ylatvicU 
JonamnCing  officer  USo 

.iuhjoet:  Orfh 

1  The  U3i  oilOKHM  U.»'.192)  10  horeby  dotoflhod 

ftoaL  Sdlson,  Third  Matrlot  If  oral  Pore  a. 

„»i.  t, 

!):P .floor  of  squadron  20-*.  *or  t-uty. 

s  <£ho  WS3  (2.1.192)  is  aaoipnofl  to 

Squadron  80-0 !  Third  strict  Sarol  Torno. 

a  The  U*)  JAflfefc'  (4.F.1TO)  la  ■•.oeiynoa  to 

j.ior  72,  job*  Blirer,  for  supplies  . 

<}y  -  Oomra  ending  Officer  -  Squadron  200 
Supply  Offioer ,  Pier  72  «  tc 

upnav.  /  ^ 


"P\  V 


r-S  0'“ 

,»  1 t?  \ V 


,K\  ,v  , 

*  s  V. 


r  k 

p<\  \t-‘ 

January  9>  1919* 

You  will  continue  your  present  duties  until 
Relieved  by  another  vessel. 

Gy:  Commanding  Off icer, Sachem 
Commander  Arnold 

■  •  ..MmiL/'CWSTO^MG  WMSlF 


EES:"  or"w:  °TiKM^ 

13  Paiik  Row,  JslnY'rjmK  V  ~  jan/  iif  1919. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Of  vtc <t.L&L 

Laboratory,  /  J 

Orange,  N.  J.  /  ,  JT*u  uwTtfue  Kw-«*et#  - 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison:  /  f  • 

With  reference  to  thlT  enclosed  afsa^Cents py, /olrflular 
letter  to  the  members  of  the  Board,  I  wr  i 

to  give  us  the  benefit-1  of  you^Judgment.  as  to  whg^our  Boafd  ought 

f  .  „  cJU^/.Vc  £&&£****£  ‘"'“I 

to  be  and  ought  to  do  jin  future  Am  a  ^  v 'V\  I 

You  will  find  on  readi'feoye^^he  i^ate £ent a^gr^^dea^.^  I 
of  matter  which  a  pateht  lawyer  ^if^ob-^t  t|ae  bei^^^dieTja^t 
and  immaterial".  j  The  really  aeiln'lte  supgesjij^na  ajJoa)J2|r  iUy4, 

The  majority  seem /to  favor  a  purely.  inactive  future;  a  Board/vhloh  "Y,  * 

\  &WvOJ 

would  create  nothing  of\lts  own  and  would  simply  wait  to>  be  consulted.  ^ 
This  in  my  opinion  would\render  it  a  purely  ornanlental  and  useless 
body.  Emmet'  and  I  seem\o  agree  pretty  closely  on  another  plan, 
but  your  own  jrleviB  will  be  the  result  of  so  muoh  knowledge  and  ex¬ 
perience  that  they  will  be  awaited  with  great  interest,  and  I  hope 
that  you  will  find  it  possible  to  let  us  have 
Very  truly. 

l\d\  tCL  *** 




Naval  Consulting  Board. 


Jan.  11,  1919. 

To  the  Members  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board: 

I  am  sending  to  each  member  of  the  Board  a  complete  copy 
of  all  the  statements  made  by  our  members  at  the  meeting  of  December 
14th  and  later  revised. 

The  purpose  of  that  meeting  was  set  forth  very  clearly  by 
the  Chairman,  Mr.  Saunders.  After  dwelling  upon  the  importance  of 
devising  some  plan  "to  marry  the  civilian  inventors  and  scientific 
men  with  the  Navy  Department",  he  asked  "each  member  of  the  Board  to 
give  his  views  on  the  whole  situation  as  to  the  future  of  the  Board 

It  will  be  seen  however  that  in  the  very  interesting 
statements  which  were  made,  some  of  our  members  did  not  stick 
closely  to  the  text  as  stated  by  the  Chairman.  Therefore  in  order 
to  provide  Seoretary  Daniels  with  exactly  what  he  asks  for,  namely 
the  views  of  our  members  as  to  the  future  of  the  Board,  I  now  make 
the  suggestion  that  each  member  after  reading  the  entire  discussion 
submit  in  a  few  words  on  a  single  page  his  final  recommendation  as 
to  the  future  of  the  Board,  omitting  argument,  oritioism,  compli¬ 
ments  and  other  irrelevent  matter.  These  final  statements  when 
received  will  be  promptly  placed  in  Mr.  Saunders'  hands  that  he  may 
forward  them  together  with  the  full  notes  of  the  discussion  to 
Seoretary  Daniels. 

Yours  very  truly, 

mm  acBsiis 


Item  €o^tstoli'®n<b  Boamb 



1:1  Park  Row.  Nun*  York 

Jan.  13,  1919. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Thpra  are  several  young  men  who  for  a  number  of  months 
served  without  pay  in  this  offioe,  performing  the  very 
duty  of  examining  letters  from  inventors.  There: la  i nothi: ng 

that  these  men  would  appreciate  as  muoh  aB  a  letter  of 
annreoiation  signed  by  you,  and  I  would  suggest  that  if  you  oa  e 
toPdo  it  you  write  the  letter  somewhat  in  the  following  form: 

My  dear  Sir: 

As  President  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board 
of  the  United  States,  I  beg  to  thank  you  for  the 
servioes  whioh  you  rendered  the  Naval  Consulting 
Board  during  the  emergenoy  period  following  the 
declaration  of  war  with  Germany. 

Your  valued  assistance  so  willingly  volun¬ 
teered  in  a  spirit  of  patriotism  will  be  grate¬ 
fully  remembered. 

Yours  very  truly, 


By_ _ _ _ 


This  letter  should  be  addressed  to  Mr. 
dre ssed^a^New  S^^S^Ag  sent’ to  Z  that  I  may 
distribute  them. 

Thanking  you  in  advance  for  your  kindne-ei 

nin  this 

matter,  I  ™  . 

TH/gt  oK  J  tJb* 




January  14,1919. 

Ur.  Thomas  Robins,  Secretary, 

Baval  Consulting  Board  of  the  United  States, 
13  Park  Row, 

Bew  York,  H.Y. 

My  dear  Robins: 

I  have  read  with  a  great  deal  of 
interest  the  statements  and  opinions  expressed  by 
the  Members  of  the  Baval  Consulting  Board  as  to 
ito  past,  present  and  futuro '  standing. 

In  view  of  all  the  facts,  I  am  of  the 
opinion  that  all  the  Members  of  the  Baval  Consulting 
Board  should  plaoe  their  resignatipns  in  tho  hands 
of  The  Secretory  of  the  Eavy  for  action  one  way  or 

If  he  desires  that  the  Board  should  be 
continued  he  should  devise  soma  practical  modifica¬ 
tions  that  would  bring  it  into  cooperation  with  the 
Offioers  of  the  Bevy.  If  he  cannot  do  this,  -  and 
I  am  afraid  he  is.  powerless  to  do  so,  -  I  think  we 
should  insist  on  his  acceptance  of  our  resignations. 

Youra  very  truly,  , 



January  22,  1919, 

'IvjL/ff  »***  &  ~ 

Ky  dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft: - 

rULt  U 



Your  letter  of  January  15th  was  duly  received  and 
the  request  contained  therein  promptly  complied  with. 

I  hope  that  you  receive  the  maps  and  bulletins  all  right, 
they  were  mailed  on  last  Saturday  even  though  I  am  late 
in  acknowledging  your  letter  and  informing  you  of  their 

When  I  was  in  Orange,  Mr.  Edison  said  he  expected  to 
come  down  here  "in  a  couple  of  weeks".  I  have  heard  nothing 
more  on  the  subject  and  am  looking  forward  with  pleasure  to 
the  time  when  he  will  be  here  again,  even  if  only  for  a 
short  time. 

You  will  probably  remember  that  when  you  occupied 
Admiral  Dewey’s  old  room  down  here,  I  removed  all  of  the 
charts  and  maps  from  the  chart  roll  on  the  wall ,  and 
assisted  in  the  preparation  of  a  series  requested  by 
Mr.  Edison.  His  maps  are  still  in  that  roll,  and  I 
enclose  herewith  a  list  of  them  and  request  instructions 
as  to  their  disposition.  I  doubt  if  they  are  of  any 
particular  use  to  him  now,  but  should  he  want  them  I  would 
he  glad  to  send  them  along. 

Things  are  pretty  slow  here  now  and  I  am  getting  restive 
again.  If  you  hear  of  any  good  job  floating  around,  don’t 
forget  me.  I  wonder  if  Mr. Ford  doesn't  want  a  good  associate 
editor  on  his  new  paper.  (X)  I  think  I  could  have  the  paper 
sujjressed  within  three  issues,  if  they  would  publish  some 
things  I  would  like  to  write. 

With  kindest  regards, 

Yours  sincerely, 

Mr.  Y/.  H.  Meadow  croft, 

Thomas  A.  Edison  laboratory, 
Orange,  B.  J. 


1131’  01'’  CHARTS  OH  SHEETS  XH  ADMIRAL  BADGER’  3  ROOa. 

3Pain  ana  Portugal  -  Cape  St.  Vincent  to  Strait  of  Gibraltar. 
Mediterranean  -  Gulfis  of  lyon  and  Genoa. 

Spain  -  Rio  Bidasoa  to  Cape  Penas. 

Cape  Penas  to  Pontevedra  Bay. 

Cape  Pinicterre  to  Cape  ot.  Vincent. 

Pas  do  Sud  (Prance)  to  Cape  Prior  (upain). 

Gulfs  of  iyons  and  Genoa. 

Tyrrhenian  Sea. 

Sardinia  to^ialta  (including  Sicily). 

Mediterranean  Aehipclago  (northern  aiid  ^outhern  sheets). 
Turl'ev  in  Asia  -  Rhodes  Ial&nu  to  -  • 

•.lalta  to  Cape  Maleu,  including  the  Ionian  Islands. 

Outline  chart  of  Mediterranean  Sea  -  (large  one  in  2  sections 
and  small  one ) . 

Orkney  Islands  -  northern  portion. 

Shetland  Islea. 

1  el  and  to  Urfordness,  incl-i  : 

am  Or-fordni 

England  -  East  Coast.  He 
Entrance  to  Thtuncs. 

Outer  Gabbard  to  Outer  Dowsing,  1 

to  xilaj.eney.  .  >  n!i 

England  -  South  Coast.  Dungenecs  to  the  ,uw 
Dover  Strait. 

Calais  to  the  fi.  Schelde  entrance. 

England  -  Owers  to  Dungeness.  ;1 

Prance  -  Cape  Levi  to  Peeump  and  ^ecump  to  .,oulocne. 

England  -  Eddyetone  to  Portland  and  Portland  to  Owers. 

The  Channel  Islands  and  Adjacent  Coast  of  iranc  . 

ggS*  ;.S1fo°LdiroSi».,  i.»i»une  mw  «i».  - 

Irevose  Head  "to  hull  Point. 

England  -  Hew  \iuay  to  Holyhead. 

Great  Orrnes  Head  to  Liverpool. 
ot.Govens  Head  to  Hew  ^uuy* 

Ireland  -  Slyne  Head  to  liseanor  Bay. 

Liscanor  Bay  to  Tralee  Bay. 

Valentia  to  Cork. 

Ireland  -  larne  to  Bloody  Poreland. 

Horn  head  to  Hath 1 in  O’Birne. 

Rathlin  O’Birne  to  Downpatrick  Head. 

Downpatrick  Head  to  Achill  Heaa. 

Achill  Head  to  Slyne  Head. 

IricotSnfr0;  Por t&Patrf ek" to irkeudb r i gh t”  and*1  the  llu\t 



15.  Scotland  -  Hebrides  or  Western  Isles. 

Hull  of  Cantyre  to  Ardnamurchan . 

Ardnaraurchau  to  Buinrae r  Isles. 





Ireland  -  Skernes  Islands  to  lough  Carlingford,  with  Dundalk  Bay. 
Hinsule  to  Wexford. 

Wexford  to  Wicklow. 

Scotland  -  IThurso  Bay  to  Ilorth  llinch, 
and  Lewis,  with  Sule  Skerry,  Ron a  a 
Cape  Wrath  to  i’lannan  Isles. 

Aberdeen  to  Banff. 

Peterhead  to  Pentland  Firth. 

including  parts  of  Orkney 
nid  Sulisker. 

France  -  Pte.  d'Arcachon  to  Pte.  de  la  Coubre. 

Pte.  de  la  Coubre  to  Ics  tables  d  Olonne. 

£cs  Sables  d'Olonne  to  Bourgneuf. 

Bourgneuf  to  I.  de  Croix. 

Prance  -  He  d'Ouessant  to  Plateau  des  Roches  Bouvres. 

20.  Scotland  -  Soutor  Pt.  to  Aberdeen 
England  -  Blalceney  to  Sunderland. 

January  24,1919 

Mr.  J.  J.  Butler, 

General  Board  Hoorn, 

Department  of  the  Wavy, 
Washington.  D.C. 

My  dear.  Mr. 'Butler: 

I  find  on  receiving  yonr  letter 
of  January  22d  that  I  did  not  acknowledge  the  receipt 
of  the  mans  and  Bulletins.  They  came  promptly.  But 
I  must  confess  to  carelessness  in  not  having  written  yon 
a  note  of  acknowledgment  and  thanks.  However,  I  send 
you  our  thanks,  although  they  are  much  Belated. 

I  showed  your  letter  to  Mr-  Edison  so  that  I 
could  get  his  instructions  about  the  charts  and  maps 
which  he  had  placed  on  the  chart  roll  in  Admiral  Dewey' s 
old  room.  His  comment  was  not  extensive,  and  I  will 
repeat  them  in  tote  "Tell  Butler  I  won't  need  the  maps 
until  the  next  War".  'nuff  said? 

I' have  not  heard  Mr.  Edison  say  anything  more 
about  going  down  to  Washington.  He  has  been  awfully 
busy  on  some  special  experiments  which  he  is  hurrying  to 
finish  before  he  goes  on  his  trip  to  Florida  next  month. 

This  morning  T  had  an  idea  thst  I  would  remind 
him  of  his  proposed  trip  to  Washington.  Tf  I  can  got 
a  chance  later  on  in  the  day  I  shall  do  it. 

T  shall  bear  you  in  mind  if  anything  good  turns 
up  that  will  be  suitable  for  you.  Yon  already  know 
something  of  my  opinion  of  you,  so  you  may  rest  assured 
that  it  will  have  to  he  something  worth  while.  I  have 
no  doubt  or  your  ability  to  carry  out  your  threat  if  yon 
were  appointed  Associate  Editor  on  Mr.  Ford's  new  naner. 

With  kindest  regards,  T  remain, 

Yours  sincerely,  - 

A/ 6385 . 

promt  She  Commandant,  TMrd  linvnl  district. 

I'o •.  Oonu:mndin3  Officer,  US3  UAUQhl,  (S.P.  249) 

Subject:  OHD/.jS  : 

X,  'Bio  UC3  H/sUOil  (3.2.  249)  ia  heroby  detached  i'ron. 

squadron  .2,  ffiilrd  JJaval  difltriat  i’orao. 

2.  You  will  proceed  with  the  vosool  -under  your  oomauncL 

to  hnvy  Yard  and  report  by  tolophono  to  ShoB.A.Kdiaon  or  hie 
roproaontatlvo  for  experimental  duty  and  will  receive  from  tho 
UB3  SACHjJi  (C.i5.  192)  Buoh  equipment  aa  he  may  aireot. 

g.  The  OSS  HAUOhl  (S.P.  249)  iD  hereby  aeoignoa  to 

Thoa,  A.  £  ilia  on  for  oxperiaentnl  duty. 

4.  The  US 3  EAUOlI  (S*P.  849)  will  obtain  supplies  from 

tho  -no&root  supply  station,  i't ‘ 

Oyt  Section  6 

Command lag  Officer/ 3 quad.  13 
Thou.  A.  lidioon  J 

January  31,1919 

Hoar  Admiral  G.  ]J.  Burd , 

Havy  Yard, 

Brooklyn,'  N.Y. 

lly  dear  Admiral: 

Mr-  Edison  wishes  me  to  advise  you 
that  he  desires  to  h' ve  some  changes  made  in  the. 
devise  which  was  recently  comnleted  at  the  Y.;rd  finder 
the  direction  of  Mr.  H.  G.  Y/olfe. 

This  letter  will  he  ?iven  to  Mr.  Wolfo  to  , 
hand  to  you.  and  ltr.  Edison  will  he  obliged  if  you 
will  kindly  facilitate  the  work  as  above.  ' 

«  Ypurs  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

•Enclosure.  •  , 


Nawai.  Coararoun ng  BOjUsd 


1:1  Pahk  How.  Nuw York. 

January  31 ; 

Ur.  W.  H.  Maadoworoft, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J 

Dear  Sir: 

Ur.  Robins  ie  not  in  the  office  and 
oannot  write  this  letter  himself,  but  he  asks  i 
to  send  you  the  enolosed  with  the  request  that 
show  it  to  Ur.  Edison,  as  he  wants  the  benefit  of 
Ur.  Edison's  criticism  before  he  finally  oommits 
himself  to  thiB  recommendation. 

. . — Yours  very  truly, 

...  L\ 

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•  THOMS  ROBIHS  Jan.  33,  1919. 

Since  submitting  my  former  statement  I  have  become  convinced 
that  the  mere  reorganization  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  will  not 
accomplish  all  that  is  needed.  No  mere  Consulting  Board  whether 
Naval  or  civilian  would  in  itself  have  great  weight,  and  the  connection 
of  such  a  body  with  the  various  Bureaus  would  not  produce  the  harmony 
and  efficiency  whioh  would  lead  to  success,  nor  could  such  a  weak  and 
loose  jointed  arrangement  as  such  a  connection  would  afford  measure  up 
to  the  opportunities  which  are  afforded  by  the  developments  of 
scienoe  and  their  application  to  the  Navy. 

The  need  for  practical  participation  of  scientists  in  Naval 
development  has  been  realized  in  Great  Britain,  where  during  the  latter 
part  of  the  War  a  scientist  was  placed  as  an  advisor  in  the  office  of 
the  head  of  each  Department.  The  results  of  this  plan  encouraged  the 
Admiralty  to  extend  it,  and  recently  there  has  been  appointed  a 
Scientific  Assistant  to  the  Chief  of  Staff,  in  whose  hands  are  placed 
all  resear oh  and  experimental  wcrk,  whether  problems  of  pure  scienoe 
or  management  of  experimental  laboratories  for  the  development  of 
devices  applying  to  communication,  torpedoes,  search  light,  radio, 
anti-sub  marine  work  and  other  similar  activities. 

As  the  British  plan  would  not  exactly  suit  the  organization 
of  our  Navy  Department  X  beg  to  submit  the  following  suggestion,  its 
relevance  to  this  discussion  lying  in  the  fact  that  it  would  furnish  a 
single  branch  of  the  Service  to  which  the  Naval  Consulting  Board 
would  logically  be  attached:  - 

An  additional  Bureau  in  the  Navy  Department  to  be  orea  ted 
by  Act  of  Congress  to  be  known  as  the  Bureau  of  Research  and 
Development . 

This  Bureau  to  have  the  supervision  of  all  scientific, 
research  and  development  activities  of  the  Navy,  either  taking 
oharge  of  them  or  coordinating  them  to  such  extent  as  may  be 
deemed  advisable. 

The  Bureau  to  receive  appropriations  of  adequate  funds 
for  the  development  of  instrumentalities  and  devices  which 
arise  from  its  own  activities  or  which  are  submitted  to  it 
from  other  sources. 

The  Bureau  to  have  charge  of  the  Research  and  Experimental 
Laboratory  of  the  Navy,  and  to  have  the  power  to  attach  to  itself 
such  civilian  scientific  bodies  and  individuals  as  may  be  desired. 

The  Secretary  of  the  Navy  to  have  the  power' to  assign  to 
duty  with  this  Bureau  such  officers  and  enlisted  personnel  as 
may  be  required  in  the  performance  of  its  duties. 

The  Chief  of  this  Bureau  to  be  appointed  from  civil  life 
and  to  be  given  the  rank,  pay  and  title  of  Rear-Admiral. 

In  the  meantime,  the  emergency  for  which  it  was  created  having  come 
to  an  end,  the  members  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  should  place 
their  resignations  in  the  hands  of  Secretary  Daniels. 

February  4,1919... 

Mr.  Thomas  Robins,  Secretary, 

Naval  Consulting  Board  of  tho  United  States 
13  Park  Row, 

New  fork,  K.Y. 

My  dear  Robins: 

Your  letter  of  January  31st  was  received.  . 

What  you  propose  would  never  produce  results 
of  any  value.  hike  tho  Navy  Department  of  every 
Government,  their  experimental  facilities  produce  no 
results  because  they  never  have  the  right  kind  of  men 
to  properly  man  them. 

An  Experimental  Laboratory  to  be  a  success 
mu3t  be  operated  entirely  by  civilians  and  come  under 
tho  direct  control  of  tho  Socretary  of  the  Navy,  who 
seems  to  bo  the  only  civilian  in  the  outfit,  ti'o’ Naval 
Officer  should  have  anything  to  do  with  it.  Their 
business  should  be  operotion,  not  creation. 

The  Secretary  of  the  Navy  would  have  at  his 
command  tho  highest  grade  technical  men  in  the  Country, 
men  of  great  attainments  who  have  come  to  the  top  in 
the  commercial  struggle  due  to  mental  capacity  and 
long  experience. 

Annapolis  produces  only  students  who  immediately 
onter  for  life  into  a  system  that  takes  away  every 
incentive  by  which,  superior  men  can. advance. 

.  As  there  soems  to  be  no  hope  of  changing  this 
system,  my  conclusion  is  that  the  Naval  .Consulting  Hoard 
should  be  dissolved  and  the  Members  resign. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Havsl  Cowswiawe  Board 



OnANOE.Tf.iI.  February  4,1919. 

Mr-  Thomas  Rohins,  Secretary, 
Eaval  Consulting  Board  of  the 
13  Park  How, 

New  York,  N.Y. 

United  States, 

Hy  dear  Rohins: 

Your  letter  of  January  31st  was 
received.  'hr^G.^ir-A 



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If  avail  Consulting  Board 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N. 
My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

in  Pahk  llow.  UkwYohk 

f^^la*^***™  *' 1919' 



■■- . 

I  want  to  thank  you  for^°ft^le$i 
I  fully  agree  with  you  tha^ad^oed  ^ 

for  the  Navy  ought  to  fe^feolf^ln1 the  hands  of  civilians,  but  I 


1  conf*on 

present  Naval  system  is  pretty  near  jbom'opr oof .  Whenever  one  of 

believe  that  suoh  e 

or  politician  who  oan  be  kruatel  to  brink  pressure  «*.««  «—  j 

I  X  y  ZZZC**'-**  l 

Secretary  of  the  Navy.  lC  k 

The  relationship  Trei'^een  each  Na^al  office);  and  some 
political  Godfather  is  close r^^  ^i^gen&yal^/sjjS89^--  From 
the  time  when  the  politician ^y  toave  procure Ahs^of fleer 's 
appointment  to  Annapolis  until  one  of  them  r«&re?  there  is  likely 
to  be  a  oonstant  interchange  of  support  andjgtfrt£aie8 .  The 
combined  strength  of  the  closely  knit  union  of  the  officers  and 
their  political  backers  would  be  opposed  to  any  plan  whioh  would 
lessen  the  importance  of  the  Bureau  Chiefs  or  reduce  the  amount  of 
money  or  the  patronage  at  their  command. 

I  would  therefore  favor  a  plan  whioh  while  in  the  nature 

of  a  compromise  and  in  itself  less  desirable,  would  have  a  better 
ohanoe  of  being  adopted.  I  am  not  even  sure  that  for  practical 
purposes  I  did  not  go  too  far  in  suggesting  that  the  Chief  of  the 
Proposed  Bureau  of  Research  and  Development  be  appointed  from  civil 
life.  That  will  probably  arouse  great  opposition,  although  it  is 
the  practice  followed  in  the  Bureau  of  Yards  and  Books. 

The  object  in  my  mind  is  to  improve  conditions  in  the 
Navy,  and  X  don't  think  that  there  would  be  any  improvement  if  we 
were  to  suggest  a  plan  which  would  have  no  ohanoe  of  being  adopted. 
The  story  of  your  own  experience  with  the  Naval  officers  is  the  big 
trump  card  which  is  yet  to  be  uncovered  in  the  contest  between 
scientific  progress  and  Naval  pigheadedness .  I  hope  that  you 
will  produce  that  card  at  the  moment  when  a  clear-out  issue  hangs 
in  the  balance  so  that  it  can  be  definitely  settled  by  the  immense 
weight  of  your  knowledge  and  influence,  for  politically  you  are  an 
enormous  latent  power.  You  are  like  a  loaded  sixteen  inch  gun. 
Your  charge  should  not  be  wasted  on  shooting  a  rabbit  or  by  being 

fired  aimlessly  into  the  air. 

Let  us  arrange  a  definite  issue  of  such  a  character  that 
its  opposition  can  consist  of  nothing  but  prejudice.  Got  it 
before  Congress  and  then  arrange  for  an  Interview  with  you  which 
will  reach  the  entire  public  and  through  them  Congress.  With  such 
a  shove,  the  scheme  would  be  pushed  through  as  irresistibly  as  your 
six  foot  rolls  handle  a  five  ton  rook.  Whyjotjftilise  your ^own 
kinetio  energy  in  thiB  way? 

February  8,1919- 

From:  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Orange,  H.  J. 

To:  Commanding  Offioer  of  U.S.S.  E-3.,  ICoy  ’flest.  Fla. 

Sub  joet : Heoommendat i on  of  Paul  D.  Payno. 

1.  Paul  D.  Payne,  Chief  Eleotrloian,  was  dotai.lod 
by  the  Davy  Department  on  or  about  August  14,1918,  to 
assist  me  in  some  special- experiments  for  the  Secretary 
of  the  Horry,  and  pincje-  that  time  hos  been  working  here 
in.  Orange,  under  my  direction. 

2.  Payne  has  told  me  that  since  September  1,1918, 
he  hn'3  been  eligible  for  permanent  appointment  as  Chief 
Sleotricinn.  On  account- of  his  being  engaged  on  his 
present,  attached  duty  ho  has  not  had  an  opportunity,  to 
toko  the  examination. 

3.  T  understand  that  it  will  bo  of  assistance  to 

Payne  in  this  connection  if  I  certify,  which  I  nov  tuke 
pleasure  in  doing,  that  his  work  hero  has  boehi  very 
satisfactory.  ' 

(signed)  Thos.  A.  Edison. 


_ _ _ )i  S.  s.  K3 

i  .  r  c  i  j  l  ( , ( (  ,  ( / 

_ (j_ _ (fata  <d'(rCly,^f  *6/1./ f.  - _ ' 

&  Ctem  _ ZlIclIL _ eicJ  etcC'r  ?.(  gy _ 

- i&c - hfit-'y  ' ,  _ ^  ftri-'n 

. /if — (£.... £  .  .  _ n-ta _///' _ 


February  11,1919. 

Ur.  Thomas  Hobins, ’Secretary, 
Naval  Consulting  Board, 
New  York,  H.Y. 

.Dear  Hr*  Hobins : 

Your  letter  of  February  3th  wa3 
handed  to  Ur-  Kdison.  It  arrived,  only  a  short 
time  before  he  left  yesterday  to  50  to  -Florida. 

He  made  the  following  pencil  note  on  your  letter, 
so  I  will  quote  it,  as  follows: 

"Robins:  T  think  that  Congress, 
as  well  as  the  civilian  Secretary 
of  the  Navy,  are  very  much  in  favor 
of  a  purely  civilian  laboratory. 
Consross  knows  of  the  abuses  and 
it  is  uowerless  against  the  Bureau 
Chiefs',  and  I  feel  sure  that  they 
would  bo  deliarhted  with  a  club, 
nearly  every  Congress  has  had  one 
or  more  of  their  friends  and  supporters 
turned  down  by  the  Navy  buroau  in  past 

Of  course,  you  rsalir.e  that  there  wa3 
no  time  to  out  this  in  the  shape  of  a  letter  so  that 
he  could  si s:n  it,  but  the  above  would  have  been  the  . 
substance  of.  the  letter. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Kdison. 


Feb  rua  ry  20 ,1919. 

Hear  Admiral  W .  Strother  Smith,  U.S.I!., 

Hnvy  Department, 

Washington,  D.C. 

My  dear  Admiral: 

Allow  me  to  hand  you  herewith  our 
Laboratory  bill  for  experimental  work  done  by  Mr. 
Edison  covering  a  period,  ilovember  30th,  1918.  to 
January  31st, 1919,  at  cost,  amounting  to  ,;3,072.70. 

Thi3  bill  is  sent  in  duplicate,  cer¬ 
tified  to  by  Mr.  Edison. 

When  the  oheol:  is  read;/,  you  can  for¬ 
ward  it  to  me  as  usual. 

.  fours  vory 'truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


Hon.  Hewton  I).  Baker.  . 

The  Secretary  of  War, 

*  Washington, .h.C. 

My  dear  Mr.  Secretary: 

Allow  me  to  hand  you  herewi th 
our  laboratory  hill  for  experimental  work  done  by  Mr. 
Edison  covering  a  period,  ilovomber  30,1910,  to  January 
31,1919,  at  cost,  amounting  to  ^1.451.95. 

This  hill  is  sent  in  duplicate,  certified 
to  by  Hr.  Edison. 

When  check  is  ready,  you  can  forward  it 
to  me  as  usual. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


If  ayml  CoarsinaiNG  Board  c/fe 

OF  THE  UNITED  STATES  .  I  ^ !  ~  y  J  \t> 

Dear  Ur.  Edison:- 

I  have  prepared  the  enolosed  memorandum  ex¬ 
pressing  my  ideas  in  brief  form  as  to  the  future  of 
the  Naval  Consulting  Board. 

I  believe  the  statement  is  perfectly  logical, 
and  the  course  advised  to  be  perfectly  proper  and  con¬ 

JonvInieK  reach,  all  of  whom  have  agreed  to  it 
without  any  argument . 

Messrs.  Saunders,  Thayer,  Robins,  Addicks  and  Hutchinson. 

Will  you  please  reply  at  your  early  conven¬ 
ience  lettlS MtaoS  If  I  may  also  express  your  oon- 

Any  previous  statement  you 
ie  no  bar  to  oonourrenoe  with  the  one  I  enclose. 

Yours  sincerely, 

Member  Naval  Consulting  Board. 

Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

West  Orange,  N.  J. 


Iavai  Cwsmmro  Board 



Whether  the  Hcival  Consulting  Board  shall  regain 
in  existence  or  not  io  a  oattar  for  determination  by 
the  Secretary  of  the  Bavy  and  not  by  tin  Board  itself. 

If  he  dboideu  to  continue  the  Board's  existence, 
*8  believe  ths  reslGa-»tlon  of  all  newbore  of  tho  Board 
should  bo  placed  In  his  hands,  no  th  it  Iso  any  bo  free 
to  reoonotltuto  the  Board  with  a  personnel  which  may 
or  Kay  not  Include  the  present  aosr.boro. 

lie  believe  oast  experience  dictates  that  if  the 
Board  is  to  be  continued,  a  precept  uuat  be  prepared,  in 
i/hich  its  statue  sad  relation  to  other  branches  of  the 
service  are  defined,  and  its  duties,  liaitations,  end 
manner  of  functioning  distinctly  cat  forth. 

We  believe  that  ouch  precept  should  bo  preparod 
by  a  joint  Board  composed  of  Saval  of f Icoro,  and  re¬ 
presentatives  from  the  pro  sent  aosborahlp  of  the  ifavnl 
Consulting  Board  and  be  subject  to  approval  by  ths 
Secretary  of  tha  tlavy. 

Unless  eons  ouoh  aouroo  la  followed,  it  scotso  to 
uu  Inevitable  that  friation,  confusion  and  failure  to 
further  the  best  interests  of  the  aorvioo  will  continue 
in  the  future. 

rrrnif  t  wc 


February  24,  1919. 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange ,11.  J. 


The  Bureau  of  Ordnance,  Uavy  Department,  Washington, 

D.  C.,  in  its  letter  Ho.  32242  of  February  19,  1919,  directs 
that  750  lbs.  of  explosives  belonging  to  the  Havy  Department 
and  now  at  your  Laboratory  be  delivered  to  this  Ammunition 

Please  deliver  this  material  to  bearer,  H.  Gordon. 


'  in  Charge. 


February  26,1919. 

Mr.  Edward  B.  Hurley, 

United  States  Shipping  Board, 

Washington,  D.  C. 

Dear  Mr.  Hurley: 

Your  letter  of  February  20th  to 
Mr.  Edison  has  been  received  in  his  absence.  He 
has  gone  down  to  his  Winter  home  in  Florida  to  tale 
a  vacation. 

I  have  looked  up  the  letter  which  you  wrote 
to  him  on  March  18,1910,  enclosing  some  correspondence 
relating  to  a  bydro-oarbon  converter  invented  by  Mr. 
William  T.  Cutter,  of  East  Lyme,  Conn.,  and  take  pleasure 
in  returning  these  papers,  herewith,  namely,  letter  of 
Mr.  William  T.  Cutter,  dated  January  20,1918;  lithograph 
picture  of  the  Beach  Oil  Electric  oar;  copy  letter .of  - 
Franklin  D.  Roosevelt  to  Hon.  Frank  B.  Brandegee,  dated 
March  8,1918,  and  originel  letter  of  Hon.  Frank. B.  Brande¬ 
gee  addressed  to  j/ourself  under  date  of  March  14,1918. 

.  In  order  to  have  our  files  complete  I  will 

be  very  much  obliged  if  yop  will  kindly  have  your  Secre¬ 
tary  acknowledge  receipt  of  these  papers. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Enclosures  -  4; 


3  fini~c  fc'V-,,  i  have  teen  informed  by  the  Bureau  of  Ordnance 

rj.  that  Dr.  Silver's  services  have  been  completed  and  I 
otCi'r,  -f0rwara  you  a  oopy  of  a  letter  addressed  to  Dr-.  Silver 

0r.v  directly  at  the  Jones  Point  laboratory,  Jones  Point,  H.  Y. 

I  ,  I  am  glad  to  see  that  his  services  have  been  so  highly 
r,J  '7-  appreciated. 

fifir it'-t./fi  j 


.  I  am  preparing  a  chapter  for  the  Historical 

/ Section  of  the  Navy  Department  on  the  services  of  the  Naval 
(  Consulting  Board  and  of  course,  Mr.  Edison's,  for  publi- 
:  cation.  If  I  could  get  from  you  a  brief  description  of 
;  the  work  that  he  has  been  doing,  I  would  be  very  glad  to 
I  have  it,  or,  if  you  think  it  advisable,  I  will  try  to  come 
:  up  and  go  over  the  matter  with  you.  I  have  all  the  rest 
of  the  work  in  very  good  shape. 

Please  let  me  know  what  Mr.  Edison’s  and  your 
views  ar.e  on  the  subject. 

With  kindest  regards,  I 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Meadowsroft 
Edison  laboratory 
Orange ,  New  Jersey. 





Pel).  81,  1919 

Subject:  Servioes  to  the  Bureau 

Upon  the  completion  of  your  experimental  work 
with  Hexamethylenetetramine,  the  Bureau  wishes  to  ex¬ 
press  its  appreciation  of  the  industry  and  ability  with 
which  you  have  prosecuted  this  work.  The  following  is 
quoted  from  a  letter  from  the  Inspector  of  Ordnance  in 
Charge  of  the  Naval  Ammunition  Depot,  Iona  Island,  N.  Y. : 

"The  thorough  and  efficient  manner  in  which 
Dr.  Silver  has  handled  the  work  entrusted  to  him  and  the 
cheerful  and  untiring  efforts  he  has  displayed  in  working 
out  the  problems  which  the  Bureau  from  time  to  time  has  assigned 
to  him. 

The  Inspector  takes  great  pleasure  in  recommending 
to  the  Bureau  the  exceptionally  sterling  qualities  which  he 
has  found  embodied  in  Dr.  Silver  both  as  a  chemist  and  a 

The  Bureau  is  glad  to  add  an  expression  of  its 
appreciation  of  your  efforts  to  that  of  the  officer  quoted 
above . 

VeTy  truly  yours. 

( SGN)  Ralph  Earle 

Hear  Admiral  U.S.N. 
Chief  of  Bureau. 

Dr.  Bruce  R.  Silver 
Chief  Chemist 
Jones  Point  laboratory 
Jones  Point,  New  York. 









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—  ^Wcc)  «£4r/id. 

February  20,1919 

Mr.  Bruce  ii.  Silver,. 

Jones  Point,  i!.Y. 

Ky  dear  Mr.  Silver: 

At  la3t  the  Government  has  brought 
out  its  little  guillotine'.  The  axo  has  fallen  and 
if  you  will  loot  in  the  basket  you  will  see  your  head. 

All  of  which  means  that  I  received  a  letter 
this  morning  from  Sear  Admiral  '.V.  Strother  Smith  stat¬ 
ing  that  your  services  hove  been  complotod.  I  also 
■received  a  copy  of  a  nice  complimentary  letter  written 
to  you  by  3ear  Admiral  Earle,  and  I  am  awfully  glad  that 
the 'Department  appreciates  the  valuable  services  you 
hove  gi von . ' 

I  am  sorry  to  do  it,  but,  of  course,  the  only 
thing ’I  could  do  on  receiving  this  notifi  cation  was  to 
separate  you  from  onr  pay-roll,  as  Mr.  Edison  would  riot 
be  authorized  to  continue  your  name  thereon  after  this 
notification.  '.Ve  shall  make  your  account  up  tc  and 
including  today,  and  within  the  next  day  or  two  the 
amount  due  you  will  be  forwarded. 

Our  association  has  been  an  awfully  pleasant 
one  to  me,  and  it  would  be  a  great  pleasure  to  us  all 
if  at  some  future  time  wo  became  once  more  brought  to 
work  together.  Mr.  Edison  is  in  Florida  t  present, 
and  I  shall  send  down  to  him  the  letters  of  Boar  Admiral 
Smith  and  Hear  Admiral  Earle  for  his  information. 

With  kindest  regards,  T  romain. 

Very  sincerely  your3. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edisoi 

Commanding  Officer, 
Governors  Island, 
New  York  Harbor, 

Hew  York. 

Dear  Sir:- 

P03sibly  you  may  be  awaro  that  during 
the  last  two  years  T  have  been  experimenting  for 
the  Davy  Department  on  range  finding  by  sound.  In 
these  experiments  I  havo  employed  the  servioos  of 
one  of  my  experts.  Hr.  H.  H.  Holland. 

I  have  -recently  been  ifiiformed  that  at 
Governors  Island  you  have  some  of  the  apparatus 
that  was  used  by  the  Pronch  and  3ritish  Governments 
as  audible  range  finders.  If  it'  is  permissible, 

I.  would  like  to  have  Mr.  Holland  obtain  full  informa¬ 
tion  for  me  on  those  instruments.  This  will  intro¬ 
duce  Mr.  Holland  to  you,  and  I  shall  be  glad  if  yon 
can  allow  him  to  acquire  the  information  for  mo. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Ilaroh  4,1919. 

Mr.  A.  M.  Hunt,  - 
55  Liberty  Street, 

Hew  York,  H.X. 

Dear  Mr.  Hunt: 

I  received  your  letter  of  February 
2ist  to  Mr.  Ediaon,  enclosin'?  a  memorandum  present¬ 
ing  your  ideas  in  brief  form  as  to  the  future  of 
the  "tiara  1  Consulting  Hoard,  and  sont  the  srme  dowp 
to  Mr.  Edison. 

I  have  Just  received  it  back  from  him 
with  a  memorandum  requesting  me  to  say  to  you  that  . 
he  sees  no  objection  to  this. 

fours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


11a  roh  10.1919. 

Hear  Admiral  W.  Strother  Smith,  U.S.H., 


Washington,  D-C. 

My  dear  Admiral: 

Referring  onoe  more  to  your 


;i£  ■Sia.'.r t»;srr."“ 


Mr.  Edison  soys  that  he  will  seo  you 
at  any  time  on  his  return  from  Florida. 

With-kindost  rogards.  X  remain. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 



Naval  Consulting  Board 


13  Pa  uk  Rov 

March  13,  1919. 

To  the  members  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board: 

Dear  Sirs:- 

A  meeting  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  will  be  held  on 
Saturday,  March  33.  at  9:30  A. M. 

At  the  Engineering  Sooieties  Building,  19  West  39th  St., New  Yor 
Office  of  the  Amerioan  Institute  of  Mining  Engineers. 

Please  to  note  the  papers  attached  hereto. 

This  meeting  will  be  the  Annual  Meeting  of  the  Board,  which 
meeting  according  to  Article  IV  of  the  "Rules  and  Regulations  of 
■the  Naval  Consulting  Board  of  the.  United  States",  "shall  take 
"plaoe  in  March". 

Yours  very  truly, 

Thomas  Robins, 





Mar.  11,  1919. 

Mr.-  W.  L.  Saunders, 

11  Broadway. 

New  York,  N.  Y. 

My  dear  Mr.  Saunders:-  .  :  -  *' 

I  have  this  day  drawn  up  a  precept  appointing 
five  naval  officers,  to  wit:  Admiral  Benson  as  senior 
member,  and  Rear-Admirals  Griffin,  Taylor,  Earle  and 
Smith  as  members,  to  meet  with  five  members  of  the  Naval 
Consulting  Board  to  be  appointed  by  you,  you  acting  as 
the  chairman  of  these  five  members,  and  upon  Admiral 
Benson's  return  from  abroad  please  get  in  touch  with  him 
and  arrange  with  him  the  joint  meeting  of  the  Board  which 
the  precept  directs. 

As  you  know,  I  am  taking  Rear-Admirals  Griffin, 
Taylor  and  Earle  abroad  with  me,  and  we  will  get.  in  touch 
with  Admiral  Benson  while  over  there.  In  the  meantime, 
will  you  please  have  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  fully 
disouss  the  subject. 

Yours. very  truly,. 



Mar oh  11,  1919. 

From:  Secretary ' of  the  Navy.  . 

To:  Admiral  W.  S.  Benson,  U.S.Navy. 

A  Board  is  hereby  appointed,  of  which  you  are  the 
senior  member,  to  consist  of  the  following  officers  and 
members  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board: 

Rear-Admirals  R.S. Griffin 

David  W.  Taylor 
Ralph  Earle 

W, Strother  Smith,  Member  &  Reoorder 
To  meet  with  the  following  members  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board. 

Thos, A. Edison  (or  D.W.Brunton) 

W.L .Saunders 
B.B; Thayer 
A. M. Hunt 

Dr. D.H. Baekeland 

The  Board  will  meet  shortly  after  your  return  from 

France  and  when  all  members  can  be  conveniently  fathered  tog 
at  ?he  Navy  Department,  Washington,  D  C.,  or  such  ^^plaoe  as 
may  be  found  most  advantageous,  at  such  time  or  times  as  may 
•  designated  by  you. 

The  purpose  for  which  this  Board  is  ordered  is  to_ 

■  consider  and  device  ways  and  means  ^t^the  Naw  ® 

Board  may  be  mde  more  generally  useful  to  the  Navy. 

-  Past  experience  dictates  that  rules  ^a*i°n§aval 

should  be  prepared  by  whioh  the  status  and  relations  o 
Consulting^Board  to  other  branches  of  the  service ^ballbe^de- 
-  fined,  and  its  duties,  limitations  and  manner  of  fn-iotioning 
set  forth. 

weight  to  eve^consideration?  mke^ch  Sgestions  as  to^the 
Naval  Service. 

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Ur*  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

ISy  dear  £!r«  Edison:  f 

In  reply  to  your  letter  of  March  4y/igned  hy 
Ur.  Vfa.  H.  Ileadowcroft:  / 

X  again  than*  you  for  the  further  description  of 
vour  acoustic  device  for  determining  positions  of  con- 

ov/ing  to \ the  limited  range  of  the  measure¬ 
ments  of  distance,  Ld  the  relatively  large  sound  necessary, 

as  sr sssssa; 

X  trust  may  lead  to  some  future  developments. 

Sant  by  HAA  5  30  Pit 

March  86,19X9. 

Rear  Admiral  G.  E.  Bard, 
Navy  Yard, 

Brooklyn,  II. Y. 

My  doar  Admiral: 

This  letter  and  drawings  will  be 
handed  to  you  by  Mr.  Hanley,  whom  you  will  remember 
as  working  under  Mr.  Edison' s .direction  in  regard 
to  the  Submarine  listening  device.  Mr.  Edison 
wishes  to  have  the  dovitje  built  in  accordance,  with 
the  above-named  drawings,  but  it  i3  too  large  a  job 
for  our  plant.  At  the  Navy  Yard  you  have  facilities 
for  making,  this  device,  and  I  believe  the  instructions 
already  given  you  by  the  Secretary  of  the  Navy  will 
be  sufficient  to  warrant  your  building  this  device. at 
the  Yard. 

Mr.  Edison  is  sti'll  in  Florida  and  is  not 
expected  to  return  home  until  about  the  middle  tjf' 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


Naval  Consulting  Board 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir! 

March  37,  1919. 

At  the  Annual  Meeting  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  held 

in  New  York  on  March  33,  1919,  a  quorum  being  present,  the  following 
Resolution  after  discussion  was  passed  by  unanimous  vote,  the 

members  present  being  Messrs.  Lawrence  Addioks, 
D.  W.  Brunton, 

W.  L.  R.  Emmet, 

A.  M.  Hunt, 

M.  R.  Hutchison, 
Hudson  Maxim, 

A.  L.  Riker, 
Thomas  Robins. 

W.  L.  Saunders, 

M,  B.  Sellers, 

E.  A.  Sperry, 
Frank  J.  Sprague, 
B.  B.  Thayer, 

A.  G.  Webster, 

R.  S.  Woodward, 

WHEREAS,  The  appointment  by  Seoxetary  Daniels,  in 
the  fall  of  1915,  of  a  Naval  Consulting  Board  composed  of 
members  selected  by  various  engineering  societies,  to  bring 
to  the  Navy  the  cooperation  of  civilian  scientists  and 
inventors,  was  a  constructive  step  taken  in  contemplation  of 
a  great  national  emergency  which  is  now  practioally  over,  and 

WHEREAS,  Secretary  Daniels,  by  an  order  dated 
March  11,  1919,  named  a  Board  to  "consider  and  devise  ways  and 
means  by  which  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  may  be  made  more 
generally  useful  to  the  Navy",  and 

WHEREAS,  The  members  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board, 
while  deeply  appreciating  the  honor  of  their  appointment  and 
the  opportunity  which  it  has  given  them  to  serve  their 
country,  now  believe  that  better  results  oan  be  obtained 
through  some  other  agency  than  through  a  purely  civilian 
organization,  and 

WHEREAS,  The  importance  of  research 
experimental  wort  is  fully  appreciated  by 
for  which  many  of  them  are  admirably  equipped  ^  education 
and  natural  taste,  and  who  need  only  suitable  opportunity 
and  proper  encouragement,  to  insure  a  high  measure  of  success, 

whfrfAS  The  officers  and  bureaus  of  the  Navy  have 
already  successfully  conduoted  on  a  la^SescalereBear  an 
experimental  work  of  a  high  order,  cooperating  therein  wivn 
civilian  scientists  and  inventors,  be  it 

RESOLVED,  That  the  members  oftheNaval  Consulting 
Board  respectfully  submit  to  the  rt^fioIal 

belief  that  they  should  be  relieved  °fter  his 

duties,  and  that  it  is  the  sense  of  the  Board that  after  ms 
return  from  abroad  they  should  present  their  indavidum 
resignations  for  suoh  action  as  may  seem,  to  him  prope  , 

•.■bkpslss  a  ssrs&sss  rsj? 

carried  to  early  completion  as  a  nucleus,  shall  co  operate 
with  all  bureaus  and  the  existing  experimental  and  proving 
stations,  and 

RESOLVED,  That  the  members  of  the  Naval  Consulting 
Board  hereby  express  their  readiness  to  respond  as 

iissr&MS  --S  SWS 

After  the  passage  of  the  above  Resolution  it  was  decided 
unanimously  to  send  the  Resolution  as  adopted  with  the  names  of 
those  who  had  voted  in  favor  of  it  to  all  the  members  of  the  Board 
who  were  not  present  at  the  meeting,  with  the  request  that  such 
members  express  their  concurrence  or  non-concurrence  with  said 


The  Resolution  is  now  sent  to  you  for  the  purpose  men¬ 
tioned  and  you  are  requested  to  notify  »»  Aether  you  wish  to  be 
recorded  as  concurring  or  as  non-ooncurring  with  its  adoption. 

Yours  very  truly,  RoMns 


Ttom  €®>^TsinLi’iN<e 

or  Till!  UNITED  STATES 


Mar  oh  39,  1919. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

Referring  to  the  enclosed  circular  letter  containing  the 
Resolution  which  was  passed  at-  Saturday's  meeting  of  the  Board,  I 
want  to  write  you  very  privately  on  this  suhjeot. 

For  some  Um  past  I  have  been  convinced  as  to  certain 

matters  aB  follows: - 

The  old  style  Bureau  Chiefs  are  utterly  unwilling  to 
accept  assistance  from  a  prominent  civilian  body  such  as  the  Naval 
Consulting  Board,  although  they  are  grateful  for  help  from  individual 
civilians  provided  the  fact  is  kept  quiet.  They  are  intensely 
jealous,  and  nothing  disturbs  them  so  much  as  to  have  it  known  that 
any  civilian  has  been  of  the  least  possible  assistance  to  the  Navy. 
Also  these  old  style  fellows  have  no  knowledge  of  or  sympathy  with 
real  scientific  development. 

There  is  however  a  younger  element  in  the  Navy,  represented 
by  such  men  as  Commander  McDowell,  who  are  keenly  alive  to  all  that 
science  may  do  for  the  Navy.  They  know  that  their  help  must  come 
from  civilians  and  they  are  not  ashamed  to  give  credit  where  it  is 
due.  Up  at  New  London  these  young  officers  and  a  lot  of  physicists 
from  Schenectady  and  the'  Universities  worked  together  like  a  lot  of 
brothers,  and  they  produced  splendid  results.  McDowell  has 

outlined  a  plan  for  a  Department  of  Soientific  Research  and  Development 
in  the  Navy.  He  proposes  to  utilise  the  oivilians  who  have  worked 
at  New  London  and  others,  and  in  order  to  overoome  the  ohjeotions  of 
the  Bureau  Chiefs  he  proposes  that  the  oivilian  scientists  shall  he 
given  Naval  rank  and  made  Lieutenant  Commanders,  the  staff  to  he 
increased  from  time  to  time. 

McDowell's  plan  is  now  in  Secretary  Daniels'  hands  and  is 
teing  considered,  hut  I  understand  that  the  existence  of  the  Naval 
Consulting  Board  is  one  thing  that  stands  in  the  way  of  its  adoption. 

Reviewing  this  situation  it  became  obvious  to  me  that  the 
Naval  Consulting  Board  ought  to  go  out  of  business.  The  Bureau 
Chiefs  don't  like  us  and  will  not  permit  us  to  do  anything,  and  our 
existence  is  therefore  simply  blocking  progress. 

The  same  view  was  held  by  most  of  the  members  who  have  been 
doing  the  real  work,  but  Mr.  Saunders  seemed  to  value  the  empty  honor 
of  being  Chairman  of  a  useless  organizat^and  he  was  unwilling  o 
let  it  die.  It  was  only  the  strong«^f  the  other  members 
that  overcame  his  objections  and^led  to  the  PtW  * 

Resolution  by  a  unanimous  vote,  s> 

I  hope  that  it  will  receive  your  support,  and  I 
you  will  endorse  it  if  we  are  able  to  prove  to  you  what  I  believe  to 
toe  a  fact;  that  the  passage  of  this  Resolution  will  encourage  the 
progressive  spirit  in  the  Navy  and  render  possible  the  real  cooperation 

of  officers  and  oivilian  scientist.  ^  KoDoWell 

I  am  sending  you  a  oopy  of  an  artioue  y 
which  he  has  written  for  the  Naval  Institute. 

*-*<*fJ3  .T"ST 

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to  Key  7/est  ^  settle  up  uis  obligj 

C&* &&£■ 

I  L. 

other  qualities  not  jo^dosir- 

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Thomas  K.  Edison,  33^. ,  I  r  X-  .yj-tftt-v 


air-"  *u 





7  April  1919 

MEMORANDUM  for  Assistant  Seorotary  : 

PAUL  DOHAID  PANYE,  Chief  Klootrloian,  while  attaohod 
to  tho  USS  K-3  during  the  time  that  vessel  was  in  Honolulu,  in  com¬ 
pany  with  another  enlisted  man  from  tho  USS  k-3,  Broke  into  toe  tomb 
of  one  of  the  kings  of  Hawaii,  stole  tho  skull  of  Ike  king,  tile  sil¬ 
ver  crown  and  oortain  other  artiolos.  The  two  men  molted  down  the 
crown  anddhsposod  of  it.  For  this  offense  ho  was.  reoommsndod  for 
trial  hy  General  Court  Martial  hut  about  the  tirao  tho  proceedings 
started,  he  had  Mr.  Edison  ask  for  his  services  in  connection  with 
some  experimental  work.  The  Secretary  direoted  that  court  martial 
proceedings  he  suspended  and  that  Payne  he  transferred  to  tho  BUson 
Plant.  After  many  weeks,  due  to  the  scattering  of  the  witnesses  the 
Secretary  direoted  that  the  oase  he  dropped. 

There  is  on  file  with  the  reoord  of  Payne  consider¬ 
able  oorrespondanoe  dealing  with  hi3  failure  to  pay  debts.  Just 
prior  to  his  transfer  to  the  Edison  Plant  he  was  stationed  at  Key 
West.  Upon  his  transfer  from  Key  '.Vest  he  left  behind  a  number  of 
debts  vhioli  he  ha3  not  yet  paid.  His  return  to  Key  'West  was  directed, 
first,  because  due  to  the  large  number  of  released  which  have  been 
made  hi3  servloe3  were  urgently  required  on  his  former  station,  and 
second,  because  of  the  Bureau's  desire  to  get  him  back  to  his  station 
in  order  that  he  might  settle  his  obligations. 

Hon.  .Franklin  D.  Roosevelt,.  . 

Assistant  Secretary  of  the  Havy. 

Washington,  D-C. 

Friend  Roosevelt: 

I  have  just  returned  from  Florida 
and  your  letter  of  April  '^th  in  reply  to  ray  telegram 
in  regard  to  Chief  Jileotrioian  Payne,  has.'oeon  handed 
to  me.'  T  want  to  thank  you  for  your  kind  attention 
in  the  matter. 

r  should  he  inclined  to  say,  offhand,  that 
Payne  is  of  no  'earthly  use  at  key  Wost.  It  was  I  who 
wanted  him  to  work  on  a  gyroscope  on  which  class  of 
work -he  is  ah  expert.  ’  This  gyroscope,  which  is. very 
peculiar,  will,  I  think,  permit  automatic  firing  of  the 
guns  on  Dreednanght3  with  much  greater  accuracy  than  by 
manual  firing,  especially  on  long  ranges.  Previous  to 
Payne's  transfer  to  Hey  V.'est  T  had  made  several  gyro¬ 
scopes  and  after  many  changes  I  was  .lust  finishing  the 
lust  model,  which  I  believe  w ill  he  satisfactory.  It 
seems  too  had  that  it  ecnnot  be  finished.  I  had  offored 
Payne  $400  to  work  on  it  until  his  part  was  successful 
and  had  advanced  him  on  account  $80.  If  ho  were  allowed 
to  finish  the  work  he  i3  more  likely  to  pay  his  Hoy  Wost 
creditors  as  he  would  then  have  money.’  , 

I  knew  about  Payne's  escapade  at  Honolulu,  but 
feel  convinced  that  he  was  led  into  It  by  his  assooiate, 
who  was  a  machinist  on.  the  same  Submarine.  This  associate 
is  a  typical  Hun  with  a  bad  face. 

I  have  Just  received  a  letter  from  Payne  and  „ 
enclose  it  for  your  perusal.  -Will  you  kindly  return  it 
to  me  aftpr  reading. 

Sincerely  yours. 

April  14,1919 

Hr.  Paul  Donald  Payne, 

U.  S.  Submarine  Base, 

hey  v/ast,  Pla. 

Dear  Ur.  Payne: 

I  hove  raoeived  your  letter  of  April 
8th  and  aid  not  renly  to  it  befoi'o.this  because  T 
ranted  to  wait  until  Ur.  Edison  c one  home.  He  has 
lust  arrived  at  the  laboratory  this  morning  and  T 
showed  him  your  letter.  He  still  rant^  to  have  you 
returned  to  the  Laboratory  to  finish  up  the  Job  that 
vou  were  on.  and  he  is  trying  “to  arrange  matters  so 
that  this  con  be  done. 

I  note  that  you. have  returned  the  Hydrogen 
Detector,  addressing  it  for  Mr.  Warner.  Ur.  udiacn 
is  much  obliged  to  you  fop  kindly  attending  to  that 

V/ith  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  vary  truly, 
and  fours  for  the  Victory  Loan, 

Assistant  to  Ur.' Edison. 


April  19 , 1919. 

_ Heard  Admiral  7/.  Strother  Smith,  U.S.II., 

Wavy  Department., 

We  shin  art  on,  D.C. 

I.!y  dear  Admiifcl: 

Herev/ith  I  hand  you  our  laboratory 
bill  in  duplicate  for  experimental  work  at  coat  for 
the  period,  .Tannery  51,1919,  to  March  31,  1919,  amount¬ 
ing  to  Ji.428. 55.'  This  bill  has  been  certified  by  . 
Mr.  Edison,  and  T  shall  be  obliaroi  if  you  will  kindly 
put  it  through  for  payment. 

With  kind  regards.  X  remain. 

Yours  sincerely,  '  - 

and  Yours  for  the  Victory  "oan. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 



ISavatl  CosBrsnoiNG  Board 



i:j  Park  How.  New  York 

April  83,1919 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange ,  H .  J . 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

At  the  last  meeting  of  the  Board  Mr. Saunders 
announced  that  Secretary  Daniels  had  authorised  him  to  arrange 
to  have  a  history  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  written  and  that 
the  cost  of  the  work  would,  he  paid  for  hy  the  Navy  Department. 

After  a  discussion  it  was  decided  to  give  the  job  to  Captain 
L.H. Scott  who  for  several  months  acted  as  the' liaison  officer 
between  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  and  the  Inventions  Board  of 
the  Army.  Captain  Scott  was  educated  as  a  mining  engineer  and 
has  now  returned  to  civil  life  Of  course,  the  most  interesting 
part  of  the  hock  will  he  that  which  describes  your  own  work,  and 
I  hope  therefore,  that  you  will  he  able  to  give  him  as  much  time 
as  the  importance  of  the  work  warrants.  He  is  making  his 
headquarters  in  this  office  and  I  have  given  him  access  to  everything 
in  the  Board’s  files. 

Vfithin  a  few  days  he  will  telephone  Mr.Meadowcroft 
to  ask  for  an  appointment  with  you,  With  kindest  regatds,  I  am 

( I 




I.iy  dear 

Oho  steam  yacht  HAUOLI ,  3.  P.  249,  which 
has  been  assigned  hy  the  Havy  Department  to 
Submarine  work  under  your  direction  is  to  be 
sold,  Hie  decision  to  sell  this  vessel,  along 
with  a  number  of  others  of  which  the  liavy  came 
into  possession  during  the  V/ar  emergency  is  the 
result  of  the  most  careful  consideration  and 
has  been  the  subject  of  much  -thought  on  the  part 
of  the  Havy  Department. 

i'he  condition  of  the  H aval  service  at 
present  demands  that  no  more  auxiliary  vessels 
bo  retained  in  commission  than  is  absolutely 

It  is  therefore  proposed  to  withdraw  the 
HAUOLI  from  her  special  work  and  to  prepare  her 
for  sale,  unless  her  continuance  in  the  same  is 
urgently  required. 

Acting  Secretary  of  the  Havy. 

Hr.  i’homss  A.  Edison, 

Hew  Jersey. 

f  9  0 

Travail  Consuming  Boai® 

11  Broadway.  New  York 

Thomas  A .Edison, Eeq . , 

My  dear  Mr  .Edison:- 

,  1 

Before  Secretary  Daniels  went  abroad  he  authorized  ins 
to  employ  some  one  to  write  a  history,  of /the  Naval  Con^ltip^-^ 
Board  and  Us  work.  Q 

I  brought  the  matter  u*.^?(FQ<<3.%t!3^:’ihe^ipg 
Board,  and  it  was  unanimously  approved,  placing  \ 

my  hands  to  select  the  writer.  Ii'davp  \ 

Oapt&in  Soott,  who  was  liaison  offerer" oon|ec|edjg>U;g>the,  Army 

. ‘ 

Captain  Scott  is  a  civilian  and  is  now  retired  J 
Army.  He  is  by  profession  a  lawyer,  but  with  considerable-technical 
knowledge  and  instinct  -  a  person  of  high  character  ’  ~ 

The  Secretary  told  me  that  he  would  like  to  have 
everything  prepared  for  this  book  -  all  the  experiments  -  and 
that  before  it  was  published  he  would  decide  just  what  would  be 
released.  His  opinion  was  that  it  was  likely  that  by  the  time 
the  book  was  ready  everything  would  be  released. 

I  have  asked  Captain  Soott  to  arrange  for  an  interview 
with  you  as  it  is  of  the  greatest  importance  that  your  work  be 
included  in  the  book.  I  trust  that  this,  will  meet  with  your 

Yours  truly, 

April  28,1919.- 

Mr.  W.  i.  Saunders, 

11  Broadway, 

Hew  York,  H.Y. 

My  dear  Mr.  Saunders: 

I  have  received  your  lettor 
of  April  25th  in  resard  to' the  history  of  tho  Ilaval 
Consulting  Board  and  its  work.  I  am  quite  willing 
to  give  Captain  Scott  all  the  information  about  my 
work,  but  you  will  remember  that  I  reported  directly 
to  Secretary  Daniels,  and  am  not  sure  whether  he  would 
wish  to  have  the  information  about  the  experiments 
disclosed  at  this  time. 

1  am  still  continuing  work  on  a  few  of  the 

Yours-  very  truly. 

April  28,1919. 

Hon.  Franklin  D.  Roosevelt, 
Acting  Secretary  bf  the  navy, 
Washington,,  D.  C.  _ 

lly  dear  Mr.  Roosevelt: 

(Ref. 28905-684) 

I  have  received'  your  letter  of 
April  24th  in  regard  to  the  steam  yaoht  Hauoli,  S.  P. 

249,  and  note  that  she-  is  to  he. sold. 

r  have  been  using  the  Hauoli  for  the  continu¬ 
ance  of  the  line  of  important  experiments,  in  accordance 
with  the  wishes  of  the  Secretary  of  the  navy.  I  am 
making  some  progress,  and  if  it  is  convenient  I  would 
like  to  keep  the  vessel  for  three  or  four  weeks 
as  I  am  having  some  devices  made  for  trial  on  that  particu¬ 
lar  vessel. 

When  those  particular  tests  have  been  made 
T  would  like,  if  possible,  to  have  assigned  to  me  another 
vessel  of  about  the  same  kind,  belonging  to  the ?° 
which  T  could  transfer  my  experimental  work.  A  vessel 
of  150  to  200  feet  long,  capable  of  making  10  to  12  knots 
an  hcur  would  be  satisfactory  for  my  work. 

Will  vou  please  advise  whether  I  may  count  on 
retaining  the  Hauoli  for  three  or  four  weeks  a5d 
another  vessel  can  be  assigned  to  me  dffcor  the  Hauoli  is 

Very  sincerely  yours. 


IS  NY  CS  49  ML  ^  MAy  4_1S 


„  ratB,iY  «  ED180H  HAS  •*«**»  *  “*'* 



PAYNE  MAY  !>19  Y45  AM 


Hon.  Franklin  D.  Roosevelt, 

Acting  Secretary  of  the  Havy, 
Washington,  D.  C. 

Friend  Roosevelt: 

. Perhaps  you  will  remember  you  wrote 
to  me  on  April  9th,  in  reply  to  my  telegram  about  Chief 
iileotrician  Payno.  I  wrote  to  you  in  reply  on  April 

This  morning  I  havo  received  the  enclosed 
telegram  from  Payne.  It  seems  to  be  just  about  as  I 
surmised,  namely,  that  they  really  had  no  use  for  Payno 
at  Key  West.  You  will  see  by  his.  telegram  that  all 
the  boats  are  gone  and  that  he  has  practically  nothin* 
to  do. 

It  appears  to  me  rather  too  bad  that  I  crnnot 
have  Payne  up  hore  to  complete  his  work  on  which  he  has 
been  engaged  with  me  for  the  Navy  Department.  I  cannot 
help  thinking  that  the  device  5  have  partly  finished  wouj 
be  valuable  to  the  Davy. 

In  viow  of  all  the  circumstances,  don't  you 
think  that  Payne  might  be  sent  back  to  Orange  to  help 
me  complete  the  job? 

Yours  sincerely. 



P.  S.  For  your  convenience,  I  am  attaching  copy  of  your 
letter  of  April  9th,  together  with  memorandum. 



U 1 4r±?-  _ 

u^j  (,tp  (  CjCL  &*ii  tA**' 

"Ctce,  . 

L£2&  ' _ 



WAY  9  |ojg 

lercter  bf  ii 



"  ^51/ H  c"‘'f ^ 

j.  ....-vlcknowledge  the  receipt  01  your  lefcter  bf  i(^. 

April  23th  in  regard  to  the  steam  yacht  KAUOLI ,  S .  - .  24S , 
It^wilfUbe^pSiTn±y— aga?«£ahla^to^the  Havy  department  to  con^(.p£^<. 

tinue  the  ATOTOLI  on  her  pres bnE-duty _wi th  you  until  June  1st 
at  whioh/time  it  is  the  present  intention~o^.-tae  PeparJiAent 
to  institute  negotiations  for  hez- isale^  ^^LUok 

(•  UsMvi juj.  UxC  /  S 

In  order  tlult  you  may  haVe  sclme  vessel  to  which  you  coit-k 
transfer  your  experimental  work,  I  will  direct I*,  / 

S.  P.  642,  a  vaoht  now  in  the  possession  of  the  Ha ry  ,, 
speed  of  about  12  knots,  and  a  length  of  144.2  feet  water  line, 
to  be  turned  over  .to  you  on  or  about  June  1st  if,  after  you 
have  inspected  her,  you  find  her  suitable  for  such  duty. 

I  would  request  that  you  consult  with  the  Commandant  of 
the  Third  Haval  District,  Rear  Admiral, James  lI.  Glennon,  V. 

S.  N. ,  39th  Street  and  Third  Avenue,  Brooklyn,  N .  Y. ,  so  that 
you  may  be  afforded  proper  facilities  to  inspect  this^vessel 
in  order  that  she  may  relieve  the  HAUOLI  if  found  suiuable. 

Admiral  Glennon  has  been  informed  of  the  contents  of  this 
letter  and  will  do  everything  in  his  power  to  nelp  you  in  tne 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

Aoting  Secretary  of  the  Havy. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange , 

New  Jersey. 

Kay  10,1919. 

Hear  Admiral  G.  E.-  Burd, 

Hew  York  Havy  Yard, 

Brooklyn,  H.Y. 

My  dear  Admiral: 

You  havo  made  for  me  in  the  Havy  Yard 
a  device  which  I  call  a  "Column  Suspension"  for  use 
with  my  other  apparatus  in  pursuing  my  experiments  on 
the  listening  device. 

I  am  informed  that  this  is  all  completed  and 
lying  on  the  Dock.  We  are  all  ready  to  have  it  put 
in  place  on  the  U.  S.  S.  Hauoli,  S.  P.  249.  Liy  young 
man  says  that  a  special  order  will  have  to  he  issued  by 
you  for  this  work  of  installation.  May  I  ask  you  to 
issue  the  proper  order. 

Lieutenant  Harris,  who  is  Captain  of  the  Hauoli, 
and  my  young  man,  John  Hanley,  know  just  rhut  is  to  be 
done  and  can  direct  the  men  whom  you  assign  to  the  job. 

If  the  installation  can  be  done  without  delay.  I  shall 
be  very  glad,  as  the  AssistanieSdoretury  of  the  Navy 
informs  me  that  the  Government  will  dispose  of  the  Hauoli 
and  I  can  onJ.y  have  the  use  of  her  for  about  throe  weeks 
longer.  When  she  is  sold,  I  expect  they  will  assign 
another  boat  to  me,  but  I.  am  all  prepared  otherwise  to 
try  out  my  experiments  on  the  Hauoli. 

Since  roly  yours. 


ffon.  Franklin  D.  Roosevelt, 

Assistant  Socretary  of  tha  t'avy, 
Washington,  D.C. 

My  doar  Mr.  Roosevelt: 

You  will  undoubtedly  rooall 
that  at  the  present  time  I  am  using  tha  Hauoli,  S.P. 

249.  This  vassal  has  just  returned  aftor  vory 
successful  experiments  whioh  wore  made  50  miles  off 
ilontauk  Point  in  heavy  seas.  You  will  remember  from 
our  roeent  correspondence  that  I  have  been  requested 
to  give  up  the  Hauoli,  and  take  in  her  dace  the  U.S.S. 
Feleoia,  Si.  P.  642. 

1  find  that  this  boat,  the  Feleoia,  has  been 
in  eolliaSion  and  15  feet  of  her  bow  was  oarr 3 ed  away. 
The  enclosed  slip  from  bieut.  Warron  S.  Harris,  and  my 
man  John  A.  Hanley,  will  explain  in  regard  to  this  boat. 

Is  this  the  best  that  oan  be  done,  or  is  it 
the  policy  of  the  f.'nvy  to  stop  further  experimenting 
on  the  protection  of  Haval  vessels  against  submarines? 
If  the  latter,  I  would'  be  glad  to  be  informed,  as  I  am 
conducting  these  experiments  at  a  considerable  personal 
sacrifice ,  and  do  not  want  to  continue  if  the  results 
are  reckoned  iff  no  consequence. 

Yours  3inoereIy, 


SO  0  05  -  G  7  0-  X 1 



My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  fear  you  misinterpreted  the  Depart¬ 
ment's  letter  of  May  21,  1919  in  regard  to  sub¬ 
stituting  another  vessel  for  the  HATOli. 

As  that  vessel  was  in  the  list  to  be 
sold  and  the  FELICIA  was  to  be  retained  it 
desired  to  substitute  the  latter  vessel  for  the 
former,  if  she  was  found  suitable  for  your  pur¬ 
poses,  after  an  inspection  by  you. 

in  view  of  your  letter  of  Hay  23th 
the  Department  has  decided  to  continue  the  HAU01I 
in  her  work  under  you,  for  the  present. 

The  Department  fully  appreciates  your 
work,  and  it  desires  to  continue  its  assistance, 
as  far  as  possible, in  the  future  as  it  has  in  the 

Sincerely  yours, 

Assistant  Secretary  of  the  ivavy. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,. , 
Orange , 

.  Mew  Jersey. 



WASHINGTON  w,»  g\ 

tt«ys p*r„£HnoS,H^'A»  / 

provable  action  of  int3  0f  its  evident  / 

the  reports flf1Qe  Haval^erlonnel  to  the  lowest  / 
desire  to  reduce  Havai  pe  efficiency ,  and. 


in  order  to  make  the  reduction 
aonnal,  and  *l3°*  3° a®n  commission,  thus  ef- 
the  ^"“/nl^Raarvecoaony  which  is  doing 
forcKofusV  the  -nditions^f  £0^1 
‘"'s™  to  dispense  with  U» 
servioes  of  this  vessel. 

Very  truly  yours, 

Secretary  of  the  Navy. 

Thomayi.  Edison,  Esl. 
..-orange , 

Hew  Jersey. 

>fed  ^  *~T\ ' 



J  ^-LU/IJ  t'CuS  luecj  h  cl 

iirvu('lcii  £c£<-j  Octitt-cC-i  * 

Otcl'  4-CllJ/  Uli  1 j  /O-01 1 It  /'*»-*•  'fCy' 

’C-u)  d-ijj it  ct,l lois-  - 

LO-ct-i  'jltr m-,, 

&ct^C£<-c<.  O'?  , 

f  / 

fy\jLccfrt>-LO  Cci*ji  c 

Juno  17,1919 

Hear  Admiral  W.  Strother  Smith,  U.S.H.,  _/ 
finvy  henortraant, 

Washington,  D-C. 

L!y  dear  Admiral:-. 

Enclosed  I  hand  ..on  Mr.  ii:'iaor.tS 
Inbox-story  bill  for  experimental  wort  oovorinf?  period, 
'March  31,1919  to  ’.  of  21,1919,  at  cost,  amountin.?  to 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 


Juno  10,1919. 

Hon.  Josephus  Daniels, 

Tho  Secretary  of  the  Nuvy, 
Washington,  D.C. 

Ky  dear  Ur.-  Daniels: 

I  have  received  your  letter 
of  June  16th,  in  regard  to  the  Hauoli,  S.P.  249. 

The  matter  of  releasing  this  boot  was 
brought  up  during  your  absence,  and  I  have  -already 
raoorted  that  I  could  give  up  the  Hauoli  at  any  - 
time  the  Havy  Department  desires,  and  that  1  could 
transfer  the  experimental  apparatus  to  any  other 
vessel  of  about  the  same  size  that  the  Havy,  Depart¬ 
ment  would  certainly  retain  in  service. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Mr .  Y/.II.Mead owor of t , 

Y/est  Orange,  II. J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft : 

Key  Y/est, 
Juno  85,  ] 


How  that  we  have  our  nev/  shops  nearly  ready  for  occupancy  I  au 

writing  to  request  that  you  have  ny  tools  sent  down  by  express,  at  present 
there  is  very  little  work  ahead  and  we  will  not  have  Much  to  do  for  several 
weeks  when  the  new  flotilla  c olios.  In  the  meanwhile  I  want  to  conduct  a  few 
experinents  and  afterward  I  will  he  able  to  put  in  quite  a  lot  of  night 

I  an  very  sorry  that  I  was  unable  to  complete  the  work  on  Mr.  liais¬ 
on's  device  but  hope  he  has  had  it  finished  by  someone  else. 

The  weather  in  -key  Y/est  is  very  warn  just  now  and  the  mosquitos 
are  much  too  friendly,  however  if  your  part  of  Hew  Jersey  is  up  to  the  rep¬ 
utation  of  Hew  Jersey  at  large  we,  in  Florida,  have  no  cause  for  complaint 
on  account  of  nosquitos. 

Thanking  you,  and  with  kind  regards  Ian 

B.S.  I  would  also  like  to  have  you  send  the  Uicltel  flated  experiment  motor 
which  was  put  away  with'  uy  apparatus . 

Hon.  -Josephus  Daniels, 

The  Secretary  of  the  Navy,  . 

Washington,  D.C. 

My- dear  Mr.  Daniels: 

.Ever  3inoe  the  termination  of  the 
War  there  hna  been  considerable  discussion  among 
the  Members  of  the  Havel  Consulting  Board  as  to 
vhat  should  be  recommended  in  regard  to  i  ts  continu¬ 
ance  or  dissolution. 

Several  months  ago  I  waa  asked  for  my 
opinion  and  I  wrote  a  letter  to  Thomas- Hobirs,  the 
Seoretary  of  the  Board.  In  order  that  you  may 
be  informed  as  to  what  is  being  done  T  3end  you 
herewith  a  oopy  of  my  letter  of  February  4,1919. 

Although  the  letter  is  several  months  old, 
it  is  practically  up  to  date.  It  was  brought  to 
my  attention  again  within  the  last  few  days  to 
ascertain  if  T  had  changed  my  opinion,  but  I  fold' 

Mr.  Hobins  that  my  views  had  not  chunged. 

Sincerely  yours. 



Hr.  Paul  D.  J?aync, 
Submarine  Base, 

Hoy  West,  Fla. 

Dear  Mr.  Fnyne: 

I  must  a si  you  to  kindly  pardon  the 
delay  in  answering  your  letter  of  June  2bth.  We 
have  all  boon  pretty  busy  und  you  know  hov;  it  goes 
around  here  sometimes. 

.  Hr.  Kdison  was  very  sorry  that  he  could 
not  have  you  returned  here  to  help  him  complete  his 
experiments.  Ho  tried  in  many  ways  to  have  you  do- 
tailed  up  here,  but  nothing  came  of  it.  ^ 

In  accordance  with  your  request,  I  um 
sending  you  your  tool  box.  We  were  afraid  that  it 
would  not  carry  safely  with  the  pleats  that  you  had 
put  on  it,  so  I  am  having  a  box  made,  and  expect 
it  will  bo  shipped  to  you  by  prepaid  express  this 
afternoon.  Please  let  me  anew  if  you  receive  it 

I  showed  your  letter  to  Kdison,  and  be 
stated  that  he  could  not  very  well  spare  the  small 
nickel-piated  experiment  motor,  und  his  understanding 
i3  that  this  motor  belongs  to  him. 

'with  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Kdison. 



July  24,  1919. 

My  dear  Hr.  Edison: 

I  thank  you  very  much  for  sending  mo  the  article , 
"She  Horal  of  Jutland  When  in  Great  Britain  I  talk¬ 
ed  with  a  great  number  of  yien,  and  also  with  the  king 
about  Jellicoe's  book.  Hound  the  public  opinion  was 
that  he  had  made  the  mistake  of  his  life  in  writing  the 
book.  In  order  to  explain  why  ho  did  not  win  the  battle 
of  Jutland  he  discredited  himself  as  a  man  chiefly  re¬ 
sponsible  for  the  construction  of  the  Mavy,  ana  in  peace 
times  he  had  been  given  the  duty  of  building  the  great 
fleet  which  had  failed,  and  he  convicts  the  administra¬ 
tive  Jellicoe  through  failure  in  construction  in  order 
to  excuse  the  fighting  Jellicoe  through  not  winning 
a  victory.  I  should  hate  to  be  in  his  position.  X 
am  very  glad  to  get  your  letter,  and  to  think  your 
diagnosis  of  the  situation  is  correct. 

I  cannot  tell  you  how  deeply  X  regret  not  being 
able  to  join  you.  Ford,  and  others  on  the  trip  this 
summer.  It  seems  I  am  fated  to  miss  what  I  would  en¬ 
joy  more  than  anything  in  the  world,  but  as  the  new 
Pacific  Fleet  is  to  reach  the  Pacific  about  the  date 
you  are  to  go  on  your  vacation,  I  am  compelled  to  be 
there.  It  would  be  a  great  delight  indeed  to  be  with 


wife  joins  in  warm 


Sincerely  yours, 

Mr.  Xhomas  A.  Edison 
East  Orange,  Hew  Jersey 

July  26,1919. 

Hon.  Josephus  Daniels, 

Washington ,  D.  C. 

My  dear  Mr.  Daniels: 

I  have  received  your  letter  of 
July  24th,  and  have  read  with  much  interest  your  re 
marks  about  Jellicoe. 

Let  mo  assure  you  that  your  regret' in  being 
unable  to  get  away  on  the  camping  trip  with  us  is 
fully  reciprocated  on  my  part.  I  am  very  sorry 

that  you  cannot  go,  but  shall  hope  for  bettor  luck 
on  some  future  oooasion. 

Mv  wife  starts  tomorro w  for  hor  trip  out 
West,  and  wishes  to  join  with  me  in  kindest  regards 
to  you  and  Mrs.  Daniels. 

Yours  sincerely. 



July  28,  1919. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edieon:- 

I  thank  you  for  your  letter  of 
July  17th,  and  for  enclosing  me  the  one  of  February 
4th.  I  note  what  you  Bay  shout  the  neceeeity  of 
having  civilians  in  experimental  work  and  the  need 
of  the  higheet  grade  of  technical  men  in  the  country. 
I  feel  sure  your  opinion  on  this  question  is  right 
and  will  hear  in  mind  your  wise  suggestions.!**7  ^ct 
r  yours. 

_ „  CU5&DCUAV«n  .  C 

-*»**•& ■zZsrjzs-  ^ 


Mr.  Thomae  A.  EdiEon, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

August  14,  1919. 

(Pour  months  ago  you  suggested  my 
oeriment  with  illuminating  gas  free  from  Bans 
small  metal  tank,  using  it  especially  in  col 
gasoline  is  very  hard  to  gasify  or  vaporize, 

i  I  beg  to  report  that  your  suggesi 

»ith  pure  illuminating  gas  and  several  othes 

oxy-acetylene . 

When  we  use  a  valve  synchronized 
timing,  that  is  to  admit  gas  to  the 
in  the  firing  position,  it  is  Possibie  to 
hnttprv  -  even  dry  batteneB  will  operat 
necessary^  press  the  button  and  break  the 
E.  m.  F .in  the  secondary  will  fire  the  gas 
start  engine  i.every  time  without  cranking. 

v—  The  pipes  must  be  very  small  -  n 

to  drill-holes  in  the  base  of  spark  plugs  t 
and  the  gas  pressure  needunot  be  more  than 
violent  explosion. 

1  with  the  ignition 
srs  when  the  piston  is 
ise  the  smallest  size 
te  -  because  it  is  onl 
primary  current  and  t 
b  in  the  cylinders  anc 

not  over  1/16"  -  fitted 
to  the  synchronized  valve, 
20  lbs  to  prevent  a  too 

valve  to  the  intake  manifold.  With  this  system  y  dU£J  tQ  thQ 

importance,  by  reason  of  the  the  gas  pressure  in  the 

both  systems  from  the  gas  tank  open  and  close,  witn  gr 

rd^he^englneVil?  be  cranked  at  high  speed  and  at  the  ^time 

&  sanrsa" 

ready  to  be  started. 

V  In  order  to  prevent  breaking  of  this  spring,  it  must 

^of  thd  highest  grade  of  spring  steel. 

Respectfully  submitted, 




Yfa.  Guy  Ruggles,  168  W  73  H. 

Thomas  A.Edison,  Orange,  Hew  Jersey  « 

Sub  j  e o  t :  KUGGLES  orientator. 

1.  On  January  19th,  1918  the  United  States  Naval  Con¬ 
sulting  Board  honored  me  to -the  extent  of  appropriating  money 
to  construct  the  first  model  of  my  invention,  and  demonstrate  it. 

I  ^  ^  \a»-uLC  e-'Crtt'C 

3.  Many  impr  overrents  have  followed  which  are  incor¬ 
porated  in  the  later  models  I  have  built  for  the  Air  Service^-. 

/fair  (Ox*.  <fr>  "2-  - 

4.  I  am  told  you  were  Been  to  enter  a  motion  picture 
theatre  and  remain  while  the  indifferent  pictures  of  this^^ 



machine  v/ere  shown  , 


5.  The  last  of  the  machines  X  am  building  for  the 
Army  Air  Service  are  now  nearing  the  final  stages  of  assembly. 
V/ould  you  oare  to  oome  to  the  shop  in  Newark  and  see  the  last 
word  in  this  new  branch  of  science  in  aotual  operation  before 
they  are  shipped  away  to  go  into  service  at  more  distant  points? 

6.  lir.  Robins  tells  me  he  would  like  to  join  you  if 
you  have  the  time  to  spare,  and  bring  other  members  of  the  Board. 




Very  sincerely  your; 


August  28,19 

Mr.  Wa>.  Guy  Ilugglcs, 

168  .7  73d  Street, 

Dow  York,  k'.Y. 

Doer  Sir:- 

Mr.  iidioon  has  rooaivod  your  letter  of 
August  20th,  but  soya  ho  is  net  i'ur..i liar  with  all 
the  things  dona  by  the  ilaval  Consulting  Soard  end 
would  like  you  to  advise  him  just  whet  the  mechirie 
is  that  you  are  writing  about. 

Yours'  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  £dis< 

Soar  Admiral  W.  Strother  Smith,  U.S.H., 

Wavy  Department, 

Washington,  D.C. 

My  dear  Admiral: 

Herewith  I  am  enclosing  our  Laboratory 
bill  in  duplicate  for  experimental  work  done  by  Ur.  Edison 
for  the  period.  Hay  31st, 1919,  to  July  31st,  1919,  at 
cost,  amounting  to  $1,815.79. 

Hr.  Edison  has  certified  the  bill  and  duplicate, 
and  your  usual  good  attention  toward  receiving  chock  for 
the  amount  will  be  appreciated. 

I  trust  you  are  well,  and  with  kind  regards, 


Sincerely  yours, 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Enclosures  -  2. 


AJ.  ...,  I. 


New  York  City 




August  29 
1919  . 


Vfa.  Guy  Ruggles,  168  \7  73  IT  Y  . 

X° •'  Thomas  A.Edison,  Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Attention  Hr .Headowcrof t  . 


Your  letter  of  August  28th  i3  before  me.  X  thank 
you  for  the  courtesy  . 

This  invention  opens  up  the  posihilities  of  an 
an  entirely  new  field.  The  process  of  systematically  developing 
especial  faculties  in  man  as  a  preparation  for  the  rapid  and 
safe  assimilation  of  flying  instruction  seems  to  be  a3  new  as 
the  invention  . 

3.  The  inclosed  clipping  from  a  rescent  issue  of 
Aerial  Age  will  give  Hr.  Edison  a  eomprahensive  idea  of  "just 
what  the  machine  is  th&t  I  am  writing  about 


As  there  is  nothing  like  it  in  any  of  the  foreign 
countries,  and  his  Board  supplied  me  the  money  to  build  the  first 
one,  it  occured  to  me  that  perhaps  he  would  like  to  examine  the 
latest  model  . 

Please  refer  also  to  my  letter  of  August  20  . 


l' Op-14- B-ES  9/9 



Sf  P  [  0  '  H 1 0  > 

/  > 




My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

It  is  with  great  regret  that  X  feel  it 
necessary  to  inform  you  that  the  HA.UOLI , 

S.  P.  249,  now  detailed  for  certain  experi¬ 
mental  work  under  your  direction,  must  he 
withdrawn  from  this  detail  and  prepared  for 
sale.  This  vessel  is  one  of  the  very  few 
which  have  not,  as  yet,  been  demobilized, 
and  her  retention  in  her  present  detail  is 
no  longer  possible.  It  is  my  intention  to 
direct  the  Commandant  of  the  Third  Naval  Dis¬ 
trict  to  decommission  her  and  prepare  her  for 
sale  on  the  20th  instant  and  X  take  this  op¬ 
portunity  of  giving  you  advance  notice  in 
order  that  you  may  remove  from  her  such  ex¬ 
perimental  apparatus  that,  is  not  the  property 
of  the  Government.  . 

With  conditions  in  the  Navy  as  now- exist, 
particularly  as  ooncerns  paucity  of  personnel, 
it  will  not  be  possible  to  give  you  any  assur¬ 
ance  of  the  detail  of  a  vessel  to  take  the 
place  of  the  HA.U0LI. 

I  beg  to  extend  to  you  now  the  thanks  of 
the  Navy  for  the  efforts  you  have  made  to  BOlve 
the  difficult  problems  you  have  had  in  view 
while  using  the  vessels  which  have  been  plaoed 
at  your  disposal,  and  I  assure  you  that  it  is 
with  sinoere  regret  that  I  have  felt  impelled  to 
make  the  decision  whioh  thus  deprives  you  of  the 
continued  use  of  the  HAtTOLI. 

Very  sincerely  yours, 

kotZagitevcfteZy  ^tli^Navy. 

Thomas  A,  Edison,  Esq., 

New  Jersey. 

Sept.  15.191S. 

Hon.  Franklin  D.  RooBovolt, 

Acting  Soorstury  of  the  Havy, 

Washington,  D.C. 

Dear  Mr.  Roosevelt: 

I  have  received  your  letter  of  Septembor 
10th.  .  . 

As  the  "Hauoli"  has  bean  constantly  breaking 
down,  making  it  impossible  to  kdep  her  running  long 
enough  to  finish  any  experiment,  I  agree  with  the  idea 
that  the  Government  should  dispose  of  her. 

Since  you  do  not  volunteer  to  substitute 
any  of  the  other  numerous  vessels  which  the  Government 
owns  and  does  not  intend  to  sell,  I  infer. that  the 
Bureau  of  tlavol  Operations  desires  that  X  should  stop 
any  further  experiments. 

I  will,  therefore,  remove  the  apparatus 
immediately  and  close  my  connectipn  with  the  Government. 

,  Yours  very  truly. 



1 1  C^; 

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\).W  {'  t  sjt  ct  Hj  Xif  fa. . CL  t\  >1. 

1  lhLiiL\i\iL}  fA^'CTi.  J-UUL  y 

Ct  ^iCCS  t  fttu-a  ClakJ  . 

CJL.  iH.  L  VI L  ■>.[  6  -tEfc 

Rear  Admiral  G.h.Burd, 

Havy  Yard, 

Brooklyn,  N.Y. 

My  dear  Admiral:1- 

By  request  of  Ur.  Roosevelt, 
Aoting  Secretary  of  the  Navy,  I  am  giving  up 
the  "Hauoli",  as  the  Government,  is  going  to 
sell  her,  and  it  looks  as  though  I  were  about 
at  the  end  of  my  work  for  the  Havy  Department. 

You  will  remember  that  I  had  a  motor 
boat  fitted  up  with  an  electric  motor  and  some 
of  my  storage  batteries.  You  wore  kind  onough 
to  facilitate  my  getting  this.  I  had  contemplated 
making  use  of  it  in  connection  with  my  experiments 
on  the  "llauoli". 

This  motor  boat  is  now  at  the  Havy  Yard, 
but  I  would  like  to  send  over  and  take  the  batteries 
out  qf  her.  Wi  11  you  kindly  lot  mo  know  when 
it  will  bo  agreeable  to  you  to  Jiave  me  3end  cur 
men,  and  advise  me  as  to  where  they  should  go 
and  to  whom  they  shall  report-. 

With  kind  regards,  I  remain, 

Yours  si no e roly, 




13  park  How,  New  York 

October  8th,  1919. 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Mead owcroft, 
o/o  Edison  Laboratories, 
■7.  Orange,  U.  J. 

Leer  Mr.  Mead owcroft: 

Enclosed  please  find  copy  of  the 

had  to  take  these  notes  under  ooneioerable 
tw“n° Mr? Edis^a^d  Myself , °w£Ic£  be  coulo 

as  a  guide  to  some  of  the  infarction  which  we 
would  like  to  have  for  the  book. 

77e  would  appreciate  it  if  you  would 

o»  n  t  .e  ooT  arid  with  such  details  as  you 
may "think  we  should  have  in  order  to  make  the 
matter  clear  to  those  reading  the  book. 

As  the  book  is  nearing  completion 



vi  - 

VII  - 
IX  - 


XI  - 

XII  - 

XIII  - 

XIV  - 

XV  - 


Industrial  Preparedness  Campaign 
Fuel  Oil 

Ship  Proteotion  Committee 
Special  Problems  Committee 

Functions  of  Various  Organizations,  eto. 
Report  on  new  Maval  Base,  Paoifio  Coast 
Inventions  from  the  Public 
Meritorious  Inventions  from  the  Publio 
Branch  Offioes 
A o o ompl i Bhment s 


i r 

J(u*i  tvtij  /  fix  dcrju 

S-C^ty(k  /  cm  Cj. 

tied  e-f  fc  cTo  ^ 

(  Ci-C" 

/r-  , 


Capt.  Ecott  telle  me  that  while  the  hook  la  to  ho  publiBhod  under  your  authority, 
it  is  not  to  bo  published  as  a  Government  publication,  but  by  a  reguler  book 
publisher  and  plaood  on  eale.  I  am  writing  now  to  oak  if  the  above  la  correct, 
and  whether  you  desire  me  to  furnish  my  material  to  Capt.  Eoott  in  accordance 

(2)  Hy  second  question  in  this:  During  the  oour30  of 
my  work  I  prepared  two  obarts  showing  grapliicully  (a)  the  density  of  daily  steam 
ship  traffic  in  and  out  of  the  porta  of  the  British  Isles,  and  (b)  the  same  as 
regards  tho  porta  of  the  United  E baton.  Shone  charts  aro  the  result  of  an  lumen 
amount  of  research  and  labor  and  1  think  they  might  be  of  some  value  to  the  Hero 
iiurinu.  Do  you  aoe  any  objection  .to  mjr  furuiehing  blue  prints  of  those  two  char 
to  the  Jtaritime  Exchange  and  to  Marine  Insurance  Associations,  or  to  bodies 
similarly  Interested  V 

I  am  going  to  ask  Hr.  J.J.  Butler  to  hand  this  letter 
youin  order  that  it  may  come  to  your  attention  uoon,  as  Capt.  Scott  is  anxious  t 
have  the  material  above  mentioned. 

Sincerely  yours, 


Hovomber  4,  19X9. 

T.Ty  dear  Mr.  Edison 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  of 
October  3Cth,  in  which  you  ask  about  the  book  which 
Captain  Lloyd  N.  Scott  is  preparing.  The  Haval  Consult¬ 
ing  Board  employed  Captain  Scott  with  my  approval  to 
write  the  history  of  the  Haval  Consulting  Board  since 
its  organization.  I  agreed  with  Mr.  Saunders  it  was 
a  very  good  thing  to  put  in  permanent  form  a  story  of 
the  organization  of  this  Board,  of  its  devotion  to  the 
country  and  its  snecial  contributions  and  the  line  of 
investigation  which  its  members  had  pursued.  My  under¬ 
standing  was  that  Contain  Scott  was  to  interview  members 
oi~  the  Board  and  otherwise  obtain  information  that  would 
moke  the  book  accurate  and  reliable,  and  in  pursuance 
of  this  Captain  Scott  was  to  call  on  you.  Captain  Scott 
was  as  I  am  informed,  at  one  time  in  the  army  and  he 
holds  everything  he  receives  in  confidence  and  is  esteemed 
as  a  reliable  and  capable  man  and  a  gentleman. 

There  is  some  confusion  about  what  Admiral  Smith 
offered  Captain  Scott.  He  gave  him  a  list  of  the  particu¬ 
lar  items  of  work  upon  which  you  have  been  engaged,  accord 
in*  to  information  that  is  in  the  office  of  Admiral  Smith, 
but  he  did  not  give  him  access  to  files  of  your  correspond 
enoe.  Such  of  these  as  you  wish  Captain  Scott  to  see  will 
be  shown  him  upon  your  request. 

It  seems  Mr.  Saunders  wishes  Scribners  to  publish 
the  work  after  it  is  approved  by  the  Secretary  of  the 
Havy.  Of  course  what  you  shall  decide  to  give  to  Captain 
Scott  I  leave  entirely  with  you. 

Sincerely  yours, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 


4th  of  Hovomber 
19  19 

Ky  dear  I.!r .  Edison: 

I  have  Riven  a  great  deal  of  thought  to  the 
laboratory  in  the  last  month,  and  have  carefully  gone 
over  the  final  report  of  the  llaval  Consulting  Board, 
a  copy  of  which  I  am  enclosing  lor  your  ready  lexer- 

This  report  is  signed  by  lie.  Saunders  as 
Chairman  and  X  am  informed  received  a  unanimous  vote 
°t  one  of  the  meetings.  Shis  report  has  been  submit¬ 
ted  to  rav  technical  advisors  and  approvod  by  all  of 
them.  ‘  j'ith  the  idea  of  concentrating  work,  X  cave 
directed  the  closing  up  of  various  outlying  activites 
including  the  llew  London  Experimental  Station.  ■‘■be 
necessity,  however,  for  systematic  research  and  ex¬ 
perimental  wo rh  is  apparent  and  under  peace  time  con¬ 

Ehe  location  mentioned  in  the  report  is  fam- 
iliar  to  you  and  seems  to  meet  the  greatest  number  of 
conditions.  It  is  government  owned  land  and  under  the 
jurisdiction  of  the  Davy  Department,  so  no  formalities 
have  to  bo  observed.  She  purchase  of  land  anywhere 
would  not  be  authorised  by  Congress  and  no  lanu  can  bo 
purchased  except  by  direct  appropriation.  She  silo 
is  also  in  the  District  of  Columoia  ana,  eonsidoiing 
past  experience  in  conducting  experimental  woik  else¬ 
where,  the  laboratory  will  receive  more  substantial 
sunuort  here.  So  much  other  research  work  is  done 
in*  tho  District  that  duplication  of  effort  will  be 
avoided  and  co-operation  greatly  effected. 

She  plans  have  been  thoroughly  discussed 
by  the  technical  bureaus  and,  in  addition  to  the  gen¬ 
eral  outline  shown  in  the  report,  a  pier  leudingto 
twenty- two  foot  of  water  is  projected.  Duiing  the 
T/ar,  considerable  work  was  done  in  laying  railroad 

Lir . Ehos.A .Edison ,  II ov •  d ,1919 . 

tracks  ana  roads  on  the  property  for  ordnance  stores 
and  tho  above  mentioned  pier  is  under  contract  in  that 
connection,  and  the  whole  involves  only  a  comparative¬ 
ly  small  sum  out  of  the  laboratory  appropriation,  and 
under  the  present  conditions  every  item  of  economy  must 
be  observed. 

With  tho  laboratory  hero  it  will  be  accesible 
to  a  larger  number  of  naval  officers  and  experts  in  the 
Bureau  of  Standards  and  other  scientific  and  practical 
men  than  can  be  permitted  elsewhere  upon  government  own¬ 
ed  land  and  they  can  thus  come  much  closer  in  touch  with 
civilian  scientists.  I  have  directed  thnu  detailed 
plans  be  drawn  up,  but  have  not  given  pualicity  to  this 
until  I  could  acouaint  you  with  all  the  arguments  pl-ceu 
beforo  mo. 

,rou  were  evidently  influenced  by  the  conditions  obtain- 
ine-  at  that  time,  but  I  feel  that  you  will  agree  with 
me  that,  while  conditions  have  changed,  tho  n°cossity_ 
of  research  still  exists  and  that  a  close  relationship 
between  the  naval  and  civilian  scientist  is  woithj  of 
enc  o  urageinont . 

X  hope  that  you  will  approve  of  tho  Consult¬ 
ing  Board’s  report,  it  has  met  with  considerable  praise, 
and  wm  aid  in  th4  inauguration  of  an  establishment  yon 
have  so  ably  advocated.  Jill  you  please  \/rite  me. 

Sincerely  yours, 

Hr.  Ehomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 


November  7,19X9. 

; ; ; ;PK3S0HAL: : : : 

Friend  Daniels: 

I  have  not  changed  my  mind  in  the  least 

If  Naval  offioers  are  to  control  ^  “he  rosui 

ajs*£.  « °» 

system  of  education  at  Annapolis. 

When  you  aro  no  longer  Secretary  and  have 

SSiS.'SHS  «• 

llr.  Saunders'  list  of  tools  and  the  ideas 

relating^to^knowledg^of'the^teohnique^of  subjects 

he  talk!  about.  He  is  a  busxness  man  only. 

I  cannot  believe  that  the  Board  voted  unani- 

Havy  and  of  Havul  offioers,  both  of  vvnion 
laboriously  studied. 


of  Naval  officers. 

I  do  not  believe  that  there  »»  »”•  on9 

oreutivo  mind  produoel  at  Annapolis  in  three  years 

~  anfthls  man,  by  the  system  employed,  ha^not^the 

slightest  ohance  of  over  being  kno^n  tharo  aro 

S~l*l  .Milt,.  «5S%£S“5."Sa.  Sr.”u”  find. 

probably  not  more  than 500  really  vo  if  thero 

in  the  whole  population  of  ^  office  or  the 

is,  their,  work  never  roaches  the  Pat  £  °“*aagBohu3eU3 
technical  publications.  11  tne  Kre 

Institute  of  Technology,  with  '3,000  st.udents,  only 
produces  one  creative  mind  occasionally,  how  can  one 
expect  Annapolis  to  produce  any,  especially,  as  if  one 
were  produced,  the  Ilaval  system  prevents  it  from  boinr 

Let  me  soy  that  there  is  one  Bureau  and  I 
think  the  only  one  at  Vtashington  that  has  functioned 
properly  and  produced  valuuble  results  during  the  V.'ar 
and  that  is  the  Bureau  of  Standards.  The  head  of  this 
Bureau  is  a  remarkable  man. 

If  you  still  think  you  want  the  Laboratory 
at  Vr  shington  and  under  Haval  officers,  go  uheud  and 
let  the  Kaval  Consulting  Board  apnrove  of  it  under 
Saunders  as  Chairman,  but  please  do  nbt  have  my  name 
connected  with  it,  because  it  could  just  as  well  be 
left  out  without  attr-  cting  any  attention.  I  will 
not  take  the  slightest  offense. 

-y  wife  and  I  join  in  cordial  regards  to 
lira.  Daniels  and  yourself. 

Sincerely  your3, 



«W  * 

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au-a'^  ^  u,f!(*Mf 

November  13,1919. 

Roar  Admiral  W.  Strothers  Smith,  U»3.N., 

Navy  Department, 

Washington,  D.C. 

liy  dear  Admiral:  t  . 

Herewith  X  hand  you  in  duplicate,  Ur.  Edison's 
final  hill  for  the  Laboratory  cost  of  experimental  work 
for  the  Navy  Department,  aovoring  period  August  1,1919. 
to  November  1,1919,  amounting  to  5917.81. 

I  shall  bo- glad  if  you  will  kindly  give  this 
your  usual  kind  attention  and  have  a  chock  sent  to  mo 
in  due  time. 

With  kind  regards,  I  remain. 

Sincerely  yours, 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Mi  son. 


New  York,  November  28th,  1919 

Thomas  A.  "Edison,  Esq., 

Edison  Laboratories, 

Orange,  N.  J  .  ntion  of  Mr  ?;ead  nwcrof  t  . 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft : 

Under  separate  cover  1  am  sending  you 
two  rubber  stamps  and  a  stamp  pad  which  you  left  with  me  on 
Monday  . 

1  have  been  to  Scribner's  and  stamped  all 
the  photos  and  blue  prints  with  these  stamps  in  accordance 
with  your  request  . 

With  kind  regards. 

Deeembor  2,1919, 

Capt.  Lloyd  H.  Soott, 

63  Hull  Street, 

Haw  York.  H.Y. 

Dear  Captain  Scott: 

Allow  me  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  letter  of 
Hovembor  20th,  and  to  thank  you  for  your  kind  attention  to  the 
small  matters  whioh  wore  left  to  be  disposed  of. 

During  our  oonvoraation  on  Monday  of  last  weak,  you 
said  you  had  been  informed  by  Saar  Admiral  .-aria  that  tha  tiavy 
had  a  wuter-ponetruting  projectile  which  would  prooeod  in  c 
straight  line  under  water  and  strike  a  terirot.  if  such  is  the 
fact,  it  ia  only  Justice  to  Mr.  Kdison  to  ouy  that  tho  Tlavy  must 
have  developed  auoh  a  type  of  projectile  since  ho  suggested  it 
early  in  tho  year  1917,  and  carried  into  actual  pruotica  on  a 
small  scale  later  in  tho  same  yoar. 

Even  as  lute  as  liovombor,  1917,  tho  tiavy  did  not  have 
suoh  a  shell.  In  that  month  Mr.  Kdison  and  I  went  to  Soar 
Admiral  Earle's  office.  During  tho  conversation  ha  told  Mr. 
Edison  that  -tho  tiavy  had  a  shell  whioh  would  enter  the  water 
without  ricoohot,  and  described  it  as  a  blunt-noBe  projaotlle. 

Mr.  Edison  said  ho  wa3  parfootly  funiliur  with  that  typo  of 
projootilo,  but  it  did  not  accomplish  tho  rosults  ho  had  obtained. 
This  blunt-noso  projectile  would  enter  tho  water  without  ricocho^, 
but  on  going  bolow  the  ourfaao  of  the  water  it  might  go  in  uny 
direction,  -  no  one  oould  tell  in  what  direction,  -  whereas  his 
(Mr.  Edison's)  typo  of  projoctilo  would  ati-ike  the  water,  prooood 
under  v;ator  in  the  direot  line  of  firo  and  hit  a  target  with 
destructive  offeot.  Admiral  Earlo  3aid  ho  had 'not  thoroughly 
undorstood  this  point  before. 

A  few  days  lator,  on  Hovembor  26,1917,  Soar  Admiral 
Karlo  wrote  to  Mr.  Edison,  saying:  "I  shall  he  glad  to  to3t  the 
shell  you  propose,  and  determine  suitublo  bulliutiJS  fbr  the 
same".  Tn  the  sume  letter,  Soar  Admiral  Eerie  also  said:  "It 
will  givo  mo  pleasure  ot  any  time  to  show  you  tho  direction  taken 
by  the  blunt-noso  sholl  on  utrlking  tho  water". 

In  view  of  our  oonvorsa- 

Naval  C*mstomn<5  Boaew 


Deo.  13,  1919 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

There  is  enclosed  herewith  copy  of 
resolution  authorized  at  informal  meeting  of  the 
Board  held  in  Hew  York,  Dec.  12th. 

On  account  of  press  of  time  will  you 
signify  your  assent  to  this  resolution  by  wire  and 
also  supplement  this  assent  by  returning  the  copy 
of  the  resolution  signed  by  you  together  with  any 
oomments  you  wish  to  make. 

December  lb.lbl 

Hr.  Thomas  Robins, 

Secretary,  Naval  Consulting  Board, 
13  Part  Row, 

Hew  York,  H.Y. 

Dear  Mr.  Robins: 

Mr.  Edison  received  your  letter  of 
December  13th,  with  the  enclosed  copy  of  Resolution 
as  to  the  increase  of  pay  of  Naval  officers.  I  have 
sent  you  the  following  telegram  from  him: 

1 11 1  Resolution  os  to 
increase  of  salary  of  Naval 
officers  approved. 


In  addition,  the  copy  of  the  Resolution, 
sent  to  Hr.  Edison,  is  herewith  roturned. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison. 



31,  1919. 

W.  L.  Saunders,  Esij. 

11  Broadway, 


My  dear  Mr.  Saunders: 

With  roforenoe  to  our  rocexit  conversation 
concerning  Naval  awards,  I  v/ish  to  make  it  clear  to  you  that  I 
would  consider  it  moot  Inappropriate  for  the  award  of  tho  Distinguished 
Service  Medal  or  the  Davy  Cross  tohe  made  to  tho  members  of  our 

In  the  first  place,  the  law,  as  I  recall  it, 
states  that  those  av/ards  wore  to  be  made  to  officers  and  men  ",l,n_the 
Services".  'i'he  members  of  the  Haval  Consulting  Board, are  not  legally 
"in  tho  Service."  They  have  no  commissions,  rank  or  rating;  they 
wear  no  uniform  and— as  tiioy  draw  no  pay,  they  are  not  even  in  tho 
Naval  Service  to  the  same  extent  as  are  the  Secretary  and  -“•aslstant 
Secretary  of  the  Navy  and  tho  civilian  omployeos  of  tho  Department, 
therefore,  I  believe  it  to  bo  entirely  illegal  for  them  to  receive 
either  one  of  those  regularly  established  awards. 

In  the  second  plaoo,  these  medals  and  crosses 
are  recognized  objectives  and  emoluments  of  tho  regular  Naval  career. 
They  rightly  belong  to  none  but  men  who  have  thrown  in  their  lot  with 
the  Navy.  Their  value  would  be  lessoned  by  thoir  being  awarded  to 
civilians,  and  such  award  to  civilians  would  reduce  tho  number  to  be 


/  : 

distributed  among  Haval  officers  and  mon. 

Although  I  feel  that  the  services  of  the  members 
of  our  Board  have  earned  some  suitable  recognition.  1  do  not  feel  for 
the  reasons  stated,  that  we  are  entitled  to  either  the  Distinguished 
Service  Medal  or  the  ifavy  Cross,  and  I  would  return  such  award  if  it 
were  made  to  me. 

As  to  want  a  suitable  recognition  would,  be,  I 
have  given  no  thought.  It  might  be  an  honorary  commission  pronorly 
oanoeUed,  or  a  polite  letter  of  thanks;  or,  it  might  bo  the  acceptance 
of  our  recommendations  as  to  the  organisation  of  a  Research  Bureau  in 
the  fiavy  to  which  would  be  assigned  the  operation  of  the  laboratory. 

lets  or  ways  m  which  we  might  be  recognized  ana  pleased 
which  would  not  bring  down  upon  our  heads  the  animosity  of  the  Service, 
as  certainly  would  be  done  by  giving  us  medals  and  honors  intended  sole¬ 
ly  for  its  regular  members.  I  do  not  feel  that  the  Board  as  an  organ¬ 
ization  has  been  a  great  success,  or  that  as  a  body,  it  should  be  legal¬ 
ized  or  perpetuated,  but  its  members  have  done  some  very  valuable  work 
at  very  great  personal  sacrifice.  »hoy  have  felt  their  own  coward 
and  if  they  receive  no  other,  the  reflection  will  lie  upon  the  Adminis¬ 
tration,  rather  than  upon  them. 

If,  as  .you  mi;; ,  you  oxpoct  to  discuss  this 
matter  with  the  Secretary,  I  hope  that  you  will  make  it  clear  that  at 
least  one  member  of  our  Board  would  be  as  unwilling  to  accept  an  award 
which  rightfully  belongs  to  Buval  officers  and  mon,  as  he  would  be  to 
accept  a  part  of  their  pay  or  mess  allowance. 

Yours  vory  truly, 

TROtMS  nCOli'.j 


Naval  Consulting  Board  and  Related  Wartime  Research  Papers 
Subjects  --  Experiments  (1919) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  financial  documents,  and  technical 
notes  relating  to  research  conducted  by  Edison  on  various  projects  for  the 
U.S.  Navy  and  U.S.  Army  through  October  1919.  Some  of  the  documents 
pertain  to  an  automatic  star  gauge  developed  to  measure  cannon  bores. 
Other  letters,  exchanged  with  the  office  of  the  Chief  of  Ordnance,  concern  an 
inquiry  about  the  authorization  of  payments  to  Edison.  At  the  end  of  the  folder 
is  a  statement  of  the  total  amount  billed  to  the  Army  and  Navy  for  each 
research  project  since  the  beginning  of  the  war,  along  with  lists  of  code 
designations  and  staff  who  worked  on  war-related  research  The  statement 
indicates  that  approximately  $107,000  of  the  $238,000  grand  total  was  billed 
for  submarine  detectors. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected 
including  all  of  the  substantive  correspondence,  a  small  number  of  technical 
notes  directly  relating  to  Edison,  and  about  half  of  the  financial  material. 
Unselected  documents  include  calculations  and  drawings  by  other 
experimenters  (most  of  whom  are  unidentified),  various  printed  tables  and 
specifications,  payment  forms  issued  by  the  Army  and  Navy  in  connection 
with  Edison's  expense  claims,  and  correspondence  about  minor  accounting 
questions  handled  by  Edison's  personal  assistant  William  H.Meadowcroft  and 
by  Richard  W.  Kellow  of  the  Secretarial  Service  Dept,  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


ORANGE,  N.  J. 

United  States  Government, 

Anv  Departnsnt, 

Washington,  D.  C. 


lr'in‘  calJ  of  foil  or  dam..., 
re«iplcd'(or0 ,ood«  in  fir.t  ci.i. 

January  SI,  1919. 

Experimental  work  In  Laboratory  on  devioes  listed 
herein  over  period  of  iJoTatbar  30,  1910,  to  January 
31,  1919,  at  oosti 






Plating  Searchlight  Refleotora 
Antoaatlo  Star  Gauge  -  Ordnanoe  Dept 
Lestruotlon  of  Wire  Entanglements 





1  certify  that  the  above  bill  Is  true  and  oorrect. 




receipt  dated  March  10,  1917 

1.  This  office  holds  - 

signed  personally  by  Mr.  Edison  foy,- 

2  Eadio  sets,  table  type  250  watt, 

500  cycle,  Hos.  46  and  47 
2  Masts,  radio  type  "S" 

2  Badio  motor  generators,  110  volt,  DC, 

129115,  129119, 

vflrikoh  was  shipped  to  you  on  memorandum  receipt;. 

2.  It  beine  assumed  that  the  property  under  discussion  has 

served  the  purpose  for  which  it  was  issued,  it  is  requested^  it  be 
returned  and  tnia  office  advised  date  and  method  of  its  return. 

O'-*'  \\  I 

March  10,1919. 

Major  Charles  &.  Coates, 

General  Supply  Depot, 

Signal  Corp3, 

Fort  Wood, 

Hew  Ycrh  Harbor,  11.  Y. 

Doar  SI  r:  - 

I  received  your  letter  of  February  27th, 
in  regard  to  the  two  radio  sets  which  wore  loaned 
to  Mr.  Edi son  March  10th,  1917. 

Mr.  Edison  is  spending  a  few  wools  in 
Florida,  and  I  sent  your  letter  down  to  him  for 

1  have  just  received  a  note  from  him  stat¬ 
ing  that  he  is  not  quite  through  with  these  two 
radio  sets,  and  he  will  be  obliged,  if  you  can  let 
him  retain  them  a  while  longer.  '  ^ 

Respectfully  yours. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 



7  ORANGE.  N.  J. 


Sold  to  Baited  antes  Government, 

Washington,  D.  0, 

.  V /  il/i'!  ThJ 

Marsh  31,  1919.  . 

Experimental  worlc  in  Laboratory  on  devices  listed  heroin 
over  period  January  31,  1919,  to  Borah  31,  1919  -  m  OOSg 


Order  Ho.  Description 

6006  Submarine  Detector, 

6013  Phonograph  Hange  Finder, 

6699  Submarine  Strategy  Experiments, 

600-8  Special  work  by  B.  H.  Silver, 





1  certify  that  the  above  bill  Is  true  end  correct 
end  that  payment  tharefor  has  not  been  received. 

April  4,1919. 

Lt.  Col.  0.  J.Gatohell,  U.S.A. 

Offioa  of  the  Chief  of  Ordnance. 

Washington,  D.C. 

Dear  Sir:-'  Reference  O.'O.  no.  154/S16  Edison,?  A- 

„  ,  You5  letter  of  April  2d'  in  regard  to  Mr. 
®di3°n  f  \oucbsr  ffor  #M81.96  has-been  received.  Mr.’ 

1a*LP1?rid?  a°d  wil1  not  return  until  later 
thntht>„.  «  ill’  Yt*  i"  hl3  ab88nce  1  °an  inform  you 

«  i°rlty  f°r  th63e  expenditures  was  given  by 
Secretary  Baker  more  than  a  year  ago.  5  y 

,  .  was  at  that  time  conducting  some 

afkldih?StLf?rt?he  tQVy  DeP0;rtrnent  and  Secretly  Baker 
for  Q0ndu0t  30®e  other  experiments 

bu?  Mr  L  !PMtT  '  =fo™al  order  was  issued. 

Secre£arv  °"  tbe"0T*  1"  accordance  with 

Baker's  letter.  The  amount  charged  is 
merely  the  exact  Laboratory  cost. 

y  oar ,  "and  @ha  ve  ^e  en^paiJ^°^&  ^m®n  ^  ”  ur  ing^h  o  "la  s  t Ve 
fours  very  truly, 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 




April  16,  1919. 

From:  Ordnance  Offioe,  Qhief  of  Administration  Division. 

So:  Hr.  Shomas  A.  Edison,  Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 

Subject:  Voucher,  $1,451,95  -  Beforenoe  0,0.  F.  154/316. 

1.  Your  letter  of  April  4th  received. 

2.  It  is  noted  that  you  state  that  no  formal  order  was  issued 

to  you  by  the  Y/ar  Department  for  the  work  carried  on  in  your  laboratory, 
but  that  the  work  was  done  in  aooordanoe  with  Secretary  Baker's  letter. 
It  is  also  noted  that  you  state  that  other  similar  vouchers  have  al¬ 
ready  been  paid. 

3.  A  most  oaraful  search  has  been  made  of  all  rooords  of  the 
Ordnanoe  Department  and  the  records  of  the  Office  of  the  Secretary  of 
War.  She  vouchers  referred  to  have  Iheen  found,.  ,  Eheae  were 
signed  personally  by  officers  of  high  rank,  -  one  of  whom  is  in  this 
country  and  the  other  abroad.  Ho  officer  can  be  found  in  Washington 
who  knows  anything  whatever  regarding  these  transactions  and  is  there¬ 
fore  willing  to  certify  to  the  work. 

4.  Please  appreciate  that  the  Department  is  anxious  to  pay  this 
acoount,  but  that  we  must  fix  some  basis  to  which  the  certifying  offioer 
can  refer  as  his  authority.  She  voucher  does  not  indioate,  and  no  one 
in  the  Department  seems  to  know  whether  any  materials  were  produced 

as  a  result  of  this  work  or  not,  and,  if  materials  were  produced,  their 
disposition  is  uncertain  and  the  signing  of  the  voucher  establishes  a 
property  accountability  whioh  no  offioer  is  willing  to  assume  without 
some  knowledge  of  the  disposition  of  these  nateriala. 

5.  Shis  explanation  has  been  trade  at  length  in  order  that  you 
may  appreciate  the  necessity  for  obtaining  more  information  regarding 
this  work. 

6.  Will  you  kindly  supply  copy  of  any  semblance  of  authority 
whioh  you  may  have  reoeived?  And,  will  you  kindly  indioate  what  dis¬ 
position,  if  any,  was  made  of  these  materials  and  mention  any  offioer 


c,vv,-,  i(^  .«<**  «H 

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April  23, IV 19. 

Prom:  Thomas  4.  Edison,  Orange,  II. J.  '' 

To:  Ordnance  Off ioe.  Chief \>f  Administration  Division. 

Subject:  Votfoher,  Si, .451. 95,  0.0. P.  154/316. 

1.  Your  letter  of  April  16th  was  roceived. 

2.  I  can  only  say  in  regard  to  the  above  voucher 
that  my  Laboratory  worjc  was  done  in  pursuance  of  personal 
talks  I ’had  with  Secretary  Baker  and  Brigadier  General 
Crozier.and  letters  subsequently  received  from  them  and 
from  the  Assistant  Secretary  of  V;ar. 

5.  I  quite  appreciate  .that  the  Department  is  desirous 
of  paying  the' account,  but  must  necessarily  have  the  proper 
authority.  If  it  seems  desirable  to’ withhold  payment  until 
the  officers  of  high  rank,  mentioned  by  you.  return  to  this 
country,  T  shall  make  no  objection  as  I  realize  that  payments 
of  this" Lind  must  be  properly  authorized. 

4.  Let  me  add  that  the  experimental  work  covorod  by  this 
and  previous  vouchors  did  not  entail  the  production  of  materials, 
but  merely  experimental  devices  which  were  valuable  only  as 
related  to  the  particular  experiments. 

6.  Por  your  information,  I  enclose  copy  of  correspondence 
passed  with  Secretary  Baker,  .Brigadier  General  Crozior  and 
Assistant  Secretary  Crowell. 

A/7005.  ' 

P.S.6.  Allow  me  to  add  that  there  was  one  thing  produced  in 
my  Laboratory  experiments  that  has  been- delivered  to  the  Officers 
at  Aberdeen,  namely,  the  automatic  gauge  for  measuring  the 
bore  of  guns.  , 

Teclini cal  Staff 

May  8',  1919 

.  Prom:  Ordnance  Committee, 

Technical  Staff. 

To:  Edison  laboratories,  West  Orange,  H. J. 

Attention  of  Mr.  Theodore  M.  Edison. 


1.  The  automatic  star  gauge  originated  by  the 
Edison  laboratories  and  submitted  to  the  Instrument 
Section  of  the  Aberdeen  Droving  Grounds  to  be  used  in 
conjunction  with  the  star  gauging  of  guns  has  been 

2.  You  are  informed  that  the  Ordnance  Committee 
desires  that  no  further  work  be  done  on  the  development 
of  this  gauge. 


By  order  of  the  Chief  of  Ordnance. 

?  C/ -h 

Col.  C. VH. -higgles. 

Chief  of  the  Technical  Staff, 
Office  of  The  Chief  of  Ordnance, 
'.Vashinartcn,  B.C. 

Inference:  O.O. '.Yar  Beyt.  415. 6  /  165: 

1.  Your  letter  of  Liey  8th  has  been  received. 
I  merely  ddvised  the  gaugo  and  forwarded  the  3ample  to 
your  poonle  at  Aberdeen  at  their  request.  I  have 
done  no  work  on  this  matter  since. 

Yours  very  truly. 



ORANGE,  N.  J. 

United  States  Oovoramant, 

1  C°We  do  not  insure  djUvei^or 

acperimental  wo A  In  Laboratory  on  davlcos  listed  herein 
over  period  fetch  31.  1919,  to  lfey  31.  1919.  at  coat. 

Msaarino  Dofcoatov 
Hfctrosou  Filiation 
Ottoneiine  Sfcrafc osy  2sg?oi*lEiontu 

I  oertlty  that  the  above  hill  lo  U 
and  corroot,  and  that  payment  hna  not  he  an  rooolvad. 


July  1,1919. 

Lieut.  Merwin  Arps, 

Communication  Offioer,  Radio  Service,  U.S.U., 

44  Whitehall  Street, 

Dew  York,  H.Y. 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  confirmation  of  Mr.  Meadoworoft'  3 
telephone  meaBage  to  you  this  afternoon,  I  beg 
to  renort  that  the  installation  of  the  radio 
equiDment  hore  at  my  Laboratory  has  been  completed 
by  Chief  Electrician  Sweeney  and  Radio  Operator 

I  wish  to  use  this  equipment  in  oonriec- 
ti on  with  oortain  experiments  that  I  am  making 
at  the  request  of  the  Sooretary  of  the  Davy,  and 
I  shall  need  an  Operator  for  slat  or  eight  weeks. 

In  accordance  with  your  request.  I  have 
asked  Chief  Electrician  Sweoney  to  report  to  your 
office  tomorrow,  and  in  aocordanco  with  your  per¬ 
mission  Radio  Operator  Kelson  will  remain  here 
until  you  detail  some  one  to  stay,  about  six  or 
eight  weeks.  It  will  be  entirely  agreeable  to 
me  if  Radio  Operator  Kelson  should  be  the  man  whom 
you  detail  for  that  service,  but  I  would  not  assume 
to  offer  thia  aa  a  request.  I  think  that  if  this 
matter  is  brought  to  the  attention  of. the  Secretory 
of  the  Kuvy  he  will  undoubtedly  authorixo  the  detail¬ 
ing  .of  on  Operator  for  the  period  above-mentioned. 

Respeotfully  yours,  . 





Uni  tod  Staten  Qovornnent, 

Hary  Department, 

Washington,  D.  C. 

August  1,  1919. 

Srporlmontal  work  In  Laboratory  on  devices  listed  herein 
over  period  May  31st,  1919  to  June  30th,  1919  at  oosti 


Order  Ho.  Dannrlntlon 


Submarine  Deteotor 



Submarine  Strategy 


1  certify  that  the  store  bill  Is  true  and 
correct  and  that  poymont  has  not  been  rooelved. 



ORANGE,  N.  j. 


Sold  to 

United  States  Government, 
Bevy  Department, 
Washington,  D.  C. 

Ootohor  31,  1919 • 

Experimental  5* 

in  over  period  August  1st* 
at  coat# 

H _ 

gOOD  Submarine  Detector 

6013  Phonograph  Hange  Finder 

6699  Submarine  Strategy  Experiments 



2. 98 

600-12  Wireless 


X  certify  that  the  above  bill  Is  true  and  correct 
and  that  payment  baa  not  been  received. 




51.  1919 






























.  .  600t6 

\  600-7 

600-12 • 

Submarine  Deteotor 
Chalk  Telephone 
Submarine  Funnel 
DeForrest  Wireless 

Phonograph  Range  Finder 



Shell  Trajeotory 


Gun  Protection 

Fire-extinguishing  Apparatus 

Battle  Ship  Fire  Protection 

Torpedo  Motive  Power 

Extension  Mast 

Submarine  Hydrogen  Deteotor 

Submarine  Light 

Trench  Material 

Trench  Fire 

Visual  Signalling 

Submarine  Gun 

Visual  Bange  Finder 

Aeroplane  Detection 

Hitrogen  Fixation 


Fresh  Water  from  Sea  Water  for  Buoys 

Signal  Light  Shutter 

Aeroplane  Bomb  Thrower 

Speed  of  Distant  Ships  Indicator 

Periaoope  Sighting 

Slow-burning  Powders 

Ship  Protection  against  Torpedoes 

Aeroplane  Construction 

Invisibility  of  Freighters 

Telehood  (shield  for  eyes, for  observation 

Underwater  Explosions 

Color  Interference  on  Painted  Ships 

Anthraolte  Coal  Test 

Smoke  Shells 

Submarine  Strategy  Experiments 
Destruction  of  Wire  Entanglements 
Finely-divided  form  of  Trinitrotoluol 
Looation  of  Laboratory 
Protective  Steel 
*  Experiments  with  Dr.  Soheele 
Field  Conmunioation  under  Shell  Fire 
Plating  Searohlight  Befleotors 
Automatic  Star  Gauge (Ordnance  Dept) 

‘  .Wireless 



































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Naval  Consulting  Board  and  Related  Wartime  Research  Papers 
Correspondence  (1920) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining 
to  Edison's  relationship  with  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  (NCB)  during  the 
postwar  period.  The  correspondents  include  NCB  chairman  William  L. 
Saunders  and  secretary  Thomas  Robins,  Secretary  of  the  Navy  Josephus 
Daniels,  Navy  Dept,  liaison  W.  Strother  Smith,  and  President-elect  Warren  G. 
Harding.  Included  are  items  regarding  Edison's  offer  to  decline  a  Navy  medal 
that  Daniels  planned  to  award  him;  his  lack  of  interest  in  participating  in 
further  meetings  about  the  proposed  Naval  Research  Laboratory;  his  threat 
to  complain  to  Congress  about  the  Navy's  rejection  of  new  ideas  and 
technologies;  and  his  advice  to  Harding  on  what  qualities  the  next  Secretary 
of  the  Navy  should  possess.  Other  topics  include  the  publication  of  Capt. 
Lloyd  N.  Scott's  Naval  Consulting  Board  of  the  United  States-,  Edison's 
reluctant  agreement  to  attend  the  NCB  anniversary  dinner;  his  response  to  an 
inquiry  about  Walter  T.  Scheele,  a  German  chemist  who  worked  during  the 
war  with  Bruce  R.  Silver;  and  his  correspondence  with  inventor  and 
philosopher  William  A.  Crawford-Frost  about  anti-torpedo  nets. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  include  unsolicited  correspondence,  routine  administrative 
documents,  and  material  pertaining  to  internal  organizational  matters  not 
directly  related  to  Edison. 


January  3,1920. 

Friend  Daniels: 

I  enclose  copy  of  a  letter  I  received  today. 

They  tell  me  you  have  awarded  me  a  pedal. 
Probably  that  is  the  reason  of  this  lettar.  Possibly 
this  action  will  cause  you  trouble.  If  it  does,  with¬ 
draw  it  for  any  reason  which  sounds  plausible.  I  roally 
don't  value  such  things  and  will  not  be  in  the  Isast 
offended  if  you  dispose  of  it  in  some  way  that  will  stop 
this  squabble: 

My  experiences  during  the  last  2k  years  I  was 
out  of  my  Laboratory  has  3hown  mo  that  there  are  more 
small  minded  people  in  high  positions  than  I  was  aware 

With  kind  porsonel  regards,  I  remain. 
Sincerely  yours. 

Hon.  Josephus  Daniels, 

Washington,  D»  C. 



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ir‘f  ! 



.leadowcroft : 

^  I  enclose  a  registered  letter  sent  to  Mr, 
Xon  to  this  office  and  opened  it  before  I  saw 
the  word  "personal"  on  the  envelope  and  saw  it  to 
he  of  a  personal  nature,  practically  a  number  of 
betters  addressed  to  Mr.  Kdison  on  the  subject  of  in¬ 
dentions  are  received  here  and  acted  unon. 

My  dear 

e ' 

TTatol  Consulting  Bgais© 


,  — — -  MAN  m. 

liaml.saunoers^  OFFICE  OF  THE  CHAIRMAN 

mas  roi  s  /  .  j  11  Broadway.  New  York 

/'  $(jp  1  )  Jan.  26, 192°  • 

v'~- - ^  . 

f  . 

J  TVcxvroX-'  ' 

Dear  Mr  .Edison*—  3i  d  ^  <*»©<*  /|rKc^ 

X  .»  —  *  * 

preliminary  plans  prepared  S®  the  Prosed  labo*i  £gv 

« *■ — *• 

— *• - **  -  _ 

of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board.  •  < —  j  uvvt^\  i^T  {UnA^V 

w  s*«.  nx  rfyTf#io-n  to*awfss"  T“*'\ 

KondM  ».nl»S.  W»W  5ltt  “*  ' 

all  the  data  and  information  which  it  is  desiredt^eubmit  to  the 

Committee.  - 

Secretary  Daniels  has  asked  that  no  publication  of 
information  in  regard  to  this  laboratory  be  made  at  present.  When 
auoh  publication  is  to  be  made  he  will  release  it  from  his  own 

I  trust  that  you  oan  make  it  convenient  to  be  present 
on  this  oooasion. 

Yours  truly, 

January  28,1020. 

IS  r.  iV .  L.  Saund'ars , 

Chairmun,  Haval  Consulting  Sourd, 

11  8  roedway , 

Haw  York ,  K.Y. 

Dear  !.:r.  Saunders: 

I  hevo  received  your  latter  of  January 
26th,  In  regard  to  tho  meeting  at  your  Office  for 
consideration  of  tha  preliminary  piano  for  tho  oro- 
poaad  Rnvtl  laboratory.  I  cm  not  fooling  quite 
well  Just  now  and  cannot  coma  over. 

If  it  is  propound  that  iinval  Officoro 
nholl  fcava  the  management  of  the  proposed  Laboratory 
and  not  the  civilian  Secretary  of  tho  Havy,  and  through 
him  civilians,  I  do  not  wish  to  have  anything  to  do 
with  it,  directly  or  indireotly. 

Yours  very  truly. 


January  30,1920. 

r  Admiral  V?.  S  troth  or  Smith,  U.S.if.  , 
I-lavy  Department, 

Washington,  D.  C. 

l!y  doar  Admiral: 

I  recoived  from  you  a  fo w  days 
ago  a  registered  letter,  which  had  been  addressed 
to  Hr.  Kdison  at  Washington,  ana  which  happened 
to  be  of  a  personal  nature.  Hr.  Edison  has  ashed 
me  to  guy  that  if  any  further  letters  addressed  . 
to  him  are  roceived  in  Washington,  he  will  be  glad 
to  have  them  forwarded  to  him  unopened.  As  the 
War  is  over,  ho  thinks  it  is  unlikely  that  there 
will  be  any  further  letters  relating  to  inventions, 
but  that  some  letters  of  a  personal  nature  might 
be  addressed  to  him  at  Washington. 

'With  kindest  regards,  I  remain. 
Sincerely  yours, 

Assistant  to  Hr.  Kdison. 

A/S689 . 

the  secretary  of  the  navy. 

19th  of  February 
1  9  2/  -f — 0 

b  £  Clitt'J-'-H  v 

Jf  f l  WU 

w>  f  1  jf 

J  dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft:  ito-u* 

X  am  in  reoeipt  of  your  letter  of  Febru¬ 

ary  17th.  Will  you  please  thank  Hr.  Edison  for 
having  sent  me  the  oopy  Bent  him  by  Mr.  Saunders 
of  the  Minutes  of  a  Meeting  of  the  laboratory  Com¬ 
mittee  of  the  Haval  Consulting  Board.  1  am  en¬ 
tirely  in  agreement  with  Mr.  Edison  that  this 
laboratory,  to  have  the  largest  results,  must 
have  the  co-operation  of  the  civilian  engineers 
and  scientists,  and  I  am  ooming  up  to  talk  with 
him  about  it  some  day  when  I  can  do  so. 

Sinoerely  yours. 

Mr.  Wm.  H.  Headoworoft 
Assistant  to  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  How  Jersey. 




My  dear  Hr.  Meadowcrof t : 

The  Public  Printer  is  pressing  me  for  the  original 
tracings  of  Mr.  Edison's  work  for  mil  ic  at  ion  of  the  Naval 
Consulting  Board  hook  and  I  would  hate  to  have  this  keep 
hack  the  publication.  Of  course  1  will  see  that  they  are 
nroperly  taken  care  of  and  returned  after  the  Printing  Jfnc 
completes  its  preparation  for  duplication. 

Everything  else  is  waiting  for  this  and  I  will  appre¬ 
ciate  it  verir  much  if  you _alUou„  e xpedite. 
their  arrival  her e.-^T  have  ordered  a  small  number  of  copies 
/of  the  boSfc'specially  bound  for  distribution  to  special  people 
with  the  name  embossed  on  the  cover.  Sill  you  please  let  me 
know  how  many  copies  Mr.  Edison  wants,  limit  die  number  to  a  few 
and  give  me  the  names  he  desires  placed  on  the  cover  for  his 
mailing.  1  have  already  taken  this  question  up  with  Hr. 

^.Saunders. _ _ - - - - - - - - - . 

With  kindest  regaris,  i  am 

Rear  Admiral  71.  Strother  Smith,  0.  S.H., 

Navy  Department, 

Washington,  D. C. 

My  dear  Admiral: 

Your  letter  of  March  3d  has  bo an 
received  just  as  I  was  preparing  the  tracings,  etc., 
for  for-varding  to  you.  They  aro  all  going  forward, 
in  two  packages.  by  regi stored  mail  to  you  this 

Unfortunately,  v/e  aro  unable  to  find 
tracing  of  the  shell,  so  I  shall  have  to  return 
the  blue  print  to.  you.  Tt  is.enolosej  with  the 
other  material. 

We  never  had  tracings  of  tho  ohartB 
which  show  Mr.  Raison's  plans  for  strategic  move¬ 
ment  of  vessels.  When  he  wa3  working  on  this  sub^ 
jeot  down  in  V/aahington.  he  had  photostats  made  of 
oharts  in  blank  and  then  plaoed  his  figuring  and 
letters  on  them.  I  am,  therefore,  sending  you 
the  original  of  these  in  place  of  the  photographs. 
The  material  being  forwarded  to  you  is  as  follows: 

One  blue  print;  one  tracing  containing 
curves  and  calculations,  and  tracings  and  oharts 
numbered  &e  follows:  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7, 

10.  13,  14,  16,  16,  17,  18,  19,  20,  21, 

22,  23,  26,  26,  29,  30,  31,  32,  33,  35-3C 

37-38,  41,  42  and  46. 

Mr.  Edison  will,  ,  of  oourse,  be  very  glad 
to  have  all  these  returned  to  him  when  the  Public 
Printer  is  through  with  them. 

I  cannot  tell  you  just  now  how  many  copies 
Mr.  Edison  will  want  to  have,  nor  tho  names  he  desires 
placed  on  the  oover.  Ho  is  in  Florida  and  it  will 
take  several  days  to  get  an  answer  from. him.  In 
writing  to  him  today,  I  will  aBk  him  the  question  and 
communicate  with  you  again  as  soon  as  I  hoar  from  him 


Vfith  kindest  regards,  I  renain. 
Sincarely  yours. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Naval  Consulting  Board 


11  Broadway.  New  York 

The  plans  for  the  laboratory  are  progressing  favorably* 

Admiral  Smith  and  hia  assistant  gained,  a  great  deal  of  information  on 
their  trip  about  the  country,  and  it  is  nov;  thought  that  preliminary 
plans  for  inviting  bids  for  the  erection  of  the  buildings  will  be  _ 
ready  shortly*  The  Seorotary  of  the  Navy  earnestly  desires  to  push 
this  matter  and  tells  us  that  there  should  be  no  unnecessary  delay 

Captain  Soott  has  completed  a  book  on  the  work  of  the 
Kaval  Consulting  Board*  It  has  been  approved  by  the  Seoretary  of 
the  Navy,  and  it  is  expeoted  that  the  book  will  be  ready  ror  distri¬ 
bution  in  Hay  next*  It  is  a  large  volume,  containing  numerous 
illustrations*  De  Lux  copies  will  be  sent  to  eaoh  member  of  tne 
Board  and  to  those  who  have  been  closely  associated  with  ue  in  tne 
work,  euoh  as  Major  Whitehead,  Colonel  Merehon,etc*  These  special 
conies  will  also  be  sent  to  the  members  of  the  Cabinet,  certain 
members  of  the  Senate  and  Congress,  Bureau  Chiefs,  Army  officials 
and  others. 

If  you  have  any  suggestions  to  make,  giving  the  names  of 
persons  to  whom  you  think  a  special  copy  should  be  furnishe-,  please 
let  me  have  them* 

The  printing  is  being  done  at  the  Government  Printing  Office 
in  Washington. 

Thomas  A. Edison, Esq- 
Orange,  N.J .  h  19,1920. 

Saar  Admiral  W.  Strother  Smith,  U.  S.  H. , 
flavy  Department, 

Washington,  D.G. 

My  daar  Admiral! 

On  iluroti  3d  yon  wrote  to  me  asking 
ma  to  expedite  the  forward  of  the  original  tracings, 
etc.  of  Mr.  iidiscn's  wort  for  publication  in  the 
Haval  Consulting  Board  boot.  These  were  just  about 
ready  and  I  sent  thorn  to  you  the  day  after  receipt 
of  your  letter.  I  trust  that  the  tv;o  rolls  contain¬ 
ing  all  this  matoraal  were  safely  received,  but  have 
not  heard  fror  yon  to  that  affect. 

In  the  second  paragraph  of  your  latter  you 
nstod  mo  to  edvise  you  how  many  copies  of  the  book 
Mr.  lidiBon  would  want.  T  sent  your  letter  to  him 
down  in  Florida  end  hove  received  his  answer  saying 
that  three  oopieB  of  the  book  will  answer  his  purpose. 
I  suppose  that  you  can  place  his  nare  on  the  cover 
of  one  of  then.  Ifi  in  addition,  to.  those  three 
copies  I  could  have  one  for  my  personal  library.  I 
should  be  very  glad  to  preserve  it  on  account  of  my 
connection  with  all  this  work. 

With  kindest  regards,  I  remain, 

Sinoerely  yours. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Kdison. 


NAVY  depajrtacent 


I'y  dear  Hr.  Headowo: 

this  letter,  that  cl 
that  deals  v;ith  the 

hunter  of^t 

.  3-Mi  son, 

wi  th 


py  of 

This  has  been  very  carefully  read  and  re-read  and  finall" 
pare  proofed  and  illustrations  inserted,  y/ill  von  dense  -et 
Mr.  Edison  to  go  over*this  and  let  m  know  if  it"  -i  s  correct'' 
especially  in  regard  to  the  illustrations  and  their  titles- 

I  have  had  to  reduce  the  number  of  illustrations  to  a 
minimum  otherwise  the  hook  would  he  so  bulky  that  it  would 
he  difficult  to  handle.  I  am  not  end  os  inf-  in  this  the 
illustrations  of  his  stratep.ic  maps  as  they~go  in  the  anuendix 
as  folders.  " 

I  am  enclosing  one  < 
not  attach  to  the  v/rittoj 
please  say  that  they  are 

v  two  Stray  photographs  that  I  can 
matter.  If  they  are  not  important 
to  he  omitted. 

Ho turn  the  enclosed  pages  to  me  i 
without  removing  any  of  the  cuts  as  tl 
hut  write  a  dear  description  of  what 
made.  it  will  ho  impracticable  to  sd" 
would  reqire  an  entire  rona-ing  of  the 
has  been  an  immense  amount  of  work  dor 
to  this  office. 

quickly  as  possible 
t  are  now  attached, 
irroctions  should  he 
-.ny  nr.  tor  la  1  as  that 
/hole  hook,  and  there  it  was  delivered 

The  photograph  on  page  77  "Oleum  Cloud  Shells”  I  think, 
the  merino  picture,  is  alright.  I  do  not  think  the  other  is 
correct  hut  do  not  know  where  it  should  go.  when  you  return 
this  please  mark  it  "letter  Mail,  Urgent  Hush". 

Mr.  Yta.  H.  M.eadowcroft 
Edison  laboratories 
Orange,  Hew  •'ersey. 

June  1,1920. 

Rear  Admiral  Yf.  Strother  Smith.  U.S.  H.. 

Ilavy  Department. 

Washington,  D.  C. 

My  dear  Admiral: 

Ur.  Meadowcroft  has  shown  mo  your  loiter  of 


of  Ordnance.  Havy  Department,  already  had  such  a  ^ellwhih 
...  tv»n  nnini".  I  vi ish  to  say  emphatically  that  tnis  sva^e 
ment  ?s  no?®oorrect!  and  it  •!,.  nSt  in  the  manuscript  that 
I  furniBhed. 

',7hen  I  proposed  and  devised  the  water  penetrating 

PgfifftSi  *!  talked  S?t2^“2«Si»“«S*”^ShS^on 
and^lso  exchanged  anumber  of  letters  with  him.  He  thought 
that  my  device  was  the  same  as  the  blunt  nosed  projectile 
which  the  ilavy  was  then  using. 

The  difference  botweon  the  blunt  nosod 

SU?i?i  SSM  S  W.V 

of  fire,  and  hit  a  submarine  target  previously  plaood  in 
predetermined  position. 

I  knew  all  about  the  blunt  nosea  shell  l°“f.$^oro 

has°been^  vory^thoroughly^hwlshe^out^i^the^oorreapondeno  e 

between  Rear  Admiral  Earle  and  myself.  I.  tbereforo  beg 
to  request  that  you  will  have  page  178  corrected  as  I  have 

Tours  very  truly. 



June  5,  1920. 

My  dear  Mr .  Edison: 

Your  letter  of  June  1  has  been  duly  received  and 
changes  are  made  in  the  page  proofs  as  desired  by  ybu. 

I  am  very  glad  to  find  that  all  the  illustrations 
were  properly  placed  and  properly  titled.  I  wish  I  had 
as  little  trouble  with  all  of  the  chapters  as  I  had  with 
yours.  1  hope  you  thoroughly  understand  that  I  am  only 
doing  the  proof  reading  as  far  as  the  Navy  Department  is 
concerned  and  am  pot  responsible  for  the  original  writing- 

I  will  be  glad  to  know  the  number  of  books  you  de- 
sire  for  distribution.  The  Department  will  receive  1000 
copies  and  I  have  already  arranged  for  the  distribution 
for  about  300  of  the3e  .by  direction  of  the  Secretary.  A 
few  of  them  have  a  special  binding  and  the  names  of  members 
of  the  Board  and  other  officials  will  be  placed  thereon. 

As  soon  as  all  the  corrections  are  made, 
turn  you  your  original  tracings  and  conies. 

Trusting  that  you  are  in  yo- 

•  usual  good  health,  I  c 

Naval  Consulting  Board 


June  £,192®' 


ioibc.3  A  .Edison,  Eso.., 


My  dear  Sir:- 

I  aw  advised  from  Washington  that  both  our  War  and  Navy 
Departments  have  adopted  the  policy  pursued  by  foreign  nations  of 
keeping  all  information  that  might  he  of  military  value  to 
respective  governments  from  the  knowledge  of  any  but  bona  fide  citizens 
of  the  country  in  which  the  information  originates. 

I  have  officially  advised  the  Navy  Department  that 
the  Naval  Consulting  Board  will  observe  this  policy  and  that  its 
members  will  ses  to  it  that  students,  or  others, of  the  alien  countries, 
shall  not  obtain,  through  members  of  the  Naval  Consulting  30ard,  any 
information  relating  to  naval  practice. 

Very  truly  yours. 


From : 


Your  File 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Orange,  II.J-.  (Atten  :Mr.Moadowcroft ) 
Depot  Officer,  General  Supply  Depot,  Ifew  York,  W.Y. 
Radio  Material: 

-  7586  Fort  flood  DD-SC 

1.  Your  letter  of  June  30th  has  been  received.  In  this  letter 
you  request  us  to  make  application  for  a  Government  bill  of  lading 
to  cover  the  return  of  this  material,  giving  amount,  article,  number 
of  packa?e3,  cubio  foot  and  weight,  such  application  being  made  to 
Port  and  Zone  Trans.  Officer,  Rail  Trsn.  Div. .  Pier  3,  Hoboken,  N.J. 

2.  Your  letter  has  boon  shown  to  Mr.  Edison.  He  wishes  me  to 
call  attention  to  the  fact  that  this  radio  material  i3  not  boxed  for 
transportation,  end,  theroforo,  the  above  details  could  not  bo  supplied 

3.  Mr.  Edison  also  wishes  to  call  attention  to  the  fact  that  there 
would  be  an  expense  in  packing  thi3  material,  and  ho  has  no  account 
to  which  this  expense  could  bo  charged.  He  thinks  that  after  giving 
the  Government  two  years  of  his  time  in  making  experiments  without 
any  charge  fbr  his  services,  ho  should  not  be  called  upon  to  be  out 
of  pocket  for  cash  expenditures  in  packing  and  transporting  material 
used  in  suoh  experiments. 

4.  Mr.  Edison  thinks  that  tho  boat  way  to  handle  this  material  is 
to  send  a  truck  to  roeoive  it  at  our  door,  and  a  competent  person  to 
superintendent  its  removal  without  any  expense  to  Mr.  Edison. 

5.  You  will  undoubtedly  bo  able  to  ght'eany  necessary  instructions 
to  do  this  from  either  Secretary  3akor  or 'Secretary  Daniels. 

6.  It  is  suggested  that  this  matter  ho  attended  to  beforo  July 
28th,  at  which  date  the  writer  is  going  away  for  a  vacation. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 



J**ZJZtlr**  «Wj| 

on— A  rr  ^  T 

Ueadov/croft :  trk*''uUr*'"  ^  f 

I  have  he on  asked  ■ 
meet  ion  a  man  called  Dr. 
any  of  his  experiments . 

n  April  7,  1916 ,  after  Dr.  Scheolo 

ttor  in  connection-  v.’ith  the  manufacture  of  explosives,  he. 
s  taken  to  Jones  Point,  k.ockluna  County,  in  charge  o*  a 
octal  a  sent  of  the  Government.  It  is  understood  ch?.« 
render,  ""its  had  he  en  .made  or  v.-orc  he  inn  made  at  the.  c  -uiiao 
t~  the  tiv”  i)o  ti.isnt  for  the  nayment  of  at  least  a  uart 
'the  ext once  connected  with  laboratory  experiments.  . 

■  I  understand  that  payments  were  made  hy  hr.  Bruce 
Tver  It  seems  that  Dr.  Scheele  was  operated  on  some  cime 
September  or  October  1916  at  liyaok,  l!ew  York.^and  the 
snital  is  looking  to  the  Government  for  Daymen*  Ox  m-  o.-.~ 

If  vou  can  give  me  any  information  concerning  this 
iso,  whether  Dr.  Scheele  was  being  retained  by  ttoGovcrn- 
-nt  as  far  as  vour  knowledge  is  concerned  at  .hat  «i.a  , 

^ ther  his  e— onsos  wore  being  paid  through  your  office  or 
n-fiin-  that'vou  can  tell  mo  7  that  will  serve  to  either  sub- 
•nntiate  or  discre  it  the  hospital’s  claim  I  snr.ll  he  o.)li,ed. 

Please  let  me  have  this 

Very  sincerely  your ; 

^  /v^i 

/6,  $tl^  'U>^  .  y/U'  ~f(U  .- 

>  ^  ^  ^1  LtJ  ^  ^JL(&& 

J /YvUMl'  . 

U»*-,  ij<y~iu.  » ■'"-~f 

rlv  7  S>^'  */> 

*  1  o^f  -  ^ 

5(  H*-*'**  '\ 

CJU^af'  ^p' 

***  ^  J^V~**~ 


July  28,1920. 

Hear  Admiral  W.  Strother  Smith, 
Navy  Department, 

Washington,  D. 

U.S.N.  , 

My  dear  Admiral: 

I  showed  your  letter  of  July  26th  to 
Mr.  Edison,  who  wishes  me  to  give  you  the  following 

Dr.  Sehoole  was  a  German  3py.  He  was  caught 
in  Cuba  und  brought  to  Key  '.Vest  Navy  Yard  by  Naval 
Secret  Service  men.  V'e  believe  he  confessed  end 
gave  the  U.  S.  Government  some  secrets  in  regard  to 
explosives.  Soheale  was  a  fine  Chemist. 

Bruce  Silver  v/as  one  of  Mr.  Edison’s  experimenters 
at  Hoy  West.  The  Secret  Service  men  requested  that 
they  may  have  Silver's  services,  and  he  was  transferred 
to  them.  Then  a  secret  laboratory  was  obtained  by 
the  Naval  Seorot  Service  and  locates  in  the  vicinity 
of  New  York  sonav/here.  Schoelo  was  put  to  work  tnoro 
and  Silver  .vaa  also  employed  at  the  same  Laboratory. 

That  is  all  that  Ur.  Edison  knows  of  the  matter. 

He  says  that  you  might  ask  the  Novel  Secret 
Service  or  Intelligence .Office,  which  was  in  the  Annex 
when  ho  was  at  Washington. 

With  kind  regards,  I  remain, 

Sincerely  your3. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

heard  a  rumor  that  the  Government  published 
a  book  or  pamphlet  about  Soheele.  POBsibly 
The  Naval  Intelligence  Office  mug-  know  about 




August  2,  1920. 

Bear  'Mr.  Edison: 

I  am  sending  you  an  advanced  oopy  of  the  hook  for 
your  personal  inspection  and  with  ^  n»q^st  that  no 
publication  notice  he  given  of  it  until  all  *he  v 

have  been  supplied  and  notified.  I  expect  to  get  a  n™irt|er 
of  copies  in  about  a  week  and  will  let  the  literary  editors 
of  the  best  papers  have  copies  before  issuing  the  book  to 
any  one  else. 

I  have  sent  this  rough  bound  oopy  to  Mr.  Saunders 
and  to  Cant a in  Scott  with  the  same  request,  ^e  presentation 
copies  wiil  be  issued  after  the  copies  are  sent  to  the  press. 

Trusting  the  book  will  meet  your  approval,  I  am 

Thomas  A.  Edison.  EBq. , 
Edison  laboratory, 
Orange,  Hew  Jersey 

x..  f*— 


navy  department 


Dear  Sir: 


September  5,  1920. 

With  the  compliments jft  the  Secretary  of  the  Navy, 
also  of  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edlson/Presldent  and  Mr.  Wm.  L.  Saunders, 
Chairman  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board,  there  Is  sent  you,  under 
separate  cover,  a  copy  of  "The  Naval  Consulting  Board  of  the 
United  States"  which  gives  In  narrative  form  an  aooount  of  the 
origin  and  achievements  of  this  Board  oreated  in  1915. 

Many  of  the  most  Interesting  Inventions  of  the  war, 
with  Illustrations,  are  set  forth  In  this  volume  Including  the 
work  of  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  who  Is  president  of  the  Board. 

The  development  of  the  listening  devices  which  were  so  success¬ 
fully  used  by  our  Navy  to  deteot  submarines  are  described  in 
detail  with  Illustrations. 

The  volume  also  sets  forth  the  returns  from  the 
mobilization  of  the  Inventive  talent  of  the  country  as  well  as 
the  Industrial  Preparedness  Campaigns  of  the  Board  and  the 
origin  of  the  Council  of  National  defense. 

The  Author,  Lloyd  N.  Scott,  was  given  free  aooess  to 
the  records  of  the  Board,  the  Individual  assistance  of  Its 
members,  and  aooess  to  muoh  valuable  data  in  the  Navy  Department 
in  the  preparation  of  the  book. 

Captain  Scott  was  attached  to  the  Inventions  Section 
of  the  General  Staff,  War  Department  during  the  World  War  and 
was  liaison  offloer  to  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  and  to  associ¬ 
ated  War  Committee  of  Teohnloal  Sooletles. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Edison  Laboratory 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Co^stomng  Board 


Bear  Sir: 

It  has  been  suggested  that  the  Board 
meet  at  dinner  in  New  York  on  October  7th,  the 
anniversary  of  its  organization. 

Particulars  as  to  time  and  place  will  be 
sent  you  later,  the  purpose  of  this  preliminary 
notice  being  merely  to  enable  you  to  keep  this  date 


Sept.  29, 


Mr.  Thomas  Robins, Seo ratary. 

Naval  Consulting  Board, 

13  Park  Row,  Haw  York.N.Y . 

Dear  Mr.  Robins : 

Mr.  Edison  received  your  letter  of 
Sept.  25th  in  regard  to  the  Dinner  of  the 
Members  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board,  and  he 
wants  me  to  say  to  you  that  he  will  attend 
the  dinner  if  it  is  possible  and  if  the 
weather  permits. 

I  am  sending  you  herewith  check  for 
eight  dollars,  in  accordance  with  your  letter. 

Yours  vory  truly. 


Assistant  to  Mr. Edison. 

CoorsuiaTOG  Board 


C15  OF  Till!  SECniSTAltY 

i  Ruin  Wow.  New  Yoke 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

In  acknowledging  your  Week  for 
$8.00  covering  the  price  of  the  dinner  on  Uober  7th. 
I  want  to  let  you  know  that  Mr.  Saunders  has  arranged 
to  have  a  retiring  room  for  your  use  adjoining  the 
room  where  we  shall  have  our  dinner. 

On  reaching  the  Cl ub  yoii  should 
ask  to  he  shown  to ''"the  private  room  re  served  W  Mr. 
Edison.**  There  will  he  a  sofa,  end  as  no  one  eUe  will 
know  about  this  room,  you  will  have  a  chance  t\  rest 
while  waiting  for  dinner. 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

October  8,  1920. 

Uy  dear  Ur.  Daniels: 

1  regret  to  learn  that  you  have 
permitted  the  Haval  crowd  to  have  the  Ex¬ 
perimental  laboratory  at  Washington.  You 
promised  that  you  would  not  decide  without 
giving  me  a  ohanoe  to  oppose  it. 

However,  as  it  is  done  you  must 
not  be  angry  with  me  if  I  go  to  Members  of 
Congress  and  give  Borne  faots  about  this 
affair  and  the  utter  ineffioienoy  of  the 
whole  Haval  establishment  from  a  technical 

fours  sinoerely. 


ilUj  111.  1  -i  * 

(Vf;v/  a 

J  .  U.ctvcv>  K 

I?*  <w-<( 

Ho  iuxvi  ' 

**  t  ^ 

t  e  /<vJ  "j  ttcc 

|  feet  IjAXt.  U?-/V-t'uC«l 

/Ut^U  <jxv^'  <lj  -»*»■* 

C  Um>  to  c&  jo  ^  w-c  wT  X 

®  «*■*  ct  W 

>(^c  *«-  *■  ^  u  "in 

■  Liu  w.  l| <?  j °  ^ 

^/  •3  (TVVue~'  „ 


u  H-of  /<.'[■  ’■ 

U:  A  ie  \  { Ct.  v/ <», L  ■/ v  t  •'<  £- <  * 

J  >-<wtl  c\.  “leek  l\\C  <^L 



J  L j  (t-uio 

Q  )  '■  \  c  0\j&) 



12  October,  1920. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  esteemed  favor  of  October 
8th  and  am  distressed  to  know  that  you  feel  as  you  do 
about  the  location  of  the  laboratory.  You  say  I 
promised  you  that  I  would  not  locate  it  without  giving 
you  opportunity  to  oppose  it.  I  beg  to  assure  you 
that  before  contract  is  let  I  will  take  occasion  early 
in  November  to  see  you,  and  at  that  time  I  would  like  to 
talk  to  you  also  about  the  other  subject  mentioned  in 
your  letter.  I  would  see  you  sooner  but  I  am  leaving 
for  a  speaking  trip  and  will  be  unable  to  do  so  until 
early  in  November. 

Sincerely  yours. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

October  16,  1920. 

Hear  Admiral  W.  Strother  Smith, 
Havy  Department 

My  dear  Admiral: 

I  must  ask  to  kindly  pardon  the  delay 

in  r.pljlM  »  jour '  tko'la.t  ' 

~P.*-  *> 

pleae  accept  my  apology. 

In  regard  to  the  letter  of  Mr.  Wolfe 

ysfA'K  r^r«=ss 

recommend  it. 

to  the  copy  for  Mrs.  Knierim,  I  am 

sr*-  r.ns  “5  .  .=*, « 

It  will  be  entirely  agroeable  to  Mr.  Edison 

•s  g  r;.a»in. 

the  neoessary  arrangements. 

With  kindest  regards,  I  remain. 

Sincerely  yours. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

1407  Eutaw  Place, 


^  Iuy  dear  ur.  Edis  *^e  literary  Digest  of  October  23, 

3 1920,  describes,  as  one  of  your  war  inventions  a  device 
to  intercept  torpedoes,  consisting  of  a  flotation  tube 
Si-carrying  network  to  be  fired  from  a  trench  mortar, or 
3  3gun  the  net  to  spread  after  the  gun  1b  fired  and  to 
<  £  sink  in  the  water  being  supported  by  the  flotation  tube, 
35 the  network  consisting  of  steel  rings  of  about  one  foot 
\  <§in  diameter  each  and  about  a  quarter  of  an  inch  in 
•^thickness,  the  object  being  to  so  spread  these  nets 
^  '^between  the  ship  and  the  oncoming  torpedo  that  the  let- 
<^tor  would  be  caught  in  one  of  the  nets  and  deflected 
i  ^to  go  around  in  a  circle  instead  of  coming  on  towards 
J-^the  ship. 

This  is  an  exact  description  of  an  invention  which 
1  sent  to  you  as  Chairman  of  the  Havy  consulting  Board 
on  i’eb.14,  1917, and  which  was  referred  to  a  suitable 
Committee  of  the  Board  for  consideration.. 

The  experts  to  which  it  was  referred  at  first  de¬ 
cided  that  it  would  not  be  of  any  particular  value 
and  took  it  for  granted  that  J-  did  not  understand  the 
nature  of  a  torpedo  and  the  difficulty  of  opposing  it 
with  nets,  and,  on  my  persisting, Hr.  Addicks  wrote  me 
that  Hr.  M.B.  Sellers,  of  801  north  Arlington  Ave.Bal- 
timore,\vho  v/as  himsfclf  a  member  of  the  ilavy  Consulting 
hoard,  would  be  able  to  make  me  understand  it  better. 

Hr.  Sellers  came  to  see  me  and  examined  my  model 
carefully • instead  of  showing  me  that  i  was  wrong,  how¬ 
ever,  he  agreed  with  me  perfectly  in  all  of  my  conten¬ 
tions, and  presented  a  favorable  report  to  the  Board,, 
showing  that:-  ,  „  , 

1-  The  device  could  be  fired. from  a  gun  and 
dropped  into  the  water  at  least  150  ft.  from  the 

2-  That  it  would  expand  in  the  air. 

3-  That  if  the  torpedo  beoame  entangled  in 
the  net  ,its  course  would  probably  be  altered. 

Thereupon  1  received  another  letter  from  llr.  Add¬ 
icks  saying  that  Hr.  Sellers  had  authority  to  go  ahead 
and  do  as  he  saw  fit  with  my  invention,  further  enquiry 
by  mr.  Sellers  among  the  officials  in  Washington,  how¬ 
ever, convinced  him  that,  while  the  device  might  be  work¬ 
able,  yet,  from  a  tactical  standpoint,  it  would  not  be 
of  value  on  account  of  the  difficulty  of  discerning  the 
wake  of  the  torpedo,  which,  at  that  time,  was  all  we 
had  to  go  vlpon. 

••Thomas  A.  ad  Is  on --2. 

Since  then  the  invention  of  a  listening  device 
which  would  enable  those  on  a  ship  to  hear  the  approach 
of  a  torpedo  4,000  yds.  away  completely  alters  the  whole 
matter  and  removes  the  only  objection  urged  against 
this  invention,  for  there  would  be  abundance  of  time 
while  the  torpedo  was  travelling  a  small  part  of  this 
distance  to  shoot  so  many  of  these  nets  in  its  path  that 
it  would  stand  a  poor  chance  of  getting 
should  be  remembered  that  if,  on  the  first  aiu^in,  the 
bow  of  the  ship  is  turned  away  from  the  direction 
of  the  sound,  the  nets  would  only  be  required  to  pro¬ 
tect  the  stern  and  a  part  of  the  broadside,  and  the 
gunners,  being  on  the  lookout .would  be  apt  to  Bee 
the  wake  so  that  in  addition  to  shooting  the  nets  in 
a  general  direction  .some  could  be  shot  directly  in 
the  line  of  the  wake, always  allowing,  of  course,  for 
the  torpedo  being  about  150  ft.  ahead  of  its  wake. 

i  worked  hard  over  this  device  and  l  would  like 
to  know  that  what  1  did  might  contribute,  in  any  future 
war, to  lessen  the  danger  from  submarines.  :ould  you  mind 
therefore  letting  me  know:- 
^  / —  1-  Did  the  writer  of  the  article  in  question 

( merely  make  a  inistake  and  give  you  credit  for  an 
invention  that  was  entirely  mine? 

2-  Did  you,  independently  of  me,  work  out  a  de- 
. _ce  somewhat  similar  to  mine?If  so,  I  would  be 
,<*>-  \  greatly  interested  to  know  how  you  worked  it  out. 

iu  ^  ln  ny  device  there  were  two  nets  at  right  angles 

/*--'to  each  other. Only  the  lower  third,  approximately, 
|V*  jjjf  the  flotation  tube  went  inside  the  gun  and  all 

r  V>  sjat  the  flotation  tube  wc___  - 

jJ-*-  tf^the  network  was  outside  the  gun,  the  longitudinal 

\  g£*et , being  held  out  by  springs  which,  upon  release 


shot,  carried  the  lower  end  of  the  net  along 
tcyCTie  bottom  of  the  tube. The  transverse  net  was 
.spread  by  two  arms  hinged  to  the  top  of  the  tube 
with  powerful  springs  at  the  junction. ±sef ore  firing, 
these  arms  were  held  down  by  a  ring  and  the  shot 
released  the  arms. from  the  ring..-.fter  firing,  the 
arms  remained  down  so  long  as  the  projectile  was 
moving  rapidly,  being  kept  down  by  the  force  of  the 
tair,  but  us  the  projectile  began  to  go  slowly  the 
arms  flew  up  and  spread  the  transverse  net. Unless 
there  are  two  ntts  at  right  angles  to  eaoh  other 
the  device  is  of  little  value  as  it  might  fall  into 
the  water  in  such  a  way  that  its  axis  would  be  par¬ 
allel  to  the  course  of  the  torpedo,  but  with  two 
nets  at  right  angles  to  each  other,  no  matter  how 
it  happens  to  fall  ,  there  will  he  a  large  expanse 
of  net  opposed  to  the  torpedo. 1  am  curious  to  know 
whether  you  worked  it  out  in  any  better  way. 

3-  Did  you  take  my  invasion  and  experiment  with 
;hat  the  result  was^ja  |foint  invention,  partly 



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( copy ) 

Feb.  14, 


Hr.  VS.  A.  Crawford  Proat, 

Sheldon  PI. , 

Windsor  Hills,  Baltimore,  lid. 

Dear  Sir: 

Your  recent  favor  has  been  received.  We  bog 
to  say  thut  Hr.  Edison  is  working  night  and  day  for  the 
Government  and  oan.not  possibly  spare  the  time  to  examine 
suggestions  or  inventions  offered  in  connection  with  matters 
of  national  Defense.  He  does  not  even  see  his  regular  mail 
for  sometimes  a  week  at  a  time. 

He  has,  therefore,  directed  that  communications 
of  this  kind  be  returned  to  the  writers,  with  the  suggestion 
that  they  communicate  direct  with  Hr.  Thomas  Hobins,  Secretary 
of  the  Haval  Consulting  Board,  13  Park  How,  Hew  York  City. 

We,  therefore,  return  your  communication  herewith. . 

Yours  very  truly, 

Edison  Laboratory. 


Hon.  Josephus  DanielB,  Hj^POHT  UP.  37 

The  Secretary  of  tho  Havy, 

Washington,  D.C. 

My  dear  Mr.  Daniels: 

I  have  engaged  a  larger  boat  for  Submarine  experiments. 
It  will  be  ready  about  the  middle  of  this  week.  I  will  equip  it 
with  some  of  my  latest  apparatus,  and  after  some  experiments  at 
the  Hook  I  shall  probably  cruise  off  Hew  London  to  catch  any 
Submarine  that  might  come  out  and  submerge.  _ _ _ 

Tam  experimenting  on~a  devic"e~for~" protecting  armed  \ 
''  merchant  ships  from  torpedos.  These  experiments  are  showing  good 

If  the  aoparatus  is  for  actual  work,  it  consists  of  a 

tube  5/8"  steel,  20  feet  long,  15  inches  in  diameter,  mounted  to 

turn  and  be  elevated  like  a  gun.  Into  this  I  place  a  small  flo¬ 
tation  tube  25  feet  long  over  which  is  wound  a  net  of  1  foot 
mesh  made  of  l/4"  cable  of  very  fine  steel  wire.  The  net  is  coatei 
each  side  with  thin  canvas.  It  resembles  a  large  window  curtain. 
There  are  other  minor  details  at  each  end.  When  tho  net  strikes 
the  water  it  unwinds  and  extends  downward  30  feet.  Tho  nowder 

used  will  be  very  slow  burning  of  special  character  to  give  a 

mean  effective  pressure  possibly  of  200  pounds  per  inch.  Part 
of  the  net  overhangs  the  tube. 

From  experiments  hero  we  think  we  can  deliver  this  net  I 
at  least  950  feat  from  the  boat.  Several  of  these  tubes  can  bo  j 
mounted  together  or  used  separately.  The  idea  is,  that  if  the  I 
torpedo  is  3eon  advancing  towards  the  boat,  several  nets  can  be 
thrown  in  its  path  giving  sufficient  retardation  that  it  will 
stop  or  be  so  deluyed  os  to  mi3S.  These  net  roll3  do  not  tumble,/ 
but  hit  tho  mark  with  remarkable  accuracy.  I  am  constructing 
1/2  size  tube.  Present  testing  with  1"  tube.^ _ 

Tours  very 

November  2,  1920. 

Mr.  W.  A.  Crawford  Frost, 
1407  Eutaw  Place, 
Baltimore,  Md. 

X  have  received  your  letter  of  October  26th.  which  has  been 
read  with  much  interest. 

It  is  quite  true  that  the  time  mentioned  I  ^aGhoirmanof 


Hnnflmda  of  sungestions  came  to  my  laboratory  through  the 

„ii,  ssss.So». 

lettirf from  my  office  and  your  communioationwaare turned  to  y  u 

It  la  me  impression  that  after  communications  were  received 

If  my  reoolleotion  is  oorreot  in  re  gird  to  my  conception 
of  a  plan  of  obstructing  torpedoeB  with  nets  fired  by  8“® 
went  in  the  firing  tube.  I  used  miner's  powder  of  a  very  1°w 
and  slow  burning.  I  did  not  patent  any  of  the  devioeB  which  I  origi¬ 
nated  for  the  Government. 

I  think  you  could  get  a  good  patent  on  your  devioo,  that 
is  to  say,  on  the  details  necessary  to  make  it  practicable. 

Yours  very  truly. 




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5th  of  November 
9  2  0 

j  l^ov-lw-t'  ivw-M  WOTlMi  <V«-  M-W* 

l  i  v^vw<-  r«  &{*4h 

•i  lay  dear  Hr.  Edison:  \yW.  VV mt**~ L&ev uj 

3  -^“  Referring  to  your  recent  communication  with  <-v  ;f 

j|  i  :  reference  to  the  Experimental  and  Research  laboratory  (jL  J 

'■'  ' J*  for  whioh  CongreSB  has  made  appropriation:  Bids  have  <-  $-*"* 

jf  been  received  by  which  v/e  oan  erect  the  necessary  J  ;  5" 

y,  ^-buildings  for  the  sum  of  §652,711.00.  The  bids  were  c.  Cj.  j> 
T->£  made  upon  a  design  approved  by  the  Haval  Consulting  jT  <, 

S  Board,  and  all  this  is  along  the  lines  of  your  early  ^  » 

25S  ^.suggestion.  We  have  the  land  at  Bellevue;  it  is  near4  <  0- 

t  \  i-  the  Department;  near  the  two  proving  grounds  and  the  {?  £ •"£ 

<  *  t  *  gun  factory;  the  Bureau  of  Standards;  the  Bureau  of  jz.  “>  "t 

D  ?  ?  v  Mines  laboratory,  and  other  scientifio  institutions.  £  .  £  ^ 

rys,  b — £  (J  V/e  own  the  land  and  we  have  no  money  with  which  to 

j  'v  purchase  land  elsewhere.  If  we  Bhould  have  to  pur-  »  -j  ^  y 
SN  b  •  5  chase  the  land  we  would  not  have  the  money  to  build  p_  P  zS 

|  <J  3  g  the  laboratory.  She  money  has  been  appropriated  by •="  <  ^ 


o.  } 

J  Congress  and  unless  we  spend  it  at  the  place  where 

have  the  1 

and  where  it  oan  be  utilized  by  the  De- 

De-  f  I’ 
■s  and? — fr  V 

.  if  -t  & 

vnn  f  %  C 

l  ^  partment  and  the  oivilian  scientists  and  inventors 
n  7  0  .  engineers,  we  will  lose  the  laboratory  altogether. 
jL- '  4  5  believe  that  under  these  circumstances  you  vrf.ll  feel 

■3*  *  5  that  it  is  better  to  build  the  laboratory,  which  you  „ 

'r-  j  f  were  the  originator,  at  this  place  rather  than  not  to  c  -CT 
H*"  y  H  Thave  it  at  all  or  to  wait  until  Congress  meets  when  we* 
qj  -.J^'may^e  denied  the  money  to  construct  it. 

g  — 2s>  ^  V  '  Therefore,  I  earnestly  request  your  co-opera- 
,  «2>  ition  in  carrying  forward  the  original  idea  which  you  «•  £ 

?  y*  ^proposed  at  the  first  meeting  of  the  Haval  Consulting^  £  ^ 

.  £15 
1  f  r 

^$loard.  It  is  my  idea  that  as  head  of  the  Haval  Con^-  ^  „ 

I  5  suiting  Board  we  should  look  to  you  for  guidance  and  Cj.  f  -> 
<  <  leadership  in  the  work  whioh  is  to  be  undertaken  for  r  f*  £ 
4  such  laboratory.  I  had  hoped  to  have  the  opportunity^  ?’ 

*  of  seeing  youjand  talking  with  you  about  this  matter,  P  ; 

hut  I  have  be^n  so  pressed  that  I  have  not  been  able 


•  o^ov.prva^nr 

*v  m-vma^vui  z)  'a  y-o 

>w-»  rr°^  h  ^ 

Mr.  Thos. A. Edison,  Hov.5,1920. 

to  get  out  of  the  city,  and  I  do  not  feel  like  asking 
you  to  come  to  Washington,  although  if  you  osn  come 
and.  go  over  the  site  I  feel  sure  that,  under  the  cir¬ 
cumstances,  you  will  readily  give  us  the  -benefit  of 
your  valued  assistance. 


I  am,  with  sentiments  of  esteem  and  high 

Sincerely  yours. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  Mew  Jersey 

November  8,  1980. 

Friend  Daniels: 

X  have  received  yonr  letter  of 
November  5th.  In  my  opinion,  for  your  own 
reputation,  you  should  not  permit  any  money 
to  be  expended  on  this  laboratory  as  proposed; 
but  the  money  should  be  allowed  to  revert  to 
the  Treasury. 

While  the  Naval  Consulting  Board 
may  have  approved  something  I  know  nothing 
about,  I  have  never  approved  either  the 
design,  the  looation,  or  the  method  of 
administration.  If  it  is  oarried  out  as 
proposed  I  shall  consider  it  another  usMress 
expenditure  of  public  money  and  a  continuous 
liability  and  expense  without  any  probable 

You  are  obliged  to  listen  to  many 
naval  officers  who  want  a  soft  position.  I 
am  going  to  fight  this  in  CongreSB  if  neoessary. 

Next  Summer  you  will  be  free  and  I 
want  you  to  come  with  ub  on  our  oamping  trip. 
I  know  you  will  enjoy  it. 

As  the  diplomats  say,  receive  my 
most  distinguished  consideration. 

Very  sincerely  yours. 

November  8,  1920. 

tty  dear  Zlobina: 

I  suggest  that  you  note  the  artiole  on 
"Stability  of  Ships,"  in  the  Scientific  American 
for  Hovember  6,  1920,  and  notice  how  Taylor  trios 
to  crawl  out  of  the  Eagle  boat  oomedy  after  he  was 
warned  repeatedly  by  civilian  constructors  that 
the  boats  ware  bound  to  be  unstable,  and  tpat  the 
noise  of  internal  combustion  motors  would  make 
them  so  that  they  could  not  be  used. 

This  latter  protest  was  from  the  Hew 
London  scientists,  yet  he  rebuffed  them  with 
brutal  indifference  and  said  ho  understood  his 

Think  of  us  taxpayers  with  a  man  like 
this  building  present  Navy,  using  $800,000.00, 
and  never  want  to  sea. 

We  might  got  him  to  run  the  now  Research 
Laboratory  approved  by  the  Haval  Consulting  Board. 

Sincerely  yours. 





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1 Ucch^  UM  " 

November  19,  1920. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  ain  in  receint  of  your  esteemed  favor.  I 
have  awarded  the  contract  for  the  laboratory  and 
an  in  entire  harmony  with  your  view  that  there 
must  be  in  order  to  fulfill  the  purpose  for  which 
the  appronriation  was  made  perfect  cooperation  be¬ 
tween  civilians  and  naval  officers,  and  as  to  the 
plan  of  doing  it,  in  my  annual  report  I  am  raying 
therei&uet  he  civilian  direction  and  I  hope  this 
civil  direction  will  he  undertaken  under  such  plans 
and  policies  as  you  will  outline.  We  will  take 
this  matter  up  fully,  and  I  assure  you  that  I  be¬ 
lieve  as  much  ae  yru  do  that  while  the  bureaus  of 
the  Uavy  must  be  looked  to  for  large  and  responsible 
duties  in  equipment  in  the  lines  of  carrying  on 
and  finding  new  and  better  waye ,  that  we  must  depend 
verv  largely  upon  civilian  inventors  and  engineers. 

I  do  not  think  we  will  have  the  least  trouble  about 
arranging  this,  and  I  would  like  you  to  work  out 
a  plan  for  euch  organization  and  management. 

With  sentimente  of  esteem  and  high  regard, 

Sincerely  yours. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Kovember  23,  1920, 

Hy  dear  Mr.  Daniels : 

Mr.  Edison  usually  replies  $o  promptly 
to  your  letters  that  I  presume  you  are  wondering 
why  you  have  not  heard  from  him  in  answer  to  your 
important  letter  of  Hovember  19th. 

He  had  been  struggling  with  a  severe 
oold  for  two  or  three  days,  end  on  the  evening 
of  the  day  you  wrote  he  went  homo  a  little  earlier 
than  usual  and  he  has  not  been  down  Binoe.  His 
aough  grow  more  troublesome.  The  doctor  ana  Mrs. 
Edison  prevailed  on  him  to  stay  in  the  house  and 
to  give  up  attention  to  business  mutters  for  a 
few  days. 

I  have  just  returned  from  seeing  him 
at  hi3  house.  He  is  very  much  hotter  and  quite 
cheerful,  but  the  doctor  has  persuaded  him  to 
remain  in  ths  house  until  after  Thanksgiving 
and  to  let  business  matters  rest  until  then.  I 
thought  I  would  let  you  know  about  this,  so  as 
to  aooount  for  the  fow  days  delay  in  his  reply 
to  your  letter. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Edison. 

PVL  Wf 

IlAYajL  Consulting  Board 

<UJLuik  Kucha 

NAxvwS^'t  (uxi'  )-*-***■ 

i  the  Llemberp  of  th^liaval  Cons^lt^i^ig  Boaraj^*' 

haval  Consulting  Board,  and  at  the  request  o: 
Soott  I  am  sending  out  this  oiroular  letter 

Captain  Scott  of  any  changes  c 

the  book  will  go  to  pres; 
sedition  is  called  for  to 

ie,  it  is  my  belief  that  the 

upon  the.  above  suggestion  should  communioate 

v  £k><0  5 

\  &  * , 

*»* .  -j.  *^1 


4tt^ery  truly  yours,  ^ 

•  ^  y 

.,^lb/c^AHY‘  \_^y 

December  11,  1920. 

Capt.  Lloyd  H.  Scott, 
63  Wall  Street, 

New  York,  fi.Y. 

Dear  Sir: 

Hr.  Edison  received  a  letter  from  Hr. 
Thomas  Hobins  stating  that  the  Navy  Department 
has  decided  to  issue  a  second  action  °* Jhe 
history  of  the  Ravul  Consulting  Board,  and 
asking^ members  to  notify  you  of  any  changes  or 
oorreotions  to  be  made  in  the  book. 

Hr.  Edison  and  I  looked  over  the 
nort  relating  to  his  work  once  more  and  desire 
to  inform  you  that  no  ohanges  or  correct!  n 
arc  suggested. 

Undoubtedly  you  have  already  noticed 
one  little  typographical  error  in  the  word 
"anohors"  on  the  third  line  fr«  the  bottom. 
Page  164.  The  "E"  may  bo  deleted. 

Yours  very  truly. 


Assistant  to  Hr.  Edison 

December  13,  1920. 

Hon.  Josephus  Daniela, 

Havy  Department, 

Washington,  D.C. 

My  dear  Daniels: 

After  considering  the  subject 
•f-rom  every  point  of  view  I  have  come  to 
the  conclusion  that  I  would  prefer  n°]L 
to  be  connected  in  any  way  with  the  new 
Experimental  Laboratoiy.  I  am  convinced 
that  it  will  ultimately  be  controlled 
by  Haval  Officers;  that  its  position  at 
Washington  will  always  be  a  handicap, 

+v,S-fc  it  will  be  an  expense  to  the 
Government  without  producing  any  practical 

Sinoerely  yours ,  ■ 




!  o  c 



„  'VVMTt. 

<k  l/U~  tor'c 

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Y\  &’X  U-  ^ 

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>  L'V-vi'  C*  "C  , 

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Uv  Ct-\VxA  eu-ott. 

^VtM)  ^Wpv  c  VVUjlUt  «*-£-  %</e\k  lMj 

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„  _ _  Lvu4i-xt! 

tl'ti-  rt^c  4  '*»'*  *\ 

'-  J  r<~¥— 


December  14,  1920. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison; - 

The  Target  practice  Office  has  asked 
me  to  ascertain  if  you  have  finished  with  the  following 
confidential  publications  which  were  loaned  to  you  on 
October  27,  1919; 

Register  Ho.  '  , 

91  -  Heport  of  Battle  Practice, Spring,  191-1. 

89  -  Heport  of  Elem.  and  Div.Practices ,1914-15. 

357  -  Report  of  Battle  Practice, Spring, 191 5. 

298  -  Report  of  Elementary  practice, 1915-16 . 

64  -  Report  of  Battle  practice, spring, 1916. 

32  -  Report  of  Short  Range  Battle  practice, 1916-17. 

91  -  Report  of  Battle  Practice, Spring, 1917. 

They  explained  that  these  volumes  were  taken  from  a 
set  which  remains  incomplete  so  long  as  they  are  out  and 
that  they  would  appreciate  their  return  when  you  are  quite 
finished  with  them. 

With  kindest  regards. 

Yours  sincerely. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 
Orange,  N.  J. 

December  17,  1920. 

Friend  Dunlela: 

I  mia  pleased  to  note  tha  hot  ahot 
you  fired  at  the  General  Staff  idea  on  pages 
200  to  210  of  your  Annual  Report,  just  recei¬ 

Possibly  it  is  too  late  now,  but  if 
you  oould  get  Congress  to  paas  a  bill  permit¬ 
ting  tha  Secretary  of  the  Havy  to  employ 
oivilian  technical  enginoers  and  expertB  as 
adviaera  on  technical  questions  it  would 
improve  tho  Havy  one  hundred  peroont  in  the 
course  of  time. 

With  oordial  regards,  1  remain. 
Very  slnoerely  youra, 


Deoember  17,  1920. 

Hy  dear  Ur.  Butler: 

Ur.  Edison  received  your  letter  of 
Baa  amber  14th  concerning  the  confidential 
publications  loaned  to  him,  by  the  Target 
Practice  Offioe. 

He  has  requested  me  to  ask  if  you 
will  kindly  see  Secretary  Daniels 
and  tell  him  that  Ur.  Edison  whmisthe  publi¬ 
cations  menU  on  ed  in  your  letter  and  that  the 
Target  Practice  Office  wants  to  have  them 

jgJKffySi  personally*1  oannot  ^fr.^dison 

Sr  yjsvxrsx  s  rsru 

Ur.  Edison  aBkB  you  to  please  tell 
Ur.  Daniels  that  the  fact  of  Mr.  Edison  s 
havin*  a  set  of  these  reports  may  be  of  value 
to  him  (Ur.  Daniels)  after  he  leaves  the  Navy, 
in  case  some  controversy  ariseB. 

With  kindest  regard,  I  remain, 
four 8  sincerely 


Assistant  to  Ur.  Edison. 


December  28,  1920. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

I  thank  yott  einoerely  for  your  letter 
of  December  17th,  and  your  suggestion  is  an 
admirable  one ,  and  if  X  were  to  be  in  office 
longer  I  should  address  myself  to  it  with 
great  earnestness.  I  hope  my  successor 
will  do  so. 

Sincerely  yours 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  H.  ’J. 

December  28,  1920. 


Hon.  Warren  0.  Harding, 

United  States  Senate, 

Washington,  D.C. 

Ity  dear  Sir: 

During  the  War  I  was  intimately  associated 
with  our  Navy  as  President  of  the  Naval  Consulting 
Board  of  the  United  States.  I  operated  several 
experimental  ships  at  sea,  and  have  familiarized 
myself  with  Naval  technique  and  personnel.  What  I 
learned  is  very  disquieting  when  I  think  of  the 

As  you  will  soon  appoint  a  Secretary  of 
the  Navy,  1  hope  you  oan  find  a  man  about  fifty  years 
of  age  who  is  purely  a  oivilian  and  who  has  the 
technical  knowledge  of  an  Engineer  or  who  will  be 
authorized  to  retain  outside  Engineers  for  consultation. 
This  for  reasons  you  oan  easily  imagine. 

Yours  very  truly. 


j  h  lcts-un  i.  (  CCt-ti 

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CU  C  ^  A  Vj  (  / 

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a,  ^  r  4  — 


c ember  28,  1920. 

My  dear  yrr.  Hdison:- 

I  showed  Ur.  Daniels  your  letter  of 
December  22nd,  requesting  copies  of  the  reports  on  Battle 
Practice,  etc.,  subsequent  to  those  of  the  Spring  of  1917. 

On  this  letter  I  had  prepared  an  endorsement,  which 
he  siP-ned,  directine  the  Office  of  Gunnery  Exorcises  and 
TTnp-lneerin^  performances  to  send  you  a  complete  set  for 
your  personal  and  confidential  use.  This  letter  I  then 
took  in  person  and  arranged  for  the  hooks  to  he  sent  you 
hy  registered  mail. 

The  Secretary  asked  me  to  convey  to  you  his  very  best 
regards,  and  permit  me  to  join  in  wishing  you  a  very  Happy 
New  Year. 

Yours  sincerely. 

Naval  Consulting  Board  and  Related  Wartime  Research  Papers 
Correspondence  (1921) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison's  diminishing  involvement  with  the  Naval  Consulting  Board  (NCB).  The 
correspondents  include  outgoing  Secretary  of  the  Navy  Josephus  Daniels;  J. 
Jarvis  Butler  of  the  Navy  Dept.  General  Board;  NCB  chairman  William  L. 
Saunders  and  secretary  Thomas  Robins;  and  Edison  associate  Miller  Reese 
Hutchison.  Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  Edison's  desire  to  resign  from  the 
NCB  pending  its  adoption  of  a  plan  for  a  Naval  Research  Laboratory  that  he 
opposed;  the  final  months  of  Daniels's  term  as  Secretary  of  the  Navy  in  the 
Wilson  administration;  Edison's  refusal  to  attend  the  NCB  annual  dinner;  and 
his  interest  in  acquiring  government  publications  on  banking  and  currency, 
which  were  sent  to  him  by  Butler.  Many  of  the  letters  were  written  by  Edison's 
personal  assistant,  William  H.  Meadowcroft. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
material  not  selected  includes  additional  dinner  invitations  that  Edison 
declined,  along  with  personal  correspondence  between  Meadowcroft  and 
Butler,  who  appear  to  have  been  close  family  friends. 


i^ai  AJC-' 

January  fi,  1921. 

Mr.  J.  Jarvis  3utlo: 
104  Bradley  Hoad, 
Chorrydnlu  ?.0.  ,Va. 

"Once  more  unto  the  breach  dear  friends" 

(If  you  don't  remember  who  wrote  this  ask  me  and  I 
will  toll  you.') 

deferring  to  the  above  I  am  ocming  with 
another  request  from  Hr.  Kdlson,  and  that  is  that 
you  would  kindly  got  f°r  Mai  tho  r?{n£  1916  *1917 

Comptroller  of  Curronoy  for  1914,  191b.  1916,  191', 
and  19 IB. 

I  trust  you  are  all  well  that  you  all  en¬ 
joyed  your  Christmas  foatiyitioa.  I  suppose  Grandma 
hr.d  a  good  time  with  the  kiddies. 

With  kindest  regards  to  you  and  the  whole 
family .  I  remain. 


By  the  way,  let  mo 
oalonder  pad  whioh 

thank  you  for  that  daily 
arrived  safely. 


'(jgi-pch.  fe 

aA-.  ^ 

Them*  Consulting  Bom®' 


13  Park  Row,  New  York 

Jan.  24,  1921. 

Mr.  Thoma s  A.  Bdison, 


Ilavsl  Consulting  Board, 
Orange,  Kew  Jersey 

Bear  Sir: 

At  the  request  of  the  Secretary  of 
the  llavy,  a  special  and  important  meeting  of  the  ITaval 
Consulting  Board,  will  he  held  in  Washington,  at  ten 
o'clock  in  the  morning,  on  Tuesday,  February  1st. 

The  purpose  of  this  meeting  is  t o  go 
over  the  plans  of  the  Research  Laboratory,  to  visit  the 
site,  and  to  discuss  and  endeavor  to  determine,  a  line 
of  policy  for  the  operation  of  the  Laboratory.  Other 
subjects  v.‘ ill  also  be  brought  up. 

The  Secretary  of  the  navy  will  be 
present  and  wishes  to  express  to  the  Members  of  the  board 
his  lasting  appreciation,  and  his  sincere  booethatlhey 
will  continue  after  he  goes  out  of  oxfice,  to  work  ab°'- 
the  line  of  study  and  experiment  and  un  esti^tion,  as  in 
the  past. 

Please  renly  by  wire  to  the  Secretary' i 
office,  13  Bark  Row,  stating  whether  you  will  be  able  to 
attend  the  meeting. 

Yours  very  truly, 

CKAIHMAil.  'f'M/Jrf'. 

January  25,  1921. 

Mr. .  Thomas  Robins, 

13  Park  How, 

Hew  York.H.Y. 

My  dear  Robins: 

Referring  to  the  telephone  conversation  you 
have  had  with  Mr.  Headoworoft  to-day,  my  attitude 
towards  the  proposed  Haval  Experimental  laboratory  is 
shown  by  the  enolosed  copy  of  a  letter  whioh  I  wrote 
to  Secretary  Daniels  on  December  13,  1920. 

I  shall  not  attend  the  meeting  on  February 


Yours  very  truly. 

January  25,  1921. 

Hon.  Josephus  Daniels, 

Secretary  of  the  Navy, 


Dear  Hr.  Daniela: 

I  feel  that  the  time  has  arrived  for  me 
to  sever  my  oonneotion  with  the  Naval  Consulting 
Board  of  the  United  States,  and.  therefore,  tender 
my  resignation,  to  take  effect  at  once. 

Yours  very  truly. 


26th  of  January 
19  2  1 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison; 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor  and  it  dis- 
1 “  mach  “d  I  earnestly  hope  that  you 

3  Up?n  it"  baling  shout  the  IJav- 

thnt  S?-?®-20314  °?d  I,aboratory  has  always  been 
that  when  it  is  opened  and  ready  for  work,  the  nor- 
son  who  is  the  head  of  it  shall  he  a  civilian.  "Men 
capable  of  research  work  are  very  rare  and  we  ought 
to  find  such  a  man  who  can  not  only  stay  a  year  or 
two,  as  a  naval  officer  could,  but  can  stay  for  a 
long  time  and  organize  it  upon  a  basis  where  the 
best  research  minds  of  America  in  civilian  life 
wouid  give  their  thought  and  their  service  under 
the  direction  of  the  civilian  head.  And  in  the 
same  way  the  chiefs  of  the  technical  bureaus  the 
engineers  and  construction  officers,  and  the’scien- 
+vf th®  Navy  fh0ttld  aiso  work  together  with 
the  civilians;  but  that  it  is  better  to  have  a  civil¬ 
ian  head.  That  has  always  been  my  idea  and  and  I 
believe  I  have  obtained  it  from  you. 

Always,  with  my  warm  regards. 

Sincerely  your  friend. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange,  New  Jersey 

£'S'~~JyJX£e  m?  greetings  and  good  wishes 

ana  sincere  friendship  to  you  and  Mrs.  Edison. 


I.'y  dear  I-r.  Edison: 

As  I  am  leaving  Washington  after 
eight  yoarB  of  servioo  as  Secretary  of 
the  Ilavy,  I  oan  not  go  home  without 
sending  you  a  line  of  appreciation  for 
your  helpfulness  and  friendship. 

With  my  good  wishes,  I  am 

Sinoeraly  yours. 

I.'r.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  IT.  J. 

Marsh  7,  1921. 

Friend  Daniels: 

Although  you  have  not  yet 
had  time  enough  to  recover  your  ner¬ 
ves  after  your  eight' years  of  arduous 
labor  as  Secretary  of  the  Havy.I  shall 
miss  ny  guess  if  you  are  not  glad  to 
turn  your  baok  on  the  maelstrom  of 
oonf listing  interests  and  cross 
purposes,  let  mo  congratulate  you  on 
the  fact  that  you  have  preserved  your 
health  through  it  all,  and  that  you 

Our  assooiation  in  the  last 
few  years  loaves  a  pleasant  remembrance 
with  tne,  and  I  shall  hope  some  day  to 
moot  you  again  in  private  life. 

Thanks  for  your  note  of  the 
second  of  March.  It  was  good  of  you  to 
remember  me. 

With  kindest  regards  to  you 
and  your  wife,  I  remain. 

Sincerely  yours , 

Hon.  Hosophus  Daniels, 
Haleigh ,H.C» 

Hatol  CasrsraaiWG  Board 

11  Broadway, 

Hew  York,  H.Y.,  /  Tv  , 

August  9th,  1921/  i'X  / 

My  dear  Sir: 

Mr.  Daniels,  former  Secretary  of  the  Navy,  la., 
writing  a  hook  on  "Our  Navy  in  the  World  War".  He  wants  to  \ 
make  up  a  chapter  on  the  Naval  Consulting  Board.  He  wants  this\ 
to  he  "one  of  the  heat  chapters". 

He  says:  "What  I  need  is  a  clear  and  suooinot 
statement  of  what  was  done  in  the  war  as  to  submarine  detection, 
the  aerial  torpedo  and  other  experiments  and  inventions .Will 
you  not  see  such  members  of  the  Board  as  you  deem  necessary  and 
have  this  Buocinct  and  correct  summary  written? 

It  is  my  purpose  to  aid  Mr.  Daniels  as  much  as 
possible  in  this  and  to  outline  a  statement  of  the  work  of the 
Board.  Will  you  not  aid  in  this  by  dictating  a  letter  to  me 
stating  in  general  terma/vSjhat  you  believe  to  have  been  the 
usefulness  of  the  Boardin'  connection  with  the  war? 

Mr.  Dan/els  hopes  to  be  able  to  get  this  by  the 

s  much  appreciated,  and 

truly  yours. 


August  15,  1921. 

llr.  William  1.  Saunders, 
naval  Consulting  Boerd 
of  the  United  States, 

11  Broadway, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Mr.  Saunders: 

I  have  reoeived  the  circular  letter  you  sent 
around  to  the  members  of  the  Board. 

I  cannot  very  well  write  such  a' letter  as  you 
ask.  I  worked  alone,  and  an  aooount  of  nearly  all  the  work  I  did 
was  published  by  the  Government  in  the  book  on  the  work  of  the 
Naval  Consulting  Board.  You  are  quite  familiar  with  this  book. 

Uy  deafness  prevented  me  from  presiding  at  the 
Meetings  of  the  Board,  and  therofore  you,  as  Chairman, took  my 

Yours  very  truly. 


ISatml  Coxsijmting  Boak® 


i:j  Park  How,  New  York 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 
Orange ,  New  J ersey . 

x.  NkwYork 

Aug.  17,  1921 


Bear  Sir: 

I  am  returning  herewith  some  photogra; 

which  yon  loaned  to  Captain  Soott  some  time  ago  in 

connection  with  his  preparation  of  the  History  of  the 

Board.  .  , 

Yours  very  truly, 

.  CCii  cjt/7}^  JivU^-doi  ■Q/i'i/- 

Secretary  to  Mr.  Hohins. 



Off  Tins  TS1TEB  SttTES 



Oct.  IX,  1921 

Hr.  'Thomas  A. 
West  Orange, 

Dear  Sir: 


Your  attention  is'iealled  to  the  following 
resolution  passed  at  the  meeting  of  the  Naval  Consulting  Board 
held  Nov.  16,  1918: 

nnmnT¥FT)  that  no  matter  what  happens,  until  all 
of  „  ”»« .»c.  a 

either  of  the  Declaration  of  Peace  or  Ox  the  sienin„  oi 
the  Armistice." 

As  certain  other  functions  will  lie  held  on  the 
evening  of  Armistice  day,  it  has  been  decided  to  hold  our  meet¬ 
ing  on  Thursday,  November  10th.  The  dinner  will  he  held  at  the 
University  Club,  5th  Ave.  &  54th  Street,  at  7.50  B.M.  The 
charge  will  be  §6.00  per  plate. 

I  sincerely  hope  that  you  will  attend  the  dinner 
and  I  would  ask  you  to  kindly  fill  out  and  return  the  enclosed 

Sincerely_yours , 





Ootober  16,  1921. 

Ur.  Thomus  Robins,  Secretary , 

Haval  Consulting  Board, 

13  Park  Place,  Hew  York  Cityl 

Uy  dear  Ur.  Robins: 

Ur.  Edison  wishes  me  to  acknowledge 
receipt  of  your  note  of  Ootober  11th  concerning 
the  Annual  Dinner  of  the  members  of  the  Haval 
Consulting  Board. 

He  says  it  is  impossible  for  him  to 
make  engagements  so  long  ahead.  Beside,  the 
severe  business  depression  has  laid  an  additional 
load  on  his  shoulders.  He  is  busy  day  and  night 
and  he  is  trying  to  avoid  making  any  engagements 
that  will  dviert  his  attention  from  his  work. 

Therefore  ho  fools  ho  will  have  to 
forgo  the  pleasure  of  participating  in  the  Dinner. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Edison. 

Hatol  CoismTWG  Bom®' 


To  the  liombers  of  the  Kovel  Concuitlne  Boara: 

It  has  boen  decided  to  havo  our  annual  dinner 
at  the  Army  &  liavy  Club  lnetoa.d  of  at  tho  University  Club  ns 
previously  announced*  You  are  therefore  rebooted  to  £0to 
that  the  dinner  will  be  hold  at  7.30  V.IU  on  tho  eyoning  of 
ilovembor  10th,  ct  the  Army  &  havy  Club,  122  Control  vnrk  Couth. 

Up  to  this  flate  tho  returns  aro  ob  follows 





























Owing  to  the  difficulty  which  I  hea  last  year  in 
obtaining  tickets  for  tho  Army  &  Uavy  football  somo,  and  the 
faot  that  only  four  of  our  members  wont  to  the  game,  I  am  not 
attempting  to  eoouro  tlckotB  for  IMsjts&v  s  game. 

Your  a 

'Navml  Consulting  Board 


Dsar  Mr.  Edison: 

l%La  |  €,4M^ 

Hovember  3,  1921, 

Won't  you  plea  bo  change  you*  mind  uhd  attend 
the  Annual  Dinner  of  the  Naval  Consul4&ng  Board  c 
evening  of  Hovember  10th? 

At  our  last  meeting  .after  the  signing  of  the  gL/fgn' 
Armistioe,  I  introduced  the  resolution  that  we  Bhould 
get  togetherjonce  each  year  until,  through  the  elimina¬ 
tion  of  Father  Time,  we  all  "cross  the  river,"  I  know  ■* 
how  much  you  dislike  to  come  to  Hew  York,  and  how  little 
you  get  out  of  a  social  function  of  any  kind;  but  this 
Board  was  built  around  you  and  without  you  preBentfthe 
affair  will  be  a  failure. 

It  happens  only  once  a  year,  and  it  would  be 
over  by  ten  o'clock. 

An  additional  reason;  One  hundred  of  us  chipped 
in  $1,000  each  and  established  an  Army  and  Havy  Club  in 
Hew  fork,  at  which  our  Army  and  Havy  officers  can  have 
headquarters  when  in  the  city.  As  you  know,  their 
salaries  are  very  inadequate,  and  hence  their  inability 
to  belong  to  clubs  requiring  considerable  annual  dues. 

We  are  looking  for  life  members  to  the  club  at  $1,000  each. 
These  members  are,  of  course,  selected  with  a  great  deal 
of  care.  The  advertising  the  club  will  receive  through 
this  dinner  of  the  Board  will  put  it  on  its  feet  financially. 

I  know  how  you  feel  about  some  Army  and  Havy 
officers,  but  they  are  not  all  that  way,  and,  after  all, 
we  owe  them  quite  a  debt  of  gratitude  for  the  services  Borne 
of  them  performed  overseas. 

Please  come . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  Hew  Jersey. 


Ilovember  7,  1931. 

Uy  dear  Ur.  Hutchison: 

Your  letter  of  November33rd  was  received 
and  I  put  it  in  Mr.  Kdison's  Mail  Bag.  He  has  read 
it  and  wants  me  to  say  to  you  that  he  cannot  poss¬ 
ibly  attend  tSe  Annual  Dinner  of  the  Haval  Consul¬ 
ting  Board.  He  has  a  positive  engagement  *or 
Bame  day  that  was  made  over  a  month  ago,  and  this 
will  prevent  him  from  participating  in  the  Haval 
Consulting  Board  dinner. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 



r  Ur.  meadow croft : - 

iio  you  think  there  might  he  a  job  for 

at  Muscle  Shoals  in  ease  fir.  ?ord  takes  over  the  works t 

I  have  been  thinking  of  the  -possibility  ever  since  ncgo- 

,  ,  T1-,-  ii-p  ;; - r  ,cirt  neiit  heve  been 

9. *Lione  between  ur.  tfora  ™  e  w.  r 

ven  publicity.  Today's  papers  carry  a  story  about  «.  k's 
rit  to  iir.  B6 i eon  and  their  plans  to  So  over  the  ground 
gather  next  week,  suggesting  to  me  that  the  program  has 
ogressed  farther  than  has  been  announced.  Hence  my  ^ucstio; 

Please  don’t  feel  under  any  obligation,  however,  to  do 
more  than  give  me  your  own  advice.  I  am  running  down  every 
opportunity  that  shows  any  promise  whatever,  in  the  earnest 
effort  to  get  out  of  the  Government  service  where  X  have  long 
since  reached  the  end  of  my  rope  end  will  soon  begin  to  stagnate. 

I  am  writing  this  rather  hurriedly  as  I  have  am  opportunity 

to  send  it  in  town  to  be  mailed 
Your  i 


<f.  I ,  (l^As 

Another  spur  to  my  "getting  but"  is  caused  by  repetition  of 
the  praotioe*  of  adding  to  my  duties  and  responsibilities  to  sus¬ 
tain  some  high  paid  higher  ranking  official  in  his  position,  while 
X  get  neither  compensation  tor  credit:  X  am  ae  feoto  secretary 
of  two  of  the  most  important  Conference  committees  --  and  have 
actually  heard  flattering  praise  handed  out  to  the  de  Jure 
Secretaries  for  my  work  and  initiative  which  they  swallow,  bait 
hook  and  sinker>v  And  these  are  not  isolated  oases. 

Hov ember  23,  1921. 

Ur.  J.  .larvia  Butler, 
104  Bradley  Hoad, 
Cherrydale  V.O. ,  Vn. 

My  dear  Mr.  Sutler: 

X  received  your  personal  note  written 
by  yon  last  Sunday  evening,  and  uon' t  blame  you 
one  bit  for  haring  the  desire  to  mni:e  a  change 
and  it  in  disgraceful  the  way  you  ura  treated, 
and  apparently  is  a-  waste  of  time.  It  seems  to 
me  that  yon  would  far  better  bo  giving  your 
ability  where  it  would  be  appraoiated  both 
morally  and  financially. 

X  showed  your  latter  to  Mr.  idison,  and 
ha  says  ho  will  always  bear  yon  in  mind.  He  will 
shortly  be  going  with  friend  Henry  lord  to  .Jussel 
Shoals,  and'  X  an  sure  if  an  opportunity  offers  ho 
will  not  forget  you. 

Sinoerely  yours. 

December  19,  1921. 

Hr.  i.  J.  Butler, 
Gonoral  Board, 
Havy  Department, 
V.ashington,  b.  0. 

Hr.  Edison  wishes 

r _ yl _ _ Je  you  if  you  will 

kimlly  get  him  the  Government  xml  ii  out  ions  by  the 
Director  of  tho  Hint  for  the  last  eight  or  ton  years. 
He  ooee  not  know  whether  they  are  published  yearly 

I  have  sent  down  to  your  homo  ad  dross  a  small 
package  which  boars  the  label  "Hot  to  be  opened  until 
Christmas."  This  contains  something  for  each  of  the 
... _ _ ..  r  nns  will  be  iileased. 

There  is  also  a  paokago  of  EE-CHEAT IOHS 
that  has  gone  down  to  your  home  address.  Thie  will 
give  you  some  new  music  for  Christmas. 

With  kindest  regards  to  you  all,  1  remain. 

Sincerely  yours. 

Uy  birthday  -.:as  a  "rod  lottor"  day  for  J-i  as  it  vac 
tho  first  day  ho  really  '.ml 'ted .  Quito  suddorily  ho  commenced 

and  navigates  tho  entire  :.ouse  not.'  ad  lib.  lio  is  very 
comical  and  loolts  :r.oro  like  a  mechanical  doll  than  a  little 

Harriot,  havin'"  colobratod  last  Christmas  tvith  scarlet 
fovor,  has  just  dovolonod  chick onpotc  to  keop  hor  in  this  year 
Iionovor,  this  is  not  a  serious  affair  as  you  knot.-,  and  '.fill 
only  deprive  hor  of  some  of  tho  exchange  of  visits  T'ith  tho 
neighborhood  children.  But  even  this  has  its  advantages. 

'.Tith  very  kindest  roi-ards. 




*  n  ,, 


December  24 , 

Ur.  J.  Jervis  Butler, 
114  Brai!  lay  ' , 

Oho  rryfl  r.  lo  ? .  0 . ,  Va . 

J.’.y  deer  Ur. 


I  enioyod  your  letter  of  Decombor 
21st  very  much*  and  thanks  you  for  your  usual 
kind  end  prompt  attention  to  Iir.  r-Jison' s  ra- 
nueat  for  r.ublionticus  of  the  Director  oi  the 
Hint.  I  shall  look  for  their  arrival  in  the 
early  part  of  nert  week. 

1  50!  !?r 

the  ra-c lotions 
your  expectations 
you  are  enjoying 

:.»fctly  pleased  to  loij-rn  that 
v;0ra  found  so  fully  tip  to 
and  I  ai::  f lad  tc  learn  that 
them  so  niuah. 

Harriet  ought  to  be  more  oonoiderate 
around  Christmas  time,  oho  seems  to  pick  up 
anythin;?  that  in  I0030.  You  don't  suppose  that 
this  is” inherent  perversity,  do  you?  ball, 
after  all  ohioken  pox  is  not  so  very  serious, 
no  long  an  nhe  is  kept  comfortably  warn,  i.’.ay 
shet  got  over  it  soon. 

Ur.  Edison  was  very  much  interested 
in  your  postscript  and  the  pencil  sketch.  So 
was  1. 

With  very  kindest  regards  and  all 
the  best  wiuhos  1  can  send  you  for  Christmas 
and  Hew  Years,  I  remain. 

Sincerely  yours. 

Naval  Consulting  Board  and  Related  Wartime  Research  Papers 
Correspondence  (1922) 

This  folder  consists  primarily  of  letters  exchanged  between  William  H. 
Meadowcroft,  Edison's  personal  assistant,  and  J.  Jarvis  Butler  of  the  Navy 
Dept.  General  Board,  whom  Edison  used  as  a  source  for  government- 
published  data.  Included  are  items  pertaining  to  phonograph  record 
production  figures,  Edison’s  plan  for  a  reform  in  the  U.S.  currency  system, 
and  his  idea  for  an  emergency  hydrogen-filled  parachute  for  aviators,  which 
he  and  Meadowcroft  traveled  to  Washington  to  discuss  with  officers  of  the 
U.S.  Air  Service.  There  is  also  correspondence  with  Edgar  G.  Oberlin  of  the 
Naval  Research  Laboratory  regarding  Edison's  refusal  to  lend  political  support 
to  the  laboratory,  then  under  construction  in  Washington,  D.C. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  personal  correspondence  between 
Butler  and  Meadowcroft,  who  appear  to  have  been  close  family  friends. 




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Sebruary  10,  1922. 

My  doar  Ur.  Butler: 

Many  thanks  for  your  letter  of  the  8th 
and  for  your  explanation  of  the  myatariousness  art 
weirdnesa  of  the  atatiatioa  on  phonographs.  X 
think  Ur.  Edison  will  an joy  a  hearty  laugh,  and 
vjill  arrive  at  the  sune  oonolusion  that  you  have 
that  the  figuros  are  closely  related  to  "topsy  . 

Both  he  and  I  appreciate  the  fact  that 
you  have  done  your  damdost, ^and  as  they  sap  out 
west,  "angola  can  do  no  noro' . 

With  kindest  regards  and  all  food 
wishes,  I  remain. 

Hr.  J.  Jarvis  Butler, 

General  Board,  Havy  Department, 
Washington, D.C. 

April  24,  1922. 

My  dear  Mr.  Butler: 

I  received  your  letter  Saturday  but  I 
shall  not  atop  to  answer  it  now. 

Mr.  Edison  is  in  a  hurry  to  have  me 
ask  you  whether  you  will  kindly  obtain  for  him 
a  copy  of  the  Federal  Reserve  Banking  Act  and 
all  the  amendments  to  date.  Ee  thinks  you  can 
get  this  from  the  Comptroller  of  the  Currency. 

With  kind  regards,  X  remain. 

Sincerely  yours, 


My  dear  Mr.  Butler: 

Mr.  Edison  would  like  you  to  go  over  to  that 
aeotion  of  the  Jar  Uonertment  which  Is  devoted  to  aero¬ 
planes,  and  find  the  head  man  who  persisted,  in  spite 
of  sarcasm  of  naval  people,  in  trying  to  sink  warships. 
Mr.  Edison  would  like  you  to  ask  him  if  there  is  any 
value  in  the  following  idea  of  making  the  lives  of  avi¬ 
ators  a  little  more  safe; 

Have  a  silk  balloon  all  collapsed,  the  throat 
being  oonoeotod  to  a  small  steal  bottlo  of  hydrogen,  un¬ 
der  pressure  of  threo  or  four  thousand  pounds,  the  bottle 
to  contain  just  enough  hydrogen  to  inflate  the  balloon 
about  98,5.  This  would  prevent  any  excess  pressure  from 
harming  the  balloon,  and  exact  quantity  of  the  hydrogen 
in  the  balloon  being  experimentally  determined.  The  in¬ 
flation  of  the  balloon  could  be  completed  in  three  sec¬ 
onds  or  leas.  The  balloon  could  possibly  be  shapod  so 
that  it  would  act  as  parachute  at  the  same  time. 

Mr.  Edison  has  hot  figured  out  if  it  is  prac¬ 
ticable  as  to  the  omount  of  hydrogen.  A  parachute  to  be 
effective  must  be  operated  high  up,  but  on  account  of 
the  rapidity  of  inflation,  which,  after  all,  is  the  main 
point,  this  soheme  would  possibly  work  nearer  the  ground 
when  the  aviator  knows  the  game  is  up  and  he  might  lose 
his  engine. 

3inoareiy  yours, 

Mr.  J.  Jarvis  Butler, 
Navy  Department, 
General  Board, 
Washington,  D.C. 



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•&;Cxt><,.  I 

May  12,  1922. 

My  dear  Ur.  Butler: 

X  want  to  thank  you  for  your  kind 
letter  of  May  11th  in  regard  to  Capt.  Seaton. 

I  showed  it  to  Mr.  Edison  at  onoe.  He  was  very 
much  pleased  to  learn  that  his  suggestion  had 
received  suoh  careful  oonside ration,  even  though 
it  might  not  be  regarded  as  practicable. 

I  shall  be  very  glad  to  receive  Capt. 
Seaton's  memorandum  in  time.  to  diBouss  it  with 
Mr.  Edison  before  I  oone  down  next  Friday.  Ur. 
Edison  has  given  me  a  message  for  Capt.  Seaton 
which  I  shall  deliver  to  him  in  person  if  we 
should  meet  at  lunoh  in  aooordanoe  with  your 
agreeable  suggestion.  In  the  meantime  the 
forthcoming  memorandum  will  perhaps  present  a 
little  more  matter  for  disoussion. 

Here  is  another  matter.  Mr.  Edison 
1b  doing  a  lot  of  work  with  the  idea  in  mind 
for  helping  the  ootton  farmer  and  he  would 
like  to  have  you  find  out  from  the  War  and 
Navy  Departments  what  buildings,  barracks,  etc. 
they  have  in  the  East  and  Southern  parts  of  the 
tJ.S.  that  oould  be  used  for  storing  tho  next 
crop  of  ootton.  If  the  information  is  available 
he  would  like  to  have  a  description  of  the  kind 
of  the  buildings,  floor  space  and  other  particu¬ 
lars,  suoh  as  condition,  railway  and  water  trans¬ 
portation,  etc. 

Onoe  more  throwing  ourselves  on  your 
meroy  and  with  kindest  regards,  I  remain, 

Sinoerely  yours. 

My  dear  Mr.  Butler; 

X  have  received  your  letter  of  May  lath,  and  showed 
it  to  Mr.  Edison.  So  my  greet  surprise  he  said  he  thought  he 
would  go  down  to  Washing ton  either  this  week  or  next  about 
other  matters,  and  while  there  would  he  glad  to  meet  and  talk 
with  Captain  Seaton,  General  Patriok  and  any  other  officers 
they  might  wish  to  bring  with  them. 

Captain  Seaton's  memorandum  has  not  come  in  at  this 
writing,  but  I  presume  it  will  reaoh  here  tomorrow  morning  and 
I  wi 11  see  that  Mr.  Edison  sees  it  at  once.  I  would  not  he 
surprised  if  Ur.  Edison  and  I  oara  down  by  the  Congressional 
Limited  on  Thursday  of  this  week.  If  we  do  I  will  telegraph 
you.  I  think  he  would  stay  only  one  day,  Friday.  So  I "would 
go  to  the  Powhatan  with  him  to  stay  Thursday  night. 

If  Captain  Seaton  and  General  Patriok  and  any 
others  desire  to  lunoh  with  yon  ur.d  1  on  Saturday  I  am  quite 
agroeable,  but  please  do  not  lot  them  get  an  impression  that 
I  am  an  expert  or  even  a  technical  man,  or  I  shall' sink  in 
deep  water  at  once. 

In  viev/  of  the  changed  complexion  of  things  would 
it  not  bo  well  to  hold  Saturday's  luncheon  in  abeyanoe?  I 
shall  telegraph  you  "whichever  way  the  oat  jumps." 

Sinoorely  yours, 

June  2,  1922 

Mr.  J.  Jarvis  Butler, 

General  Board, 

Havy  Department, 

Washington,  D.C. 

Dear  Mr.  Butler: 

Mr.  Meadoworoft  was  thinking  this 
morning  that  you  might  he  under  the  impres¬ 
sion  that  he  had  forgotten  you,  but  the  fact 
of  the  matter  is  that  ever  ainoe  he  and  Mr. 
Edison  returned  from  your  oamping  grounds  in 
Washington  it  has  been  one  thing  after  an¬ 
other,  and  never  reaching  the  bottom  of  things. 

The  thought  of  you  flashed  through 
his  mind  this  morning  at  9:25  just  as  he  and 
Mr.  Edison  were  departing  for  a  day  in  Hew 
York,  with  bankers,  eto.  and  he  hurriedly 
(last  word  like)  asked  me  to  drop  you  a  line  - 
fishing  line  -  and  say  that  he  will  write  you 
fully  either  tomorrow  or  Monday. 

If  you  would  only  use  your  lnfluenoe 
and  got  President  Harding  and  Seoretary  Mellon, 
and  a  few  others  in  Washington,  to  adopt  Mr. 
Edison's  plan  in  full,  say,  next  week,  we  would 
be  able  to  do  a  number  of  misoellaneous  things 
that  pile  up  when  an  of floe  is  in  a  rush  state. 

With  kind  regards, 

Yours  very  truly. 

iy  dear  lir.  Butler;  u  know  how  strenuous  things 

entirely  collapsed. 

Of  course  I  an  not  going  to  attempt  any  detailed 

However,  I  am  sure  y°u  wtn  g  yr.  sdiaon's, 

are  shaping  up  very  P™®1**®*  onlte  promising  #t 

Plan,  and  there  seems  to  ho  somethin.,  quiw  *  *?• 

far  ahead. 

Mr.  Edison  la  highly  aPP^“i^i^t°Laforget  a“ 
for  us  in  Washington,  and  he  has  told  me^  nover  gant 

hout  that  tire.  This  reminds  ®  5+  dinoher  or 

straight1 si de s .y °Ple as e9 le t“have  this  information  and  I 
will  attend  to  the  rest. 

we  oertainly  had  a  splendid  time  with  you  and 

M  sFasta  52MW^sar*J». 


With  kindest  regards  to  you  and  also  to  Mrs. 
Butler  and  the  children,  I  remain. 

Mr.  J.  Jarvis  Butler, 

General  Board,  ,  ,  .  „  „ 

Havy  Department,  Washington,  D.G. 

Dear  Mr.  Headowcroft: 

V  ^  Juno  1922W 


Your  letter g  of  Monday  and  TuoGday  cone  yesterday  and 
today  "respectfully".  Had  I  not  received  Mr.  Ryan  s  note  a 
few  days  Hof  ore,  X  should  certainly  have  communicated  with 
the  police  to  find  out  whore  you  wore  at.  Absque  hoc,  X 
understood  perfectly  that  you  were  extremely  busy  and  that 
when  opportunity  offered  you  would  drop  me  a  lino,  and  you 
liavo  lived  up  nobly  to  my  confidence. 

I  am  dolighted  to  hoar  that  the ''Edison  plan  is  shaping 
up  in  a  promising  manner.  It  is  certainly  a  stupendous  thing, 
both  in  itself  and  in  the  bonefit  it  will  bo  to  the  people. 

It  seoms  a  shome  that,  like  all  unselfish  offerings,  it  must 
bo  litorally  forced  upon  tho  beneficiaries. 

I  am  very  happy  that  Mu  Edison  does  not  think  unkindly 
of  my  efforts  to  contribute  to  his  comfort  and  convenience 
while  hero.  The  close  association  with  him  those  fow  days  T 
undoubtedly  the  rod-letter  event  of  my  lifo. 

The  Chemioal  Warfare  Service  of  tho  Army  is  tho  principal 
governmental  agency  experimenting  on  war  gases.  while  the 
Havy  (Bureau  of  Ordnance),and  possibly  othor  seotions,  do  more 
or  less  work  on  a  small  scalo,  the  Chomical  Warfare  Sorvico 
is  the  only  specialty  organization  and  thoy  naturally  go  in 
for  it  on  an  oxtonsive  scalo.  Brigadior  General  A.A.  Frios 
is  Chief  of  tho  Chomical  Warfare  Sorvico  and  is  himself  very 
active  in  all  branches  of  his  service,  whioh  include : 

Industrial  Relations  Section, 

Charged  with  the  collection  and  dissemination 
of  military  information  for  use  of  Chemioal 
Vfarfare  Servico;  maintenance  of  relations  with 
chomical  industries,  educational  institutions, 
Government  bureaus.  Military  Intelligence  De¬ 
partment,  and  maintenance  of  records  on  loca¬ 
tion  of  technical  personnel  and  manufacturing 

Supply  Section, 

Purchase  and  lease  of  real  estate,  the  purohase 
of  supplies  and  equipment,  arrangement  for  ship¬ 
ment  of  supplies,  the  disbursement  of  funds,  the 

Dear  Kr.  Ueadowcroft:- 

Iiavinr,  received  two  letters  from  you,  1  fool 
.....  entitled  to  two  in  return.  Ilenoe  this  "Sequel,  or  Things 
which  ain’t  finished  in  tho  first".  (I  believe  this  was  the  title 
of  tho  small  boy's  book.) 

Answering  your  question  as  to  my  tire  size.  It  is  S3  x  i  J 
straight  sides. 

I  onolose  the  pictures  taken  when  you  were  horo  and  hope 
they  will  recall  pleasant  experiences.  You  will  remember  the 
vorv  unfavorable  conditions  under  which  I  took  tho  one  in  tho 
rods  with  i-r.  Edison  in  the  group.  Having  little  hope  for 
its  outcome  I  had  a  friend  of  mine  who  is  something  more  than 
an  expert  amateur  do  the  developing,  with  instructions  to  do 
all  possible  for  that  one  exposure,  at  tho  expense  of  the 
others  if  necessary.  He  did  romarkably  well,  as  this  print 
shows.  Ho  told  me,  further,  that  the  negative  could  bo  in¬ 
tensified  and  very  much  improved.  Ho  hasn  t  tho  nocessary  ap¬ 
paratus  -  cr  whatever  is  needed  -  just  at  present,  so  I  will 
have  that  dono  later,  and  of  course  send  y™’  oonios. 

Tho  others  need  no  explanations  I  am  suro,  except  J-4 
hasn't  "busted"  yet  -  ho  looks  so  much  like  ho  was  roady  to 
mpm  pop.  Ho  certainly  is  posing  in  one.  haybe  you  will 
remember  his  burst,  into  laughter  as  soon  as  tho  camera 

Tho  picture  of  the  1500  ft.  rambler  turnod  out  romarkably 
well.  You  will  roaonbor  X  didn't  ovon  slow  down  for  it  - 
poking  the  camera  out  through  tho  windshield  as  wo  passed. 

I  expect  to  go  down  to  Richmond  Friday  morning  -  returning 
Sunday  afternoon  -  for  tho  Sigma  Hu  Fhi  annual  convention. 

A  number  of  us  aro  going  to  drive  down  more  or  less  together. 

Did  you  notice  tho  accounts  of  the  recent  Balloon  race  and 
recognize  tho  picture  of  the  winner,  Hajor  ''.'estover?  «o  was 
tho  " light cr-than-air"  mom  who  called  on  you  and  Hr.  Edison  in 
my  offico  along  with  Gonoral  Patriot:  and  Captain  Seaton* 

Hope  you  wore  uninterrupted  long  enough  to  make  a  dent  in 
the  top  of  your  desk,  the  other  day.  I  know  what  it  is,  and  hew 
hopelocs  it  appears  at  times*  But  oh*,  that  grand  and  glorious 
fooling"  when  daylight  begins  to  trickle  in  again. 

Tilth  kindost  regards. 

department  of  the  navy. 


Upon  my  roturn  yosterday  I  found  Hr.  Edison's  tolegram 
of  the  9th  and  a  copy  of  Hr.  Smith's  reply  thereto  in  my  ab- 
sonco,  which  I  trust  was  satisfactory. 

in  reply  to  your  letter  of  the  10th  1  sont  you  yostordaj 
indox  maps  of  both  Georgia  and  Tonnosseo. 

This  morning  I  received  your  letter  of  tho  12th  cnclosii 
nr.  Edison' s  idoas  in  response  to  tho  suggestions 
Captain  Coulter.  I  telephoned  Coulter  that  I  had  received 
thorn  and  at  L!r.  Edison's  request  would  hand  thorn  on  to  him, 
and  ashed  him  to  come  in  the  office  which  he  will  do  this 
afternoon.  He  said  he  felt  highly  flattered  to  ^Te  his  sug 
rostions  recoive  tho  notice  and  attention  of  hr.  ndison and 
greatly  pleased  that  they  have  beenjsonsidered  so  promptly. 
Your  other  lotti  ~  nK  10  °''s‘ 

Tho  Deportmont 

rrcatly  pleased  that  tney  nave  ueon  ““  ' 

Your  other  letter  of  yesterday  may  bo  answered  as  iollo..s. 

Tho  Deportmont  of  Agriculture  does  not  publish  anything  show- 
inr  tho  statistics  of  packing  houses  tut  the  ^cultural  Sec¬ 
tion  of  the  Census  Bureau  has  compiled  the  statistics  ,/hich 
arc  now  in  the  hands  of  the  printer  as  a  part  of  the  oomploto 
report  of  the  1920  census  which  is  expected  to  be  issued  very 
shortly.  This  report  will  also  include  prices  and  indeed  is 
a  compilation  of  everything  that  they  have  collected.  I  have 
made  arrangements  to  have  a  copy  furnished  me  for  you  the  moment 
that  it  is  available.  There  is  no  publication  that  X  have  boon 
ablo  to  locate  showing  the  prices  of  farm  produots. 

Yesterday  afternoon  tho  box  of  records  arrived  and  wo  got 
our  first  enjoyment  out  of  thorn  whon  they  were  opened  in  tho. 
offioo  and  i’iss  pay  kindly  made  a  list  of  them.  In  the  ovoning 
at  homo  we  had  a  regular  recital  with  the  neighbors  on  both  sides 
on  hand.  It  is  oortainly  a  splendid  list  and  it  is  futile  for 
me  to  attempt  to  framo  any  expression  that  would  convoy  the 
unanimous  vote  of  tho  family's  thorough  appreciation  of  thorn. 
Won't  you  ploaso  tell  Ur.  Edison  how  doeply  grateful  wo  aro  and 
what  an  unlimited  source  of  pleasure  and  oducation  he  has  given 

Tie  had  a  delightful  trip  to  Richmond.  Alice  went  with  mo 
and  the  children  were  left  with  my  sister,  the  first  timo  Alice 

Dear  Ur.  EdlBOi 

As  you^d^teTlT hnpfr .  Congress  failed  to  pr'evide  V 
an  appropriation  for  operation  d'f  the  ifcval  Research  Laboratory 
during  this  fiscal  year.  The  House  had  appropriated ^100 ,000/ 
but  this  was  struck  out  by  the  Senate.  / 

x--'"  \7e  all  realize  and  most  highly  appreciate  the  fact 

/'  that  you  are  responsible  for  securing  from  Congress  the  appro- 
j  rjriation  of  Si, 500, 000  under  which  the  Laboratqry  has  finally 
l  been  constructed.  It  is  felt  that  with  the  present  policy  of 
Nroonomy,  it  may  be  difficult  to  get  congress,  to  give  us  money 
with  which  to  operate  next  year,  although  true  eoonomy  and 
preparedness  would  seem  to  lie  in  increased  research  work, 
further  if  we  do  not  succeed  in  getting  the  plant  in  operation 
this  year,  it  will  be  increasingly  difficult  to  obtain  money 
for  the  same  at  any  future  time,  while,  if  once  we  can  operate 
and  show  results,  then,  as  the  plant  grows,  its  usefulness 
will  become  more  evident  each  succeeding  year. 

Although  in  your  statements  before  congress  you  set 
forth  cogent  reasons  why  the  Hayy  should  have  a  Research 
Laboratory,  now  that  there  is  no  imminent  probability  of  war, 
a  word  from  you  regarding  the  pro 3 c nt  and  future  need  for  Buch 
a  naval  adjunct  wou?d  hale  great  influence  with  Congress.  May 
we  therefore  ask  you  to  write  us  a  letter  which  we  can  present 
in  the  Congressional  hearings  and  in  which  you  outline  your 
reasons  and  reconmendatiohs  for  the  Operation  of  a  Laboratory 
by  the  Havy? 

you  may  be  interested  in  the  enolosod  photograph 
which  shows  the  present  state  of  the  plant.  Within  the  next 
few  months  all  the  contract  work  will  have  been  completed, the 
grounds  cleared  uja/and  the  plant  ready  for  operation* 

I  realize  the  great  liberty  I  am  taking  in  making 
this  request, hut  feel  that  your  probable  interest  in  ^e  suc¬ 
cess  of  a  projeot  originated  by  you  may  be  a  sufficient  exouse 

I/am,  Sir,  most  respe 

i kb‘c 

Mr.  Thomas  A. Edison, 
East  Orange  "  " 


OlA  l 


iiovembor  1,  1022 

&.  a.  Oberlin,  Ban-', 
Goranander,  U-  2.  Havy , 
Assistant  Mrootor, 
tiovy  nepurt.mant, 
Washington,  V-G. 

I  have  reoeivod  your  lot  bar  of 
Oatobor  27th  oonoernlng  the  liaval  Heaearon 

,7hilo  I  helped  to  seoure  the  ap¬ 
propriation  in  Congress  I  fought  the  Haval 
Consult  inn:  Board  and  ovorybouy  also  10 
prevent  the  Haval  Uesearoh  laboratory  from 
toeing  installed  in  Washington  and  from  be 
ing  operated  by  Haval  Office re,  but  my  pro¬ 
test  was  disregarded. 

I  am  not  inalinod  to  randor  any 
further  aid  as  X  thJnfc  tho  present  labora¬ 
tory  will  bo  a  sink-hole  for  monoy. 

fours  vory  truly. 


Naval  Consulting  Board  and  Related  Wartime  Research  Papers 
Correspondence  (1930) 

This  folder  consists  primarily  of  correspondence  relating  to  a  proposed 
visit  to  the  West  Orange  Laboratory  by  the  members  of  the  Naval  Consulting 
Board  (NCB)  in  conjunction  with  their  annual  dinner  commemorating  the  end 
of  the  war.  Although  Edison  expressed  a  willingness  to  meet  them,  he  was  not 
well  enough  to  see  the  visitors  when  they  arrived  on  November  12.  The 
correspondents  include  Edison's  personal  assistant  William  H.  Meadowcroft, 
NCB  secretary  Thomas  Robins,  and  NCB  member  Spencer  Miller. 

Four  of  the  seven  documents  have  been  selected.  Some  of  the 
unselected  items  relate  to  the  death  of  NCB  member  Andrew  L.  Riker. 

Iatm,  Consulting  Boakd 



C  A  ^ 


,October  14,  1930. 

To  the  Members  of  the  Naval 
Consulting  Board: 

Our  annual  dinner  will  be  held  on  Wed¬ 
nesday,  November  18th,  at  the  Century  Club,  7  West 
43cl  3t.,  New  York  City,  at  7  F.E. 

If  a  sufficient  number  of  members  would 
like  to  call  on  Mr.  Edison  at  Orange,  I  will  make 
the  necessary  arrangements.  Our  old .President 
says  that  he  will  be  delighted  to  see  us. 

win  you  kindly  let  me  know  as  soon  as 
possible  if  you  will  attend  the  dinner  and  if  you 
would  like  to  make  the  trip  to  Orange. 

Yours  very  truly,  / 



•  'T  16  1930 

7 'fu/woA 


/3  \ 


naval.  co/vS0l77/v<:<> 




Mr.  Thomas  Robins, 

13  Paris  Row, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Mr.  Robins: 

The  copy  of  your  notice  of  the  Annual  Dinner  of  the  Naval 
Consulting  Board  was  brought  to  Mr.  Edison *3  atten¬ 

Ue  asked  me  to  write  and  say  that  he  expects  to  be  here  on 
November  12,  and  will  be  very  happy  indeed  to  see  the 
members  of  the  Board  if  they  desire  to  take  the 
trouble  to  come  over  to  the  Laboratory  in  the  after¬ 
noon  of  that  date. 

With  kindest  regards,  I  remain 

Sincerely  yours, 

Bdiphoned  Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

I  Y/HU:C 

Naval  Consulting  Board 


13  Park  Hot,  Nkw  York 

November  10,  1930. 

Mr.  William  H.  Meadowcroft, 
c/o  Thomas  A.  Edison,.  Esq., 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Meadowcroft : 

According  to  our  program,  eight  or  nine 
of  us  are  leaving  New  York  by  bus  at  3  P.M.  on 
Wednesday.  We  should  get  to  the  laboratory  before 
four  o'clock.  According  to  acceptances,  those  who 
are  making  the  trip  are  Addicks,  Baekeland,  Hutchi¬ 
son,  Miller,  Scott,  Whitney,  Arnold,  Robins.  It  is 
quite  likely  that  Sellers  and  Emmet^iHj  also  go . 

Yours  sincerj 


^  vt* 

NA  /A  t,  C-O/JSOL-n 

Telegram  received  at  Glenmont 

November  13,  1930. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison: 

Naval  Consulting  Board  assembled  at  its  annual  meeting 
sends  to  its  honored  president  Thomas  A.  Edison  their  most  hearty 
and  cordial  expression  of  affection  and  best  wishes  for  his  complete 
recovery  from  his  present  indisposition,  and  furthermore,  we  desire 
to  send  cordial  felicitations  to  Mrs.  Edison  and  this  expression  of 
their  appreciation  of  her  love  and  attention  to  Mr.  Edison. 

Naval  Consulting  Board 
Spencer  Miller. 


Special  Collections  Series 
Chemical  Production  Records 

This  series  consists  of  two  subseries  corresponding  to  the  two  classes 
of  chemicals  manufactured  at  Edison's  plants  in  Silver  Lake,  New  Jersey:  (1 ) 
Organic  Chemical  Plants  Records;  and  (2)  Edison  Chemical  Works  Records. 

The  Edison  Chemical  Works  was  established  around  1905  to 
manufacture  the  iron  and  nickel  compounds  used  by  the  Edison  Storage 
Battery  Co.  (ESBCo).  Around  1916  it  became  a  division  of  ESBCo,  with 
Edison's  brother-in-law  John  V.  Miller  continuing  as  manager  and  Charles  F. 
(Frank)  Hunter  serving  as  superintendent .  Shortly  after  the  outbreak  of  World 
War  I,  Edison  began  constructing  additional  plants  at  Silver  Lake  to 
manufacture  carbolic  acid  (synthetic  phenol),  necessary  for  the  production  of 
his  phonograph  records,  as  well  as  other  organic  chemicals  in  short  supply. 
Phenol  Plant  No.  1 ,  owned  by  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.,  began  operations 
within  six  weeks  after  the  commencement  of  the  war.  It  was  managed  by  H. 
H.  Meno  Kammerhoff,  head  of  the  Edison  Carbolic  Division  (also  known  as 
the  Carbolic  Acid  Division).  Phenol  Plant  No.  2,  owned  by  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Personal,  was  in  production  by  June  1915. 

Three  additional  chemical  plants,  owned  by  Edison  personally,  were 
subsequently  built  at  Silver  Lake.  The  Aniline  Plant,  which  opened  around  the 
same  time  as  Phenol  Plant  No.  2,  manufactured  aniline  oil,  aniline  salt  (in 
small  quantities),  and  paraphenylenediamine.  The  Amidophenol  Plant,  on 
which  construction  began  in  June  1916,  produced  amidophenol  (also  known 
as  paramidophenol  hydrochloride  or  p-aminophenol).  The  Bendizine  Plant 
probably  opened  in  November  1916,  although  it  apparently  never  produced 

Edison's  personal  phenol  and  aniline  plants  were  initially  managed  by 
Edgar  S.  Opdyke,  a  longtime  associate  who  had  previously  worked  for  the 
Edison  Portland  Cement  Co.  After  Opdyke  returned  to  EPCCo  at  the 
beginning  of  1916,  he  was  replaced  by  Wilfred  S.  Dowling.  In  September 
1916,  James  T.  Phelan  became  manager  of  the  Phenol  and  Aniline  plants, 
along  with  the  new  Amidophenol  Plant. 

In  addition  to  the  plants  at  Silver  Lake,  Edison  constructed  two  plants 
to  manufacture  pure  benzol  (a  by-product  of  coke  used  in  the  manufacture  of 
synthetic  phenol),  as  well  as  toluol,  solvent  naphtha,  and  naphthaline.  One 

was  built  at  the  works  of  the  Cambria  Steel  Co.  in  Johnstown,  Pennsylvania; 
it  began  operations  in  February  1915.  The  other,  a  cooperative  venture  with 
the  Japanese  firm  of  Mitsui  &  Co.,  was  built  at  the  works  of  the  Woodward 
Iron  Co.  in  Woodward,  Alabama;  it  began  operations  in  May  1 91 5.  Both  plants 
were  constructed  under  the  supervision  of  William  H.  Mason.  The  Johnstown 
plant  was  managed  by  John  Bacon,  Jr.;  the  Woodward  plant,  by  Claude  H. 

After  the  United  States  entered  World  War  I,  Edison's  attention  shifted 
to  naval  research,  and  he  transferred  his  personal  stake  in  the  chemical 
business  to  TAE  Inc.  A  Coal  Tar  Products  Division,  managed  by  Kammerhoff, 
was  created,  with  separate  departments  for  each  plant:  Carbolic  Acid  Dept. 
(Phenol  Plant  No.  1),  Phenol  Dept.  (Phenol  Plant  No.  2),  Amidophenol  Dept., 
and  Paraphenylenediamine  Dept.  (Aniline  Plant).  At  the  same  time,  the  New 
Jersey  Products  Co.  was  established  to  manage  sales.  Unwilling  to  compete 
on  a  long-term  basis  with  the  established  chemical  companies,  Edison  had 
always  intended  to  supply  strategic  chemicals  only  during  the  war  emergency. 
With  the  coming  of  peace,  the  benzol  absorption  plants  in  Alabama  and 
Pennsylvania  were  sold,  and  the  Silver  Lake  plants  erected  during  the  war 
were  closed  or  scaled  back. 

The  chemical  nomenclature  used  in  the  editorial  descriptions  reflects 
historical  usage.  For  example,  "benzol"  is  used  for  the  modern  term  benzene, 
"toluol"  for  toluene,  "xylol"  for  xylene,  and  "naphthaline"  for  naphthalene.  The 
Edison  industries  appear  to  have  used  the  terms  "phenol"  and  "carbolic  acid" 
interchangeably,  although  distinctions  were  always  made  between  crude 
grades  of  chemicals,  on  the  one  hand,  and  pure  (or  "commercial")  grades,  on 
the  other. 

It  should  be  noted  that  the  arrangement  of  the  documents  in  the 
microfilm  edition  deviates  somewhat  from  the  record  group  at  the  Edison 
National  Historic  Site  archives,  which  is  organized  according  to  provenance 
into  a  "Plant  Records"  subgroup  and  a  "Exide  Corporation  Gift"  subgroup.  A 
finding  aid  is  available. 

Approximately  5  percent  of  the  documents,  covering  the  years  1913- 
1 927,  have  been  selected.  Related  items  can  be  found  in  the  "Chemicals"  and 
"Edison  Chemical  Works"  folders  in  the  Edison  General  File  Series  and 
among  the  chemical  contracts  in  the  Harry  F.  Miller  File  (Legal  Series).  The 
documents  appear  in  the  following  order: 

Organic  Chemical  Plants  [from  Plant  Records  Subgroup] 

General  Operations  (1915-1917) 

Amidophenol  Division  (1916) 

Aniline  Division  (1916) 

Carbolic  Acid  Division  (1916) 

Coal  Tar  Products  Division  (1917) 

Phenol  Division  (1915-1916) 

Johnstown  Benzol  Plant  (1915-1918) 

Woodward  Benzol  Plant  (1915-1918, 1920) 

Edison  Chemical  Works  [from  Exide  Corporation  Gift  Subgroup] 

J.  V.  Miller  Papers  (1913-1920) 

C.  F.  Hunter  Papers  (1914-1926) 

W.  J.  O'Dair  Papers  (1919-1920) 

Other  Experimenters  (1914-1927) 

Wax  Division  Papers  (1924-1925) 

Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 

These  documents  relate  to  the  production  of  organic  chemicals  from  coal 
by-products  during  World  War  I.  The  manufacture  of  Edison’s  phonograph 
records  depended  on  phenolic  resin,  an  early  kind  of  plastic.  When  imports  of 
phenol  (also  called  carbolic  acid)  ceased  with  the  outbreak  of  war  in  August 
1914  Edison  quickly  built  a  plant  at  his  chemical  works  in  Silver  Lake,  New 
Jersey,  to  make  synthetic  phenol  through  the  benzol  sulfonation-alkaline  fusion 

To  meet  his  need  for  large  quantities  of  benzol,  Edison  also  built  two  gas 
absorption  plants  in  association  with  the  coking  operations  of  the  Cambria 
Steel  Co.  and  the  Woodward  Iron  Co.  at  coal  mines  in  Johnstown, 
Pennsylvania,  and  Woodward,  Alabama.  The  reduction  of  coal  in  coke  ovens 
released  valuable  by-products  such  as  benzol  and  toluol,  which  Edison  distilled 
and  sold  The  toluol  went  to  various  foreign  governments  and  munitions 
companies  for  use  in  trinitrotoluene  (TNT),  while  some  of  the  surplus  phenol 
made  at  Silver  Lake  was  sold  to  the  U.S.  military  for  use  in  picric  acid,  another 
explosive.  Edison  constructed  additional  plants  at  Silver  Lake  to  convert  benzol 
into  other  useful  chemicals  such  as  aniline  and  paraphenylenediamine  for  his 
own  requirements  and  for  limited  sale  to  industries  hard-hit  by  wartime 

The  records  are  arranged  according  to  individual  plant  or  division. 
However,  these  documents  do  not  constitute  the  complete  business  records  of 
those  plants  and  divisions.  In  most  cases,  only  documents  from  a  narrow  date 
range  have  survived.  The  selected  documents  relate  directly  to  Edison  s 
personal  involvement  or  to  his  personal  projects.  Along  with  correspondence 
and  a  few  financial  and  accounting  documents,  the  selected  items  include 
representative  examples  of  Edison  marginalia  appearing  on  the  routine  daily 
production  reports  compiled  by  each  plant. 

The  records  appear  in  the  following  order:  (1)  General  Operations;  (2) 
Amidophenol  Division;  (3)  Aniline  Division;  (4)  Carbolic  Acid  Division;  5)  Coa 
Tar  Products  Division;  (6)  Phenol  Division;  (7)  Johnstown  Benzol  Plant;  (8) 
Woodward  Benzol  Plant. 

Not  Selected  [from  Plant  Records  Subgroup] 

Para  Plant  of  Edison  International  Corp.  This  folder  contains  a  memorandum 
from  1918. 

Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 
General  Operations  (1915-1917) 

These  administrative,  financial,  legal,  and  technical  documents  pertain 
to  various  aspects  of  the  chemical  production  facilities  built  by  Edison  after 
the  outbreak  of  World  War  I.  Many  of  the  administrative  items  involve  his 
personal  business  secretary,  Richard  W.  Kellow.  Among  the  legal  agreements 
are  1 91 5  contracts  with  Cambria  Steel  Co.,  Woodward  Iron  Co.,  Mitsui  &  Co., 
and  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Co.  regarding  the  establishment  of  benzol 
absorption  plants  in  Johnstown,  Pennsylvania,  Woodward,  Alabama,  and 
Sydney,  Nova  Scotia.  Also  included  is  a  1917  contract  to  sell  phenol  to  the 
government  of  France.  Some  of  the  technical  documents  involve  senior 
Edison  chemical  engineer  William  H.  Mason,  while  others  are  both  unsigned 
and  undated.  They  relate  to  the  consumption  of  raw  materials  at  Edison's 
phenol  and  aniline  plants  at  Silver  Lake,  New  Jersey,  and  to  the  design  and 
operation  of  his  benzol  plants  at  Johnstown,  Woodward,  and  Sydney. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  include  several  volumes  of  Chemical  Still  Production  Logs, 
one  of  which  contains  instructions  and  test  data  on  benzol  distillation.  Also 
unselected  are  many  routine  financial  and  administrative  records;  duplicate 
copies  of  legal  agreements;  interoffice  correspondence  and  statements 
concerning  shipping  and  billing  of  chemicals;  inquiries  from  Italian  textile 
companies  wishing  to  purchase  aniline  dyes,  along  with  routine  negative 
replies;  technical  drawings  not  by  Edison;  newspaper  clippings;  and 
documents  unrelated  to  chemical  production. 


Hr.  Edwin  E.  Slick, 

Vice  President  and  General  Lianagor, 
Cambria  Stool  Company, 

Johnstown,  Pa. 

X  hereby  agree  to  eroot  at  may  own  expense  a  Benzol  Absorbing  and 
Refining  Plant  at  a  place  designated  by  you,  and  conveniently  located  near 
one  of  your  banka  of  by-product  Coke  ovens  at  Johnstown.  This  plant  shall 
be  capable  of  absorbing  all  of  the  liquid  hydrocarbons  from  the  Colne  oven 
gas  from  Plant  l!o.  1*  suoh  hydrocarbons  being  estimated  at  eighteen  hundred 
(1800)  gallons,  more  or  less,  per  day.  The  plant  to  be  operatlonwithin 
sixty  (60)  dayB  from  date,  unless  I  am  prevented  b 
complotirg  within  that  tine. 

/  unavoidable  causes  from 

The  Cambria  Comoany  to  rent  to  no  at  a  nominal  rental  the  ground 
upon  which  the  ulnnt  is  to  bo  erected.  This  plant  is  to  be  owned  and  oper¬ 
ated  by  me,  subject  to  suoh  rules  and  regulations  as  you  may  lay  down  to 
prevent  any  disturbance  of  your  prosont  gas  system,  and  to  provide  against 
danger  of  fire. 

You  will  agree  to  soil  to  me  all  the  oteam  I  may  roquiro  to  oper¬ 
ate  ay  plant,  the  price  for  such  steam  to  bo  the  usual  price,  provided  you 
have  sufficient  excess  steam  capacity  to  furnioh. 

1  agree  to  pay  to  you  eighteen  (18)  cants  per  gallon  for  all  the 
pure  honzol  and  toluol  absorbed,  rofinod  and  shipped  from  my  said  plant.  I 
will  also  pay  you  ten  (10)  cents  per  gallon  for  xylol  and  solvent  napthas 
so  absorbed,  refined  and  shipped.  In  caso  I  am  unable  to  soli  the  xylol 
and  solvent  naphthas  at  a  profit,  houovor,  1  am  to  have  the  right  to  return 
the  same  to  the  gases  without  payment  therefor  to  you. 

This  contract  i 

a  period  of  throe  (3)  years  from  this 

At  the  end  of  the  throe  (3)  year  period,  you  are  to  have  the 
right,  if  you  so  desire,  to  purchase  my  plant  at  two- thirds  {2/3)  the  anount  of 
its  original  cost.  In  case  you  do  not  dosiro  to  purchase  tho  plant,  I  shall 
have  tho  right  to  remove  it.  In  any  ovent,  after  the  expiration  of  the  throe 
(3)  year  period,  if  you  ore  continuing  tho  production  of  benzol  and  toluol, 

I  am  to  have  the  option  of  purchasing  from  you  for  a  furthor  period  of  three 
(3)  yeoro  quantities  of  bensol  and  toluol  equal  to  tho  capacity  of  sy  origi¬ 
nal  plant,  at  tho  true  market  prico  for  tho  Borne  yoor  by  year. 

As  you  have  another  bank  of  by-produot  ovons  in  connection  with 
desire  to  oreot  on  absorbing  and  refining  plant,  I  agree  that 

whloh  you  may 

you  shall  he  entitled  to  uoe  all  ny  plans,  to  copy  ny  plant,  and  to  rocoivo 
all  necessary  expert  advice  from  no  or  my  people  to  enable  you  to  orect  and 
operate  your  own  plant  successfully,  without  any  ohargo  or  olaira  whatsoever 

Yours  vory  truly, 

(signed)  Shoe.  A.  Edison 

Chomas  A,  Edison, 

Orange,  ft.  J. 

Vie  accept  the  above  proposition. 

Ci'.rCBRIA  SEEKL  CO:n?,ii!Y 
E.  E.  Slide. 

Vice  President  &  General  nanager. 

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From  tiio  Laboratory 


ORAiiGE,  If.  J.  March  5th,  1915. 

Winm.c  A.  Edison  agrees  to  build  a  Beuzol  Absorbing  Plant  at  tho  Coke  Ovens 
of  the  Woodward  Iron  Company  at  Woodward,  Alabama,  providing  an  agreement  can 
be  obtained  from  that  Company. 

This  plant  to  bo  a  duplicate  of  his  plant  now  in  operation  at  the  Cambria 
Steel  Company,  but  with  a  somewhat  larger  absorbing  capaoity. 

Edison  believes  he  can  build  this  plant  in  sixty  (GO)  days  from  the  signing 
of  the  contract  with  tho  Woodward  Iron  Company. 

This  plant  shall  be  able  to  make  pure  Benzol  and  Toluol  equal  to  the  Barrett 
Specifications.  The  capacity  of  the  plant  shall  not  be  I06S  than  for  tho 
absorption  of  2,000  gallons  of  Crude  Benzol  daily,  providing  the  Woodward 
Iron  Company  can  furnish  the  gas. 

liitsui  &  Company  Limited  are  desirous  of  furnishing  tho  fixed  capital  and  the 
running  capital  for  the  erection  and  operation  of  such  plant,  and  to  become  the 
solo  agents  for  tho  sale  of  tho  product  therefrom  during  the  operation  of  the 
contract  with  the  Woodward  Iron  Company. 

It  is  therefore  agroed,  that  if  tho  contract  can  bo  made  with  the  Woodward  Iron 
Company,  Mitsui  &  Company  Limited  will  place  in  the  hands  of  a  Bank  or  Truet 
Company  $58,000,  and  when  the  plant  ie  ready  to  operate,  a  further  sum  of 
$15,000,  which  money  can  to  drawn  upon  by  Edison  by  chock  to  pay  for  the  construction 
and  operation  of  such  plant,  all  such  checks  being  countersigned  by  Ilitsui  & 

Company  Limited,  for  which  they  are  to  receive  cecoiptod  bills. 

Mitsui  &  Company  Limited  further  guarantee  that  should  they  not  be  able  to  sell 
all ' the  Benzol  and  Toluol  they  will  nevertheless  pay  for  the  Benzol  and  Toluol 
for  which  Edisou  is  bound  to  pay  the  woodward  Iron  Company. 

Mitsui  &  Company  Limited  agree  to  keep  accurate  books  as  to  sales  which  will 
show  profits  from  soles,  of  Benzol  and  also  of  Toluol  alone  or  converted  to 
trinitrotoluol,  and  Sdioon  will  koop  accurate  books  as  to  the  plant  and  cost 
of  oporation. 

As  to  repayment  of  the  cost  of  tho  plant  from  tho  profits,  it  is  agreed  that 
4 OjJ  of  the  original  cost  of  the  plant  to  Mitsui  &  Conqxmy  Limited  shall  be  paid 
out  of  the  profits  from  the  first  year's  operation;  35$  from  the  seoond  year's 
operation  and  25$  from  the  third  year's  operation. 

Ae  to  the  free  net  profits,  liiteui  &  Company  Limited  and  Edison  are  to  share 
equally.  After  Mitsui  &  Compuny  Limited  have  received  the  whole  of  the  money 
advanced  by  them  for  building  the  plant,  then  the  plant  ia  to  be  owned  by  Edison. 

Mitsui  &  Compaq  Limited  shall  have  the  right  to  have  a  ohemiet  of  their  own. 

stationed  at  the  plant,  tlie  Galaxy  of  ouch  chemist  to  be  paid  by  thorn  and  not 
charged  against  the  cost  of  operation  or  profits* 

Edison  agrees  that  if  Mitsui  &  Company  Limited  horeafter  desire  to  establish 
a  similar  plant  in  Japan  he  will  furnish  then  with  plans  and  details  in  con¬ 
sideration  of  receiving  from  Mitsui  &  Company  Limited  a  continuing  royalty  of 
one  cent  a  gallon  on  all  pure  Bonzol  and  Toluol  produced  at  such  Japanese 

Thoa.  A.  Edison 

Ehunso  Inland. 

for  Mitsui  &  Co.,  Ltd. 

Witness  to  both  signatures: 

VAn.  II.  Meadowcroft. 

Sins  AGREEUEKS,  nadQ  by  and  batmen  Ihomas  A.  Edison,  of  Orange,  II.  J. , 
hereinafter  called  party  of  tho  first  part,  and  Woodward  Iron  Company,  a  body 
corporate  tinder  the  laws  of  Delaware,  hereinafter  called  party  of  second  part, 


1-  Party  of  first  part  agrees,  at  his  expense,  to  erect  a  benzol  absorbing 
and  refining  plant,  at  a  place  designated  by  party  of  second  part,  conveniently 
located  noar  by-produot  coke  ovons  at  Woodward,  Alabama,  said  plant  to  be  capable 
of  treating  about  12,000,000  or  14,000,000  feet  of  gas  daily,  plant  to  bo  erected 
and  put  in  operation  within  sixty  days  from  date  hereof,  unless  party  of  first 
part  is  prevontod  by  unavoidable  causes  from  completing  within  that  time. 

2-  Party  of  second  part  agrees  to  rent  to  party  of  first  part,  at  a  nominal 
rent,  the  ground  upon  which  said  plant  is  to  be  orocted.  Ehlc  plant  is  to  be  owned 
and  operated  by  party  of  first  part,  subject  to  suoh  reasonable  rulos  and  regulations 
as  party  of  sooond  part  may  lay  down  to  prevent  any  disturbing  of  its  present  gas 
system,  and  to  provide  against  danger  of  firo. 

3-  Party  of  second  part  agrees  to  soil  to  party  of  first  part  all  stoam  he  may 
require  to  operate  liio  plant,  tho  price  for  such  steam  to  be  a  reasonable  or  usual 
price  in  Birmingham  district,  provided  party  of  second  part  has  sufficient  excess 
stoam  capacity  to  furnish  steam  required.  Party  of  second  part  is  to  furnish 
party  of  first  part  with  water  required,  being  approximately  250,000  gallons  por 
day,  and  to  connect  its  gas  main  to  party  of  first  part's  plant,  at  its  expense. 

4-  Party  of  first  part  agrees  to  pay  fourteen  cents  por  gallon  for  all  benzol 
and  toluol  absorbed  and  refined  by  party  of  first  part  at  this  plant,  and  also  agrees 
to  pay  to  party  of  second  part  ten  cents  per  gallon  for  xylol  and  solvent  naphthas 

so  absorbed  and  refined  at  plant,  but  in  case  party  of  first  part  is  unable  to  sell 
xylol  and  solvent  naphthas  at  a  profit,  he  is  to  have  tho  right  to  return  the  same 
to  the  gases  without  paymont  thorofor,  to  party  of  second  part,  all  payments  to  bo 
raado  On  or  beforo  the  20th  day  of  each  month  for  benzol  and  toluol,  xylol  and  solvent 
naphthas  absorbed  and  refined  during  the  preceding  month,  party  of  first  part,  to 
submit  a  written  statement  to  party  of  sooond  part  of  amounts  so  absorbed  and  re¬ 
fined  during  procodins  month,  with  the  right  in  party  of  second  part  to  check  and 
make  examination  of  party  of  first  part's  books. 

5-  Shis  contract  shall  cover  a  period  of  throe  years  from  tho  date  hereof 
with  the  option  in  party  of  first  part  to  torminate  the  contract  at  the  end  of  the 
first  year,  or  at  any  timo  thereafter,  and  remove  the  removable  parts  of  the 
apparatus,  with  tho  right,  however,  or  option  in  party  of  second  part,  at  ond  of 
throe  yoar  period,  or  on  oxoroise  of  said  option  by  party  of  first  part,  after 
party  of  first  port  abandons  plant,  to  purchase  plant  at  two-thirds  of  the  amount 
of  its  original  cost.  In  event  party  of  second  part  doos  not  oxeroiso  option 
to  purchase,  party  of  first  part  shall  have  right  to  remove  plant. 

6-  If  party  of  second  part  takes  over  plant  under  the  provision  hereof,  and 
if,  after  the  expiration  of  three  year  period  from  this  date,  party  of  second  part 
is  continuing  tho  production  of  benzol  and  toluol,  party  of  firct  part  is  to  have 
the  option  of  purchasing  from  party  of  second  part  for  period  of  throe  years 
quantity  of  benzol  and  toluol  equal  to  the  oapacity  of  party  of  first  part  plant  at 
the  market  prioe  from  timo  to  time  during  each  year,  provided  however  that  in  event 
market  price  at  any  time  is  not  satisfactory  to  party  of  Bccond  part,  party  of  second 
part  shall  have  the  right  to  decline  to  Bell  and  store  its  products  awaiting  a 
market  prico  that  is  satisfactory  to  it. 

Ill  WITNESS  WHEREOF,  party  of  first  and  cocond  parts  have  hereunto 
their  signatures  in  dnplioato,  this  15th  dny  of  llaroh,  1915, 

(Corporato  Seal) 

R.  n.,.Baniata£_ 

Party  of  first  part. 

'WOODWARD  moil  COilPAliT, 

A.  H.  Woodvmnl _ 

Vico  President. 
Party  of  second  part. 


Haroh  18,  1916 

Ur.  Pullin: 

I  attach  hereto  a  copy  of  contract  stored  into  hy 


per  day,  Sundays  and  holidays  not  included. 

Shis  of  course  you  will  ship  in  the  large  drums  once 
a  week. 

M””*  “»■*;iSSSti  -*•  «“* 


B  SaTs ”HSr-,. 

“Ml.  “  tr.o*. 

Please  notify  our  Purchasing  Department  eaoh  week  when 
a  dri  Sf  thli  Serial  is  ready  at  Orange  so  their  truck 
oan  call  and  get  it# 

A  standing  requisition  should  bo  issued  to  cover  the 

agar  &0  *. 

good  condition,  freight  oharges  propa^r,  oredlt  will 
allowed.  / 

mum  /  H-  *•  l0“1”e 

Copies  to  Edieoa,  HiiW,  B«ssro».  thlllpo.  »•  *•  S'*"4' 
Cheshire  / 

nlP.  IND. 

TE  S  SITU  R  A 

%/tbo'  /  S: 

©  ©  O 


&  **  #  V/ 

/  Yersey. 


njw-'^-wT'  *?,  l'-6-^fc-  (£,L&„  V  '  j,  ^ST  /X 

-  ■•....  'v  J>x> 

Vui'  vvt,‘M  •t^'l‘  under  strand  you  are  producing  colouring  stuffs^ 

on  Yam  dye. 

To  the  Manager 

Thdmas  A.  Edison  Eye  Works 
Silver  lake 

£1^  &■(£„  y 

:for  Cotton 

....  ...  l  dye.  I 

Being  large  consumers  of  Sulphur  Black,,  Blue  and  Olive  we 
;would  feel  obliged  to  you  for  putting  before  us  your  offer  with 
! cheapest  oash  prices. 

Kindly  forward  also  some  sample  lbs. for  testing  Which  you 
mayiinvoioe  plus  respective  charges 

Awaiting  your  kind  news..,  we  are,,  Bear  Sir , 


f  truly 

_  ti  L£~~  ^  L“"“  ^ 

• —  <==? 


June  7th.  1915. 

Fill  Oltollna  &  Cl., 

As so ,  Italy. 


Your  favor  of  the  16th  ijltimo  has 
heen  received,  ana  In  reply  T  hee  to  say  that 
I  do  not  make  the  colors,  hut  only  Aniline  Oil 
and  Aniline  Salt,  which  our  people  here  use 
with  acid  ana  Chlorate  of  Potash  for  making 
blacks  on  textiles.  At  the  present  time,  I 
have  made  contracts  for  all  Hie  Aniline  Oil  and 
Aniline  Talt  that  I  can  make  thl3  year,  hut 
later  on  I  may  possibly  dnlarge  my  riant  and  sell 
more . 

Yours  very  truly. 

.  Z  ^<9^rs* 



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From  the  laboratory 

3H0HAS  A.  ED Iti OH 

QRAHGE,  II.  J.  Fob.  1st,  1916. 

Arrangement  agreed  to  between  Ur.  Edison  and  Hr.  Plummer 
February  1st,  1916. 

Benzol  to  be  supplied  by  Dominion  Iron  &  Steel  Company  to 
Edison  under  the  old  contract,  at  250  per  U.  S.  gallon. 

Freight  and  duty  to  bo  paid  by  Edison  on  delivery.  20,000 
gallons  monthly  to  be  delivered  to  Edison  under  old  contract. 
Edison  to  make  an  additional  contrast  to  take  from  Dominion 
Iron  &  Steel  Company  5,000  gallons  additional  per  month, 
or  10,000  gallons  if  tho  company  can  supply  it,  starting  in 
Fobruary  and  continuing  to  December  31st.  1916.  She 
price  to  be  paid  by  Edison  for  this  additional  Benzol  is 
590  per  gallon  at  tho  Steel  Company’s  Plant.  Edison  pays 
duty  and  freight  to  Orange.  Edison  to  supply  tonic  cars 
at  regular  intervals  to  the  Railroad  for  delivery  to 

Ho  tiling  herein  to  abrogate  conditions  of  old  contract  as 
to  the  throe  years  or  the  royalty. 


/A  '  A-  A”  A 

i,„x  1  f 

/ lA/ 


DATED  2/1/16. 

"MR'.  MAMBERTj - - - - - 

_ "9, 069.050  cubic  feet  of  water  were  used  by  Aniline .and - 

Phenol  Plants  of  T.A.E. .Personal,  over  period  July  1st ,1915,  to 
January  31st.  1916.  according  to  charges  made  by  Edison  Carbolic. 
Division  of  T.A.E. ,  Incorporated.  This  period- covers  215 

calendar  days  and  the  water  is  charged  at  90^  per  1,000  gu.ft.. _ 

which  makes  the  cost  per  day  $37.97. 

"R.  W.  Kellow 


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~&<>TrrjjhgUA>--X*&Zitu^  <${_  '£Lt*-psr 

a^e.  ojL^aze. £^-cj&  "-&>m*TC- 

Mr.  A.  0.  Emery,  purohueing  Agt., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Bir:- 

I  am  enoloaing  you  herewith  statements  showing  daily  and  weekly 
requirements  of  Raw  Materialfl  for  both  the  Aniline  and  Phenol  Plants,  in 
aooord  with  my  promise  a  few  days  ago. 

Yours  very  truly. 










1000  gals. 

7000  gals. 

Mixed  Add 

24500 4 


Hydro  Chlorio 

1200#  -  22° 


Iron  Filings 






Zino  Duet 



Acetic  Acid 



Sulphuric  Aoid  98 J5 



Caustic  Soda 

300 § 

2100 # 


5100 # 


Soda  Ash 



Fuel  Oil 

25  gals. 

175  gale. 

Bone  Blaok 



“Tfrsly  /£./<?/£ 




m  DAY 


m. bbl 




Common  Salt 



Calcium  Chloride 

308 If 



1650  gale. 

11550  gale. 

Cauotic  Soda 

14500 jf 


Seheel  Salt 



Coal  (Soft) 



"  (Hard) 






Chamber  Acid 



Sulphuric  Aoid  98 j. 



Nitre  Cake 





Fuel  oil 

25  gale. 

175  gale. 

/  h  /*?/  £ 


hew  York,  October  SO,  1916 

Thomas  A.  Edison.  Inc., 

Orange,  H.  J. 

Attention  pf  lirt.  V.:t..H,_lLqadims.roftJ. 


Confirming  our  conversation  at  your  office  yesterday, 
re  thank  you  for  your  ogroomont  to  talcs  the  entire  production  of 
Bonnol  from  Woodward  Plant  during  the  year  1917  at  the  price  of 
<L7-l/2(*  per  gallon,  f.  o.  b.  Silver  Lake,  H.  J. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Assistant  Uanager 



Phenol  (Operations  1 ,2,3,4) 

"  ’•  5,6,7 ,8,9 ) 

..  ..  10 

Aniline  Boiler  #1 
Aniline  Salt 
Vfash  House 

Stoclc  room  and  Llachino  Shop 
Aniline  Boiler  #2 
Blacksmith  Shop 
•  Phonol  Recovery 







Laboratory  and  Carpenter  Shop 
Phonol  Carbonating  Plant 
Oil  House 

Caustioizing  Plant 
Lime  House 



Amidophenol  Plant 
Scale  House 
Hydrochloric  Plant 
Bonsidine  Plant 





Dooombor  4th,  1916 

STEJJBCBs  Schodulo  to  cover  Hew  Ilatcrlaln  for  llonth  of  Bocoribor 

It.  A.  C.  liwrjr. 

Purchasing  Sorvico  Bopt: 

I7o  havo  attachod  horo rv  cchodulo  of  the  daily  require- 
rants  of  row  materials  for  tha  month  of  Booonibor  viliioii  will  hold  good  until  further 
not loo. 

'  You  will  note  that  on  account  of  the  anticipated  increase 
in  production  of  Paraphcnylenodl  amino  wo  have  incroasotl  the  quantity  of  Glacial 
Acetic  Acid  roqulred  per  day  to  1,000  pounds.  V/o  havo  aloo,  account  of  the  reduc¬ 
tion  in  the  Aniline  Plant,  shown  the  new  aohodulo  of  tho  delivery  of  JUnod  Acid,  and 

,^.-r  y Idaho  call  tho3e  non  figures  to  the  attention  of  the  non 
in  your  depart  rent  looking  after  tho  dollvory  of  those  raw  naterlalo  oo  as  to  avoid 

J.  5.  Pholan, 


pact  TIA'FJUAL  yCT  mv 

to  tot,  GK^A^Tfin  OF  skk  finwiPnmoi..  APU.ETP  ft  SW?Wt  PMES. 



Hltrito  of  Soda 
Caustic  Soda 
Soda  Aah 

Zlno  Bust 

Sin  Dust 

Ulzod  Aoid 


Iron  Filings 



Acetic  Aoid  (Glacial) 
Aootio  Aoid  28$ 
Sulphuric  Aoid  90$ 
Olouo  60$ 

Wliito  School  Salt 
Coal  (Bord) 

AfniwumnoL  MHMBE - smm - S^i- 

2,-l/z  tons  1-ton  S’1/2  tono 

2005  2008 

100O&  250005  260005 

3005  3008  6006 

2005  14500#  167005 

4005  Bff  40BS 

3000#  2000&  B000# 

609  70 5  12°# 

25#  m 

1100-gals  llOO-gcl 

650  "  1700-cola*  2350  " 

9000#  9°00# 

200#  20C# 

a-tcmo  2-tcmo  4-tono 

1000#  I000*" 

200#  2009 

250-cola  500-solo  750-colo 

24000#  24000# 

S00#  5G0# 

3- tono  3-tono 


That  the  undersigned ,  Thomas  A.  Edison,  of  the 

Iow,  of  West  Orange,  in  the  County  of  Essex  and  State  of 
e*  Jersey,  does  hereby  make,  constitute  and  appoint 
I  SHOT  B.  HAMBERP,  of  the  City  of  East  Orange,  in  the 
ounty  of  Essex  and  State  of  Hew  Jersey,  his  true  and  law- 
hi  attorney  for  him  individually  and  for  the  account  of 
ihom  it  may  oonoern  as  thoir  interest  may  appear,  to  sign 
tnd  verify  all  Proofs  of  Loss  for  or  in  oonneotion  with  the 
Cire  which  occurred  on  October  10.  1916  at  the  Aniline  and 
?henol  plants  of  the  undersigned  located  at  Belleville  and/or 
31oomf ield ,  Hew  Jersey. 

And  the  undersigned  hereby  gives  and  grants  unto 

I  his  said  attorney  full  power  and  authority  to  do  and  perform 
all  and  every  act  and  thing  whatsoever  requisite  and  necess¬ 
ary  to  be  done  in  connection  with  the  prosecution  and  collec¬ 
tion  of  the  undersigned's  claim  for  Insurance  because  of 
said  fire,  es  fully  to  aLl  intents  and  purposes  as  the  under- 
j signed  might  or  could  do  if  personally  present,  with  full 
of  substitution  and  revocation,  hereby  ratifying  and 
confirming  all  that  the  said  attorney,  or  his  substitute, 

I  shall  lawfully  do.  or  cause  to  be  done,  by  virtue  hereof. 

IN  WISHES !3  WHEREOF,  said  ThoraaB  A.  Raison  has 
II hereunto  set  his  hand  and  seal  this  da?  of  Bee.  1916. 

(L.3. ) 

I  Sworn  to  and  subscribed  before  me 
this  any  of  Bso,  1916. 

1  AGREEMENT  dated  the  ItfiL  day  of  January,  1917, 

3  between  THE  REPUBLIC  OF  FRANCE  (hereinafter  called  the 

3  "Buyer")  and  THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  with  an  office  at'  Orange, 

4  New  Jersey,  United  Staten  of  Amerioa  (hereinafter  called 

5  the  "Seller"),  RITNE88ETH: 

6  That  the  parties  hereto  have  agreed  and  do  here- 

7  by  agree  as  follows:  That  the  Buyer  has  contracted  to 

8  purohase  from  the  Seller  and  the  Seller  has  oontraotea  to 

9  sell  to  the  Buyer,  at  the  prioe  and  upon  and  subjeot  to 

10  the  terms  and  conditions  following,  via: 

11  ARTICLE:  Phenol, 

13  SPECIFICATIONS :  It  is  understood  that  the  phenol  will  con- 

13  form  to  the  following  specifications:  That  it  will  contain 

14  not  less  than  ninety-six  per  cent  (96$)  of  absolute  phenol; 

15  that  it  shall  have  a  fusing  point  above  39°  0.,  and  at  least 

16  ninety  per  oent  (90$)  shall  distill  at  a  temperature  not 

17  greater  than  183°  C.  It  shall  be  soluble  in  19.6  parts  of 

■18  water  at  35°  C.,  and  shall  otherwise  conform  to  the  tests  of 

19  the  United  States  Pharmacopoeia,  Eighth  Deoennial  Revision, 

30  Yfith  additions  and  revisions  to  June  1,  1907. 

31  QUANTITY:  Nine  hundred  thousand  (900,000)  pounds  of  suoh 

33  phenol. 

33  PRICE:  Forty-nine  cents  (49jt)  per  pound  of  suoh  phenol  de- 

34  livered  free  on  board  oars  the  Seller's  plant  with  freight 

35  charges  prepaid  and  borne  by  the  Seller  to  New  York  City, 

36  No  additional  prioe  shall  be  paid  by  the  Buyer  to  the  Seller 

37  on  aooounf  of  any  Federal  or  other  tax  of  any- kind. 

,  :  .  "  ,  ,  v  - 

~28  ~  PACKAGES :  The  phenol  hereby  contracted  for  shall  be  oon- 

39  tairied  by  the  Seller,  without  cost  to.  the  Buyer,  in  metal 































drums  suitable  for  ocean  carriage  and  of  suoh  oonstruotion 
and  fastening  as  reasonably  to  assure  the  transportation  of 
the  phenol  undamaged  to  point  of  destination,  eaoh  eush  drum 
to  oontain  approximately  250  pounds  of  suoh  phenol  and  to 
conform  to  the  latest  Interstate  Commeroe  regulations  with 
respect  to  the  transportation  of  phenol.  The  drums  shall 
be  marked  by  the  Seller  in  suoh  manner  as  the  Buyer  may  di¬ 
rect  and  shall  become  the  property  of  the  Buyer. 

TIME  OF  DELIVERY:  The  Seller  agrees  to  deliver  the  phenol 
hereby  oontraoted  for  or  to  have  suoh  phenol  completely  manu¬ 
factured  in  aooordanoe  with  the  requirements  of  this  agree¬ 
ment  and  ready  for  final  inspection  as  follows:  One  hundred 
and  fifty  thousand  (150,000)  pounds  during  eaoh  of  the  months 
of  January,  February,  March,  April,  May  and  June,  1917,  it 
being  understood  that  delivery  of  the  entire  Nine  hundred  thousand 
(900,000)  pounds  of  phenol  hereby  oontraoted  for  shall  be 
completed  by  June  30,  1917. 

With  the  written  approval  of  the  Buyer,  the  Seller 
shall  have  the  right  and,  if  requested  by  the  Buyer  in  writing, 
shall  use  its  best  efforts  to  deliver  the  phenol  hereby  oon¬ 
traoted  for  in  advanoe  of  the  respective  dates  and  in  excess 
of  the  respective  quantities  specified  in  the  above  schedule 
of  deliveries  until  all  of  the  phenol  hereby  oontraoted  for 
shall  have  been  delivered.  Any  phenol  the  delivery  of  whioh 
is  so  anticipated  hereunder  shall  be  credited  against  subse¬ 
quent  deliveries  specified  in  the  above  schedule  of  deliver¬ 
ies,  or,  at  the  option  of  the  Buyer,  against  then  existing 
arrears . 

Time  is  of  the  easenoe  of  this  agreement  and,  aooord- 
ingly,  the  Buyer  at  its  option  may  at  any  time.,  or  from  time 



























to  time,  refuse  to  aooept  and  pay  for  any  of  the  aggregate 
quantity  of  phenol  required  hy  the  above,  schedule  of  deliver¬ 
ies  to  be  delivered  or  to  be  completely  manufactured  in  ao- 
oordanoe  with  the  requirements  of  this  agreement  and  ready 
for  final  inepeotion  at  the  end  of  any  month  named  in  the 
above  eohedule  of  deliveries  and/or  at  June  30,  1917,  which 
the  Sellar  shall  fail  to  have  delivered  or  to  have  complete¬ 
ly  manufactured  in  accordance  with  the  requirements  of  this 
agreement  and  ready  for  final  inspection,  ae  required  by  the 
above  eohedule  of  deliveries  at  the  end  of  any  such  month 
and/or  at  June  30,  1917.  The  failure  of  the  Buyer  to  exer¬ 
cise  any  of  the  above  rights  of  cancellation  of  late  de¬ 
liveries  shall  not  be  deemed  to  be  a  waiver  by  the  Buyer  of 
any  of  said  rights  of  cancellation  of  late  deliveries  there¬ 
after  accruing.  The  exeroise  of  any  such  right  of  cancella¬ 
tion  of  late  deliveries  by  the  Buyer  ehall  not  affeot  the 
reepeotive  obligations  of  the  Seller  or  the  Buyer  hereunder 
to  deliver  and  to  aooept  subsequent  instalments  speoified 
in  the  above  eohedule  of  deliveries. 

In  the  event  the  Seller  ehall  fail  to  have  deliver¬ 
ed  or  to  have  completely  manufactured  in  accordance  with  the 
requirements  of  thiB  agreement  and  ready  for  final  inspection 
by  Maroh  31,  1917,  at  least  fifty  per  cent  (50$)  of  the  aggre¬ 
gate  quantity  of  phenol  required  by  the  above  schedule  of  de¬ 
liveries  to  be  delivered,  or  to  be  completely  manufactured  in 
accordance  with  the  requirements  of  thiB  agreement  and  ready 
for  final  inspection  by  Maroh  31,  1917,  unless  euoh  failure 
on  the  part  of  the  Seller  shall  have  been  due  to  delays  oaused 
by  strikes,  fires,  explosions,  riots,  acts  of  God  or  other 
























similar  cause a  beyond  the  Seller's  reasonable  control,  or  to 
delayo  caused  by  the  Buyer,  the  Buyer  at  ite  option  may,  with¬ 
out  liability  to  the  Seller  terminate  this  agreement  in  its 
entirety  except  with  reapeot  to  any  phenol  hereby  oontraoted 
for  then  delivered  or  then  completely  manufactured  in  ao- 
oordanoe  with  the  requirements  of  this  agreement  and  ready 
for  final  inspection. 

The  failure  of  the  Buyer  to  exeroiae  any  right  of 
cancellation  provided  for  in  the  preceding  paragraph  shall 
not  be  deemed  to.  be  a  waiver  by  the  Buyer  of  any  said  righto 
of  cancellation  thereafter  accruing. 

The  above  rights  of  cancellation  shall  be  in  addi¬ 
tion  to  and  not  in  exclusion  of  any  other  rights,  olaims  or 
remedies  which  the  Buyer  may  have  against  the  Seller  growing 
out  of  the  failure  of  the  Seller  to  deliver  phenol  hereunder 
at  the  respective  times  and  in  the  respective  quantities 
epeoified  in  the  above  schedule  of  deliveries. 

It  is  also  understood  that  the  Seller  shall  not, 
without  the  written  permission  of  the  Buyer,  deliver  any 
monthly  shortage  of  phenol  in  any  subsequent  month. 

MORE  OF  DELIVERY;  Delivery  shall  be  made  by  the  Seller  to 
the  Buyer,  free  on  board  oars  at  Seller's  works,  with  freight 
charges  prepaid  and  borne  by  the  Seller  to  Haw  York  City. 

In  the  event  the  Buyer  desires  to  divert  the  de¬ 
livery  of  any  of  the  phenol  hereby  oontraoted  for  from  Hew 
York  City  to  other  United  States  port  or  ports  and  gives 
prior  written  notice  to  the  8eller  to  this  effeot,  the 
phenol  covered  by  said  notice  shall  be  shipped  by  the  Seller 
to  auoh  other  United  States  port  or  ports  and  the  Seller 
shall  prepay  the  freight  charges  on  such  shipment,  it  being 

119  understood  and  agreed,  however,  that  In  case  the  ooot  of  tranB- 

130  portatlon  of  auoh  phenol  from  place  of  manufacture  to  such 

131  other  port  lo  above  or  below  the  ooBt  of  transportation  of 

133  auoh  phenol  from  plaoe  of  manufacture  to  New  York  Olty,  the 

133  Buyer  shall  pay  to  the  Seller  and  the  Seller  shall  allow  to 

134  the  Buyer  any  auoh  Increase  or  dsoreaae,  respectively ,  in 

135  aaid  ooot  of  transportation. 

136  TERMS  OF  PAYMENT ;  The  entire  purchase  prioe  of  any  particular 

137  lot  of  phenol  hereby  oontrabted  for  shall  be  paid  by  the  Buyer 

138  to  the  Seller  within  ten  (10)  days  after  presentation  to  the  . 

139  Buyer,  at  the  of floe  of  Messrs.  J.'P.  Morgan  &  Co.,  33  Wall 

130  Street,  Now  York  City,  of  proper  invoices  and  certificates 

131  of  inspection  and  aooeptanoe  with  respect  to  suoh  lot  of 

133  phenol  executed  by  an  inapaotor  of  the  Buyer  approved  by  en- 

133  doraement  of  the  French  Mission  in  New  York,  aooompanied  by 

134  railroad  billa  of  lading  (marked  "lighterage  free  -  for 

135  Export")  showing  delivery  of  suoh  lot  of  phenol  f.o.b.  oars 

136  Seller's  workB,  with  freight  oharges  prepaid  to  New  York 

137  City  or  other  port,  as  above  provided. 

138  INSPECTION:  It  ia  understood  and  agreed  that  the  phenol  here- 

139  by  contracted  for  is  autojeot  to  inspection  at  the  works  of  the 

140  Seller  by  an  Inspector  or  inspectors  of  the  Buyer  and  to  ao- 

141  oeptanoe  by  the  Buyer  after  suoh  inspection.  The  Seller 

143  agrees  to  afford  to  such  inspectors  the  fullest  opportunity 

143  and  adequate  facilities  for  making  suoh  inspection  and  teats 

144  of  the  phenol  as  the  inspectors  deem  necessary  in  order  to 

145  ascertain  its  compliance  with  the  requirements  of  this  agree- 

146  ment . 

147  STORAGE:  Upon  written  request  from  the  Buyer  the  Seller  agrees 

,,  at  the  Seller's  expense  and  risk  for  a  period  of  not 


to  st< 























to  exoeed  thirty  (30)  days,  any  quantity  of  the  phenol  hereby 
contracted  for  which  is  then  completely  manufactured  and  ready 
for  delivery  hereunder.  An  advanoe  payment  equivalent  to 
ninety  per  oent  (90J&)  of  the  purchase  price  of  any  phenol  eo 
stored  shall  be  paid  by  the  Buyer  to  the  Seller  within  ten  (10) 
days  after  presentation  to  the  Buyer,  ae  aforesaid,  of  certifi¬ 
cates  exeouted  by  an  inspector  of  the  Buyer  certifying  that 
such  phenol  complies  with  the  requirements  of  this  agreement 
and  certificates  exeouted  by  an  authorised  officer  of  the 
Seller  setting  forth  that  such  phenol  has  been  plaoed  in 
storage  by  the  Seller,  together  with  a  bond  or  guaranty 
satisfactory  to  the  agents  of  the  Buyer  executing  this  agree¬ 
ment  on  the  Buyer's  behalf  to  the  effect  that  the  Seller  shall 
repay  promptly  to  the  Buyer  euoh  part  of  said  advanoe  payment 
as  shall  not  be  absorbed  in  the  manner  hereinafter  provided 
by  delivery  of  the  phenol  so  stored  free  on  board  cars 
Seller's  works  with  freight  oharges  prepaid  by  the  Seller  to 
New  York  City,  or  other  port,  as  above  provided.  The  payment 
of  such  advanoe  payment  to  the  Seller  shall  not  relieve  the 
Seller  of  its  obligation  ultimately  to  deliver  the  phenol 
so  stored  free  on  board  oars  Seller's  works  and  to  bear  the 
cost  of  transportation  of  such  phenol  from  place  of  storage 
to  New  York  City,  or  other  port,  as  above  provided.  Upon  de¬ 
livery  of  any  phenol  so  stored  the  advanoe  payment  made  by 
the  Buyer  with  respect  to  such  phenol  shall  be  deemed  to 
have  been  absorbed  and  the  unpaid  balance  of  the  purchase 
price  thereof  shall  be  paid  by  the  Buyer  to  the  Seller  with¬ 
in  ten  (10)  days  after  presentation  to  the  Buyer,  ae  afore¬ 
said,  of  proper  invoices  and  railroad  bills  of  lading  showing 
delivery  of  euoh  phenol  free  on  board  cars  Seller's  works 





























with  freight  charges  prepaid  to  How  YorJc  City,  or  other  port, 
as  above  provided. 

CONTINGENCIES;  The  obligations  of  the  Seller  hereunder  are 
enbjeot  to  strikes,  fires,  explosions,  riots,  acts  of  God,  war 
or  other  similar  onuses  beyond  the  Seller's  reasonable  con¬ 
trol  preventing  the  performance  of  such  obligations.  This 
provision,  however,  shall  not  be  oonstrued  to  modify  or 
limit  the  several  rights  above  given  to  the  Buyer  in  the 
paragraph  entitled  "Time  of  Delivery"  to  refuse  to  aooept 
and  pay  for  any  of  the  aggregate  quantity  of  phenol  required 
by  the  above  schedule  of  deliveries  to  be  delivered  or  to  be 
completely  manufactured  in  aooordanoe  with  the  requirements 
Of  this  agreement  and  ready  for  final  inspection  at  the  end 
of  any  month  named  in  the  above  schedule  of  deliveries  which 
the  Seller  shall  fail  to  have  delivered  or  to  have  completely 
manufactured. in  aooordanoe  with  the  requirements  of  this 
agreement  and  ready  for  final  inspection  at  the  end  of 
any  suoh  month  or  for  any  of  the  entire  quantity  of  phenol 
hereby  contracted  for  which  the  Seller  shall  fail  to  have 
delivered  or  to  have  completely  manufactured  in  aooordanoe 
with  the  requirements  of  this  agreement  and  ready  for  final 
inspection  by  June  30,  1917,  it  being  understood  that  these 
respective  dates  shall  not  be  postponed  by  reason  of  the 
provisions  of  thiB  paragraph. 

DELAYS:  Delays  in  the  manufacture  of  the  phenol  hereby 
contracted  for  caused  to  the  Seller  by  the  failure  of  the 
inspectors  of  the  Buyer  to  inspect  suoh  phenol  promptly 
when  ready  for  inspection  shall  operate  to  extend  the 
schedule  of  deliveries  above  speoifi'ed  in  the  paragraph 
herein  entitled  "Time  of  Delivery"  for  the  period  of  delay 
















so  caused  to  the  8eller,  provided  the  Seller  shall  have  fully 
notified  the  Buyer  in  writing  at  the  offloes  of  Messrs.  J.  P. 
Morgan  4  Co.,  33  Wall  Street,  New  York  City,  also  the  Frenoh 
Mission,  10  Bridge  Street,  New  York  City,  at  the  time  or 
times  of  the  inspectors'  alleged  failure  so  to  inspeot  said 
artioles  promptly,  of  all  facts  relating  to  such  alleged 
failure  to  inspeot  and  of  the  period  of  delay  in  the  manu¬ 
facture  and  delivery  of  the  phenol  hereby  oontraoted  for 
alleged  by  the  Seller  to  have  been  oauBed  thereby. 

ASSIGNMENTS  AND  SUB-CONTRACTS:  The  Seller  shall  not  be  per¬ 
mitted  to  assign  this  agreement  in  whole  or  in  part  or  to  make 
any  sub-oontraot  for  the  manufacture  of  any  or  all  of  the 
phenol  hereby  oontraoted  for  without  first  securing  the 
written  approval  of  the  Buyer  of  the  proposed  assignment  or 
the  proposed  sub-oontraotor  or  sub-oontraotors. 

CONDITIONS:  If  by  reason  of  the  declaration,  passage  or  en¬ 
forcement  of  an  embargo  by  the  United  States  Government,  or 
other  notion  of  its  officials  or  agents,  the  phenol  hereby 
contracted  for  cannot  be  exported  from  the  United  States,  or 
in  the  event  of  the  termination  of  the  present  European  war 
or  the  oesaation  of  hostilities  therein  upon  the  part  of  the 
Buyer  by  reason  of  the  signature  by  the  Buyer  of  a  general 
armistioe  or  otherwise,  prior  to  completion  of  deliveries 
hereunder,  the  Buyer  at  its  option  may  terminate  this,  agree¬ 
ment,  but,  in  such  event,  the  Seller  shall  be  entitled  to 
receive  from  the  Buyer  the  unpaid  purohase  prioe  of  any 
phenol  then  delivered  hereunder  or  completely  manufactured 
and  conforming  to  the  requirements  of  this  agreement  upon 
the  delivery  thereof  and  in  addition  thereto  to  receive  from 




















the  Buyer  a  eum  efficient  to  protect  the  Seller  against  the 
Seller' o  actual  net  expenditures  and  actual  net  outstand¬ 
ing  obligations  made  or  incurred  with  respect  to  the  phenol 
ths  delivery  of  which  is  so  cancelled  by  the  Buyer,  suoh  ad¬ 
ditional  sum,  however,  not  to  exceed  in  any  event  the  pur¬ 
chase  price  of  the  phenol  the  delivery  of  whioh  is  so  can¬ 
celled  by  the  Buyer.  In  case  of  such  termination  of  this 
agreement  the  Seller  agrees  to  do  everything  in  its  power 
to  reduce  the  amount  of  the  Buyer's  said  obligation  and, 
for  the  purpose  of  determining  the  amount  of  the  Seller's 
actual  net  expenditures  and  actual  net  outstanding  obliga¬ 
tions,  shall  oredit  the  Buyer  with  the  fair  value  of  any 
materials,  phenol  in  process  of  manufacture  or  other  pro¬ 
perty  with  respect  to  whioh  the  Seller  shall  be  entitled 
to  protection  from  the  Buyer  under  the  provisions  of  this 

ARBITRATION •  In  the  event  of  any  disagreement  between  the 
parties  hereto  as  to  the  compliance  of  any  phenol  with  the 
requirements  of  this  agreement,  samples  of  the  phenol 
which  is  so  questioned  shall  be  submitted  to  an  arbi¬ 
trator  agreed  upon  by  the  parties  hereto,  or  in  the  event 
the  parties  hereto  are  unable  to  agree  upon  suoh  an  ar¬ 
bitrator  within  ten  (10)  days,  to  an  arbitrator  appointed 
by  the  President  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce  of  New  York 
City,  whioh  arbitrator  shall  be  a  recognised  phenol  ex¬ 
pert.  The  decision  of  any  suoh  arbitrator  shall  be  final 
and  his  fees  and  expenses  shall  be  paid  by  the  party  here- 







to  whose  test  la  so  determined  to  he  inoorreot. 

THIS  AGREEMENT  is  executed  in  triplioate 
day  and  year  first  above  written. 

um tausm  «  *  “1  let"“  ““ 

,i  ^  HlWE.  oh.-i.t.  of  50  *.  4!=t  Street,  0*7. 

„  oI  I„  »«=.  hereinafter  “1Ui  5‘'  J  “ 

irst  part,  and  the  EDISON  CHEMICAL  COMPANY,  organized  under  the 
irS  P  *  and  having  its  factory 

avia  of  the  State  of 

T'j  .7  hereinafter  oalled  "Edison 
nd  office  at  Silver  Lave,  N.J.,  herein 

»rty  of  the  second  part. 

mat  for  ana  in  e.n,id.ra«ion  of  th.  am  of  »• 

lat  (Si.oo)  w  ...»  <*  *»«  Mr,to  “  th'  °th"  “ 

“  It  ro..ipt  of  nhich  it  herehy  — 0-  - 
nail,  hereinafter  r.oit.i,  it  as  **"  y 

and«t.i  t.«ee.  the  parti..  h««‘°  “  , 

!  „  i.  represented  that  Hir.oh  ha.  ««>*  » 

process  or  oo—  -  —  *  “ 

Lilted  to  1.  novel,  -oh  .«P  of  —  «.  *—•  “  ^  ' 

meroial  ep.rati.n  and  giving  good  W'°”1  °““ 

I  part  of  ....  ether  prose.,  of  »nnfaot«re,  ly  -eh  s~ 

.  nB~irrlrg  »ith  phenol  •»  5°  sent.  p"  p°“'4 
li„.ti.»  of  »fPe  looinning  o.™.roi.Uy 

rr,r.r.trr:“  r_ . ~ 

“T^;rir:r::  r--rr 

:;rr—  ::r.:r.r.:=— 

jentations  ar.  »t.ri.l  to  this  oontraot. 

2.  Edison  has  a  plant  and  organization  until  very  re¬ 
cently  successfully  engaged  in  mating  phenol  and  para-amidopheno] 
and  lite  bodies  and  spare  equipment  available  for  use  in  mating 
phenaoetin  and  is  prepared  to  purchase  new  and  special  equipment 
not  to  exoeed  §5,000,  that  may  be  required  to  produce  200  pounds 
of  phenaoetin  a  day.  It  has  also  in  the  Hew  Jersey  Products 
Company  a  subsidiary  now  capable  of  marveting  its  products  and 
purchasing  its  raw  materials  at  reasonably  near  the  quoted  prices 
current,  and  has  ample  capital  or  credit  for  the  mating  and 
marveting  of  100  to  200  pounds  of  phenaoetin  a  day.  These  rep¬ 
resentations  also  are  material  to  this  contract. 

3.  Hirsch  agrees  to  disclose  to  Edison's  selected  rep¬ 
resentations  first  the  full  details  of  said  process  or  series 
of  steps  for  maving  phenaoetin  and  state  the  essential  apparatus 
and  conditions  to  be  therein  observed  and  tests  to  determine  the 
commercial  completion  of  the  successive  steps  and  agrees  not  to 
mave  any  disclosure  thereof  to  any  one  else.  The  disclosure  of 
the  para-amidophenol  process  now  actually  operated  at  a  cost 
of  $2.00  per  pound  for  crude  hydrochloride  ready  to  enter  the 
phenaoetin  process,  shall  not  be  made  until  Edison  has  elected 
under  clause  6  to  proceed  with  the  process  and  assumed  the  ob¬ 
ligation  to  pay  for  at  least  six  months'  operation,  whereupon 
this  disclosure  shall  be  made  and  this  step  become  a  part  of  the 
process . 

4.  Edison  agrees  to  regard  the  same  as  confidential 
and  a  secret  process  and  not  to  use  the  same  or  so  far  as  it  can 
prevent  to  permit  the  use  of  the  same  without  paying  Hirsch 
therefor  as  hereinafter  provided. 

5.  Hirsch  agrees  to  furnish  free  of  charge  his  own  per¬ 
sonal  service  for  consultation  and  advice  at  such  reasonable 
times  as  may  be  required  during  the  periof  of  planning,  con- 

Btruotion  and  starting  of  the  plant,  the  aaid  period  not  to  ex¬ 
ceed  sixty  ( GO)  days  and  to  furnish,  on  demand  a  foreman  chemist 
instructed  ir.  carrying  out  the  process  to  Edison  for  all  or  part 
of  his  time,  as  Edison  may  demand,  for  a  period  of  ninety  (90) 
days  at  the  rate  of  a  dollar  (ftl.00)  per  hour  for  the  time  spent 
on  Edison' 3  work. 

6,  Edison  agrees  to  exercise  all  reasonable  diligence 
(a)  in  testing  the  process  on  a  small  scale  and  shall  wit  hin 
two  weeks  either  definitely  elect  in  writing  to  use  the  process 
and  construct  the  plant  for  between  100  and  200  pounds  a  day  as 
described  by  Hirsch,  or  else  definitely  release  the  process  to 
Hirsch  agreeing  to  use  no  part  thereof  for  making  para-amido- 
phenol  or  its  hydrochloride  except  only  such  part  as  Edison  has 
already  been  commercially  using  before  November  1,  1916  and  no 
part  whatever  thereof  for  making  phenaoetih,  as  follows. 

(b)  If  Edison  elects  to  use  the  process  it  shall  forth¬ 
with  arrange  the  plant  and  construct  or  buy  the  additional  ap¬ 
paratus  required  (not  to  exceed  in  cost  §5*°00.  unless  Edison 
prefers  to  buy  or  construct  more  expensive  equipment)  and  shall 
complete  the  plant  as  quickly  ns  reasonably  possible  to  buy  the 
added  apparatus  within  the  oost  names. 

(o)  If  Edison  has  elected  to  use  the  process  it  shall 
secure  and  train  the  necessary  labor  and  put  the  plant  in  com¬ 
mercial  operation  step  by  step  as  rapidly  as  reasonably  possible 

7.  Edison  agrees  not  to  permit  to  pass  out  of  its  pos* 
session,  not  to  sell  or  offer  for  sale  any  para-ami dophenol  or 
para-ami dophenol  hydroohloride  or  mixture  containing  either  of 
these  chemical  substanoes  made  in  whole  or  in  part  by  the  pro¬ 
cess  disclosed  by  Hirsch  except  only  such  parts  of  said  process 


as  Edison  has  been  commercially  using  before  November  1st  19 17 
which  old  process  Edison  shall  disclose  in  writing  to  Tf.  il. 
Grosvenor  immediately  upon  the  signing  of  this  agreement  and  he 
shall  be  the  final  judge  acceptable  to  both  parties  what  if  any 
parts  of  said  process  Edison  has  already  used. 

8.  fifteen  days  after  the  close  of  each  succeeding  three 
months  period  after  the  starting  of  the  plant  Edison  agrees  to 
pay  Hirsch  in  lawful  money  of  the  United  States  one-third  of  the 
difference  between  the  selling  price  received  (from  the  user  by 
it  or  its  subsidiaries  or  brokers,  e.g.  Hew  Jersey  Products  Co. 
for  the  phenacetin  sold)  and  the  average  ooBt  of  mahing  the 
phenacetin  made  during  the  said  three  months  period,  said  cost 
of  malting  to  include  all  material  and  labor  and  immediate  super¬ 
vision  and  control  of  said  process  at  actual  cost  of  securing 
same  which  shall  not  exceed  reasonable  costs  at  prevailing  mar¬ 
ket  prioes  plus  an  addition  of  25#  thereof  (to  cover  overhead 
and  selling  oharges,  interest,  etc.)  and  agrees  to  heep  full, 
clear  and  correct  records  of  all  things  necessary  to  the  deter¬ 
mination  as  above  described  of  the  amount  due  Hirsch  hereunder. 

9.  Hirsch  shall  have  the  privilege  at  reasonable  times 
of  examining  these  records  and  inspecting  the  operation  of  that 
part  only  of  Edison's  plant  utilized  for  the  carrying  out  of  the 
processes  disclosed  hereunder. 

10.  Edison  shall  have  the  right  at  any  time  to  cease  en¬ 
tirely  the  malring  of  phenaoetin  by  this  prooess  upon  thirty  days 
written  notice  to  hirsch  of  its  intention  to  do  so  but  agrees 
thereafter  for  a  period  of  five  years  not  to  use  any  of  the  steji 
of  this  process  for  the  manufacture  of  para-amidophenol  or  its 
hydrochloride  or  phenaoetin  that  passes  out  of  its  possession 
and  until  it  shall  so  cease  it  agrees  to  pay  to  Hirsch,  as  pro- 


videcL  In  Paragraph  8,  not  less  than  §5,000  as  his  share  of  the 
profits  for  eaoh  successive  six  months  period  after  the  execu¬ 
tion  of  this  contract  whether  or  not  any  profits  have  been  earned 
during  said  period.  In  the  event  that  Edison  shall  either  fail 
to  m&ve  such  payment  or  shall  cease  upon  notioe  to  manufacture 
as  herein  provided,  Hirsch  shall  have  the  option  of  withdrawing 
Edison's  right  to  operate  the  process  under  this  contract.  In 
such  event,  and  only  in  suoh  event  Hirsch  shall  have  the  right 
to  manufacture  phenacetin  or  aid  or  advise  or  cause  others  to 
manufacture  it. 

This  contract  shall  he  binding  upon  both  parties  hereto, 
their  heirs,  executors  or  assigns  for  a  period  of  five  years 
after  Edison  shall  cease  upon  notice  to  manufacture  or  shall  fail 
to  mave  payments  as  provided  but  in  the  event  that  Letters  Patent 
of  the  United  States  be  secured  by  Hirsch  shall  be  continued 
for  the  life  of  said  patent  or  pi  tents  the  expense  of  securing 
and  litigating  said  patent  to  be  included  in  the  cost  of  mailing 
the  phenacetin  provided  for  in  Par.  8. 

It  is  mutually  agreed  that  in  the  event  Edison  or  any  of 
its  representative  agents  or  employees  shall  use  or  attempt  to 
use  or  disclose  or  attempt  to  disclose  or  sell  or  attempt  to  sell 
or  dispose  or  attempt  to  dispose  of  the  process  or  any  part 
thereof  in  violation  of  this  agreement,  the  said  Hirsch  shall  be 
entitled  to  an  injunction  from  any  court  having  jurisdiction  in 
which  cose  Edison  shall  be  considered  to  have  elected  to  use  the 
process  under  olause  6  et  se^«  hereof. 

In  witness  whereof,  the  parties  have  hereunto  affixed 

day  of  • 

their  hands  and  seals  this 

Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 
Amidophenol  Division  (1916) 

These  documents  relate  to  the  operations  of  Edison's  Amidophenol 
Plant  at  Silver  Lake,  New  Jersey,  which  was  built  during  the  summer  of  1 916. 
Amidophenol,  also  known  as  paramidophenol  hydrochloride  or  p- 
aminophenol,  was  used  in  dyes,  photo  developing,  and  pharmaceuticals.  The 
selected  items  include  a  technical  report  on  chemical  synthesis,  along  wrth 
daily  production  reports  bearing  Edison's  marginalia,  employees 
mentioned  in  the  documents  include  manager  James  T.  Phelan  and 
experimenter  Peter  C.  Christensen. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  include  materials  inventories,  financial  and  accounting 
documents,  and  numerous  routine  daily  reports. 

P.1!.  OCTOBER  17th,  1916. 


i  1-a  (Nan^d  1 

September  27th. 

Base  Salt  Solution 

264  pounds  Aniline  Oil 
9 CO  "  Acid  (when  using  20) 

(A  little  less  when  using  2 

Biazitising  Solution 

Operation  l-o 

264  pounds  Phenol 
175  "  Caustic  Soda 

300  "  Soda  Ash 

2 CO  "  Salt 

3000  “  Ice 

Colled - Bye 


Sa  f 

Chriltensen^n  HVoSow 

in  other  words  sov^  toys  S 8*  the  entire  report  as 

etc.  each  toy,  s°  f  “19  tak0  the  amount  we  receive  and  the  material 

vTha^onS  2? “thTn^efcf^atoLsInd  that  «ndd  Sive  you  the  real  total. 

I-a  goes  into  l-o.  Bye  has  a  value  to  us  hut  as  yet  we  have  no  good  way  of  weighing 


» ss  =s-s  =--- 
.r:rs  >ru  m .«*>»  »«  >*•»•  — * 


the  tank.  Vie  are  having  a  measuring  stick  made  for  this  purpose.  Vie 
should  get.  about  204  pounds  oil  back  again.  There  is  possibly  a  loss' of  about 
%  in  the  operation.  The  total  amount  of  oil  recovered  will  be  shown  on  the 
slips  every  day. 

Neutralizing  That  is  reduced  dye  neutralized  with  Hydrochloride  Acid  and  you 
will  have  to  secure  from  Mr.  Hoffman  the  amount  of  H.C.  Aoid  used  per  batch. 

It  varies  so  greatly  cannot  give  average  figure. 

Sodium  Sulphite  Approximately  no  value.  Only  use  at  the  most  3  or  4  wounds, 
per  batch  and  it  costs  more  for  labor  to  send  for  it  than  it  is  worth.  Yflien 
the  stook  is  exhausted  we  will  have  to  make  it  for  our  purpose  alone  and  then 
of  course  it  mill  have  a  value. 

I  give  you  the  amount  of  Bone  Black  used  for  the  purification 
and  you  have  the  amount  of  material  that  we  have  shipped  and  that  divided  into 
your  batches  will  give  an  average. 

Bono  black  use  about  IS  pounds  as  an  average. 

Tin  Obtain  this  figure  from  averaging  up  the  amount  of  tin 

used  per  batoh. 



Daily  Report  of  Raw  Material  and  Finished  Product  On  Hand 

Silver  Lake,  N.  J - - 4. - 191-4 

■*“9M<i,s”  amidophenol  plant 


Daily  Report  of  Raw  Material  and  Finished  Product  On  Hand 

Silver  Lake,  N.  J - /  0. - 191- 



Daily  Report  of  Raw  Material  and  Finished  Product  On  Hand 

y^-^r:4/ •  iqi  ( 

Silver  Lake,  N.  J._ 



Daily  Report  of  Raw  Material  and  Finished  Product  On  Hand 

Silver  Lake,  N.  J.  Jfoc,  ■  2L  —191, 

Special  Collections  Series  -■  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 
Aniline  Division  (1916) 

These  documents  relate  to  the  operations  of  Edison's  Aniline  Plant  at 
Silver  Lake,  New  Jersey,  which  began  the  production  of  aniline  and  related 
organic  chemicals  during  the  summer  of  1915.  The  selected  items  consist  of 
daily  production  reports  from  May  1916  signed  by  plant  manager  Wilfred  S. 
Dowling.  The  reports  bear  marginalia  by  Edison  expressing  concern  about  the 
drop  in  the  production  of  aniline  oil.  Also  included  is  a  communication  from 
Peter  C.  Christensen  explaining  the  reasons  for  the  decline  in  output. 

Less  than  5  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  include  workers'  accident  reports,  financial  and  accounting 
documents,  non-Edison  correspondence,  and  routine  daily  production  reports. 


— o.  ANILINE  division 


Daily  Report  o,  Raw  Materia,  and  Finished  Product  On  H^nd 

,  Sil«arL.k=,N.J.._ami^/^l9l-t 

Mixed  Acid 

Hydro-Chloric  Acid 
Iron  Filings 

Nitro  Benzol 

Oil  of  Vitriol 
Acetic  Acid 
Caustic  Soda 

Lho  thill* 
to  TL 
/lS37o  * 

2^0  " 
3  8  3-?* 
Z5  * 

/i/  0  0  o  o' 
Zb  X  H- s  * 

(S?  7*5 . 

Average  Daily  Production 

I,  .  - '  e'3'i* 

Average  Yield  Per  Pot  Per  Day 

„  .. 

Per  Cent  of  Yield 

3  * 

Total  Production  of  Paraphenylendiamlne 

I  “  Z3  7*  . 

Average  Daily  Production 

„  ..  ^4^  j 

Average  Dally  Production  Per  Working  Day 

. . f 

aniline  division 




Daily  Report  of  Raw  Material  and  Finished  Product  On  Hand 

Silver  Lake,  N.  J.,  191 L- 



C01lJL*\  , 

Co-uLb  .br'u  'yvitxcU.  se~(  ^■s+.siCjts . 

.... _ _ .toXi-  Lf&h.iisc,  -  ._ 

X//x2Ax_i.vJ_G^  tjf  C^«£>V 

C^£  .  .A-T.tAS.U..  /f(lffZ^MZl..^:LC..^X(-'-(A*-f  <f .  f*t'.Clt.en-l- 

o±L  ‘^, 

. . 1 

. - . 


. 7 r" . . . ■'  c- ;  "'V'X^-ci^  *7 

<«■*  Tier  .O-tt/TMt  ^:CUA..  A'HK\J>-ic-t..  C> ( A;  i.  ...«<'.<{< 

!  J^nn  ,>-■/ ^^TT^'CyrOir-  /svsi  .->utrt . .  4-<r .  ,<  •;> 

..  ■In.  .UlfL-yUr..  2ffut.r, . OSL^tter.  «.  «*_**£. 

Si  Lt,  4  //rd-tct  lSi-t  rs  r  /  t :  P-Unu*  :«•  /  /Ctsiu):/.-  • 

r  . 

i  cOrS^f  3&3 ^  sS5.4& 

'  C'.'S^W^ooJ f  TX^-O—  /  .  v  / 

CLt-cCo  A,ua.  '4-VfMjnjJiu-  <UlS7l&. _ cD: . 

r -  *  /  c;- 

Cy&'tsl'l.  s  ,£<r~  &’/(  ft  -1.L,  'i.-UtxL^ _ i^Z^CpjpL*-  -&iC?l.u/tjJ:f . 

v  V  .  /' 

•^c^f  /&~7s(££itt  . .  ........  .  - - - 

CuSl  /jJtnJLct-L*r  7<X<r  ej  i  f  <£rf.  <\ii.  .tn^u&ki. — 

i  sl'/  t')  ?  )  _ /7/7j^~  ^/uJi  Urtsfjf/  CiTtts&.'i  UtI\1'£__C2lAI  . . . 

!  CUtif'  JUxI  Tc-UdS  . 

•7/r-  ikrr  OaS!  Ai./rf  Jsi/irvi-  s&&£_SfrZ4.. 

•  r\  (  /  ... 

l(a$.  _ (7>  /S£ _ — 

&l<tJr  <=^  srwtv  -4^a*£u. 

Cl{jCt/ls(l4  (/ytA'L  (j^L±-jXC  Cstdt  d&j  LUL^L _ 

“  ■  /  7  /  / 

Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 
Carbolic  Acid  Division  (1916) 

These  documents  relate  to  the  manufacture  of  "P.  [pure]  Phenol"  at 
Phenol  Plant  No.  1 ,  the  carbolic  acid  plant  owned  by  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc. 
Many  of  the  selected  items  are  interoffice  communications  by  H.  H.  Meno 
Kammerhoff,  manager  of  the  Carbolic  Acid  Division.  Other  correspondents 
include  Edison  officials  Archibald  C.  Emery,  Stephen  B.  Mambert,  William  H. 
Meadowcroft,  and  Carl  H.  Wilson.  There  are  also  production  reports  signed 
by  Kammerhoff  and  bookkeeper  Walter  E.  Burton  and  initialed  by  plant 
superintendent  Ralph  C.  Hendrickson.  The  subjects  covered  include 
operations  and  labor  issues,  sales  and  purchasing,  and  the  relationship 
between  Kammerhoffs  plant  and  "Mr.  Edison's  plant"  (Phenol  Plant  No.  2). 
Some  of  the  items  are  addressed  to  Edison  or  bear  his  marginalia. 

Less  than  10  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  include  duplicates,  routine  daily  production  reports,  financial 
and  accounting  documents,  inventories,  and  other  material  not  directly  related 
to  Edison. 

w^rFi3th' 1916- 


Iter  'l  ■-:<■.  ■^'  ft' 

*  ~ 

C  i  <•  ^— '  '  iiater 


sir - 1 

.  >  Bonso 

It  y- 

J.  ^  Sulphuric  Aci 

H  L— Limas  tone 

‘T  * 

}_*■=>  Soda  Ash 
i  S  •  j  Caustic  Soda 

d  1-^ 

^  i  r  . 


l  for  a  production  of  7,000  IBs.  of  P.  Phenol 

mid  Be  raised  to  S,000  IBs.  of 

"  . . 7,000  " 

'•  \  /  1,500  » 

»  ^''\4,000  " 

os  into  consideration  only  the  material 
mo  wo  are  turning  oyer  to  the  Aniline 

U30(I  "by  oursolves  •  Since  aonio  time  v/o  are  turning  over  to  the  Anil 
Plant  Between  5,000  and  0,000  pounds  of  90, j  Sulphurio  Acid  per  day. 

rn  T\  ■  a-u  ^  v-  -  <=• 

,  •  _  ^  cc-«aT  v- 

Referring  to  your  itemo  ,'  3447,  dated  arch  14th,  I  hog 
to  hand  you  the  enclosed  ordor  for  your  approval,  and  add  for  your  in¬ 
formation:  . 

V«o  are  usingdi&fr  the  present  tins  Sulphurio  Acid  for 
our  neutralizing  Process,  hut  X  got  tho  ordor  from  Ur.  Edison  to  use 
Hi trio  Calm  instead,  and  to  put  up  the  necessary  apparatus.  In  regard  to 
the  fact  that  a  similar  apparatus  for  the  sane  purpooo  is  in  use  in  Itr. 

n  this  way  guide  do  livery 


Copy  to  Hr.  C,  v;.  II.  Lieadowcrof 1 1 


Y;e  have  made  a  fow  experiments  lately  to  find  out  if  the 
sun-li$it  has  any  effect  on  tlie  color  of  P.  Phonol,  and  in  what  v.’ay  the 
light  may  change  the  color.  I  am  sending  you  to-day  three  sample  bottles , 
and  hog  to  add  for  year  information: 

First  Samr.lo  —  Taken  from  Batch  29  -  Still  1. 

Solidifying  Point,  40.3  -  Distilled  Fob.  2,  1916. 

This  Piionol  was  distilled  once,  fho  saiaplo  bottle  shows, 
after  exposing  it  since  iiarch  25th  to  the  sun-light,  at  the  exposed  side 
some  spots  of  discoloration. 

Second  Saarolo  —  Taken  from  Batch  60  -  Still  1. 

Solidifying  Point,  40.6  -  Di3tillod  larch  20th,  1916. 

-his  Phenol  was  distillod  twice,  and  tho  sample  oxposod  to 
the  sun— light  on  I.'arch  25th.  She  phenol  in  the  sample  bottle  shows  dis¬ 
coloration  at  tlie  exposed  side  to  a  remarkably  larger  extent  than  in  the 
first  mentioned  bottle. 

i'll ir d  Samnle  —  i’ahcn  from  Batch  60  -  Still  1. 

Solidifying  Point  40.6  -  Distillod  larch  20yth,  1916. 

Shis  Phenol  wa3,  after  being  distilled  twice,  redistilled  in 
oui-  laboratory.  That  moan3  that  this  Piionol  ha3  boon  distilled  three  times, 
and  then  exposed  to  tlie  sun- light  on  ilarcli  25th,  The  exposed  side  shows 
discoloration  to  about  the  same  extent  as  tho  3econd  mentioned  Phenol. 

All  three  sample  bottles  prove  tho  fact  that  the  sun-light 
affects  the  color  of  the  Phenol,  tho  side  of  the  bottlo  oppooito  the  ex¬ 
posed  3ido  remaining  distinctly  white.  The  experiment  further  soems  to 
indicate  that  a  second  and  third  distillation  does  not  make  the  Phenol  more 
immune  from  discoloration,  y/he  twico  and  three  times  distillod  Piionol  show¬ 
ing  rather  more  discoloration  than  that  which  i3  distillod  only  onoe, 
Obviously  it  is  not  impurities  that  cause  the  discoloration,  as  otherwise 
the  first  mentioned  sample,  which  has  boon  distilled  only  once,  should  be 
more  discolored  than  tlie  two  other  samples.  / 

At  any  rato,  I  thou£jit  the  result  of  this  oxperimenty'beVVS’ 
of  so  much  intorost,  that  I  should  draw  your  attention  to  it.  I  also  think 
that  it  mi  gilt  interest  Lir.  Bdison. 

cause  they  did  not  liicc  to  oo  oent  .«»*  *,w  •  •>  . 

part  of  January  up  to  now  to  rogulato  tho  coiwaptiano*  l no  ir 
by  working  on  weok-doys  only,  shutting  down  on  ounc-aj*,  - 
n-ir  work.  Oonsooucntly,  the  abovo  list  shoes  m  .coiuary  t\ 
^h«-sovon  working  days.  It  is  ,  howover,  obvious  thr 
duos  more  P.  Phenol,  owing  to  tie  fast  tnnt  our  production  por 
v;as  5,375  lbs.  only,  whilst  it  was  in  Doconbor  7,729  lbs. 
paatodly  our  consuuption  to  tho  point  micro  wo  wo^lo.  have  UJ 
lack  o/caterial,  is  :nado  clear  by  tho  following  figures,  ta.oi 
ports  which  v/o  send  to  tho  Laboratory! 

March  10th 
»  14th 
»  24th 
April  1st 

o  had  Bonsol  on  iiand  for  12?  Days , 

irains  raw  uatorial 
;  Sunday  for  re- 
i tv-four,  and  in 
we  can  easily  pro 
irkin','  day  in  Marc: 
close  we  kept  re- 
shut  down  owing  b 
from  our  daily  re- 

WAGES  Fffi  OUR  IAB0KER8 ._ 

Referring  to  our  conversation  of  yesterday,  I  beg  to  submit  to 
you  the  attachod  list  of  laborors,  handed  to  me  yesterday  ni^it  by  a  committee 
of  throe  men.  According  to  this  list,  the  men  demand  27-1/25!  per  hour  as  an 
equal  rate  for  everybody. 

As  an  explanation  to  the  spirit  under  which  this  list  has  been 
signed,  I  want  to  add  that  the  spokesman  of  the  committee  said^he  himself  had. 
signed  not  because  he  was  dissatisfied  (his  present  pay  is  -83-l/a^  per  hour), 
but  because  his  fellow  workmen  wanted  it. 

/  Under  the  present  circumstances ,  X  would  suggest  that  we  answer 

/the  men  that  we  are  willing  to  let  them  go  back  to  work  by  offoring  them  the 
'  Bame  rate  that  is  paid  in  the  Phenol  Division  of  Mr.  Edison,  i.e.,  25£  per  hour 
for  laborers  in  the  mill,  and  22-l/2 i  for  those  working  in  the  yard,  besides 
time  and  a  quarter  on  Sundays  and  holidays  in  case  thoro  is  any  work  to  be  done 

I  oan  comaunioato  with  tie 

1  know  your  decision  a 
non  further. 

s  possible,  so  that 

Copies  to  Messrs.  I.  A.  Edison,  V:.  H.  Moadoworoft,  S.  B.  Mambert,  H.  ItuBk,  file. 



I  jt 


I  herewith  beg  to  inform  you  that  the  total  pro¬ 
duction.  for  tho  fiscal  yoar  from  March,  1915,  to  February,  1916, 
inclusiro,  was  1,709,373  pounds  of  P.  phenol.  7/ith  tho  end  of 
tho  month  of  April  we  como  wall  ovor  tho  two  million  pounds  marie, 
tho  grand' total  from  tho  start  in  Soptonibor,  1914,  to  tlio  ond  of 
April,  1916,  being  2,143,353  pounds.  She  development  is  out¬ 
lined  on  tho  accompanying  bluo  print,  i’hc  month  of  November,  1915, 
appears  to  bo  the  b0  3t  month  in  regard  to  production,  with  nearly 
200,000  pounds,  duo  to  a  comparatively  hirji  supply  of  raw  material, 

Copies  to  Messrs.  C.  H.  Wilson,  3. 

Mamba rt ,  H.  Music  and  file. 


Oilvor  taloo,  II.  J., 

-  f  ^ 

\K  f  t 

You  vri.ll  undoubtedly  havo  oboorvod  that  oiuoo  a  ^  J 


.  ilAUli'JXO  HOPA 


1 %tf‘ 

ooupla  of  dayo  tho  ntoolc  of  Oauatic  3odn  for  thio  irivloiou 
aoins  down,  no  new  laatorlal  eoains  in.  In  fact  our  pronont  otool: 
is  onoufji  for  oiu  dcyo  only.  About  a  your  c.'jj  I  aalccd  too 
i'urchasins  Poparthont  —  vdtli  tho  aijprovnl  of  hr.  Edinon  -- 
tbn<;  ooidp  of,  rrulphurle  aold  and  bonsol,  wo  outfit  to  hero  onoutfi 
otooK  on  to  lost  un  ono  nonth.  >'-t  tho  prosont  tlno  this 
occoao  with  ooda  coll  only,  :~nd  I  tcho  this  opportunity  of 
3  you  to  TiniHy  brintf  our  stool:  up  to  tho  propel'  quantity 
t  all  pooolblo. 


'})f  9dJw~>t  Copios  t0  ::ooBra*  1J*  aoe(bort  «*  n*  :i,a!c‘  “•  K*  :*odoT?oroft* 

Kan^erfeff  lu*  z^.Sfo  fa  Cc***U* 

*2.  h-zs.Lo'l  &  " 

%hu  7  M’,f6  .  .  ,J  /  ~ s  /x 

<fj  /r  JrJrcicJ*,  p.U***.  ^  to 

h U.  jvUxnj&  &  StJd  /<  ^  . 



At  tbo  start  oi  tbo  last  fiscal  yoar,  that  is,  In  March,  1015,  a 
rffiodaotlon  of  4,000  pounds  of  *.  Phenol  was  oonoiOorod  an  nasdom,  ^  contracto 
for  tho  nocoooory  r aw  motor! ol  woro  oloood  1 y  tto 

inter  ’"r.  Ed  icon  decided  tint  oar  production  aarjit  to  bo  inoroaood,  a.  ota-ioarc. 

7  MO rounds tar  day  was  adopted  as  nornsl  nestaua.  Oils  would  bo  oqual  to 
4loo0  tSo  of  v.  monol  nor  math,  or  150  days.  Itto*  tho  momM  bluo 
nrlnt  sou  will  oboorvo  that  oo  far  v/o  hero  only  in  ono  nonth,  in  Uovonbor,  lOlo, 
r^aohod  a  nrotootion  of  marly  300,000  pounds,  whilst  during  tno  ft)llo\.ino  nonth 
this  fi;nro  dropped  to  about  160,000  and  170,000  poundo,  iliio  variation  waa 
ontiroly^to  Sof  raw  aatorial,  aid  it  lo  thio  situation  which  taM m  to 
££ romatodlyibr  a  cozy  of  oar  oontraoto  for  raw  mtorial  conoornins  tUo 
Division.  It  lo  still" not  quito  oloar  to  no  whether  our  con^raooo  1 

cover  a  nrodnotion  of  210,000  pounds  of  P.  l’borol  por  nonth  or  not.  Bon-ol, 
v’oii  aa  Ziiil'nhiu’io  Acid*  io  uood  not  only  l11  I)ivioion9  but  to  quito  * 

«vi^nof to  A.  Edison  also.  < «a 
uuont  omhanojo  hsvo  toicon  plaoo,  oocordlnG  to  Mr.  edlson'o  and  a .  .  .oadovreroft  o 

ah  z£$  * 

sisff4s»r jc  s&s  ssfxns  « « 

vn  imvn  boon  ounsliod  bv  hr.  Edison*  o  Phenol  Division.  ..o  fa.  *-o  I  -aio\; 
nm  ilr.  Soiraroft.  S  n>ro  Ohonbor  Aoid  will  bo  dallvorod  aftor  our  prosont 
Socte,  onourji  for  anothor  20  days,  has  boon  uood 

Pltrio  Onto  in  stools  boosuoo  Mr.  Edison's  Wwnol  Division  oaa  not  “• 

nitric  Goto  £  a  subotltuto  for  Oulphurio  Aoid  of  9£&  or  of  MKdJo»  "0«*“ 
S!  end  tat.  Edison  wants  us  to  use  Hltrio  OSSo  oo  soon  as  I»oolblo,boeauoo  it 
canto  boutfit  in  any  doolrod  quantity,  ;nd  ooqparativoly  ohoop,  whilst  prlcoo  lor 
3ulptario  Aoid  aro  ooin;;  hi^or  all  tlio  tino. 


(L'C'-e-w.t^c lXo 

Silvor  Late, 
Kay  11th, 

3.  Emory, 
Purchasing  Dopt. 

Yovir  Memo  #1469. 

a  Atm?  11  29th._ 

in  a  conference  hold  at  the  library  in  Oranee,  on 

auction  which  this  Division  can  turn  out. 

Several  nnnths  ago  I  stated  to  Mr.  Edison  that  we 

(t)  9,000  *•'•»  ■  .  " 

in  acoordanoe  with  ny  statement  of  May  6th,  the 
following  figures  are  divided  into  three  groups,  i.e.. 

First ,  By  using  ge^Suiphuric  AoUon^.  chamtar  Acid. 

SEE*  g  £5  5Sg  54  «5S5.  ^  «*  SSw  »«=  «*• 

First,  By  using  98#  Sulphuric  Aoid  only, 

9000  Its,  270000  Its. 

~  £?SS  _ . .  .  JGSk 

■  ^alsj  '  46368  gals,  or 

_ _ _ J-  wfirinn  nminda 

8000  lbs.  /  240000  lbs. 

*.~'eals."  "  *52164" gals, 
or  12600  lbs,  or  578000 

54000  lbs, 
31500  « 
6760  " 
18000  ” 


1620000  lbd, 
945000  " 
202600  " 
540000  " 



I  herewith  beg  to  inform  you  that  ws  have  e 
the  following  four  sample  bottles  to  Squibb  &  SonB,  each  bottle  oon 
taining  a  sample  from  one  batch.  The  whole  shipment  will  consist  of 
26  cans  of  250  lbs.  each,  or  net  6500  lbs.  of  P.  Phenol  twice  distilled. 
Still  NO.  Batch  No.  Can  No.  Solidifying  Point  Pounds  Net. 

*  M2-53  909  to  914  40.5  6  Cans  1500  lbs. 

362-63  964  to  970 


6  Cans  1500  lbs. 

7  Cans  1750  lbs. 
7  Cans  1750  lbs. 

I0tal _  6500  lbs.  net. 

A^,e  'jM  •, 

r  H  ,.>h 

Vi  'f  r*J 

^  J. 

,  vi‘-v  '  ^i‘  „ 

1  *L  1  1^*  ,?  .t 





Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison: 

S\Ve  submit 'herewith  report  of  raw  material  and  finished  Product  o 






9,199  . Gala,  j 

BiV  Days 

Sulphuric  Acid 

312*377  U»8. 

g  « 

100,000  Lbu. 

Powdered  Limestone 

116,078  " 


100,000  " 

Caustic  Soda 

171,521  ’• 

io >h  " 

66,000  » 

Soda  Ash 

63,500  " 

10  " 

50,000  " 


1,744,696  " 

23  - 

400,000  " 

Crude  Benzol 

8,932  dais. 

Fused  Product 

19,790  Lbs. 

Sodium  Salt 

42,816  " 


Crude  Phenol 

13,744  " 

Phenol  (Recovered) 

i  40,203  " 

Chamber  Acid 

j _ 123,100  " 

6  Beys 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison:  Hay  26th,  _  1916 

We  submit  herewith  report  of  raw  material  and  finished  product  on  hand  this  date. 
Number  of  days’  supply  on  hand  is  figured  at  a  production  of  7,000  lbs.  of  pure  phenol  per  day. 

On  Hand  May  26th,  1916 

Delivered  to  Finished  Stock  . 

Total  production  this  month  to  date  161,530  Lbs. 
'Average  daily  production  this  hc6*iA?0unted  ft 

!  SHIPPED  I*®?  26th,  1916 
To  Wax  Plant 

:  Amor loan  Oil  &  Supply  Co.  1,260  Lbs. 

!  T. A.E.  Phenol  JJivision  . 2,000  11  - 

General  Eleotric  Co.  950  11 _ 

.*£:*!]  y$" 

k  .  4,200  Lbs. 




Sllrer  lake,  N. 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison.  June  8tJl»  1916  • 

SuJ> jeot :  _._REmVAL.JDF  BENZOL  STILL 

According  to  your  instructions  received  yesterday  over  the  'phone, 
our  benzol  still  has  to  be  removed  to  some  other  place,  in  order  to  have  the  muffle 
furnace  for  iron  sulphate  put  in  operation.  The  best  place  I  can  find  for  the 
benzol  still  seems  to  be  near  our  store-house,  as  indicated  on  the  attached  blue 
print.  The  benzol  still  would  be  far  enough  away  —  about  eighty  feet  —  from 
the  railroad  track,  as  to  exclude  danger  from  sparks  coming  from  the  locomotives. 

I  have  given  Hr.  Herter  a  sketch  showing  the  main  measurements  of  the 
benzol  still,  and  understand  that  he  is  designing  a  building  to  be  put  up  by  the 
carpenters  from  the  Laboratory,  after  you  approve  of  the  design  and  the  location. 

The  removal  and  new  installation  of  the  benzol  still  is  a  compara¬ 
tively  small  matter.  I  feel  it  ny  duty,  however,  to  call  your  attention  to  the 
fact  that  the  muffle  furnace  is  located  dangerously  near  our  sulphonating  pots,  the 
distance  being  34-l/2  feet  only  on  a  straight  line.  You  will  remember  that  in 
December  1914  we  experienced  an  explosion  which,  as  far  as  I  can  judge,  was  due  to 
benzol  vapors  coming  in  contact  with  the  open  gas  flames  which  at  that  time  were 
used  for  heating  our  salt  drying  tanks.  The  distance  between  the  tanks  and  the 
sulphonating  pots  was  63  feet,  or  about  twioe  the  distance  between  the  Bulphonating 
pots  and  the  muffle  furnace.  Under  normal  conditions,  i.e.,  as  long  as  tho 
weather  is  clear  and  dry,  all  windows  in  the  building  being  open,  I  am  not  afraid 
of  having  an  open  fire  as  near  as  30  or  40  feet  from  the  sulphonating  pots.  In 
damp  weather,  however,  the  situation  is  quite  a  different  one,  the  benzol  vapors 
having  a  tendency  to  stay  near  the  floor,  spreading  along  to  all  sides,  and  carry¬ 
ing  a  fire,  the  moment  they  get  ignited  somewh#(t^ back  to  the  sulphonating  potB, 
and  causing  an  explosion. 

It  may  be  that  I  am  going  too  far  in  regard  to  safety,  but  I  think 
it  better  to  explain  the  situation  fully  before  you  decide  on  this  matter,  and  am 
giving  as  a  further  explanation  hereto  a  sketch  outlining 



X  Beg  to  inform  you  that  this  mornln6/about  Sj30;we  had 
a  little  fire  in  our  Phenol  distilling  plant,  the  oause  of  which  is  not 
quite  clear  to  me  yet.  I  am  sure  that  no  benzol  or  benzol  vapors 
could  have  been  ignited,  ae  benzol  ia  not  handled  in  the  dietilling  de¬ 
partment  at  all.  but  there  la  Just  a  possibility  that  a  short  circuit 

between  wirea  may  have  occurred. 

Che  damage  done  by  the  fire,  fortunately,  is  limited  to 
acme  wooden  posts  and  windows.  Our  men  got  the  fire  quicKly  under 
control,  so  that  it  did  not  spread  to  other  parts  of  the  buildings. 

Chare  will  be  no  interruption  generally  of  our  plant. 

We  are  going  rigit  ahead  to  manufacture  Crude  Phenol  and  store  it  for 
a  couple  of  days,  in  which  time  I  expect  to  haye  the  distilling  plant 
running  again* 

M.  KAiaEHHDFP/^1 


„  .  .  _  m  '  i.  Edison,  Hambert,  Headoworoft ,  file- 

Copies  to  Messrs,  x. 



Silver  Lane,  N.  J., 
Juno  13th,  1916. 

Ur.  A.  C.  Emery, 

Purchasing  Dent. 

Having  been  informed  by  Mr.  Ueadowcroft  that  Ur.  Edison  wants 
us  to  prepare  immediately  for  certain  changes  in  our  method  of  shipping  Phenol, 

I  am  sending  you  attached  hereto  five  orders  for  small  quantities  of  packing 
material.  She  orders  are  stamped  "Emergency",  and  I  have  to  ask  you  to  kindly 
arrange  that  this  material  be  sent  to  Silver  Lake  without  delay,  ns  wo  depond 
on  it  to  start  shipments  in  bottles.  V'e  very  probably  will  need  this  material 
in  larger  quantities  in  tho  near  future,  but  inasmuch  as  1  do  not  know  at  the 
presort  tine  what  quantities  of  Phenol  will  be  ehipped  in  bottles,  I  must 
restrict  the  enclosed  orders  to  rather  small  quantities. 

OUR  REQUISITIONS  20405,  406,  407,  418,  419, 
dated  June  7th  and  9th  rasnectlvelv. 

I  was  instructed  by  Ur.  Ueadowcroft  the  7th  of  this  month  to 
arrange  filling  of  Phenol  into  bottles  beforehand  ac  quick  as  possible,  and 
therefore  ordered  the  above  mentioned  requisitions  after  finding  out  in  what 
shortest  time  tho  material  could  be  delivered.  The  name  of  firm  and  time  of 
delivery  given  us  on  the  'phono  was  montionad  in  our  requisition. 

Y.'o  were  promlsod  material  on  order  #20405  within  throe  days. 

20406  from  stock. 

20407  "  "  . 

20418  within  two  days. 

20419  "  "  "  . 

Y.'o  have  so  far  rocoivod  #20407  only,  and  no  weights  wore  included. 
1  would  appreciate  it  if  you  would  let  me  know  after  veooipt  of  thie  Memo  when 
wo  may  aspect  delivery.  Ur.  Ueadowcroft  asks  me  to  make  it  olear  to  you  that 
Mr.  Edison  is  spooiolly  interested  that  the  new  arraagoment  of  shipping  Phenol 
in  bottles  bo  made  ready  without  any  delay. 

Juno  10th. 

Ur.  !■!.  Lanmerhoff,  Manager, 

Carbolic  hi vis ion, 

Silver  Lute,  II.  J. 

hear  Sir : 

At  Ur.  Edison's  osnrecc  request  I  -.rite 
this  letter  authorising  you  to  cl low  Col.  Bryant, 
hr.  _.oaoh  and  hr.  S same. to  1st i  to  go  through  the 
Carbolic  Plant.  Col.  Jryant  is  tho  Commissioner  of 
Labor  of  the  State  of  Hew  Jersey,  ana  the  other 
gentlemen  aro  also  connected  with  that  Bureau. 

Yours  Tory  truly. 

Assi stent  to  Ur. 



Ur.  Xhomas  A.  Edison,  Pros., 
Xhomas  A.  Edison,  Inc., 
Oran go.  New  Jeraoy. 

In  21  working  days  —  four  days  lout  by  labor  trouble  — 
we  produced  173,739  lbs.  of  P.  Phenol,  or  about  the  same  quantity  as  In 
March.  Xhe  total  cost  per  pound  of  P.  Phenol  was  40.76,  of  which  15.583(i 
are  due  to  higier  prices  of  raw  material.  Xhe  price,  furthermore,  was 
influenood  3.13^  for  an  Increase  in  depreciation. 

At  the  prices  prevailing  last  spring  for  raw  matorial,  and 
at  the  previous  rate  of  depreciation,  the  cost  por  pound  of  P.  Phenol  would 
be  30ji.  Xhore  remains,  then,  a  higher  cost  of  3 i,  compared  with  our  stand¬ 
ard  figure,  mainly  due  to  double  distilling  of  Crude  Phenol,  slightly  higher 
expenses  for  labor,  higher  consumption  of  water  and  considerably  higher 
prloes  for  Fuel  Oil.  Here  v;ater  is  used  at  the/presorit  time  because  the 
warmer  weather  is  influencing  the  consumption/  end  besideo  we  are  using  more 
water  for  dietilliug  our  Phenol  twice.  / 

Ib/apoctfully  yours, 




|Mr-  TJtomas  A.  Edison: 

|  <  We  submit  herewith  report  of 

Number  of  days’  supply  on  hand  is  figured  at 

Juno  21st,  19  16 

aw  material  and  finished  product  on  hand  this  date, 
a  production  of  7  ,000  lbs.  of  pure  phenol  per  day. 


Sulphuric  Acid 
Powdered  Limestone 
Caustic  Soda 
Soda  Ash 

Crude  Benzol 
Fused  Product 
Sodium  Salt 
!  Crude  Phenol 


16,297  Gals. 
162,772  Lbs. 
445,500  •' 

2,868  •• 
18,243  " 
1,677,478  " 

33,194  " 


1  Phenol  (Recovered) 

•  Nitric  Cake 

!  Chamber  Acid 

!  Fuming  Acid 

•  Fuel-011  '  - 

;  On  Hand  June  21st,  1916 
Delivered  to  Finished  Stock 


say flap:;. 

To  Wax  Plant 
In  Stock  for  Spot  £ 

250  1-lb  bottles 
250-lb.  cans 


^  0<c6av£-  ^(ic  C&  (y.  <*  cr^) 

(,,L tf-'U'*U  'ijl't.C'uX'L'l  f'(  ^r--/'''(’ 

c2-Cri\.UL* - 

Lfe  4.^  v^<^( 

oW(Jr  t'f.  C 6--~C(\jq 

ijLcrtsJrz)  O'-sf?  Sr  ^  ra-  l  (~>  £-» 
^  <?  L  t>-  S,  <SXM4- 

^/-  ttr£.  L*-t,C  T<j 


. ^jxtCytr 


j.  u>c<£  1/tt.iSt^A  «x. 

3  1^* nv  . 


O'UUkilic  AOii)  nivzoion. 

,/  aUoon  Otanioal  .  oilaa. 

SubJOOt*  v  OfHBBiliKlO^  OP  - 

ad  far  tools  on  January  Slat  of  tliio  yocr  v.o  tovo  brought  tlio 
mttor  of  macarlus  otora  oonoanod  by  ycrur  iiidbol  lydrato  briars  to  your  at¬ 
tention.  i?o  toto  mentioned  tho  unfavorable  conditions  Again  to  our  lottar 
of  torch  lOtli.  ffarttsomoro,  tin  ijiostlon  too  boon  broutfit  up  different 
tiroo  during  oonforonoon  bold  in  tho  Library  in  Oraaen.  Co  for  you  hato 
not  crrangod  for  a  atoaa  no  tor  daring  tlsooo  fivo  nontba. 

V,0  oortsinly  do  not  Uto  to  bring  tlilngn  of  minor  3x®ort~ 
snco  to  Edison*  a  attention.  Inansnoh,  howovor,  no  our  oxpenaoa  for 

oteaai  aro  growing,  whilst  wo  aro  unablo  to  oontrol  the  oltuntion,  wo  will 
to  eorigollod  to  noli  IS*.  Edison  to  oottlo  tliio  too  at  ion  if  you  hoop  on  con¬ 
suming  atoan  from  our  tolloro  without  iu*ovi  ding  a  motor  to  noosurs  it  in 
tbo  proper  way.  v.o  boro  pointed  out  to  you  that  it  will  bo  uoooooaiy  to 
char  go  you  with  tto  inoroaoad  amrunt  of  steam  not  accounted  for  daring  tho 
Mm  that  your  consumption  lo  not  noasurod,  and  wo  aro  (ping  to  do  thin 
starting  vrith  tlio  bodmiing  of  tliio  month. 

Copied  to  lieooro.  Wilson,  ihriiart  (2)  male  end  file. 


Phono 1  Division  of  2.  A.  Edison, 
Attention  of  lir.  Dowling,  Dlv.  hgr. 

You  will  have  heard  from  Hr.  Mason  that  a  pipe  11ns  and 
punning  arrangement  betweon  your  plant  and  our  Division  has  boon  In¬ 
stalled  to  pump  over  to  us  Sodium  Carbonate  In  liquid  form,  Whioh  will 
be  used  as  a  substitute  for  the  Soda  Ash,  which  we  used  previously,  in 
order  to  simplify  the  billing  of  the  Sodium  Carbonate  solution,  we  are 
putting  dorai  the  gallons^pumped  over  by  you  into  our  tanks  from  time  to 
;  time,  In  the  some  book  In  which  we  kBop  record  of  the  steam  motor.  She 
figure  in  gallons  received  from  you  la  acknowledged  In  the  reoord  book 
by  one  of  your  officials,  so  that  at  the  end  of  the  month  there  will  be 
no  doubt  oo  to  how  many  gallons  we  have  to  pay  for. 

following  Hr.  Edison's  orders,  the  expenses  for  the  in¬ 
vestment  of  pus®  and  pipe  line  from  your  aide  up  to  the  end  of  the 
oonneotlng  of  the  pipe  tunnel  are  to  be  paid  by  you,  vhllst  we  pay  for 
the  Investment  of  the  storage  tanks  end  pipe  line  located  In  our  Division, 
hr.  Edison,  furthermore,  settled  the  price  to  be  paid  per  gallon  of  the 
Sodium  Carbonate  solution  at  0.46(<,  the  solution  to  contain  as  an  average 
15$  of  Sodium  Carbonate. 

\Ye  presumo  that  our  dally  consumption  will  be  In  the 
neighborhood  of  3,000  gallons,  which  would  mean  an  expense  of  $13.60 
every  24  hours.  She  arrangement  is  In  operation  alnoe  the  26th  of 
loot  month,  and  is  working  so  far  voiy  satisfactory,  and  v;e  hope  that 
will  be  able  to  keep  the  variation  In  the  speolflo  gravity  within 
f  the  limit  so  for  experienced^ 

Please  let  ue  have  as  sson  aa  possible  your  bill  cover* 
lng  the  consumption  for  last  month  from  June  23rd  to  June  30th  Inclusive , 
showing  a  total  of  16,868  gallons. 

Ooples  to  hossro.  S.  A.  Edison, 

,  3.  B.  haobort  (2)  husk,  Hollow. 

Special  Collections  Series  -  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 
Coal  Tar  Products  Division  (1917) 

These  documents  relate  to  the  operations  of  the  Coal  Tar  Products 
Division  of  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.,  and  its  predecessor,  the  Aniline  Division. 
Many  of  the  selected  items  are  interoffice  communications  by  H.  H.  Meno 
Kammerhoff,  who  took  over  the  management  of  the  Aniline  Division  after  it 
became  part  of  TAE  Inc.  Some  of  the  items  are  addressed  to  Charles  Edison, 
who  oversaw  the  reorganization  of  the  chemical  plants  as  departments  within 
the  Coal  Tar  Division.  Other  correspondents  include  Archibald  C.  Emery, 
manager  of  New  Jersey  Products,  Inc.,  which  was  established  in  May  1917 
to  handle  the  sale  of  Edison's  chemical  products.  Included  are  documents 
pertaining  to  the  shutting  down  of  the  two  phenol  plants  and  the  suspension 
of  production  at  the  Amidophenol  Plant,  due  to  increasing  stockpiles  and 
declining  prices.  There  are  also  some  daily  production  reports  of  the 
Paraphenyienediamine  Dept.,  bearing  marginalia  by  Edison,  along  with  other 
items  attesting  to  a  dramatic  increase  in  the  production  of  that  chemical 
during  the  second  half  of  the  year. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  items  include  business  correspondence  on  matters  not  directly 
related  to  Edison. 

I  L  I  It  E 


Confirming  our  conversation  of 
yesterday,  I  beg  to  inform  you  that  the  3enzidino 
Plant  io  not,  and  never  )iaa  been  ready  i'or  starting 
the  uuaiufacturo  of  Benzidine,  Bince  I  dosm  it  in-* 
porativo  to  soo  that  as  quickly  ao  poBBihle  the  mnnn- 
facturo  of  Phonol,  Para  phonylonedlamino  and  Amldo 
PJionolhyarochloride  he  put  on  a  regular  manufacturing 
basis,  I  would  advise  postponing  the  question  of  manu¬ 
facturing  Benzidine  for  a  short  while.  X  would  like, 
of  course,  to  tcCio  this  .-.attor  up  teodiately,  but 
that  would  moan  that  under  the  present  circumstances 
tlia  .manufacture  of  Phono),  Para  ihenylonedi amine  and 
Ami ao  phonolhydrochlorido  would  have  to  suffer  to  a 
extent . 

Youra  vory  truly. 

!.  C.  to  lies  arts.  Chaa.  Edit 

aniline  dihision 


June  20,  1917. 

Hew  Jersey  Products,  Inc., 

165  Broadway,  Hew  Xorfc  City. 

Yfflir  Letter  of  June  8 


Referring  to  our  conversation  of  yesterday,  I  beg 
to  oonfirm  the  deoision  we  agreed  on,  that  we  will  start  on  July 
1st  to  manufacture  about  200  pounds  of  Para  Hitro  Aoetanilid  per 
day,  supplying  in  that  way  the  5,765  lba  during  the  month  of  July. 

As  this  means  taking  part  of  our  products  away  from  toe  material 
needed  for  Para  Phenylenediamine ,  it  is  understood  that  mill  July 
31st  the  daily  production  of  the  latter  material  will  not  lnr 
creased  ab®ve  the  present  figure  of  400  pounds  per  day.  TM®,  of 
course,  does  not  mean  that  I  will  not  try  to  increase  the  production 
of  Para  Phenylenediamine  before  the  end  of  July,  hut  it  rather 
serve  to  make  the  situatioh  clear  to  you  that  the  supply  B, 675  pounds 
of  Para  Hitro  Acetanilid  naturally  delays  somewhat  the  increase  of 
Para  Phenylenediamine  to  the  desired  1,000  pounds  daily. 

Yours  very  truly, 

THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  Incorporated 


Silver  lake,  H.  J. 
July  18,  1917. 

Mr.  Ohas.  Edison, 

Mr.  3.  B.  Marat* rt  (2) 

Production  of  Para_ 


Eeferring  to  oar  telephone  conversation  of  yesterday,  it  seen* 
to  me  that  there  is  sane  misunderstanding  as  to  the  present  state  of  production 
of  Para,  and  I  would,  therefore,  teg  to  sutmlt  to  you  what  follows* 

At  the  beginning  of  last  month  the  Hew  Jersey  Produots  Oanpary 
wanted  n».  Just  as  soon  as  possible,  to  deliver,  besides  Para,  the  balance  of  the 
old  order  of  Hitro  Aoetanilid,  this  balance  being  5,766  lbs. 

The  Hitro  Aoetanilid  being  a  product  which  is,  in  later  operations, 
being  used  for  the  nrmrfaoture  of  Para,  it  naturally  follows  that  tte  delivery  of 
Hitro  Aoetanilid  will  out  down,  to  a  certain  extent,  the  ™imf “toreof ^ra.  l 
made  this  absolutely  clear  in  a  letter  to  the  Hew  Jersey  Products  ^ted 

^me  20th,  a  copy  of  vfcioh  I  attach  hereto.  X  promised,  according  to  that  letter, 
to  supply  the  57766  lbs.  of  Hitro  Aoetanilid  during  the  month  of 
that^oonsequently  the  manufacture  of  Para  would  not  be  raised  above  400  lbs.  per 
day  before  the  end  of  July. 

Our  dally  report  of  July  17th  shows  a  total  production,  so  far 
this  month,  of  6,469  lbs.  of  Para  or  an  average  daily  produotiMi,  per  month  d^, 
of  321  lbs.  Figured  per  worsting  day, (in  thirteen  days ) » 

p__  ___  But. aside  nrid  apart  from  this,  we  have  delivered  6,420  lbs  of 

Hitro  Aoetanilid  to  KLipstein.  This  correspond*  with  about  2,600  lbs  of  Para 
so  Sat  Hase  we  did  not  have  to  supply  Klipstoin  with  Hitro  AoetodUd  our 
production  of  Para  would  have  been  8,000  lbs.  up  to  the 

working  day  would  have  meant  more  than  600  lbs.,  and  per  month  day  about  470  lbs. 

I  have  been  very  careful  from  the  start,  i.  e.  l8t’ 

not  to  promise  anything  which  I  did  not  feel  I  could  do  provided,  of  course, 
that  no^unforo  Been  acoldent  happened.  In  spiteefthe  ^aploratleaooideut  in  our 
Still  roan  we  have  produced,  during  Juno,  10,796  lbs.  of  Para,  vfliioh, 
twenty-two  working  days,  means  about  600  lbs.  per  day. 

in  ny  letter  to  the  Hew  Jersey  Produots  Canpany,  dated  June  28th, 

_ _  T  vaa  T  that  I  had  to  aek  for  a  little  more 

patience  regarding  the  output!  and  I  again,  yesterday,  told  you  “^  ^'phone 
that  we  haveevery  reason  to  ba  extremely  careful  so  as  not  to  arouse  the 
Department  of  Labor  by  any  more  accidents. 

The  necessary  steps  to  increase  the  production  have  been  taken 
and  I  feel  sure  that  ny  program,  Shown  in  my  letter  of  June  28th,  can  be  carried 
ttoougi  and  that  at  the  end  of  August  a  production  of  aboutl.OOO  lbs.  perwo^ig 
day  will  be  reached.  It  must,  however,  be  taken  into  consideration  ^ that  the  Hew 
Jersey  Products  Ccnpany  again  has  placed  an  order  for  another  10,000  lbs.  of  Hitr 
4i600  lb.  of  Para,  to  be  delivered  during  August  .It 
is  self  evident  that  in  oounting  the  production  of  the  Plant  per  day  not  only  the 
Para  but  also  the  Hitro  Aoetanilid  must  be  taken  into  aooount. 

Production  of  Para. 

fhlB  plant,  at  present  and  probably  for  seme  time  to  coos,  depends 
entirely  npon  Para  from  the  flnanoial  point  of  view,  and  It  certainly  Is  Imperative 
that  we  should  Increase  our  production  with  all  possible  speed.  We  would,  on  the 
other  hand,  not  serve  our  interests,  hut  mate  It  far  worse  than  It  is  at  present 
if  we  by  pushing  blindly  ahead,  net  with  more  accidents  of  sane  hind,  push  our 
laborers  more  than  at  present  and  bring  the  Plant  to  an  absolute  standstill. 

I  understand  that  for  more  than  si*  months  prior  to  June  1st,  an  in- 
orease  of  the  production  to  about  1,000  lbs.  per  working  day  was  wantdd.  I  do 
not  +'»«<'"*•  that  I  should  be  expeoted  to  change  the  Thole  Plant  from  the  present 
o audition,  absolutely  unsatisfactory  in  every  respect,  in  a  couple  of  weeks  in 
such  a  way  that,  under  safe  conditions,  the  output  be  increased  260  %. 

I  understand,  very  well,  that  Mr.  Emery, seeing  that  his  calculations 
in  regard  to  selling  of  Phenol  being,  so  far,  a  o ample te  failure,  would  likB  to 
throw  everything  on  the  Sara,  but  since  no  one  can  be  more  anxious  than  I,  nyself, 
to  increase  the  production,  as  fast  as  possible,  I  would  respectfully  ask  you  to 
wait  until  about  the  end  of  next  month,  at  which 'time  I  hope  to  be  in  a  position 
to  show  results. 

FH  F 

Ur.  Emery,  For  chasing  Department, 

Qlaolal  Aoetlo  Aold. 

^  <v**  <y&° 

e  had  run  out  of/ 

On  the  17th  of  July,  at  nigit,  you  managed  to  send  us,  by  truok/^'> 
700  Its.  of  Glacial  Aoetio  Aoid,  hut  since  that  time  the  supply  has  ceased 

As  stated  in  my  letter  of  the  17th,  Ur.  Dy toman  informed  me  that 
a  oar  of  Glacial  Aoetlo  Aold  unfortunately  had  been  blocked  up,  1  understand  that 
this  is  somewhere  near  Jersey  City,  1  understand,  further,  that  the  Purchasing 
as  well  as  the  Traffic  Department  hare  been  busy  since  almost  the  16th  of  this 
month  to  get  this  oar  to  our  Division,  so  far,  however,  without  suooess. 

We  were  Just  on  the  way  to  get  a  elicit  storage  of  half  finished 
products  assembled, necessary  to  keep  us  going  in  case  sane  interruption  in  one  or 
another  of  the  operations  oo cured.  I  am  sorry  to  state  that  up  to  this  moment 

we  are  short  4,000  lbs,  of  Glacial  Aoetio  Aoid,  whioh  we  would  have  consumed, 
constituting  a  loss  of  production,  in  Para,  of  3*600  lbs,  so  far, 

Althou&i  you,  no  doubt,  get  the  blocked  oar  of 

Glacial  Aoetio  Aoid  to  our  faotory,  I  thougit  it  better  to  make  the  present  sit¬ 
uation  quite  dear  to  you,  and  am  sending  this  letter  by  special  messenger. 

As  stated  in  my  letter  of  July  19th,  we  can  consume  from  now  until 
August  1st,  1,600  lbs.  of  Glacial  Aostlo  Aold  per  day,  and  should  have  after 
August  1st,  if  possible,  2,600  lbs.  of  Glacial  Aoetlo  Aold  per  day  so  as  to  be  on 
the  safe  side  with  this  material. 

Any  information  your  Department  can  give  us,  by  telephone,  in  re¬ 
gard  to  the  movements  of  the  oar  in  question,  will  be  valuable  since  we  have  to 
arrange,  in  due  time,  to  get  our  laborers  to  the  faotory  for  the  night  in  case 
we  oan  start  up  the  stills  again. 

Hr,  T.  A.  Edison,  Ur.  Charles  Edison, 






BILYHi  HAKE,  11.  J.  Oct.  1G,  191V. 

Purchasing  Bepevrtmsnti 

Attentions-  Kr.  A.  0.  Emory. 


Referring  to  our  telephone  convereation  of  this  morning, 
ploano  ho  informed  that  the  datas  on  our  daily  reports  of  Ootobor  16th  and 
17th  relative  to  Sulphuric  Acid  98^  are  stating  correotly  tho  numb  or  of  days 
for  whloh  -so  are  oovarsd  at  pro  sent.  3a  October  16th  vie  have  besides  the 

amount  of  425, 359  mounds,  an  addition; 4.  three  oars,  v/hioh  wa  estimated 
130,000  pounds  oaahj  consequently  the  report  said  we  ora  covered  for  48  days. 

On  October  17th  we  added  the  contents  of  the  throe  cars  to 
tho  prosen  t  stock  and  said  that  with  712,533  pounds  via  were  covered  for  47 
days.  Sou  ware  not  quite  aura  if  you  had  tho  figuros  on  hand  showing  tho 
consumption  of  raw  aaturiul  for  Para  for  tho  production  of  1,000  pounds  por 
day.  Ploauo  lookup  your  files  laid  you  v/llx  find  attached  to  our  letter  of 
dept.  13th  a  list  ffcrr  raw  material,  stating  that  16,000  pounds  of  Sulphuric 
Aoid  98jJ  ora  oonsuinod  for  a  production  of  1,000  pounds  of  Para. 

Again  uttaohod  to  our  lot  tor  of  Sopt.  21  th,  wo  liandsd  you 
another  list  showing  our  storing  facilities,  in  whloh  you  will  find  tho  same 

statement,  i.o.  consumption  of  15,000  pounds  of  Sulphuric  aoid  9 <3$  for  tho 

production  of  1,000  pounds  of  Para. 

1  do  not  quite  understand  your  remark  or  question  us  to 
reuowad  consumption  of  raw  material  for  tho  manufacture  of  Phonol  in  1918, 

but  ropont  horo  what  1  said  to  you  ovor  the  ’paono  that,  with  the  decision 

about  production  Of  Phonol  pending,  X  am  not  in  ■:<  position  to  stato  anything 
whatever  regarding  raw  material  that  might  be  neoeasary  for  the  .Manufacturing 
of  Phonol.  In  faot  I  have  boon  under  tho  impression  that  during  tho  con¬ 
ference  in  whloh  it  wao  dooidod  to  shut.,  tho  Phenol  Plant  down  you  got  the 
authority  from  Hr.  Charloo  Edison  to  diapoaa  of  the  remaining  raw  material. 
Consequently  I  do  not  know  why  we  should  take  into  consideration  now  oon- 
traots  for  raw  material  under  the  present  circumstances  covering  the  pro¬ 
duction  of  Phonol. 


Para  Bopartment^ 

00  TO  MSSUBSt  CHA3.  EDI80H  B.c.'-'AHBEHT  (2) 



Cx-vu  °-w^l  ^silver  Lake,  H.J.,  Oct.  26,  1 

a:  )  JLw*  "  <-*■"**— 

Regarding  the  general  state  of  affairs  in  the  Coal  lar  Proc 
o  inform  you  as  follows* 

The  plant  has  been  shut  down  since  October  1st.  Most  01  the 
remaining  stock  of  raw  material  has  been  disposed  of,  there  being  on  lumd  as  per 
report  of  October  26th,  20,426  gallons  of  Benzol}  3,000  lbs.  of  Vitriol,  1,164,044 
lbs.  of  limestone,  131,625  lbs.  of  caustic  soda  and  76,000  lbs.  of  soda  asn. 

Besides  there  are  22,868  lbs.  of  P.  Phenol,  the  sale  of  which  is  covered  by  contract 

^  '  The  plant  is  idle  s 

”  /  r  ^he  niant  is  idle  since  practically  the  first  of  July,  There  is 

on  hand  in  raw  material* as  per  report  of  October  26th,  27,000  lbs.  of  caustic  soda, 
33,428  lbs.'  of  magnesium  oxide,  407,400  lbs.  of  sodium  chloride,  634,234  lbs.  of 
oleum  47000  gallons  of  benzol  in  tanks  and  drums  and  five  cars  of  benzol,  Eesides 
there  are' ^.7,470  lbs.  of  P.  Phenol,  the  sale  of  which  is  secured  by  contract. 

^  Je-iJu- 1-.  ■"  u  •  Amidophenoa.  Dejoartment^  _ 

®  j  The  nlant  is  idle  since  the  first  week  of  October.  There  is 

enough  raw  material  on  hand  to  enable  us  to  start  production  up  again  immediately. 
There  is  unfortunately  a  large  stock  of  Amidophenolhydrochloride-9724-lbs.  on  hand, 

There  is  unfortunately  a  large  stock  of  Amidophenolhydrochlori 
M  ^ ’also  1,026  lbs.  of  Amidophonolbase.  shipments  of  this  product 
M  Y {completely.  I  understand  that  it  is  impossible  at  present  to 
Vv^r  $  importance.  You  will  remember  that  I  pointed  out  repeatedly  t 
A  n(  '  AmS&ophenolhydro chloride  beooming  discolored,  which  will  make 
y  y  //to  refine  it  echo  time.  May  I  ask  again  to  instruct  the  sellir 
ri<  U  /  dispose  of  this  product  even  at  a  lowe?  selling  price  if  at  a] 

Our  production  is  beine  on  the  increase  steadily.  Up  to  the 
25th  of  this  month  we  manufactured  1,840  lbs.  more  than  during  the  same  period  in 
September,  besides  some  larger  production  and  shipments  of  Hitroacetanilid. 

Our  stock  of  Para  on  hand  as  per  report  of  October  26th  is  24,165  lbs.  I  understand 
that  the  decrease  of  shipments  in  October  is  due  to  normally  changing  conditions  in 
this  season  and  that  we  can  look  with/confidence  ahead,  regarding  thiB  product. 
juJU  .<*M  *•“»-  fu-P  f*.  ■ 

1  "  production  ^f_other_oheai2alSj.  _ 

As  I  informed  you  briefly  these  days  by  telephone,  I  had  a 
ferenoe  with  Mr.  Grosvenor  in  New  York  and  gave  him  such  explanations  of  our 
aratus  and  machinery,  etc.  as  he  needed  to  complete  his  layout,  \7hat  i  hear 
m  him  leads  me  to  believe  that  he  shortly  will  be  in  a  position  to  submit 
orete  datas  for  your  decision. 

I  am  most  anxious  that  you  may  see  a  way  to  turn  over  to  me 
a  new  work  so  that  I  can  better  distribute  the  overhead  expenses,  which  so  far 
ave  cut  down  aB  much  as  I  think  it  at  present  wise  and  adxdeah^f’.  // 



-  daily  report  DEPAK™EN-  «- 


Date  WOT.  7#  1917 

MR.  THOMAS  A.  EDISON:  '  product  on  hand  this  date. 

P"=“  —  -  — — - ~ 


quantity  on  HAND  NUMBER  OP  DAYS 
(JUAN 111 i  u  SUPPLY  ON  HAND 

Aniline  Oil 
Acetic  Acid  (Glacial) 








Para  Acetyl,  dry 

finished  product. 



Thecas  A.  Edison,  Incorporated. 

Silver  Lata,  H.J.,  9*  1917* 

Mr.  Charles  Edison,  mTM,t  Pr pdas t Ion  of  g^phenvlenedlamlne. 

months  shows  these  figures. 

gyjgg*S£  SS.'dSS.r  ««•  » a92  “• ‘v- 

IS'ST.'S.^ SrfSS? “  »  604  "•  "r  aw- 

*he  output,  therefore,  has  so  far  been  doubled. 


CO  to  Messrs  T.A.Edison,  O.H.Wilson, 
S.  B.  Mamhert  and  A.  C.  Emery. 


-Thomas  A.  Edison,  Incorporated. 

Silver  Lake,  N.J.,  NOV,  9,  191V. 

Mr.  Charles  Edison,  Ml  & SgagUon  of  »m1d ophenolhydrochlorlde. 

of  Amido  has  teen  discontinued  aooording  to  your 

instructions.  For  your  inf°™aUon  i  \»g  is^onLrMdT 

were  proceeding  with  the  production  of  this  material  as  far  as  p 

14955. B  Its.  or  98  ltB.  per  month  day. 

Total  production  of  Amidophenol 
from  June  to  October  31st...... 

-this  record  means  that  with  the  present  facilities  we  are  able  to 
Crst'flvrmonths  has  *  s  o^  f  sr  ^cSpa  d*wi  ^“tte^f  ive^mraths^pr  e  vi  ous^  £en  "creased 
160  per  cent. 



CC  to  Messrs  T.A.Edison,  C.H.Wilson, 
S.B.Msmbert  and  A.C.Emery. 



Date  not.  IS,  1917 

MR.  THOMAS  A.  EDISON:  ,  . .  .  . 

We  submit  herewith  our  report  of  raw  material  and  finished  product  on  hand  this  date. 
Number  of  day's  supply  is  figured  at  a  production  of  1000  lbs.  Paraphenylenediamine  per  day. 




Sulphuric  Acid  9S« 

Mixed  Acid 
Iron  Filings 
Sodium  Carbonate 
Acetic  Acid  Recovered  6655  4647 

Caustic  Soda  51000 







Total  Production  this  Month 
Average  Daily  Production  this  Mont 
Shipped : 

In  Stock  for  Spot  Sales 

o  Stock  for  Spot  Sales 



_Oool  jjor  Proauqta_Dj.'ri.ol(»._  _ 

JgsaBJBaa  n°g,_iath ,  to,  24  th  .lax?, 


.  JaninEtm 
.  H.  I'oDovltt 
.  lyaalt 
.  Evans 
.  l!a  thews 
.  Travers 

Division  I'anagor 
Office  Vnmeor 
Divlclan  EooKtoopor 
Assistant  Bookkeeper 
Cost  Cleric  -  Para 
Coot  Cleric  -  Aciilo 

rate  rial  Cloric 


,  pjwmmsmjmtBi .  w-sz*.. 

General  Foreman  1  - 


Aoot.  Foroma 

Extra  Holporo 
20EAL . 

JL  JL  -2- 

operatihg  BEPAirngm; 


Factory  z 
Pipe  fit  tors 
Lead  Burner 









Janitor  1 

Yard  Laborers  1 

Elootrioians  _2_  _1_  1 

TOTAL.. , . 37  6  6 


Horoo  £  Wagon 
Toilets  and 
Lunch  Assistant 
Shipping  Cloric 
Store Xccporo 
TOTAL . . 

jwm?  st asL 









Coal  Tar  Products  Division. 

Week  fran  Nov.  25th  to  Deo,  let.  1917, 







TOTAL . 116 




Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 
Phenol  Division  (1915-1916) 

These  documents  relate  to  the  operations  of  Phenol  Plant  No.  2,  owned 
by  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Personal,  which  began  producing  phenol  (or  carbolic 
acid)  during  the  summer  of  1915.  Among  the  selected  items  are  several  daily 
production  reports  signed  by  division  manager  Edgar  S.  Opdyke,  bearing 
comments  by  Edison.  There  is  also  a  communication  from  Opdyke's 
successor,  Wilfred  S.  Dowling,  regarding  an  explosion  in  June  1916  that 
injured  three  employees  and  destroyed  part  of  the  building.  Other 
correspondents  include  Edison  employees  Charles  T.  Dally  and  William  H. 

Less  than  5  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected.  The 
unselected  material  consists  primarily  of  financial  and  accounting  documents 
and  numerous  routine  daily  production  reports. 



Neutralizing,  Settling,  Storage,  Re-treating 
Pot  NO. _ -  Silver  Lake,  N.  J. 

-191.:  •'f 



V"  ) 


///•r  \ 



.  j//S  1 

r>  y? 


///  MaX 


~  tf'i* 






Neutralizing,  Settling,  Storage,  Re-treating 

Silver  Lake, 

N.  J., —  /  - 








Commo"  Chnmb.r  Su.phurio 



La  TAtrtEIX'f' 

//•r  * 

yzr  - 

/^7  * 

J'plSt*'  * —  Q 

c-v-xZy  L*r*s~j  y~  G<s^y— 

^  *-tsh»b  y£n'lJr' 

/z?  ', 

t^Juyir  ^ 

s  ,/>  sy.< 



jo toJL  JUx-O^  /Qsut 

CLaRaa-^.  |vi« 1-M.c^ttM  11  " 

(fj!A  eJe^uyt*  Cl^.  -QAJtJL/. 

"  '3?&7  ' 

7Z.Z  % 
•  ^ 



Neutralizing,  Settling,  Storage,  Re-treating 
_  f  Silver  Lake,  N. 


Silver  Lake,  N.  J. 

Mr.  W.  H.  Meadoworoft, 


Dear  Mr.  Meadoworoft;- 

x  h„.  «  .0-  .t  »  «.*  «  »»*•  -  «-  “**  -  “•  “*Ml« 

rather  ehort  on  some  materiale. 

OLEUM  -  Stock  on  hand  April  5th,  18002  gallons;  we  are  trying  to  average  6 
eulphonations  daily'' 1278,  gallons;  this  would  give  a  stock  on  hand  of  14  days. 

!f  we  only  average  5  eulphonations  daily,  1065  gallons,^  have  17  days  supply. 

I  understand  we  ,re  receiving  on  contract  150  tons  per  month,  300000  lb.  - 
10750  gallons;  this  is  only  half  the  amount  we  use,  assuming  6  eulphonations  por 
day.  Therefore,  if  we  can  average  6  eulphonations,  we  will  be  out  of  Oleum 

in  28  days;  and  if  we  only  average  5  eulphonations,  we  will  he  out  in  about  34  day 

88HEEL  SALT  -  Vie  have  on  hand  about  57200#;  our  average  daily  consmaption 
for  past  ten  days  has  been  1758  lbs;  therefore,  at  present  rate  of  consumption, 
we  will  be  out  of  Soheel  8alt  in  about  32  days. 

yours  truly. 


Silver  Lake,  N.  J.  Juno  9,  1916. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 


Doar  Sirs- 

As  X  personally  told  you  on  Juno  7th,  in  tho  early  morning  of 
that  day  an  explosion  occurred  at  the  plant  here,  duo,  I  believe,  to  over- 
sulphonating  of  Benzol,  causing  the  Bonzol-Sulphonic  Acid  to  overflow  tho 
pot,  and  the  Benzol  fumes  to  become  ignited  by  a  spark  from  the  motor. 

Tho  explosion  carried  away  a  part  of  the  building,  and  caused  injury  to 
three  employees,  for  all  of  whom  I  did  arrange  proper  modical  care,  and 
whom  I  have  since  eeen,  and  who  expect  to  recover  from  their  burns  within 
a  very  short  time. 

The  building  has  been  repaired,  the  machinery  is  in  operation 
and  the  work  is  going  on  as  usual. 

Our  experience,  I  beliove,  has  taught  us  to  be  sufficiently  cau¬ 
tious  to  prevent  a  repititiori  of  so  disastrous  an  occurrence. 

„  i  y «-] 


Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 
Johnstown  Benzol  Plant  (1915-1918) 

These  documents  relate  to  the  benzol  absorption  plant  built  by  Edison 
at  the  works  of  the  Cambria  Steel  Co.  in  Johnstown,  Pennsylvania.  The 
selected  items  pertain  to  design  and  operation  issues  in  which  Edison  took  a 
direct  interest.  Included  are  documents  relating  to  the  sale  of  toluol  to  the 
British  Chemical  Co.  of  Canada  for  the  manufacture  of  trinitrotoluene  (TNT) 
and  the  closure  and  dismantling  of  the  plant  in  1918  at  the  conclusion  of 
Edison's  agreement  with  the  Cambria  Steel  Co.  Also  included  are  daily 
production  reports  prepared  by  plant  manager  John  Bacon,  Jr.,  bearing 
comments  by  Edison,  along  with  communications  from  William  H. 
Meadowcroft,  who  managed  Edison's  chemical  business.  Other 
correspondents  include  engineer  William  H.  Mason,  who  oversaw  the 
construction  of  the  plant,  and  John  T.  McDermott  of  the  Efficiency  Service 

Approximately  5  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected, 
including  all  substantive  items  relating  to  Edison's  interests  or  involvement  in 
the  Johnstown  plant.  The  unselected  material  includes  correspondence 
regarding  production,  shipping,  and  repair;  numerous  additional  daily  reports, 
some  of  which  contain  marginalia  similar  to  that  on  the  selected  items;  and  a 
variety  of  financial  and  technical  documents. 

t)aily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

\  Johnstown,  Pa. 



- -  — A  L,  */  J  ttn  •>/*  <S-$ 

f'(i  T^tny 

_ u$t>  <5 

^k.a~-crr-  tts4^» 

Ur.  John  Baoon,  Jr.,  "1 

fa  Coho  Ovon  Department,  ;  I 

Cambria  Stool  Company, 

Johnstown,  Pa.  .  1 

Dear  Sir:  ! 

I  am  writing  yon  again  in  regard  to^your  1 .  ' 

from  tho  reports  just  what  wo  want  to  know  in  order  to  figure  on  the  a 
tual  results  of.  tho  operation  of  the  plant. 

Of  course ,  wo  realize  that  the  difficulty  ■a“"8  ' 

increased  booause  of  th °t ^this ^ ?It lontly  ^Bee  if  wo  cannot  work 

we  are  to  got  it. 

If  we  wore  dealing  with  the  manufacture  of  so  much  ordinary  mer- 

should  oqual  what  w a  started  the  day  with. 

llow  it  seems  to  mo  that  the  operation  of  a  Benzol  plant  should 
on  the  reports  of  succeeding  days,  hut  never  could  do  it.  -or  lnswnco. 

day.  i  i 

I  return  horoulth  your  report  of  July  End  for  ^tetration.  1? 
omitted  to  ooy  SoeSYoXII t>S  “|u»e.'| 

PBTSiAfto  “SS  .i'th.  loot  of  to.  top^t  “  ",“tl 

day  you  had  on  hand  and  "made"  a  grand  total  of  21,116  gallons.  :  .| 

If  this  system  of  reporting  is  correct  your  report  of  the  nox£  || 
day  would  show  a  grand  total  whioh  would  he  equal  to  the  total  of  the  day 
hefore^as  inoreasfd  hy  the  nnmhor  of  gallons  of  Light  Oil  obtained  on  the 
day  the  report  is  made.  Your  figures  of  material  in  Stills,  on  hand  Crude, Jj 

Pago  two- 

on  hand  washed,  and  on  hand  Pure  might  have  changod,  hut  the  grand  total 
each  day  should  balance  with  the  grand  total  of  the  day  before  after  add¬ 
ing  tho  day's  production  of  light  Oil.  Of  course,  your  shipments  from 
tlmo  to  timo  should  be  deducted,  thus  malting  tho  grand  total  a  net  total. 

1  know  that  you  will  hav  ■>  thought  of  before  you  arrive  at  this 
part  of  my  letter.  You  will  say  to  yourself:  "Mr.  Moadowcroft  ha3  not 
thought  of  tho  losses".  I  havo  thought  of  this,  however,  and  left  It 
until  I  oxplainod  my  Idea  of  the  principle  of  reporting.  Tho  losses  what¬ 
ever  they  may  bo,  are  the  things  that  Mr.  Edison  Is  veiy  desirous  of  ascer¬ 
taining,  and  at  thiB  moment  we  do  not  soo  any  more  conveniont  way  of  get¬ 
ting  at  tho  facts. 

If  you  will  please  make  thoBe  reports  a  vory  serious  business 
and  take  pains  to  have  thorn  really  accurate  you  will  very  iuickly  find 
out  whor  ■  your  losses  are,  and  by  constant  observation  we  shall  soon  be 
able  to  got  a  lino  on  them  and  perhaps  make  some  improvements. 

I  assume  that,  of  course,  you  keop  copies  of  your  daily  reports. 

If  you  will  got  out  tho  coplo3  of  your  reports  of  Juno  30.  and  July  1,  you 
will  aoo  why  Mr.  Edison  and  I  find  It  impossible  to  reconcile  the  daily 
reports  with  oaoh  other.  If  you  will  figure  out  tho  total  gallonage  of 
each  day  you  will  soo  that  those  reports  do  not  correspond  with  each  other. 
Thore  is  a  big  disorepancy.  Besides,  thoro  is  a  sudden  appearance  of 
2,678  gallons  of  Pure  Toluol  .on  July  1,  which  you  could  scarcely  hava  made 
in  on;  day.  I  have  not  overlooked  tho  3,600  gallons  Commercial  Toluol 
roportod  Juno  30. 

So, you  soo,  wa  really  ought  to  try  and  get  things  straightened 
out.  Porhaps  you  may  havo  to  take  account  of  stock  to  hogin  the  new  re¬ 
ports  with . 

An  illustration  will  make  it  moro  clear  what  I  have  in  mind.  I  { 
have  jnot  reooivad  your  reports  of  July  3  and  4.  The  total  gallonage  July 
3  was  21,531  gallons,  an  incroaso  ovor  July  2  of  only  416  gallons,  al-  ' 

though  you  nada  1189  gallons  of  light  Oil.  Tho  report  of  Jnly  4  shows  a  ' 
total  gallonage  of  21,621-  gallons  before  deducting  your  shipnnnt  of  2,867 
gallons.  This  shows  an  increase  of  only  90  gallons  ovor  July  3,  although 
you  mado  1,340  gallons  of  light  Oil. 

Will  you  please  tako  up  this  matter  immediately  and  lot  mo  hear 
from  you.  I  oxpoot  to  leave  on  Saturday  night  for  a  vaoation  and  want  to 
aoo  that  yon  understand  before  I  loave. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(signed)  IVm.  H.  Headowerof t . 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Edison. 


\i)aily  Report  T.  A.  Edison r  Benzol  Plant 

\  •  Johnstown,  Pa. 

Date ^ - 191  3>  , 






Light  Oil  Q  % 

No.  1  Badger 

in  stiii  £t^ar 

r — 


90%  Benzol 

3  7J“ 

7  a  f 

90%  Toluol 

z  S-o 


Sol.  Naphtha 

.  '• :  X  4 

■y_3  8  4 

/3  8  2-_ _ 


.  zJ3.iT. 7— 

2-7-6  > 


Badger  Still 

i  No.  2 

No.  3  ■ 

InStill  /7<C  7- 

jre  Benzol 

—3-0  S4 

Pure  Toluol 

_ .T6-0 _ 

Com.  Toluol 



3-317 _ 

Pare  Sol.  Naphtha 

-73  2.- 

-  , 

et-cts  .  ciay  .  WL.  /O  .o  4- 

„  £ .  /9)/’30a_  W.  . 



_ /  /btuCU^y _ - 

/Ul‘  d,..^  U 

7  ZS1- _ 

.  7  S~  4-o 

An,  ‘il/CxA&A*J( 


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AJ-q  _ 

IT— - 

. .  .  ...  -7-7-0 - 

_  £.(  6J3 

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°/  *'“eM ^ 

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Daily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

Johnstown,  Pa. 

- 1®*  ** 







Light  Oil  /-//  % 


-\-M  • 

_ \ 

No.  1  Badger 



’  ~  90%  Benzol 




— - 

90%  Toluol 

Sol.  Naphtha 


_ %9-bf  - 

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No.  2  1 

No.  3 

:_J - - 

-  in  still  2$ktr&u  xy  L.e  _ 



— = 

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Com.  Benzol 

Pure  Toluol 




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^  -^e-  e^uoc^cj-A-  <o  €oc*3>  «  4«4 


Daily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

Johnstown,  Pa. 


^cLui-cnt  ; 


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7?  .  Cy^.  /io  — - - 

Daily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

,  Johnstown,  Pa. 

0ate_^^y  -  V 

. 191  d 





Light  ou_  . ■ 

..  .//.  8  3 

oTd.  3 

No.  1  Badger 

In  Still  7.6.8'' 


90%  Benzol.. 

/  2  z  .3  ?. 

9  6  s  ? 

90%  Toluol 

....  . . . 

\5  J-a  . 

/  9  3  3 


Sol.  Naphtha 



z  9  S' i 

2  j-.y  7 

Badger  Still 

No.  2 

No.  3 

'  a  y  2  ^ 

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Heads  . _ . 

Com.  Benzol 

Pure  Toluol 

/  /  2.  i~ 

Com.  Toluol . 

Pure  Sol.  Naphtha _ 


_ _ 

y  6  or 

)  £  £ 

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f° _ _ _ 

_ _ _ 7^6— 8 - 

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V  L  £-3- 

Daily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

Johnstown,  Pa. 

^4,,  'yo . i9i  L 

^  ~T 





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Daily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

Johnstown,  Pa. 






- T~ 

J  3 


Light  _Oil _ #_/  j*. - 

In  Still  /  7  .A.  .S'  - 

- - 

■"  ' 


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<~tZUlu!>  -  <-**y 



Deo.  22,  1917 

Unltod  States  Ordnance  Dept., 
Chemical  Blame  Projection  Div., 
Room  630,  1800  Virginia  Ave., 
Washington,  D.  C. 

Attention  Ur  C  tv  Hunter 


Hef erring  to  your  reoent  conversation  with  Hr.  Chas. 

Edison  in  Washington,  D.  C.  and  telephone  conversation  with  the 
writer  today  with  reference  to  the  Edison  Benaol  riant  at 
Johnstown,  Pa.  which  is  operated  from  the  gases  furnished  by  the 
Cambria  Steel  Company. 

“„T«  stslsss  rs  ss 

obligated  to  remove  the  plant  from  their  premises. 

She  Plant  in  question  costs  $70,369.46,  all  In  aooorianoe 

eJoed  an  avorege  of  20^  during  the  throo  yoars  operation.  Wo 

notified  by  lie  Ccmbria  Stool  Company  that  they  do  not  dosire  to 

oxpootod  to  remove  oamo  from  tholr  promises. 

^  ..skctss:  a-’issSSAr* 

price  of  $1.50  per  gallon. 

December  26,  1917. 

M r.  John  Bacon, 

c/o  Cambria  Steel  Co., 

Johnstown,  Da. 

liy  dear  "r.  Bacon: 

1  have  delayed  writing  yon  inasmuch  as  I  wanted  to  find 
out  what  the  Cambria  people  expected  to  do  with  our  plant.  It  is 
still  impossible  to  know  what  they  will  do.  Vo  ease  your  mind  in 
regard  to  your  personal  future,  should  the  Cambria  people  elect 
to  have  us  dismantle  the  plant,  wo  trust  that  you  will  stay  to 
take  charge  of  this  work.  Should  they  elect  to  purchase  tte  plant 
and  not  retain  you  as  Manager,  or  should  you  not  care  to  remain 
tith  them,  we  will  give  you  two  month3  pay.  It  is  my  hope  however, 
that  we  will  be  able  to  place  you  in  some  position  satisfactory  to 
you  in  one  of  the  Edison  interests.  However,  by  the  suggested 
plan,  you  will  have  two  months  to  find  other  employment  should  we 
be  unable  to  place  you  here. 

I  would  like  to  be  definitely  advised  by  return  mail  if 
possible,  whether  the  Cambria  company  are  definitely  building  a 
new  Benzol  plant  to  take  care  of  their  excess  gases,  or  whether 
they  are  planning  to  use  their  present  plant  and  merely  enlarge 
it,  or  whether  they  do  not  expect  to  make  use  of  their  total 
gas  production.  If  they  are  building  an  entirely  new  plant,  please 
try  and  get  some  information  as  to  when  this  plant  will  be  in 

Yours  faithfully  , 


NEW  JERSEY  PRODUCTS,  Incorporated 
165  Broadway 
New  York 

Edieon  Benzol  Plant,  Johnstown  Memorandum  No.  269 

Plant  dismantling  Date  April  9,  1918 


Mr.  E.  J.  George, 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Cambria  Steel  Co., 

Johnstown  Pa. 



Dear  Mr.  George :- 

On  my  return  I  duly  find  your  letter  of  April  3rd  and  note 
your  advice  that  you  have  shipped  four  loaded  cars  to  Silver  Lake.  I 
presume  these  are  the  cars  referred  to  in  your  several  advicos,  to  wit: 

April  1st  LV  car  65642  containing  38  drums  of  benzol 
"  2nd  CB&Q  car  112806  containing  44  drums  xylol  and 
3  drums  benzol 

March  29th,  PI  car  526422  containing  24  drums  benzol  and 
14  drums  xylol 

Please  tell  mo  what  the  fourth  car  contained,  number,  etc. 

I  note  regarding  the  leak  in  one  drum  and  that  it  will  go 
forward  later. 

I  suppose  the  release  of  the  equipment  of  the  Cambria  Steel 
Company  will  make  it  possible  to  ship  the  pumps  and  other  equipment  to 
the  Woodward  Company  without  delay.  Please  hurry  this  all  possible. 

Regarding  the  rectifying  column.  Please  get  the  boot  offer 
which  you  can  from  the  local  scrap  dealers  in  connection  with  those 
copper  stills;  also  the  same  applies  to  any  other  scrap  which  you  have 
for  sale.  After  you  have  received  their  quotations,  forward  them  to 
mo  for  comparisons  here  as  it  may  bo  be3t,  as  you  suggest,  to  load  one 
complete  scrap  car. 

Please  arrange  to  ship  the  assortment  of  pipe  fittings  to 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.  CAM  Div.,  Orange,  H.  J.  This  will  include  the 
large  as  well  as  the  small  fittings.  Please  send  me  a  list  of  these 
fittings  as  promptly  as  possible. 

I  think  the  stills  should  be  taken  down  carefully,  contemplating 
that  they  may  be  used  again  although  the  probabilities  are  that  they  will 
have  to  be  scrapped. 

It  is  now  my  understanding  that  you  have  shipped  all  of  the 
finished  stock  and  that  you  still  have  on  hand  to  ship  the  following: 
15  drums  crude  90/J  benzol 
8  "  "  toluol 

1  drum  C.  P.  Benzol 

load  this  material  and  send  same  forward  to  Silver  Lake  as  promptly  as 
possible,  advising. 

Yours  very  truly 



Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Organic  Chemical  Plant  Records 
Woodward  Benzol  Plant  (1915-1918,  1920) 

These  documents  relate  to  the  benzol  absorption  plant  built  by  Edison 
at  the  works  of  the  Woodward  Iron  Co.  in  Woodward,  Alabama.  The  plant, 
which  was  jointly  owned  by  Edison  and  the  Japanese  firm  of  Mitsui  &  Co., 
produced  benzol,  toluol,  solvent  naphtha,  and  naphthaline.  The 
correspondents  include  engineer  William  H.  Mason,  who  oversaw  the 
construction  of  the  plant;  plant  manager  Claude  H.  Opdyke;  and  Mitsui 
executive  Shunzo  Takaki.  Also  included  are  communications  involving 
Edison's  son  Charles,  his  personal  business  secretary  Richard  W.  Kellow, 
and  his  personal  assistant  William  H.  Meadowcroft,  who  managed  the 
inventor's  chemical  business. 

Included  are  items  pertaining  to  the  shipment  of  chemicals  to  fulfill 
contracts  with  customers  such  as  the  Hercules  Powder  Co.;  the  transfer  of 
chemical  sales  from  Edison's  personal  office  to  Frederick  D.  Lockwood  of 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.,  in  November  1916  and  subsequently  to  Archibald 
C.  Emery  of  New  Jersey  Products,  Inc.;  and  the  takeover  of  the  plant  in  March 
1918  by  the  Woodward  Iron  Co.,  according  to  Edison's  original  agreement 
with  them.  Other  selected  documents  include  daily  reports  from  the  beginning 
of  production  in  the  summer  of  1915,  bearing  comments  by  Edison  and 
Meadowcroft,  as  well  as  periodic  financial  statements  showing  Edison's  and 
Mitsui's  share  of  the  profits  in  their  joint  venture. 

Approximately  5  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected, 
including  all  substantive  items  relating  to  Edison's  interests  or  involvement  in 
the  Woodward  plant.  The  unselected  material  includes  routine 
correspondence  regarding  shipping,  routing,  billing,  accounting,  drum  return, 
and  technical  operations.  Also  not  selected  are  rough  financial  notes, 
insurance  statements,  most  daily  production  reports,  production  log  books, 
and  routine  shipping  papers. 



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Woodward,  Ala. 

Daily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

Woodward,  Ala. 




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No.  1  Badger 

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yy  A/If 

/A/K/ty/f f '-/A  July  12  th.  1915. 

Mr.  Claude  Opdyke, 

°/o  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodward  Iron  Company, 
Woodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Sir: 

Aa  Bonn  a8  you  refine  some  Solvent 
Naphtha  pleaae  ahip  one  drum  here  to  the  Lab¬ 
oratory,  and  he  aure  to  mark  it  Solvent  Naph¬ 
tha.  Pleaae  addreBa  it  to  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
and  not  to  the  Incorporated.  Mr.  Ediaon  aayB 
to  he  oareful  that  it  ia  water  white . 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Ediaon.  /Jw 


Dictated  hut 
not  read  hy 
Mr.  Meadov/croft . 

Daily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

Woodward,  Ala. 

Date  — L4: 

_ 1915 






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Woodward,  Ala. 

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Dear  Sir: —  |lt£;  L-'  j 

Attention  tfJtejJTjJj  “|*JS°Bttii  of  Jnne  4  th  In  .hloh  no  ul  you 

to  forward  sample  of  eaoh  shipment  of  Toluol  under  our  contract  with 
The  Hercules  Powder  Company,  we  are  now  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from 
them  requesting  us  to  number  these  samples  as  follows .before  sending 
them  to  Eastern  Laboratory  of  the  E.  I  duPont  deNemours  Powder  Co., 

C/^£^.  <?«-.  *0  Arpu&/ .  „MITSUI  SAMPLE 

the  next  number  two,  etc. 

We  would  request  that  you  kindly  instruct  your  people  down 
in  Alabama  to  comply  with  this  request.  Thanking  youin  advance  for 
your  prompt  attention  to  this  matter. 

Daily  Report  T.  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant 

Woodward,  Ala. 

1-491  t> 






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■^=W£-} Imdf^uoC,  ' 

DAY  LETTER  tw-r 


Orange  N  J  Oct  1  1915  " 

■msm  nmms 

Care  Woodward.  Iron,  Woodward  Ala 

i  get  some  sublimed  napthaline  up  here  t 

possible  how  much  have  you  and  how  quick 

l  you  ship  Answer  quick. 

Thos  A  Edison. 

&/wm,aJ  c  ~ 

(&tonyei'yl&  oet.  12th.  1915. 

Ur.  Claude  H.  Opdyke , 

??  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Woodward  iron  Company, 

Woodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Ur .  Op dyke : 

On  reoeipt  of  this  letter  will 
you  kindly  begin  to  send  to  Ur.  Shunzo  Takaki, 
%  Mitsui  &  Company,  limited,  25  Madison  Avenue, 
New  York  City,  a  copy  of  each  of  the  daily  re¬ 
ports  that  you  send  to  Mr.  Edison.  Of  course, 
you  wiil  Bend  us  our  copy  as  usual. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Mr,  Edison. 

$&  "fa  4#9 

-Ca-t-K  fiyc.  fCe. 

<£aU*  jLcJ-  t  facro  .  H-a , 

fYJhr  yi •. 

Mr.  Opdyke, 

ThomaB  A.  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodflfard,  Ala. 

Dear  Sir:-* 

I  am  In  receipt  of  four  copies  of  your  daily 
report  dated  October  31st  to  November  3rd,  in  which  I 
found  that  there  has  been  no  increase  in  the  quantity 
of  pure  Toluol  in  these  four  days,  but  only  an  increase 
of  900  gallons  of  stock  of  Crude  Toluol, 

1  became  worried,  and  sent  you  a  telegram  direct 
and  asked  you  if  you  were  sure  of  sending  a  second  tank 
oar  on  the  first  of  December.  There  is  a  big  possibility 
of  the  Heroules  People  suing  us  for  the  shortage  of  toluol 
and  if  they  do  so  we  shall  suffer  from  considerable  loss 
instead  of  making  any  profit  on  the  whole  plant. 

We  request  you  to  bear  this  in  your  mind,  and 
make  Toluol  as  fast  as  you  possible  can. 

No  doubt  you  will  hear  from  Mr.  Edison  to  the 
same  effect. 

Thanking  you  in  advanoe  for  your  close  attention 
to  this  matter,  and  with  regards. 

ST  :VC 

C.  H.  Opd.-ko, 
fc  i.oodv.ard  Iron  Co., 
Vioodv/ard ,  Ala. 

'i,o  want  one  carload  of  pood 
American  Oil  U  Supply  Coni'Ci 
urrivod,  but  if  carload  is  i 
limor  chip  at  onco. 

white  naphthaline  shipped  ti 
iy.  Your  sampler,  havo  not 
j.s  pood  as  made  in  small  ouh 

v..  u.  uesoxi. 


2,'Jy//u/f^w/-  q//v:/h*v 

February  34. _ /9/. 

Tiros.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Attention  of  Messrs.  W.  H.  Keadowcroft  and 
F.  H.  Mllle77 

We  take  the  pleasure  in  enclosing  herewith  statement 
of  aooount  of  Woodward  Plant  up  to  the  end  of  1915  which  needs 
a  little  explanation. 

1.-  According  to  our  original  agreement,  Mitsui  &  Co.  are  en¬ 
titled  to  recover  40^  of  the  construction  expenses,  and  there¬ 
fore  for  Bix  months  (July  1915  to  December  1916 J  we  deducted 
30£  which  is  $13,860.93. 

3.-  Running  expenses  are  as  per  the  expenses  which  we  paid  ac¬ 
cording  to  your  statements. 

3. -  Miscellaneous  expense  covers  all  the  incidental  expenses 
.  such  as  small  commissions  paid  to  Col.  Davis  and  his  friend, 

cost  of  drums,  freight  thereof,  etc. 

4. -  We  only  shipped  two  tank  cars  of  C.P. Toluol  for  which  we 
had  to  pay  commission  to  Dr.  Stillwell  and  Takamine  Laboratory 
(13£  per  gallon.). 

5. -  Benzol.-  The  total  amount  of  the  payment  whloh  you  made  us 
before  December  31,  1915  amounted  to  $41,056.71,  but  the  plant 

-  2 

shipped  in  addition  to  the  above,  a  large  quantity  of  Benzol 
for  which  you  made  ue  the  payment  of  $30,502.94  early  in 
January,  and  for  the  sake  of  convenience  we  credited  the  same 
in  this  statement  and  will  not  have  this  income  in  the  next 
statement . 

6. -  We  agreed  to  sell  you  pure  Benzol  which  went  into  the 
manufacturing  of  Phenol  under  our  first  contract,  alliance 
of  30 £  per  gallon,  and  therefore  this  item  amounting  to 
$5,419.80  was  debited  in  this  statement. 

7. -  On  the  same  Phenol  contract  our  Mr.  Takakl  verbally  agreed 
with  you  that  he  will  see  that  Woodward  Plant  will  get  $1.00 
for  each  gallon  of  Benzol  which  went  into  the  making  of  Phenol 
under  the  said  contract,  and  this  rebate  amounted  to  $16,359.40 
on  the  31st  of  December  1915  and  therefore  we  credited  this  sum 

in  this  statement.  o 

8. -  We  received  from  you  for  napthaline  the  sum  of  $91.73  in 
1915,  but  you  shipped  a  great  deal  more  in  December  1915  for 
which  you  paid  us  $2,761.67  in  January  1916  which  we  credited 
in  this  statement  for  the  sake  of  convenience. 

9. -  Solvent  Naptha.  We  credited  the  amount  received  in  December 
1915  in  this  statement. 

Summarizing  this  aocount,  we  are  pleased  to  say  that 
we  are  ready  to  send  you  a  check  for  $28,931.96  which  will  be 
a  clean  profit  for  your  share.  Of  course  we  want  to  recover 
our  construction  expenses  as  fast  as  possible,  but  we  refrain 
from  asking  you  to  do  so  because  our  original  agreement  called 
for  40fo  during  the  first  year.  In  a  few  words,  this  statement 
means  that  we  just  recovered  the  entire  cost  of  the  construction 

a„d  paid  off  all  ta.  -P—  «  «  *“  “a  «'  l9U'  “4 

„«  profit  to  ».«  «U  >»  «*  “*  *nd 

already  .old  all  ta.  prodaot.  «P  to  ta.  «»*  »*  ««>  “ 

to  b.  »Ug  al.og.taat  at  «...  *300.000.  aat  profit  to  a.  dlrtd.d 

equally • 

..  than,  you  fot  tha  opportimlty  you  gat.  «•  l”  “k1”8 
tai.  ,10.  profit  aM  ask  y.a  to  aaar  «.  •«•«  «  *»*  -‘»a  «"» 
you  get  something  new  and  good. 

Kindly  instruct  your  Mr.  Miller  to  notify  us  if  he  is 

ready  to  receive  our  check. 

With  kindest  regards. 

Very  truly  yours, 



<S$  (Qcfcdjrii 

March. 29th.  1916. 

Mr.  Claude  H.  Op dyke,  - 

$  Woodward  Iron  Company,  _  .. 

Woodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Mr .  Opdyke : 

As  you  are  aware,  we  have  sold  all  our  naphthaline  Flakes  thus 
far  to  the  American  Oil  &  Supply  Company.  I  am  not  sure  whether  I  have 
sent  you  the  latest  list  of  these  sales,  but  in  order  to  be  certain  will 
send  it  now.  Here  it  is  up  to  date: 

March  10th 
"  2b  th 
April  10th 
"  26th. 

May.  delivery  a: 

-  9lW 


•  The  American  Oil  &  Supply  Company  wanted  us  to  Bell  a  second 
bar  in  May,  but  Mr.  Edison  was  not  sure  whether  ;we  could  make  it  Buffi- 
oiently  fast  enough  when  the  warm  weather  sets  in,  and  did  not  contract 
for  the  seoond  oar  hut  promised  to  let  them  have  it  if  we  made  it, 
trice  11  3/4^.  -  .)  ; 

For  your 'information  I  want  to  repeat  the.  shipping  instructions 
we  have  received  from  the  American  Oil  &  Supply  Company.  In  another  jr 
letter  I  am  giving  you  very  elaborate  shipping  instructions  from  them 
for  the  f irst  April  shipment .  Ab  to  the  second  .April  shipment  and  the 
May  shipment,  they  say  that  it  is  to  be  consigned  to  the  American  Qil& 
Supply  Company  at- Hew  York,  provided  the  railroadB  will  take  it  for  Hew 
York  delivery,  and  if  not,  to  be  consigned  to  them  at  Hewark.  They  say 
that  whether  the  shipments  are  consigned  to  then)  at  Hew  York  or  Hewark, 
the  bill  of  lading  should  be  marked  "Hotify  American  Oil  &  Supply  Co. 
at  Hewark". 

Jr  Yours  very  truly,  , 

Mr.  Claude  H.  Opdyke, 

$  The  Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Woodward  Iron  Company, 

Woodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Mr.  Opdyke: 

Will  you  kindly  se®Me  a  statement  showing  how 
many  gallons  you  have  shipped!^  Benzol,  Toluol  and  Sol- 
vnnt  Naphtha:  since  the  plant?  started  up  to  the  date  of  your 
last  shipment.  All  I  want  Is  the  grand  total  of  each  one, 
nothing  in  detail.  Please  also  state  the  date  of  the  first 
shipment  and  of  the  last  shipment-  If  possible  I  would  like 
to  have  you  get  this  off  to  me  by  the  end  of  the  week.  Mr. 
Edison  wantB  these  figures. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Please  also  give  me  the  same  information. for  Sublimed 
Naphthaline  J 


August  17th,  y&/  6. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Attention  of  Mr.  W.  H.  Meaflowcrof t . 

Dear  Sir: 

I  take  pleasure  in  enclosing  herein  statement  of 
account  of  the  Woodward  Plant  for  the  period  of  January  1,  1916, 
to  June  30th,  1916,  whioh  shows  a  gross  profit  of  $120,426.76 
from  whioh  I  have  deducted  20$  of  the  construction  expense, 
which  will  leave  a  net  profit  of  $106,565.83.  I  also  enclose 
our  oheok  for  $53,282.92,  which  is  your  half  of  the  net  profit. 

There  is  nothing  to  explain  exoept  a  small  item 
which  is  a  miscellaneous  expense  for  $2750.  This  sum  I  have 
spent  in  order  to  settle  troubles  with  the  Hercules  Powder  Co. 
and  includes  the  renumeration  which  we  paid  to  Mr.  H.  B.  Mingle 
our  lawyer.  I  really  believe  that  the  amioable  settlement  with 
the  Hercules  Powder  Company  on  the  Toluol  contract  was  absol¬ 
utely  due  to  Mr.  Mingle* s  efforts.  I  paid  him  $2500,  and  I 
wish  you  would  have  no  objection  of  the  same. 

Just  for  your  reference,  I  might  mention 
that  in  the  six  months,  each  of  us  made  a  net  profit  of 
§35,101.46,  and  therefore  at  the  end  of  the  twelve  months, 
it  means  that  we  have  made  approximately  §88,400,  and  we 
ought  to  make  a  net  profit  of  §60,000  for  the  six  months 
ending  in  December  1916. 

Trusting  that  this  statement  is  satisfactory 
to  you,  and  with  kind  personal  regards. 

Yours  very  truly. 





W  ’  .  OF 

Woodward  Plant  During  the  Period  of  January  1,  1916 
to  June  30th,  1916. 

Running  Expenao  during  the  period  '  ; 
Miacellaneoue  Expenae 
Net  Prooeeda  from  the  Sale  of  ProduotB 

(74,  525,81  ** 
3,750.  V 

■>  {53,443.79  -  ' 

Leea  Comm.  °  3.944.38 



Allowance  of  30£  per  gallon  on 
Benzol  uaed  for  manufacturing 
Phenol  ahipped  to  Japan 

Rehate  from  Miteui  &  Co.  Ltd.  on 
Firat  Phenol  Contraot  to  make 
price  of  Benzol  (1.00  per  Gal.  Sy- 

Naphthaline.  ,  ^  t 

Solvent  Naphtha  g  ,s.  -_'l 

Groaa  Profit 

1360,980.77  300,980.77 


Net  Profit  during  the  aeaaon  -----------  106,565.83 

1/3  Profit  Due  You  §53, 383.93  ^ 

Redemption  of  30&  of  Construct¬ 
ion  Expenae  (69,304.65 

<S$  (ge//js. 

Mr.  C.  H.  Opdyke, 

%  Woodward.  Iron  Company, 
Woodward,  Ala. 

i  September  7th.  1916. 

The  price  of  Naphthaline  haB  been  falling  pretty  steadily 
and  the  market  is  very  weak,  in  fact  a  few  days  ago  there  was  prime 
Naphthaline  offered  at  7 4  with  no  takers.  In  view  of  this  it  is  nec¬ 
essary  for  us  to  figure  pretty  closely  on  our  costs  of  production  so 
we  will  know  just  where  we  stand  and  what  price  we  can  afford  to  sell. 
I  wish  you  would  go  over  this  matter  and  give  me  as  close  an  estimate 
as  .possible  on  the  cost  of  making  your  pure  white,  double  sublimed 
Naphthaline  loaded  in  barrels  on  the  cars,  per  pound.  In  doing  this 
I  think  it  advisable  to  discuss  the  matter  with  the  Woodward  people 
as  we  feel  inclined  if  possible  to  do  so,  to  close  a  contraot  for 
some  sir  months  or  a  year  if  possible  at  a  point  somewhat  below  the 
market  if  necessary,  so  that  we  can  feel^assured  of  our  shipments  from 
this  time  on.  We  gOiso  want  to  know  what^you  estimate  you  can  turn  out 
of  the  white,  double  sublimed  material. 

Of  course,  this  Naphthaline  practically  ooBts  us  nothing 
except  the  subliming  charges  and  what  we  pay  the  Woodward  Company. 

I  would  like  you  to  give  me  this  information  as  soon  as  possible. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Mr.  Claude  Opdyke, 

e /o  Woodward  lion  Co., 

Y/oodward,  Ala. 

My  dear  Mr.  Opdyke: 

I  suppose  by  this  time  you 
may  have  heard  from  other  sources  that  the  sales 
of^our  various  chemicals  will  now  be  conducted 
bv  Ur.  Emery  the  head  of  the  Purchasing  Depart¬ 
ment  here,  in  combination  with  his  ^sistant  Mr. 
p.  p.  Lockwood.  Their  orders  for  naphthaline 
you  can  take  from  them  just  as  you  use  to  take 
from  me. 

So  far  as  X  know, the  Benzol  and  Eoluol 
will  be  handled  by  Uitsui  &  Co.,  and  probablythe 
Solvent  Maphtha  may  be  handled  by  Mr.  Emery  or  Mr. 

Yours  very  truly. 

Assistant  to  Ur.  Edison.  / 

,o»_  Edison 'Benzol  Plant  »«».il.0.y.. 

Organization  and  adoption  of  Dales  Policy 
>»-  Effective  Hovember  1,  1916. 

Purchasing  Service  Dept,  for  Chemical  Sales.  Dept. 

Mr.  C.' E.  Opdylte,  Supt., 

Edison  3enzol  Plant," 

O/o  Woodward  Iron  Go., 

Woodward,-  Alabama:  .  ■ 

Enclosed  is  a  copy  of  .Financial 
Executive's  Memorandum  #4002,  dated  October  SO,  1914, 
with  reference  to  new  sales  policy  ana  the  organization 
of  a  chemical  sales  division  to  handle  the  sales  of 
chemicals  for  Mr.  Edison's  various  Interests.  Vhis  is 
sent- to  you  merely  for  your  information. 

■  Secretarial  Service  Dept,  of 
Personal  Interests  of  2. A. Edison, 

Messrs.  Oiia3.  Edison  and  iV.  H.  Meadowcroft. 



DIVISION  IN  QUESTION  -  Edison  Benzol  Plant. 

SUBJECT  -  organization  -  Adoption  of  sales  i'olioy. 

RESULT  WANTED  BY  -  Effeotive  November  1,  1916. 

PLEASE  CO-OPERATE  WITH  -  Purchasing  Service  Dopartment  fc 

Mr.  C.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt., 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Wo odward,  Ala. 

DATE  -  Oot.  30,  1914. 

•  Chemical  Saloa  Dep’t 

Inasmuoh  as  practically  all  °f  the  oontraots  of  sale  for  the  products 
of  the  Aniline  Plant  and  the  Phenol  Plant  of  personal  Interests  of  5.  A,  E. ,  ex¬ 
pire  with  the  advent  of  the  now  year,  it  is  Mr.  Edison’s  dosire  that  a  very  vig¬ 
orous  campaign  be  inaugurated  looking  to  tho  Bale  of  those  produots  direotly  to 
consumers  instead  of  handling  them  through  brokers  to  the  very  large  extent  whloh  . 
has  been  tho  polioy  in  the  past. 

With  reference  to  the  products  of  tho  Araidophenol  and  the  Benzidine 
Plants  of  Personal  Interest  of  T.  A.  E. ,  it  is  reoognized  that  continuing  oon¬ 
traots  exist  which  oall  for  practically  the  presont  oapaoity  of  these  plants, 
but  this  oapaoity  is  susoeptible  of  lnoraase  and  any  additional  quantities  wjiioh 
we  can  manufacture  over  and  above  existing  oontraots,  should  be  sold  direotly 
to  consumers# 

This  program  is  nede  necessary  by  the  fnot  that  wo  must  meet  competition 
and  to  do  this  we,  of  oourse,  must  forecast  our  purchases  of  raw  material  a  long 
time  in  advance,  on  a  definite  basis  and  with  a  definite  knowledge  of  our  actual 
requirements  for  all  of  the  coming  year'  and  for  a  longer  period  ahead  if  possible, 
in  order  that  the  continuance  of  these  Plants  may  give  us  as  long  a  period  of  time 
as  possible  over  which  to  wipe  out  tho  investment  which  we  have  made  therein. 

It  is  thought  that  inasmuch  as  we  are  very  large  buyers  of  acids  and 
ohomicals,  it  would  be  well  to  combine  the  operation  of  buying  and  soiling  these 
produots,  under  the  same  general  supervision  because  through 

chasing  more  or  less  intimate  relations  are  created  and  this  should  work  to  the 
deoided  advantage  of  our  sailing  propositions,  in  that  the  people  from  " 
purchase  raw  matorialo  will  bo  keen  to  stimulate  such  purohases  by  convoyin0  trade 
information  which  it  is  believed  will  be  of  groat  value. 

Therefore,  it  is  Mr.  Edison’s  dosire  that  effective  November  1,  1916, 
the  responsibility  for  sales  of  produots  of  the  Personal  Plants,  bo  Pl“ood ™  °r 
the  direction  of  Mr.  F.  D.  Lockwood  as  the  sales  Uuagsr,  ° 

subject  to  tho  supervision  Of  tho  Purohaoing  Agent,  Mr.  A.  0.  Emory. 

Mr.  Edison  desires  at  this  timo  to  publicly  excess J his  aeproolation 
of  tho  thorough  and  successful  manner  In  whioh  our  oorapl8lj$fcbleM  have 
been  handled  by  his  assistant,  Mr.  v;.  H.iieadoworoft ,  and  it  it  hoped  ttot  the 
foregoing  arrangement  will  result  in  Ur.  Uoadoworoft  being  relieved  of  all  the 
heavy0 burden  of  detail  whioh  this  involves  so  as  to  leave  Hr.  deadoworoft  avail- 
ablo  for  other  important  work  for  Hr.  Edison. 


COPIES  TO  -  !j0asra>  cha8.  Edison,  W.H.  Headoworoft, 




Woodward  Iron  Compani 

^\rO OmVAltl* , AlA .  April  4,  1917. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Attention:  Ur.  P..  W.  Kollov. ,  Sooty., 

Qrungo ,  if.  J. 

Gent  lemon: - 

0 n  Uaroh  cjth  wo  milled  you  statement  of  account  of 
Thomas  A.  Sdiaon  to  iiarch  1st,  amounting  to  ;22,G11.74>  •'•'ill1 
request  that  you  adviso  us  at  what  time  we  may  expect  settlement. 

We  have  hoard  nothing  from  you  and  are  at  a  loss  to  understand 
why  some  action  has  not  heeii  taken  in  regard  to  settlement.  If 
there  13  any  reason  why  tho  account  should  not  ha  paid  we  will 
appreciate  it  if  you  will  kindly  advise  us. 

if  our  accounts  ure  not  presented  in  the  manner  in  which 
you  wish  thorn  please  adviso  us ,  wherein  we  will  have  them  changed. 
You  can  readily  understand  that  your  account  on  our  hooks  now 
appears  as  long  past  duo  and  naturally  creates  tho  impression  that 
wo  are  not  looking  aftor  our  collections  properly  and  that  you  are 
not  giving  tho  account  the  proper  attention.  '.Vs  also  hog  to  call 
your  attention  to  the  fact  that  a  number  of  these  charges  represent 
actual  cash  paid  hy  U3  for  labor  omployed  at  your  plant  nd  we  must 
insist  that  the  matter  he  given  attention  which  it  doservos. 

Awaiting  your  reply,  vn 


Memorandum  No.  u 0 

DIVISION!  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woodward,  Ala. 

SUBJECT!  Bond  Date  ^pr.  25,  1917 

Hr.  C.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt., 
Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodward,  Ala. 

It  is  Mr.  Edison's  policy  to  have  all  persons  who  handle 
money  bonded  and  this  matter  has  been  taken  oare  of  so  far  as  the 
people  located  at  Orange  are  concerned. 

I  am  enclosing  herewith  an  application  for  bond  which 
I  will  be  glad  if  you  will  kindly  fill  out  and  return  to  us  so  that 
I  may  have  you  included  among  the  rest  of  us. 

Thanking  you  for  your  prompt  attention,  I  am 




Memorandum  no. 

Dat0  May  7,  1917. 

Mr.  C.  H.  Op dyke,  Supt., 
Woodward,  Alabama: 

We  beg  to  acknowledge  reoelpt  of  yours  of  the 
3rd,  enolosing  daily  labor  statement  covering  labor  at  the 
Woodward  Plant  for  the  month  of  April,  showing  a  total 
expenditure  on  this  acoount  of  $1427.32.  We  are  returning 
these  statements  to  you,  bb  you  will  possibly  need  them  for 
your  records,  but  we  have  taken  the  amount  of  money  covering 
same  and  figure  the  average  dally  man  labor  to  be  16  men. 

It  will  not  be  neoessary  to  send  these  reports  in  in  this 
shape,  as  all  we  require  is  the  average  men  employed, 
together  with  the  money  spent.  The  Statistical  Department 
will  then  tales  the  number  of  men  into  the  money  and  get  a 
general  average  which  will  give  them  the  information  they 

One  thing  we  notice  in  this  list:  They 
have  two  reports  dated  April  30th,  one  liBt  showing  $45.59 
chargeable  to  Mr.  Edison  and  $13.15  to  the  Woodward  Iron 
Company,  the  other  list  showing  Just  the  opposite,  or  $45.59 
against  the  Woodward  Iron  Company  and  $13.16  to  Mr.  Edison. 

We  did  not  Just  understand  this,  and  wish  to  bring  to  your 
attention,  and  if  you  can  sip la In,  kindly  do  so. 

For  your  information  in  handling  this 
we  will  state  that  on  Maroh  31st  the  Woodward  Iron  Company 
rendered  us  bill  covering  labor  $1465.52.  All  you  would  have  to 
do  in  this  instance  would  be  to  have  the  Woodward  Iron  Company 
insert  on  this  bill  the  average  number  of  men  which  you  could 
furnish  them,  which  together  with  tbs  money  would  be  the 
information  that  we  require.  You  need  not  however,  go  back  to 
Maroh  31st,  but  we  would  thank  you  to  get  this  information  as 
of  April  and  verify  our  figures  as  to  the  money  and  also  the 
number  of  men  which  we  figure  to  be  16.  If  you  will  kindly 
furnish  this  by  early  mail,  we  shall  appreciate  your  efforts. 

We  have  not  however,  received  the  bill  for  April  from  the 
Woodward  Iron  Company  as  yet. 



Thomas  A^Edjsopj 

OraNGE.N.J.  .jay  31,  1917 

Ur.  C.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt., 
Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodward,  Alabama. 

We  have  received  from  the  V/oodvard  Iron  Company 
the  following  invoices,  which  after  checking  up  we  find  have 
not  Been  paid  by  this  offices 

Invoice  dated  Sept. 
»  »  nov. 

30th - $  .86 

30th -  25.85 

17th -  227.03 

17th - 1201.31 

21st - 1213.97 

2lst -  224.71 

30th -  38.99 

31st - - -  10.00 

30th -  17.05 

30th  -  267.59 

30th - 1413.82 

Our  records  indicate  they  have  not  been  paid,  and 
before  paying  them,  will  thank  you  to  attach  your  0.  K.  and 
forward  by  return  mail,  in  order  that  we  may  handle  promptly. 

You  will  note  the  last  item  is  listed  as  ^1413.82. 
They  sent  us  a  previous  bill  in  the  amount  of  ^1404.17,  and 
later  sent  this  amount  as  a  corrected  item,  having  added  since 
the  ^9. 65.  Evidently  you  can  vouch  for  the  above  amounts,  and 

we  would  thank  you  to  get  them  back  to  this  office  as  promptly 

as  possible,  in  order  that  we  may  pay  them  and  close' the  old 

Thanking  you  for  your  usual  co-operation,  we  are. 
Yours  very  truly. 

iDional  Interest 


Memorandum  No. 

DIVISION!  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woodward,  Ala. 

SUBJECT!  Bond  Date  Jun9  20(  1917, 

Mr.  C.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt., 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Woodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Mr.  Opdyke: 

Not  having  heard  from  you  in  answer  to  my  memorandum 
of  April  25,  1917,  #1160  with  reference  to  bond,  it  occurs  to  me 
that  you  may  desire  some  further  Information  in  this  connection, 
or  perhaps  have  some  objection  to  filling  out  the  bond  in  the  form 
in  which  the  application  is  made. 

All  persona  at  Orange  who  handle  money  or  have 
positions  of  considerable  responsibility  are  bonded,  though  in  many 
cases  the  amount  of  the  bond  is  small.  This  policy  has  been 
carried  out  throughout  the  various  Interests  of  Mr.  Edison,  and 
the  writer  himself  though  handling  no  money,  is  required  to  come 
in  under  the  arrangement.  1  simply  mention  this  to  show  you  that 
our  request  to  you  to  fill  out  an  application  for  bond  is 
simply  in  pursuance  of  this  general  policy,  and  so  that  you  will 
understand  that  the  placing  of  various  persons  under  bond  is  in  no 
way  a  reflection  upon  their  integrity  and  should  not  be  so  con¬ 

If  there  are  any  questions  on  the  application  blank 
which  are  objectionable  to  you,  such  as  references  from  your  friends, 
personal  property  holdings,  etc.,  I  would  suggest  that  you  fill  in 
...the  application  blank  as  regards  the  other  qiestions,  leaving  the 
objectionable  questions  blank.  I  believe  we  can  put  this  through 
with  the  Bonding  Company. 

I  would  be  glad  to  hear  from  you  as  to  your  attitude 
in  the  matter,  and  thank  you  for  your  kind  co-operation. 


June  20,  191V 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodward  Iron  Co., 
Woodward,  Ala. 


We  find  that  you  are  still  sending  bills 
of  ladings  to  this  company  at  Orange  and  would  advise 
that  under  no  oiroumstanoea  are  dooumentsto  be 
addressed  to  this  company  only  at  165  Broadway,  New 
York  City. 

We  are  now  looking  for  one  bill  of  lading 
whioh  has  been  lost  and  would  thank  you  to  please 
observe  this  instruction  oarefully. 

Yours  very  truly 

Vioe  President  &  Genera^ Alanj 


Memorandum  Ho. 

DIVISION:  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woodward,  A  la  bans.  Data  JvU3a  20,  1917. 

SUBJECT:  Daily  Reports. 

i>r.  C.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt., 
Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodv.ard,  Alabama: 

Since  llr.  liason  left  the  Organization,  I  understand 
that  you  have  been  sending  us  one  less  copy  of  the  daily  report.  This 
is  according  to  information  1  received  from  Hr.  Meadoworoft.  I  should 
like  very  much  to  have  a  copy  of  this  daily  report  in  this  office, 
which  I  have  not  had  previously,  and  have  not  asked  for  before  this 
time,  for  the  reason  that  I  supposed  you  were  making  about  all  of 
the  reports  you  could  get  with  one  writing. 

Will  you  not  b 
reports  as  previously  and  send 
Hr.  liason,  direct  to  the  writer, 

ad  enough  to  make  the  same  number  of 
which  has  heretofore  been  sent  to 
i  so  very  greatly  oblige. 


Thanking  you,  1 


DIVISION:  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woodward,  Ala. 

SUBJECTS  Monthly  Inventories. 


Memorandum  No. 

Dato  June  28,  1917, 

Mr.  C.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt. , 
Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodward,  Ala  tana: 

In  order  that  we  may  arrive  at  aocurate  costs  of  the 
products  of  your  plant,  we  should  like  to  receive  from  you  in  the  future 
an  inventory  of  materials  and  supplies,  work  in  process  and  finished  stock 
at  the  close  of  each  month,  Beginning  as  of  June  30,  1917. 

It  is  my  impression  that  you  do  not  carry  very  much  in 
the  way  of  materials  and  supplies,  drawing  upon  the  store  room  of  the 
Woodward  Iron  Company  for  the  bulk  of  your  needs,  though  there  may  be  somj 
other  items  which  should  be  included  here  which  you  have  to  purchase  from 
other  parties.  V/e  do  not  mean  to  have  you  inventory  every  bolt  and  nut 
on  the  place,  if  there  is  no  considerable  quantity  of  them,  but  we  should 
like  to  got  the  value  approximately  correct. 

\Ye  should  also  like  to  have  an  inventory  of  the  work 
in  process.  1  think  this  can  be  arrived  at  if  you  will  estimate  the 
quantity  of  material  still  in  the  system,  and  advise  us,  say,  the  number 
of  days  it  has  been  in  process.  In  order  to  arrive  at  the  value  of  this 
notarial  we  shall  of  course  have  to  know  approximately  the  constituent 
amounts  of  each  olass  of  raw  material,  such  as  absorbent  oil,  sulphuric  ad  i 
etc.  still  remaining  in  the  system.  This  we  can  figure  the  value  of  from 
our  billB,  but  as  to  the  labor,  we  can  only  arrive  at  this  by  knowing 
the  length  of  time  the  material  has  been  in  the  Bystem,  and  multiplying 
this  time  by  the  cost  per  day  of  operating  the  plant. 

We  should  like  in  addition  an  invar  tory  of  the  finished 
stock  on  hand,  that  is,  the  quantity  of  benzol,  toluol  and  the  other 

Can  you  not  arrange  to  give  us  this  monthly,  beginning 
as  above  requested,  on  June  3oth'f 

Your  attention  will  be  very  much  appreciated,  and  will 
enable  us  to  get  out  better  costs  for  Mr.  Edison. 

Thanking  you  very  much  for  your  prompt  attention 

and  advice,  I  am. 


JANUARY  1,1917  TO  JUNE  30,  1917. 


JANUARY,  Bill  #40 
FEBRUARY,  #43-1/3 
C/M  #46 
MARCH,  Bill  #48 

APRIL,  "  #53 

MAY,  *  #53 

JUNE ,  *  #56 


7,093.78 • 



$69 , 005 • 73 



111^375  Gallons  0  47-l/S#  per  gal.  $134,638.30 
less  freight  paid  $4,178.41 
"  "  to  be  paid, 

112,600  gal. figured 
on  basis  of  7-1/4  lbs. 

_ 7.380.54 


to  gal .=  816,350  lbs. 





3815  Gallons  @  $1.45 
37013  "  ®  1*25 

less  freight  to  be  paid 
27013  gal.  figured  on 
basis  of  7—l/4  lbs.  to 
gal.  =  195844  lbs.  0 
38#  per  cwt. 


17944  lbs.  @  7-1/3# 

72392  "  0  8# 

18118  "  0  8-1/2# 

36183  «  ®9#, 

18000  "  @  9-1/3# 

162536  lbs. 

one  half  of  commission 
$54.11  which  was  omitted 
from  the  previous  state- 

10399  Gallons  @  15# 

~ $13 ,676 .57 

$  1,559.85 
"  $  1 ,544735 

$69 ,005.73" 


"$l70 ,133 .37 

Gross  Profit 

Grose  Profit  During  the  Season  $101,116.54 

Redemption  of  17-1/2#  Construction 

Expenses  $69,304.65  $12,138.33 

Net  Profit  During  the  Season  88,988.33 _ _ 

$101, ' US’  .54  "$101,  lib.  54” 

One  half  net  profits  due  you 
Construction  Expenses  to  be 



■New  .Jersey  products, incorporated 


July  11,  19.1V 

Edison  Benzol  Plaut, 
7/oodward  Iron  Co. , 
..'oodv/ard,  Ala. 


Kindly  load  in  drums  and  ship  to  the 

ff®  s~;  f  S^riiSed 

^^^Sr^-di^  of  this  material  since 
we  cannot  supply  tanlc  cars  therefor. 

Please  therefore  teen  a  good  supply 
available  for  this  loading  and  I  an  today  in_i p 

'  of  tho'^Smorial^Kunitiono^Bocrd.^rea.nostins  you  to 

■  r  s  r  a  jssffir  sszr 

Sms  “«5iS;  »*al  ML9K  »•  *«•■>“«•  =»“ 


e°  f0n*r4'  1  vnU  1 

•  to  tli'e  'Clascal.  Company. 

•  ’  ‘  •  r  liffiiii'di'ftot  want  you  to  ship  move  than  one  ad 

'<&  aitionai^4#«,ins  July  UnlB3S  V,°  3  y°U  ' 

at  a  latorv 'BataffliV.  /  ; 

Yours  very  truly 

Vice  President  &  General  ilanagei 

Kew  Jersey  Products,:* 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Cambria  Steal  Co., 
Johnstown  Pa 

Edison  Benzol  Plant  *u. 
Woodward  Iron  Co., 
Woodward  Ala 

with  reference  to  my  telegram  of  even  date 
regarding  largo  2 took  of  empty  drains  formerly  used  for 
aniline  and  myrbane  Oil,  will  you  please  note  the 
following  regarding  the  cleaning  of  these  drums  and 
be  governed  accordingly : 

"Aniline  Oil  and  -iyrbane  are  poisonous  if  their 
vapors  are  inhaled,  and  both  produots  are  very  readily 
absorbed  through  the  skin.  When  oleaning  the  drums,  the 
men  should  use  rubber  gloves  and  be  very  oareful  that  none 
of  the  Aniline  Oil  or  -Iyrbane  touohes  their  skin  or  Bprays 
over  their  trousers  or  shoes.  The  men  should  toko  precautions 
not  to  inhale  the  vapors.  This  Is  easily  avoidod  owing, to 
the  faot  that  the  sweet  odor  is  readily  doteoted. 

Aniline  and  llyrbano  both  being  very  soluble  in 
solvent  naphtha,  the  drume,  for  instanoe,  oan  be  cleaned  by 
pouring  twenty  or  thirty  gallons  of  solvent  naphtha  in  a 
drum,  closing  the  latter  by  a  plug,  and  revolving  tlie  drum 
for  some  time  so  as  to  bring  tho  solvent  naphtha  froquontly 
into  oontaot  with  the  innder  side  of  the  drum.  Die  solvent 
naphtha,  after  being  used  for  oleaning  about  thirty  drums, 
should  be  dumped  ina  plaoe  where  it  oan  do  no  harm. 

'  Mon  that  ore  poisoned  by  Aniline  and  iiyrbane  usually 
show  the  effects  of  the  same  by  their  lips  and  earsbeginning 
to  turn  blue.  At  the  first  sign  of  suoh  a  poisoning  the  man 
should  be  taken  out  Into  the  open  air,  given  strong,  blaok 
ooffeo  and  rested  a  couple  of  hours.  PosBlbly  a  doctor  should 
bo  oalled. 

Experience  shows  that  by  taking  proper  care  whilst  hand¬ 
ling  Aniline  and  Hyrbane,  any  speolal  danger  oan  bo  avoided." 

Tours  very  truly 


truggling  to  make  empty  the  tanks 
asten  their  return  to  you. 

Yours  very  truly 

Vioe  President  &  General  Onager  / 


Memorandum  Ho. 

DIVISION!  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woodward,  Ala. 

SUBJECT:  Tank  Cars  Cato  Sept.  7th,  1917 

Ur.  C.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt., 
Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodward,  Alabama. 

I  note  that  your  daily  reports  are  still  showing  that  you  have 
no  tank  oars  on  hand  for  the  loading  of  Benzol  and  as  at  September  3rd  you 
had  on  hand  76284  gallons  of  Benzol. 

I  have  had  this  matter  up  vigorously  with  New  Jersey  Products, 

Ino.  (Ur.  Emery,  Vice  President  and  General  Uanager  of  that  Company)  and 
our  Traffic  Service  Department,  and  am  advised  that  the  tank  car  situation 
is  very  had  at  present.  The  market  for  Benzol  at  present  also  has  some 
influence  on  the  situation. 

The  supply  of  tank  cars  to  you  is  handled  by  Ur.  Emery  and  our 
Traffic  Service  Department  and  they  assure  me  that  everything  possible  is  being 
done  to  furnish  you  with  these  cars.  I  understand  that  there  are  several 
cars  on  the  way  to  you  now  which  may  arrive  most  any  day.  They  are  being 
traced  by  the  Traffic  Department  and  every  effort  is  being  made  to  hasten 
their  movement.  Ur.  Emery  also  told  me  that  he  would  write  to  you  direct 
regarding  the  situation  which  I  suppose  he  has  done. 

We  will  continue  to  keep  in  touch  witli  the  matter  and  if  I  can  be 
of  any  further  service  to  you  at  this  moment  I'  shall  be  glad  to  have  you 
wi re  me. 


Mr.  EdiBOn  has  referred  your  letter  of  October  6th 
to  me  for  attention,  and  in  answer  would  say  that  I  am  not 
clear  as  to  whether  you  want  to  raise  our  own  operatives 
.10$,  or  whether  you  merely  mean  that  the  cost  of  the  work 
performed  by  the  Woodward  company  will  amount  to  $100.00 
per  month  more  to  us,  due  to  an  increase  of  10$  to  their 
workers.  If  you  mean  that  our  operators  must  be  given  this 
loi  increase  in  orderjo  retain  them,  Mr.  Edison  says  that 
he  is  agreeable  to  sl^&g'this  extra  charge  if  absolutely 

Please  advise  me  a  little  more  in  detail  as  to 
what  action  you  have  taken  in  the  matter. 

Yours  very  truly, 



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W  y/yjs 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N. 

Bear  Sir:  A*- 

V/e  enclose  herein  copy  of  letter  written  us  September  25th  by  M & 
A.  C.  Emery,  Vice-President  &  General  Manager,  Kew  Jersey  Products 
copy  of  our  reply,  in  regard  to  contract  now  existing  between 

V/e  would  never  be  able  to  square  ourselves  with  the  DirectorS 
Company  if  we  do  other  than  exercise  our  rights  under  our  contract 
say,  we  will  be  forced  to  take  over  your  V/ocdward  Plant  on  March  15th, 
dor  the  terms  of  our  agreement . 

You  will  recall  that  our  contract  provides  that  we 
the  output  of  the  Plant  at  the  market  price  in  case  you  desire  to  pu^sha: 
this  privilege  to  continue  for  one  year  from  the  date 

,  Inc.,yandr*t'  t/ 

OyU  * 


,7  0  v'  A 

.,  191A.  ui*-  ,  A 


7  / 

y  m 

hoDe  that  you  will  appreciate  the  situation  and  understand  why  v/e  j 



cannot  comply  with  Ur.  Emery's  request. 

With  kindest  regards,  we  are 

Yours  truly. 




IVo odward  Iron  Company 

1V&0»TCVK»,AlA..  Hovem'oor  15,  1917 

Mr.  A.  C.  Emory,  Vloo.  Proa.  £>  Gon’l  Mgr., 

Hew  Jersey  Products,  I  no., 

165  Broadway, 

New  York  Oity. 

Dear  Siri 

Your  lottor  of  September  25th,  addressed  to  Ur.  Woodward,  was  received 
during  ny  absence,  and  has  been  reforred  to  mo  for  reply. 

We  feel  that  there  1b  an  implied  compliment  in  your  request,  as  it  in¬ 
dicates  that  wo  have  taken  our  medicine  so  cheerfully  that  neither  you  nor  Mr, 
Edison  had  any  idea  of  how  impatiently  some  of  our  Directors  were  awaiting  the 
termination  of  the  oontraot  now  existing  between  this  Company  and  Mr.  Edison. 

The  arrangement  was  criticised  by  some  of  our  Direotors  on  aocount  of 
our  having  made  this  long-tons  oontraot.  Under  tho  olrcumstanoes,  we  cannot 
oonsider  a  renewal  of  the  existing  agreomont,  and  expect  to  take  over  the  Edi¬ 
son  Plant  here  on  Haroh  15th,  1918,  in  accordance  with  the  terras  of  our  agree¬ 

We  will,  of  course,  sell  Mr.  Edison  the  output  of  the  Plant  he  ’Ib  now 
operating  here,  in  case  he  cares  to  purohase  at  the  martast  price,  subjeot  to 
the  orders  of  the  United  States  Government. 

Hegrottlng  very  muoh  that  we  oannot  comply  with  your  request,  we  are 
Yours  truly, 




Orange,  H.  J. 

New  Jersey  Products.incorpc 


ilovombor  16,  1917 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Woodward  Iron  Co., 

Woodward,  Ala. 


Confinnins  telegram  last  night : 

Ploaso  note  that  ignoring  all  provious  inotmotions. 

New  Jersey  Products, ihcohi-ouatkh 

November  19th,  1917* 

0.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt., 
Edison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodward  Iron  Company, 
Woodward.  Ala. 

Sear  Sir: 

I  have  wired  you  today 

s  follows i 


We  are  tracing  the  150  drums  from  Johnstown, 
and  also  urging  the  return  to  you  of  every  possible 
drum  from  all  souroes.  We  have  now  given  you  all 
of  our  tank  oars  to  the  exclusion  of  Dominion  and 
Johnstown.  We  also  also  sending  you  tank  oar  for 
Toluol,  and  between  both  you  should  be  well  oared 
for  from  this  time  forth.  However,  both  Woodward 
ana  ourselves  are  so  badly  loaded  up  with  Solvent 
Naphtha,  that  if  you  oannot  protect  all  of  your 
materials  you  will,  of  oourse  waste  the  Solvent 
Naphtha  and  save  the  Toluol. 

Tours  very  truly, 


Vice'  President  &  Genepsi  Manager 



Woodward  Irox  Company 

^  Vo  OD1VAUD,  A!.,*- .  Deoembor  1%  1917. 

(yl\<xxJ-*i  '($3y 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H»  J. 

Dear  Sin- 

T/o  enclose  herein  a  copy  of  our  letter  of  Kovember  15th,  advising 
you  that  we  would  talco  over  your  hensol  plant  at  this  place  on  March  15.  x9ie> 
under  the  terms  of  contract  existing  between  us.  Y/e  are  writing  you  again  on 
this  subject  because  we  thought  possibly  our  letter  might  have  miscarried  and 
we  do  not  wish  to  appear  as  reaching  this  decision  without  giving  you  due 

Tours  truly. 

Vice  President. 

- -SALES - 

Benzol - 461,967  Gale.  0  .47 

Less: Freight  Paid -  1,618.48 

"  "  Bill  #51  paid  5/24/17  2,559.99 

«  "  to  be  paid  on  (312,192  Gal  s)_8,  600.89, 

Toluol- - 61,546  Gala. - (3815  Gale.  @$1.45) 

57731  »  @?1.25) 

LesssFreight  to  bo  paid  on  57,731  Gals.  1,590.49 

Naphthalene. - 452,074  Lbs.-— .(18,000  @.09  1/2* ) 

36,182  @.09  *) 

397,892  @.08  *) 

Lese:Freight  Paid - 

*  "  to  be  paid - 

■  Discount  - 

"  Allowance  - 

1/2  of  commission  $54.11  omitted  previous 


Solvent  .Naptha. -  15059  Gals.  0  .15* 

Lobs: Discount - 








.  12,?79. 3r.  .  206,655.17 


..  ...  76,105.01 




Running  expenses  to  the  end  of  Deoember 

Redemption  of  25$  construction  expenses  of  $  69,304.65 


Mitsui  &  Co.  1/2  Profit -  85,243.15 

Edison  &  CO.  1/2  *  -  85,243.16 




Net  Profit 




NEB  JERSEY  PRODUCTS,  Incorporated 
166  Broadway 
New  York 

Function  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woodward,  Ala.  Memorandum  No .33 

Subject  Toluol  Date  Jan.  10,  1918 

To  0.  H.  OpdykB,  Supt., 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Woodward,  Ala. 

I  have  been  endeavoring  to  have  an  additional  tank  oar 
rushed  to  you  by  the  British  Chemical  Company  for  loading,  but  they  ad¬ 
vise  us  by  telegraph  today  it  is  impossible  for  them  to  secure  a  tank 
car,  and  that  they  have  instructed  the  American  Steel  Package  Company  of 
Defiance,  Ohio,  to  immediately  rush  to  you  1  carload  containing  120 

These,  after  loading  with  TOLUOL,  ship  to  the  British  Chemical 
Company,  Trenton,  Ontario,  Canada,  at  the  earliest  possible  moment. 

I  note  from  your  Daily  Report  that  you  have  on  hand  80  empty 
drums.  If  these  drums  are  suitable  for  TOLUOL  loading  I  suggest  you 
immediately  load  up  say  -  1  carload  of  Toluol  in  these  drums,  and 
replace  the  number  that  you  use  from  the  stock  which  you  receive  from 
the  American  Steel  Package  Company. 

You  will,  of  course,  require  an  additional  shipment  of  drums 
to  clean  up  your  Toluol  shipments  at  the  close  of  business  in  March 

Matters  are  progressing  nicely  looking  to  the  puchase  of  our 
plant  by  the  Woodward  Company  at  the  close  of  our  contract  on  March 
15th,  and  I  will  be  glad  to  have  advioe  from  you  as  to  just  how  you 
will  finish  pp  your  production  at  this  plant.  I  presume  the  program 
will  contemplate  the  Woodward  Iron  Company  shutting  off  the  ^.ses  from 
your  plant  as  of  March  15th,  and  then  giving  you  sufficient  time  to 
work  out  the  material  in  process  so  that  we  will  not  turn  over  to  them 
any  of  the  product. 

It  is  our  plan  to  hurry  drums  or  a  tank  oarsto  you  fast  enough 
to  enable  you  to  have  all  of  your  BENZOL  and  SOLVENT  NAPHTHA  roll  to 
us  at  Silver  Lake  by  the  middle  of  March.  But,  of  course,  your  final 
shipment  of  TOLUOL  will  go  to  the  BritiBh  Chemical  Company. 

CU c  _ 

JL*{  MU*. < 

dLf  uxJ  /clt 

aSo  '/«-<  g'd  /63 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Gentlemen: - 


fa  bag  to  enclose  herewith  statement  of  account 
of  Woodward  Plant  during  the  period  of  July  1,1917  and  Dec.,  31, 
1917,  and  our  oheck  amounting  to  §24,684.89  covering  payment 
of  one  half  of  net  profit  during  the  season. 

As  to  the  deduction  of  redemption  of  35$  construc¬ 
tion  expenses  from  gross  profit  during  the  season, ive  beg  to 
state  that  we  have  done  so  according  to  the  request  of  your 
Mr.  Spindle,  and  we  trust  you  will  find  that  construction  ex¬ 
penses  of  $69304.65,  have  been  fully  redeemed. 

After  March  15,1918,  the  Plant  will  be  entirely  in 
your  possession,  and  if  you  sell  the  Plant  to  the  Woodward 
Iron  Co.,  after  that  date  and  it  necessitates  us  to  certify  to 
the  effect,  don't  hesitate  to  ask  us  to  do  so. 

Yours  &  CQii  LIMITED 





July  let .  1917  -  Deoembar  31st .  1917 , 



















199,593  gallons  @47 -|#  per  gal. $94, 896,37 
Less  freight  to  he  paid 
199,593  gallons  figured  on 
a  basis  of  7-1/4  lbs  to  a 
gallon  =  1,447,043  lbs.  0 
38 £  per  cwt.  5.498.76  -- 



30,718  gallons  @$1.35  $38,397.50 

Less  freight  to  be  paid 
30,718  gallons  figured  on' 
a  basis  of  7-1/4  lbs.  to  a 


gallon  =  333,705-5  lbs.  @ 

38#  per  owt 



389,538  pounds  @8#  per  lb. 
Less  freight  to  be  paid 



$33,134108“  $33,334.08 

4,650  gallons  @15# 

$  697.50 

Gross  Profit 

$  697.50 

$63,694~.39'  SiiSTTSfcsr 

$149^790.31  $149^796.31 

Gross  Pfofit  during  the  season 
Redemption  of .35$  Construction 
Expenses-  $69,304,65 
Net  Profit  during  the  season 



One  half  net  profit  due  you 


Secretarial  Service  Department 

FUNCTION!  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woodward,  Ala.  Memorandum  No. 

SUBJECT:  Naphthalene  -  property  of  UP.  Edison  Date  January  26,  1918 


Mr.  0.  H.  Opdyke,  Supt., 

Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Woodward,  Ala. 

Your  notation  on  daily  report  of  January 
22nd  to  the  effect  that  14  tons  of  Naphthalene  on  hand  is  the 
property  of  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  is  noted.  I  presume  this 

notation  is  made  to  distinguish  this  quantity  from  joint 

We  will  depend  upon  you  to  see  that  this 
is  shipped  as  property  of  Mr.  Edison. 


Copies  to-  Mr.  A.  C.  Emory 


raw  JERSEY  PRODUCTS,  Incorporated 
165  Broadway 
New  York 

Function  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woodward,  Ala. 

Subject  Crude  Solvent  Naptna 


Memorandum  No.  16 
Date  Fab.  £5,  1918 

Mr.  C.  H.  Op dyke,  Supt., 
Elison  Benzol  Plant, 
Woodward  Iron  Co., 
Woodward,  Ala. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  your  letter  of  February  17th  with  reference  to 
the  Crude  Solvent  Naptha  whioh  you  returned  to  the  tar  tanks  of 
the  Woodward  Iron  Company  and  1  would  suggest  that  you  dispose  of 
subsequent  accumulations  in  the  sane  manner  to  long  as  we  have 
the  operations  of  the  plant  or  until  March  15th. 

In  connection  with  the  transferring  of  the  plant  as  of 
March  15th,  I  would  be  glad  to  be  advised  as  to  how  long  you 
believe  it  will  take  to  work  out  the  problem  after .that  date 
before  we  are  entirely  through  at  Woodward;  for  instance,  assuming 
that  the  gases  are  shut  off  from  your  operation  on  ^roh  Ibth.  how 
long  will  it  take  you  to  oomplete  the  development  of  your  benzol, 
toluol  and  naphthalene  flake.  I  am  trying  to  get  some  line  on 
the  situation  as  to  how  we  can  best  handle  the  situation  and  dis¬ 
pose  of  the  heavy  tonnage  of  Denzol  whioh  you  have  accumulated. 

The  present  railroad  situation  has, 
fortunate  situation  on  containers. 

f  aourse,  caused  a  very  un- 

I  note  that  you  have  now  aooumulated  a  oarload  of  nap- 
thalene  so  we  will  expect  you  to  make  shipment  as  soon  as  a  line 
is  open. 

Yours  very  truly 

Vioe  President  &  General  Manager  f 



Office  of  Secretary 

FUNCTION i  Edison  Benzol  Plant,  Woddward,  Ala. 
SUBJECT t  Plant  reoords. 


Memorandum  No.  i ' 
Date  April  12,  1918 

Mr.  C.  H.  Opdyke,  Superintendent, 
Edison  Benzol  Plant, 

Woodward,  Alabama. 

Thank  you  for  your  letter  of  April 
the  reoords  of  the  Plant  which  you  state  you 
when  you  havo  finally  closed  up  business. 

7,  1918,  regarding 
will  send  to  Orange 

What  I  have  in  mind  is  the  Formulae  used  in  manufactur¬ 
ing  nroducts  and  any  other  records  of  manufacturing  that  y ou  may 
have',  together  with  such  other  papers  as  in  youi  judgment  should 
bn  filed  away  by  us  here.  It  may  be  that  Mr.  udison  may  require 
the  foroulae  etc.  at  some  later  date;  at  any  rate  it  would  be  very 
interesting  to  have  them  in  our  files. 

Hot  that  Mr.  Mason  has  left  us,  I  do  not  know  of  any 
record  of  the  data  being  on  file  here  at  Orange. 

Thanking  you  for  your 

further  attentii 

at  the  proper 

Copies  to«- 


rmierm  BRHZOL  PbAflT 
v.'nndgarfl-  Alabama 
— -000O000— 

Statement  of  undistributed 

an  of  January  Slat,  1920.  to  be  sharod  by  Kitsui 
ft  Co.  I**,  Thomas  A.  Edison 


Dnueod  Freight  and  Contingent  Boserves  Retails  ae  follows) 

Year  For 

.  Reserved — 

1916  Frol  gilt  3290.00 

1917  «  11670.34 

1918  "  1042.60 

1918  Contingent  300.00 






Credit  itemo  #3  of  Thome  A.  Edison  for  plant  aocount  dated 

January  31,  192°  for  Sundry  accounts 

Credit  Konc  of  Thomas  A.  Edison  for  plant  aocount  #4, 


#53  A  June  1.  1917  Settlement  of  Seaboard  Air  Line 
shipment  of  Sapthaline  burned  in  car  Ii.Y.O.  149122 
snipmeuk _  1  Froiudit  Allowance 

949.95  " 



Sill  $2,  January  31.  1920  of  Thomas  A.  Edison  for  sundry  items  not 
previously  billed  to  Mitsui  &  Co.  $1475.48 

Bill  #S0, January  31.  1920  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, Personal 
covering  freight  allowances  due  him  on  shipments  of  Benzol 

on  hi6  orders  during  year  1917  4222.45 

Bill  $21,  January  31.  1920  of  Thomas  A.  Edison.  Personal  for 
amount  due  him  on  shipment  of  Toluol  on  March  5th,  1917  in  oar 
Southern  15962  763.00 


Balance  of  Profit  to  be  distributed  5760.32 


Shore  of  Mitsui  £  Co.  60$  2890.16 

••  •*  SEhomas  A.  Edison  50$  2890.16 





%,/■/,■ , 

.  '//Mm" 

f.  -//tY.iftf  i'jt).  //M/t’H'Lft/t/j/w(.  S/fi/J 

TEA  Dept.  67  Front  Street,  te 

Maroh  1st,  1930. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Ino.,  Attention  -  Mr.  Kellow 

Orange,  N.J. 


Please  accept  our  thanks  for  your 
favor  of  February  36th,  enclosing  Ur.  Edison’s 
check  for  *10,000,  returning  operating  capital 
advanced  by  us  in  connection  with  the  Edison 
Benzol  Plant  at  Woodward,  Alabama. 

ST  :SM 

Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Edison  Chemical  Works  Records 

These  records  consist  of  interoffice  communications,  technical  notes,  and 
other  documents  pertaining  to  the  operations  of  the  Edison  Chemical  Works  in  Silver 
Lake,  New  Jersey.  Formally  established  around  1905,  the  Works  manufactured 
chemical  compounds  used  in  Edison's  products,  such  as  iron  and  nickel 
compositions  for  storage  batteries  and  wax  for  recordable  phonograph  cylinders.  It 
became  a  division  of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.  sometime  between  1915  and 

Documents  relating  to  the  Edison  Chemical  Works  can  be  found  in  both 
subgroups  of  the  archival  record  group  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site:  (1)  Plant 
Records  [intermixed  with  the  organic  plant  records];  and  (2)  Exide  Corporation  Gift, 
Accession  #495.  As  in  the  case  of  the  records  for  the  organic  chemical  plants,  these 
documents  do  not  constitute  the  complete  business  records  of  the  Edison  Chemical 
Works.  The  material  in  the  Exide  gift  subgroup  appears  to  represent  items  relating 
to  Edison  personally  among  the  papers  of  the  senior  engineers  and  managers  at  the 

All  of  the  selected  documents  are  from  the  Exide  gift  subgroup.  The  folders 
are  arranged  according  to  the  individual  experimenter  or  unit  with  whom  Edison  was 
corresponding:  (1)  J.  V.  Miller  Papers;  (2)  C.  F.  Hunter  Papers;  (3)  W.  J.  O  Dan- 
Papers;  (4)  Other  Experimenters;  (5)  Wax  Division  Papers. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  the  Edison  Chemical  Works  folders  in  the 
Edison  General  File  Series;  in  Notebooks  by  Experimenters  Other  Than  Edison- 
Chemical  Experiments  in  the  Notebook  Series;  and  in  Edison  Storage  Battery 
Company— Plant  Operations  and  Research  Records  in  Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers: 
A  Selective  Microfilm  Edition,  Part  IV. 

Folders  Not  Selected  [from  Plant  Records  Subgroup] 

Edison  Chemical  Works.  These  folders  contain  business  records,  production 
reports,  interoffice  correspondence,  and  financial  material  relating  to  the  prewar 
chemical  business. 

Central  Laboratory,  TAE  Industries.  These  records  consist  of  a  detailed  series  of 
research  requests  and  assignments  relating  to  problems  in  battery  and  wax 
production,  1918-1920.  This  work  was  conducted  at  the  Silver  Lake  aboratory, 
rather  than  at  West  Orange,  and  there  is  no  evidence  of  any  substantial  Edison 

Phenol  Resin  and  Wax  Dept.  These  folders  contain  internal  correspondence  and 
weekly  reports  dating  from  1916-1917  and  1924. 

Special  Collections  Series  -  Chemical  Production  Records 
Edison  Chemical  Works  Records 
John  V.  Miller  Papers  (1913-1920) 

These  documents  consist  primarily  of  interoffice  communications, 
technical  notes,  and  production  reports  exchanged  between  Edison  and  his 
brother-in-law  John  V.  Miller,  manager  of  the  Edison  Chemical  Works.  The 
dated  items  cover  the  years  1913-1915  and  1919-1920.  There  are  also  a 
number  of  undated  technical  notes  from  Edison  to  Miller,  one  of  which  may 
have  been  written  as  early  as  1 909.  Other  correspondents  include  Robert  A. 
Bachman,  vice  president  and  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Storage  Battery 
Co.;  Ralph  H.  Beach  of  the  Federal  Storage  Battery  Car  Co.;  chemical 
engineers  Thomas  D.  Greenley  and  Charles  F.  (Frank)  Hunter;  Edison's 
personal  assistant  William  H.  Meadowcroft;  and  construction  and 
maintenance  manager  Charles  A.  Nicolai. 

Most  of  the  documents  relate  to  composition  and  manufacturing  process 
experiments  on  the  iron  and  nickel  mixes  used  in  storage  batteries.  Also 
mentioned  are  Edison's  other  chemical  plants  at  Silver  Lake,  which  produced 
phenol  and  other  organic  chemicals;  the  Wax  Dept.;  and  general  equipment 
and  operations  issues  such  as  water  usage.  Many  of  the  notes  in  Edison's 
handwriting  have  been  stamped  on  the  back  with  the  date  and  the  notation 
"Received  Edison  Chemical  Works  Silver  Lake,  N.J." 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  except  for  duplicates. 

(/Afc  Jo 

^  c/<^0 

G&y^  &  5:c^< 

^  slj  t-Wu  f~f - *J 



Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,' 
Edison  Laboratory; 
Orange,  H.  J. 

Lear  Mr.  Edison- 

SILVER  LAKE.  N.  J.  Jun6  13,  1913 

$  j 

r  s  q  t*%' 

syy c-, 

We  would  like  to  call  your -attention  to  the  matter  of 
supplying  power  to  the  Beaoh  people  or  the  Federal  Storage  \ 
Battery  Co.,  We  have  our  plant  connected  with  the  Public  \ 
Service  and  are  using  that  power  hut  we  have  to  run  a  large  J 
engine,  2B0  H.  P.  to  supply  a  few  horse  power  to  the  Beaoh  J 
^•people.  ,  We  have  taken  the  matter  up  with  the  Beaoh  people 
several  times  hut  they  state  that  there  is  some  question 
about  getting  the  material  from  the  manufacturers.  We  doubt 
this  statement  somewhat,  as  we  believe  the  manufacturers  have 
the  motors,  transformers,  eto.,  ready  but  the  Beaoh  people 
will  not  take  them.  Bo  you  want  us  to  continue  running  the 
engine  indefinetly?  Probably  a  word  from  you  to  Mr.  Beaoh 
might  settle  the  matter  and  they  would  complete  their  arrange¬ 
ments  and  we  would  be  able  to  Bhut  down  the  engine. 

Tours  truly, 



VI  i 

1132.  Thogjas  A. 

July  23,  1913. 


i  0  Demr  Url  Edtaah;-  \  ? 

2  4  J  5  v  Someltime  ago  I  submitted  to  you  the  analysis 

^  ^  .  0f4ron  fc£x  re&vered^y  means  of  the  exhauster  from  the 

V  ^  y6  M  iJl  Los^|nS  De^'  jj\  C|re.nge,  H.  J.  At  the  time,  we  had 

<J  ^  J  i  ^  V^nSfPdetesliined  tL  Al\\na  contents .  The  cc 

S  3  ^T^yBirisnowaMolls;- 

JL  ^  Silicon  -  00 .205$  _  Pe  -  85.500?? 

^  g  I  Calc&m  -  00.258??  HgO  -  6.5855? 

>o_rs  ,  « 

Alumina  -  00 .085? 

n  hand  of  this  material  about  12000  lbs . 

e  wish  to  know  whether  you 

a  to  mix  this  in  small 

'•'quantities  with  the  0.  P.  mix,  or  let  it  stand  until  we 
have  a  long  test  on  the-  oells  now  running . 

J  We  took  the  matter  up  with  Mr.  Bachman,  explaining 

to  him  that  there  was  a  great  loss  of  iron  through  this 
— 1  exhauster .  They  have  changed  things  now  so  that  this  loss 

has  been  considerably  reduced. 

Yours  sincerely, 

j  *  Edison  Chemioal  Works  . 


Report  of  week  ending  - . Julia.  _2Qth/l4..v 

Fldison  Chemical  Works 


During  Week 

Nickel  Hydrate  76oo# 

Iron  Mix-Small  Gua77, 


Nickel  Anodes  Curved  2461#  =  70 

Bar  Distilled  Water 

Stock  on  Hand- 
Nickel  Hydrate  36823#^ 

Iron  Mix-Small  1961u'a-r 


Nickel  Anodes  Curved  2605#  =  74 


21%  Electrolyte 

33%  “  1350o# 

Nickel  Anodes  Curved  1412#  =  40 

Distilled  Water 

133-|-  Gftls 
500  Litres 

To  Deutche  Edison  Accumulatoren  Co., 
Iron  Mix 

Production  Labor  373.74 

General  Expense  913.74 

Investments  45  •  flf’ — 


Pav  Roll 

Employees  -  Total  -  36 
End  of  week  -  34 


Bills  received  during  the  week  ft  5632.67 

Sales  during  the  week  440 6  . 8 

.  Remarks  on  reverse  side 



Report  of  week  ending . 


Tc  C ly.r 

Average  Results  of  Mix  Nos. 

Leading  We^h 


26  |l 


iC,.6  4:6 


2,  .6  26 


Average  Results  of  Batch  Nos.  4ol30  - 

Loading  Weight 

3rd  Run  at  200 

16th  Run  at  200 

Lowest  7  ilCo 

Highest  £  .07 o 

Remarks  on  reverse  side 




#1957-  Purpose-  Effect  of  quick  drying 
General-  Sample  from  Agitating  t 
Detail  -  Boiled  to  15 .67f5  Solids 

,i  loading  weight . 
dried  100cC  in  49*  hrs  . 

#1950-  Purposo-  Effect  of  quick  drying  on  loading  weight. 

Detail  - 

Sample  from  Agitating  tai 
Boiled  to  18.7  j>  solids, 

dried  100°0  in  74*  hrs. 


Dotail  - 

Effect  of  quick  drying 
Part  of  hatch  .#52&5  .  £ 
Dried  at  high  heat  120 

on  loading 
V  in  17  hi 

/eight . 


Purpooe-  Effect  long  dryinj 
General- -Part  of  #524'i . 
Detail  -  Dried  at  100 ,  in  i 


weight . 

*1962-  Purnoso-  To  check-' regular  driers  against  laooratorj-  drier. 
General- 'Part  of  *5209.' 

Detail  -  Dried  in  gas  over.  00  hrs  . 

#19 i'5-  Purpose-  Effect  of  quick  drying  on  loading  weight. 

General-  5  pans  of  hat oh  #3265.  c  .  s 

Detail  -  Dried  in  high  heat  drier  at  120  m  ~7  nrs . 

#1955-  Purpose-  Effect  of  long  drying  on  loading  weight. 

General-  3  pans  of  hatch  #5255. 

Detail  -  Dried  in  low  heat  drier,  dried  in  1-  aays . 

Batch  #5264-  Purpose-  Effect  on  loading  weight  of  ^g^ta, 
mush  as  muoh  as  reg  in  precipiiun  j-nu 

General - 

Detail  -  Boiled  to  15S 
#5265-  Same  as  #5264. 

15f» ,-  dried  at  75  Ids  steam  pre 

*#266  -  "  r"  #5254. 

#5267 -  Purpose-  Effect  on  loading  weight  of  boiling  DiSO^  si 
Bldg.  #2  longer  than  regular.  ■ 

General-  Hade  3  regular  batches  . 

Detail  -  .  y  . 

#5263-  Same  as  #5257 . 
#5269-  "  "  #5267 . 


(j&JiLXZ^  Qi^L  £~.&  l  t~et^C 

« Qfin^tk 

July  16th,  1914. 

.  fa*#' 


.  ts 


■  n 






Mr.  R.  A.  Bachman: 

As  instructed  X  have  eotqmined  the  equipment  for 
the  manufacture  of  electrolyte  at  the  Edison  Chemical  Works. 

Mr.  J.  V.  Miller  was  not  at  the  plant\when  we  got  there,  and 
we  were  taken  through  the  plant  hy  Mr.XHunter,  who  jtalkedjjjj). 

Mr.  Miller  over  the  telephone  while  we  Wer either e.  vvw  IC-Mvtn.  Qvu,-C^ 

-  —  .a^UV 

The  plant  in  use  at  present  consists  of  three  tanks 
of  l/4  in.  iron  5  feet  9  inches  diameter  ahd  four  feet  high. ^ et 
Each  of  these  tanks  takes  five  drums  of  the\solid  potash  and 
produces  about7333  pounds  of  33$  KOH  in  a  ba\oh.  Two  of  these 
tanks  are  settled  before  drawing  off  the  solution.  Mr.  Hunter 
states  that  the  settling  requires  seven  days.  NThe  tank  which 
is  not  settled  is  said  to  produce  finished  solution  containing 
only  a  few  hundredths  of  1$  of  suspended  or  insoluble  matter. 
The  water  used  in  dissolving  the  potash  is  condensed  steam  from 
the  Hickel  Hydrate  dryer.  All  of  these  tanks  are  equipped  with 
conical  sheet  iron  covers  and  facilities  for  blowingAjm m  ate* 
into  the  solution  to  prevent  caking  of  the  Potash  in  the  bottom 
of  tank,  and  to  mix  the  solution. 

There  are  two  additional  tanks  in  this  equipment 
but  they  are  not  used  regularly.  These  measurements  are: 

1-5  feet  9"  diameter  x  4  feet  high 

1  -  f 


Mr.  Hunter  states  that  the  labor  cost  is  .0002^ 
per  pound  and  the  complete  cost  all  items,  included  2.398  cents 
per  pound. 

The  new  equipment  consists  of  2  tanks  13  feet  diameter 
4  feet  high  having  racks  built  at  the  bottom  to  holdthe  cakes 
of  solid  Potash,  and  equipped  with  air  and  water  inlet  pipes. 

These  tanks  have  a  total  capacity  of  5:5000  Liters  -  a  useful 
capacity  of  10000  liters  and  are  designed  to  handle  4200  A-4  equiv¬ 
alent  per  day 


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Mar oh  4th/l5 . 

IJr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  K«  J. 

He/ Charge  for  Stool  Drains , 

Door  Mr.  Edison;-  Carbolic  Aoid  Slant. 

Wo  reooived  this  morning  your  note  rolativo  to  our 
charge  for  the  110  gallon  Bteel  arums  whioh  wo  sent  to  the  Car¬ 
bolic  Aoid  Slant.  In  reply  would  say  that  those  are  drums  which 
we  use  for  electrolyte  shipments ,  and  it  hae  boon  our  custom  for 
a  long  time  to  ohargo  these  out  at  the  prioe  of  §10.  eaoh,  with 
tho  idea  that  they  are  all  -loaned . 

The  idea  of  thiB  charge  is  that  being  ouito  an  amount, 
wo  would  ho  much  more  apt  to  have  thorn  rotor  nod .  The  actual 
prioe  is  much  less.  The  laBt  drums  we  purohasea  Hov.1913  oost 
us  $7.36  delivered  at  our  Works. 

When  those  arums  were  sent  to  tho  Carbolic  Plant,  we 
understood  that  they  wore  borrowed  only.  Therefore,  we  made  the 
oustomary  charge  of  $10.  oaoh . 

If  these  drums  ore  to  he  kept  there  ana  an  actual  sale 
matte,  I  suppose  we  would  have  to  oroait  them  with  ihe  difference 
between  the  oost  to  us  and  $L0 .  Tho  drums  were  now,  never  having 
•been  used  for  Potash.  We  will  take  up  the  matter  with  tho  Ino. 
Purchasing  Dept . 

Yours  very  truly, 





Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Edison  laboratory, 
Orange,  E.J 

Dear  Mr.  Edison= 

silver  lake,  n,  3.  ,  March  12  ,  101  5  • 


Herewith  enclosed  wp  Eendyou^a  1  ^  ml11 

supplies,  such  os  pipe  f ittin^t^a^sV'p11110^8 •  eEfl  pil’e  1361,133  * 
This  material  we  h  ve  had  on  hai 

M long  time,  and  made 

two  or  three  attempts  to  dispose  of" it  through  the  other  Edison 
plants,  hut  as  yet  v/e  have  diupoaad^of  X%£..JL  {ju 

You  vail  notice  that  at  the  top  oflthe^lisvw'ihere  sre 
i  number  of  H"  Ells,  and  l£"  Open  Rojiunn  Bends.  These 

r  good  for  heating  coils.  Thaw'S* Bought  some  time 

quit  e 
would  he  i 

ago  together  with  the  1"  Tee  iron  for  Michel  Hydrat e^driers .  We 
did  not  use  them  owing  to  the  fact  that. we  inoreased^output  of 
old  driers,  and  new  ones  were  unnecessary. 

Also  you  vail  note  on  sheet  two,  thr< 
one  is  the  H  type,  ana  two  are  the  3  type.  T’ 
here  with  the  tv/o  B.  &  W.  boilers,  which 
ego . 

6"  exp v ns ion  hen a 
Two  of  these  were  scv 
installed  some  time 

t  8era  this  list  to  you  with  the  hope  that  you  can  in 
some  way  arrange  with  the  different  purchasing  departments  to  h:ve 

it  used .  We  are  sending  duplicate  copies  to  Hr.  Bachman,  Mr .Cheshire 

and  Mr.  Saltzman. 

Yours  i 

-ery  truly, 


->  Mgr  . 


A  o  4"  • 

X  CXjbef<'&)}H 

(/"  h'lACc'V  Lu'dn/h  k 

f&oo-co  t,jj-  HUy  ccti  i.  ^ 

Jun.C-  _.  Is-foA L  -  / 

.  Ccu  —  '  '  —  - 



CL^A  _ /  y-u^Oj 

\cua-C  A'O  ei  i  ujiCa-ijcc-J 

itj  cu  d>  '6c^  '  l£c. 

/''i  A  Lo~o~u,Cb  “&c  Cl-t-u^ 

Cc<)  u  gu-t-V-  Ct^jLtlzLtsi _ /Cr^lLCj - tAr: 



4  4  /  A-yZ  • 

/A/f  / 

•  x  .'§>)  ./- 

$  ••'  4 

LOdU —  3L-  -  * 

rhos.  A.  Edison  /  £e~Wk l» 

Edison  laboratory,  ,  J  cl -t+r  -*\Y  r 

Orange,  II .J.  &eVc-v~*  ^  *■ 


Dear  Mr.  Edison; - 

A  committee  of  "Celebration 
of  the  Settlement  of  the  City  of  Newark,  H.J."  oalLed  here  a 
couple  of  daya  ago,  aid  left  a  card  requesting  a  do^tion. 

I  told  them  that  it  would  be  necessary  for  ns? to  take 
it  up  with  Orange.  In  the  meantime  I  have  talked  w^Ur.  Hudson 
of  the  Primary  Battery  Division,  and  we  have  come  ^conclusion 
that  it  would  be  a  wise  policy  to  give  some  attention  to  this 
cause.  First ;  in  consideration  of  the  good  work  of  the  Newark 
Mre  Department  in  helping  us  out  on  the  big  fire  in  December. 
Secondly;  to  keep  on  good  terms  if  possible  with  the  people  in 
Newark,  in  lieu  of  our  relying  upon  them  to  help  us  out  in  case 

of  fire  down  here. 

,bw  he,.  ashed  »r  .  donation  of  5260.00,  and  I  thontfit 
it  would  be,  possibly,  tha  best  w.y  for  on,  donation  to  b.  .ad.  fro. 
you  .blob  would  b.  apportioned  nous  the  differ.nt  oorpanleo,  either 
tbl.  entire  -oust,  or  os  »ob  a.  you  see  fit  to  sirs.  I  enel.s. 
card  which  was  left  here. 

1-enol .-Card 

Yours  sincerely, 


Mgr . 

Edison  Chemical  Works 
Belmont  Ave.  Silver  Lake. 
Bloomfield  &  Belmont 



Hay  Sth.  1915. 

The  Committee  of  One  Hundred, 
790  Broad  Street, 

Hewark ,  B .  J . 


Ur.  Edison,  Being  the  owner  of  the  Edison  Chemioal 
'Works  at  Silver  Lake,  H.  J.f  has  had  referred  to  him  your 
request  to  said  WorkB  for  a  contribution  of  0260.  doubtless 
in  addition  to  this  request  you  have  or  will  request  contri¬ 
butions  from  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Inc.,  Edison  Phonograph  Works 
and  Edison  Storage  Battery  Company,  all  of  Orange.  All  of  these 
Companies  are  owned  or  controlled  by  Hr.  Edison,  and  because 
of  the  great  Iobs  sustained  by  him,  due  to  the  disastrous  fire 
Which  occurred  in  December  last,  which  necessitated  the  expendi¬ 
ture  of  a  vast  amount  of  money  to  rebuild,  also  because  of  the 
contributions  to  a  great  many  worth  causeB  during  the  past  0ls: 
months,  also  because  none  of  the  Companies  mentioned  are  lo¬ 
cated  within  the  City  of  liewarfc,  he  feels  reluctantly  compelled 
to  advise  that  he  cannot  see  his  way  clear  to  make  any  contri¬ 
butions  whatever  toward  the  fund  required  fbr  the  celebration 
of  the  250th  Anniversary  of  the  settlement  of  the  City  of  Newark. 

Yours  very  truly, 

(signed)  Y/m.  H.  Meadowcroft. 

Assistant  to  Mr.  Edison. 

C.C.  to  Messrs:  Wilson,  Berggren,  Bachman  and  J.  V.  Miller. 


,  Shoe  .  A.  Edison, 
Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange ,  H . J • 


Dear  Mr.  Edison; - 

There  are  a  couple  of  steel  cars  J^Sted  for  motors 
to  be  used  for  pulling  reduction  pots  ouj#of  furnaces  3 
standing  i\dle  in  the  new  Chemical  Pie 
of  them  in  our  plant  to  good  advanl^jl 

Also  we  want  to  get  a  jJfssure  tank  for  pumping  some 
of  our  solution  (as  iron,  sulph#)  by  air  pressure  and  do  away 
with  pumps  which  are  a  Jon stable  trouble  owing  to  the  acid 
eating  away  the  metal T#re  may  be  a  tank  in  the  new  Chemical 
Plant  which  we  Eight  l| 

Will  you  kJj  write  Mr.  Kammerhoff  a  letter  allowing 
us  to  measure  up  the|^paratus  and  if  v 
them  to  our  plant? 

i  to  remove 

Yours  very  truly, 





oate  June  lGth-1915 . 

Ur.  Bachman  and  Research. 

Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange, H.J. 

Dear  Hr.  Edison: 



Confirming  conversation  of  the  writer  ^ 
with  you  this  afternoon  regarding  the  quality  of  nic^e^^r^ 
hydrate  as  effected  hy  the  presence  of  Cohalt,  we 
give  you  the  enclosed  data  sheet  .which  will  show.&^Tur^ 
opinion,' that  Cohalt  has  no  advantage,  and  in  fact 
to  he  quite  a  detriment  to  the  electrical  capacitjppf^e  / 
nickel  hydrate.  It  would  seem  to  us,  and  we  would'  re-^  J-  . 
commend,  that  we  discontinue  the  adding  of  any  Cohii&'^o 

the  nickel  hulphate  solutions. 

Xn  accordance  with  your  authority 
given  to-day,  we  are  adding  to  new  hatches  of  nickel 
sulphate,****  only  l/lO $  of  Oohalt,  and  we  shall  con¬ 
tinue  to  do  same  until  otherwise  directed  hy  you. 

Will  you  kindly  approve  in  writing  this 
action  so  we  may  have  same  on  record. 

Yours  very  tfuly, 


June  21st -1915. 



ID  .Y/T . 



















0.1  0.5 
7.530  7.503 
548-9E  550-1E 










0.0  0.1  0.3 

7.619  7.676  7.647 

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t-tfcf  ^T  ~Z~  0cOLt/'<r&C,'t 
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6>£4-  lut-tf1  C-  (\ t^^US-C-c  C-*I 






Mr.  Edison''  Experiments. 
Mr.  Cox, 

June  4th  1919. 

Mr.  Edison  requested  the  following 
experiments  to  be  mado.  Will  you  kindly  make  up  the  follow¬ 
ing  experiments  and  advise: 

Please  make  in  your  small  apparatus  several  oz 
of  80  parts  of  Ferrous  Sulphate  &  20  parts 
of  Niokel  Sulphate  both  put  together  in  solution 
Evaporate  to  dryneBB 
ignite  to  red  oxide 

Reduoe  in  hydrogen  ,  „  ,  ^ 

Belfheat  &  make  up  4  of  5  grm  Silver  lake  Pookets 
and  send  up  to  test. 

let  me  know  results, 

another  lot  of  76  parts  Ferrous  Sulphate  & 

26  parts  of  Magnesium  Sulphate 
disol vecLt ogother ,  evaporate 

ignite  to  Oxide  &  Reduoe  in  Hydrogen  self  heat 
and  make  4  5  grm  pockets  for  test. 


Division  M  nager. 



?jf  !(u.u.v 

XX.  A 91 9  •'• 


& « —f-r !" 

<***■  Z- 

4%zPl  ^  j 

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•  w*^  {/^,"  .  ^ 



_Itr.  Gliomas  EcLiso 
Iron  Uix  I.pprovuls  on  8th  run. 

Copies  to  Ur.  Sholes,  Ur.  O’Dair,  Ur.  Hunter  ,Ur.  Dunn. 

Edison  Chemioal  Works  Division 
Silver  lake,  N.J. 

November  7,  1919 

TO:  Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison 

PROM:  Mr.  J.  V.  Miller 

SUBJECT:  Iron  Mix 

The  following  tabulations  show  the  capaoity  of  5  Gram  Pockets 
on  the  8th  and  16th  Runs  for  Ten  Batches  of  Iron  Mix  made  during  the 
period  between  October  Brd  and  October  16th,  1919: 

Mix  Number  49S4 
Idg. Weight  22.4 
Wt.per  Dp.  44 
8th  Run  1780 
16th  Run  *1680 

4935  4936  4937 

25.2  22,3  23.2 

.47  .45  .46 

1690  1760  1640 

1785  1820  1730 

4938  4939  4943 

23.7  24.1  23.6 

.5  52  .49 

1735  1700  1770 

1780  1795  1856 

4944  4946  4946 

24,2  23.3  23.8 

.61  .49  .47 

1766  1785  1710 

1790  2115  1750 

%  above  1600  on  8th  Run  100% 

%  "  1700  on  8th  "  80% 

%  that  failed  to  show  gain  on  16th  over  8th  Run  10% 
*Duplioate  pockets  being  run. 


Division  Manager 

MOsers.  C.  Hholos,  O'  Bair,  Hunter,  j)unn. 
Iron  !ftx  Approvals  on  8th  run. 

JVM - 1283 

Hot,  11th  1919. 

In  answer  to  our  .  latter  to  1ST,  Edison  of 
Hot,  7th,  1919,'  relative  to  panning  Iron. on  tho  Oth  run, 
would  inform  you  that  Mr.  Edison  hj»B  apyravod  of  this  ruling 
ahd  hereafter  wo  will  follow  sane. 

i'ho  lottor  with  ^lr.  Edison' s  Approval  will 
:  ho  filod  hero  at  Silver  X/nko. 


Hi  vision  Manager. 


Hr.  Thomas  A.  EdiBon, 

Orange,  1J.J. 

Addition  of  Meroury  to  Iron  Mix, 

■■Jiffi - 1239. 

°"llov,  13,  1919. 

On  February  first  last,  v-e  increased 
the  percentage  of  dope  in  our  Iron  llix  to  4  fj.  Since 
then  Beveral~tests  have  been  run  as  to  the  relative  value 
of  4  ■;&  as  compared  with  3  yl.  Attached  herewith  aro 

tabulations  of  the  results  of  some  of  those  tests,  These 
show  that  the  increase  in  Lleroury  makes  eoarcely  any 

At  our  Manufacturing  Committee  Meeting 
•it  was  recommended  that  we  return  to  3  ■';!>  dope  and  before 
we  take  such  action  we  would  like  your  approval,  '.’.'ill  you 
kindly, therefore,  place  your  approval  on  this  letter  and 
return  same  to  the  writer. 

Mr.  C.E. Sholes,  Hr.  O'Dair,  Hr.  Hunter  &  Hr.  Dunn. 
Tabulations  of  Experiments  attached. 


Tabulations  showing  effoot  of  3/o, 
Ezqperimant  No,  3069 

No.  Zfc  Ztfi, 

1  1640  1740  1696  1600  1696  1630 
3  1530  1675  1540  1496  1420  1490 
6  962  962  750  950  760  750 

8  1636  1630  1600  1600  1580,1590 

9  1870  1870  1860  1846  1775  1825 
11  1790  1775  1760  1750  '1600  1700 
14  1376  1200  1000  1187  987  1000 

16  1800  1800  1790  1790  1650  1700 

17  1850  2276  1860  1800..  1670  1876 
19  1800  1880  1736  1735  1680  1735 
22  1462  1462  1276  1462  1425 
24  1846  1875  1900  1780  1716  1826 

and  HgO  on  present  Iron  Mis. 


No.  3%  3 6% 

89  1986  2000  1995  1980  1800  1875 

91  2075  2000  1980  1880  1860  1860 

94  1476  1462  1226  1312  1400  1225 

96  2085  2095  1960  1970  1870  1860 

97  1960199020661970  17861900 

99  2050  2065  2050  1950  1675  1800 

102  1437  1426  1000  1260  1437  1000 

104  2176  2186  2150  2176  1875  1975 

105  1965  2035  2000  1950  1776  1760 

107  2180  2190  2100  2135  2100  2100 

110  1600  1500  1050  1000  1500  1260 

112  2040  2130  2000  2060  1890  1895 

26  1745  1725  1740  1745 

27.  1900 

30  1250  1175  1000  1175 

32  1856  1860  1830  1825 

53  1970  1940  1896  1920 

36  1796  1860  1845  1780 

38  1500  1476  1337  1487 

40  2000  2000  1890  1880 

41  2100  2000  2000  1965 

43  1990  1990  1990  1890 

46  1600  1362  1287  1462 

48  2000  1950  1950  1950 

49  2015  1900  I960  1900 

61  2000  2000  1965  1960 

54  1725  1687  1500  1725 

66  2000  2025  2000  2000 

57  1965  1996  2000  1980 

59  1950  1986  1960  1916 

62  1662  1662  1600  1600 

64  2025  2086  2075  2036 

66  2000  2076  2076  1986 

67  1955  1900  1925  1900 

70  1712  1700  1626  1737 

72  2085  2096  2085  2070 

73  1960  2000  2026  1960 

75  2200  2160  1500  1600 

78  1750  1700  1700  1700 

80  2000  2000  2036  2000 

1730  1736  113  1990  2100 

115  2030  2000 

960  1000  118  1250  1250 

1625  1675  120  2030  2100 

1775  1835  121  1900  1980 
1676  1776  123  2000  2086 
1337  1350  126  1037  1037 
1760  1775  128  2050  2085 

1896  1950  129  2080  2090 

1760  1800  131  1960  1976 

1312  1250  134  875  1000 

1780  1870  136  2080  2080 

1780  1826  137  2000  1976 

1760  I860  139  2000  1995 

1500  1575  142  1025  1062 

1800  1880  144  2000  2000 

1975  1845146  1890  1900 
1780  1820147  1835  189b1 

1662  1500  160  1462  1487 

1886  1926  162  2100  2100 

1800  1895  163  1900  1800 

1786  1795  165  1660  1690 

1712  1600  168  1137  1162 

1876  1936  160  210p  2100 

1800  1800  161  1780  1776 

1450  1412  163  2016  2000 

1700  1612  166  1000  1060 

1860  1976  168  2140  2125 

2100  1975  1770  1975 

1925  1685  1595  1800 

1300  1250  1300  1312 

2050  2080  1900  1900 

1900  1900  1700  1760 

2015  1900  1800  1870 

1300  912  1276  1312 

2060  2000  1875  1885 

2090  1900  1700  1795 

1960  1800  1700  1800 

1250  750  1125  1062 

2086  1960  1800  1955 

2000  1900  1785  1900 

1985  1900  1800  1800 

1600  1125  1275  1350 

2020  1900  1836  1900 

1900  1875  1650  1690 

1885  1650  1600  1700 

1500  1500  1375  1450 

2100  1976  1800  1975 

1990  1730  1700  16B0' 

1670  1600  1600  1626 
1250  912  1050  .1162 

2100  1925  1800  1930 

1790  1600  1580  1615 

220  1825  1760  1800 

1250  687  1060  1037 

2130  1900  1800  1900 

81  2000  2025  2040 
83  2000  2000  2000 
86  1687  1687  1687 
88  2200  2176  2180 

2000  1900  1900  169 
2050  1840  1860  171 
1625  1687  1600  174 
2180  2000  2080  176 

1970  1966  1990  1600  1610  1700 

1976  1950  1985al300  1600  1800 

975  950  975  175  962  937 

2080  2075  2070  1686  1675  1690 

Cut  out  April  19,  1919. 


Tabulations  showing  effect  of  i 
Jtoperiaent  #3095 

Hun  No.  *  Z'p 

1  1600  1600 
3  1200  1216 

6  1037  1050 

8  1350  1376 

9  1575  1600 

11  1390  1390 

14  975  1000 

16  1600  1485 

17  1500  1500 

19  1600  1500 

23  1350  1350 

24  1550  1655 

25  1636  1600 

27  1570  1500 

30  1212  1225 

32  1575  1675 

23  1650  1676  ' 

35  1716  1725 
38  1062  1000 

40  1650  1660 

41  1560  1560 

43  1600  1500 

45  1187  1212 

46  1660  1580 

49  1550  1460 

61  1380  1390 

and  4,5>  HgO  on  present  iron 


1540  1600 

1200  1255 

1025  1025 

1426  1416 

1700  1700 

1376  1345 

962  975 

1490  1480 

1600  1500 

1600  1625 

1287  1312 

1600  1540 

1500  1536 

1460  1500 
1212  1137 

1625  1660 

1640  1660 

1730  1740 

1250  1250 

1570  1650 

1635  1690 

1600  1500 

1225  1187 
1576  1546 

1475  1400 

1375  1385 

Cut  Out  April  13,  1919, 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Laboratory, 
Mr.  lie  a  dower  oft. 

Orders  for  Mr.  Edison. 

/Dear  Mr.  lioadoworoft, 

,  Thoro  has  boon  soma  oonfusion  us  to 

tho  authority  of  ordoring  material  'from  ns  on  the  strength 
'  of "Mr.  Edison  wants  name  iraraodiatoly”.  At  the  mooting  of 
the  Manufadturing  Comiaittoe  today  tho  matter  was  brought 
up  and  I  mado  the  following  deoision. 

That  any  orders  bonafido  from  Mr.  Edison 
’  for  material  Bhould  bo  put  through  without  any  formal  order  or 
^requisition  and  sent  to  Mr.  Edison  at  tho  earlioot  possible 
jtime  in  which  we  can  got  out  tho  material  ,  not . sacrificing 
quality,  howevor. 

■i  That  no  ordors  should  bo  aocoptod  by 

telephone  or  otherwise  to  do  work  on  tho  supposition  that  it 
,1s  for  Ur.  Edison,  unless  tho  said  order  oomos  through  you. 

:  Will  you  thoroforo, hereafter,  forward 

to  us  any  orders  for  mutorial  for  Ur.  Edison  or  aooopt  and 
; approve  of  any  ordors  or  requisitions  tolophoned  or  sont  to 
us  by  other  parties  said  to  be  ordoring  for  Mr.  Ediaon. 

Tiniest!  wo  hoar  from  you  to  tho  contrary, 
this  will  be  tho  ruling  we  shall  make. 

Division  Manager. 

JVM - 1237 

Mov.  13th  1919. 

Ur.  Hunter  and  Mr.  Burrows. 

TO:Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison  ,  Orange,  H.J, 

J.V. Miller,  Edison  Chemical  Works  Division. 

RE:Our  using  NiokBl  Disc  Strippings. 

JVM— 1820. 
Sept,  18,  1920. 

I  talked  this  matter  over  with  Mr .  Hunter  and  he  seemed  to 
think  thiB  would  dissolve  extremely  slowly.  My  idea  was  that  we  might 
put  it  in  our  dissolving  tanks  with  Reduoed  Niokel  and  gradually  use  it 
up,  hut  Mr.  Hunter  thinks  this  would  taka  a  very  long  time. 

Why  could  not  this  material  as  well  as  any  very  poor  ouulity 
of  reclaimed  scrap  Hake  ho  sent  to  Goldsmiths'  Foundry  in  Newark  and  made 
into  Niokel  Anodes,  and  used  at  the  Storage  Battery  Company. 

If  you  think  that  this  would  dissolve  readily  we  would  he 
very  glad  to  take  it  at  once  and  use  it  up  in  our  dissolving  tanks.  Also 
that  Niokel  Powder  you  saw  at  our  melting  furnace  could  he  sent  to  Newark 
and  made  into  anodes. 




)  ing  Divi'Bi-orj-J^anag  e; 

Jll  fHUu 

J.  !.(.v\cttn:Tiitn©l 

IxUfr?i-f  IKo.  \ 

cUUldHA  4u«3  h  ■  Jl 

^  o-i^fL  Kjp<  v\  ~  tcrt-ivUJ 

EE—.  ' 

...  £%v 

-Mr.  P.A.Edison,  Orange,  H.J. 
llota  received  this  morning  -  order  for  motor. 

■MO.ANDUM  nJVM - 1867. 

Oot.  13,  1920. 

■!e  dosiied  a  motor  35  H.P.  for  #3  Proctor  Dryer.  A  requisition  for 
sane  was  made  out  ml  sont  to  tho  Purchasing  Department  of  the  Storrgo  Battery 
Company,  Mr.  F.  Evans.  Across  tho  face  of  thi3  order  I  wrote  "try  all 
Edison  Divisions'*  . 

Ur.  Evans  made  inquiries  and  located  a  35  H.P.  Motor  at  the  Disc 
Record  Division  and  that  is  tho  motor  which  wo  are  to  us o. 

I  Believe  this  covers  the  information  you  desire.  Tie  are 
endeavoring  to  out  out  all  purchases  of  material  and  equipment  from 
outside  and  trying  to  pickup  fron  the  other  Interests  any  material 

si< -  M  ^ 

'I  'hedlw®  IcL-du 

^  wy 

5X4  fc0"1^ 

Ca«  -M<w-  W^>  tfvt/'"'J 

ua  JW<  r~^ 

XjloA  .U»<^-" 


|4b?  a?'  UKC  Ujh*  <’(' 

ti’li  •'* 

\  /'£'  m  (  < 
l  \ 

C.&  ■/!  1  t  j(lff  t'l'  !:  • 4  U!  ;  ’• 


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October  16,  19SO. 

Messrs  Sagan, 


Miller,  3. V. 




Mr,  Kelson  wishes  me  to  aa oar tain  if  your 

use  any  olty  water  direct  for  purposes  for  which  well 
water  would  answer  Just  aa  well. 

Will  you  reply  aa  quickly  as  possible  on 
this  sheet. 


Of] tU 

'  Axj^avtr  cUt attic*)  (£%£«  cJsv-tU  frvtCcKj 
1h  $r'(Utp*  xf  P'm«.*pc, 

t  ..A-  .jr  .  'L± 

Mr.  W.  Meadowcroft, 


Subject:-  Cost,  or  City  Water. 

The  Orange  City  Water  is  billed  to  us  on  a  si  id  in'1  scale 
of  prices  according  to  the  service  and  consumption.  Below  are 
figures  showing  the  cost  of  Orange  Water  for  the. month  of 
September  1920. 

v  PLAT/NGr 

Water  supplied  to  E.P.Wks’  Buildings  for  dr  ink  ing.purposes , 
527,250  gallons  at  a  cost  of  .181  per  M  gallons.  '  ' 

Water  supplied  to  the  Pumping  Station  to  increase  the 
pressure  of  our  water,  1,227,000  gallons  at  a  cost  of  .14  per 
m  gallons. 

Water  supplied  to  the  Boiler  Plant,  Eng 
le-Creation  Division,  13,284,750  gallons  at 
i.  Gallons. 

ine  Room,  and  Disc 
a  cost  of  .1133  per 

The  cost  of  Orange  Water  previous,  to  July  1,1920  was  .10 
per  M  Gal  Ions. 

The  'West  Orange  Water  Co.  bill  us:  for  the  total  amount 
of  water  consumed  on  all  services  from  them  on  a  sliding  scale 
of  prices  according  to  the  total  consumption  of  these  services. 

During  the  month  of  September  we  consumed  2,455,500  gallons 
and  the  average  cost  of  this  water  was  .19063  per  M  gallons. 

This  Company  hes  been  granted  an  increase  of  25%  on  their 
old  rates  beginning  October  1st,  which  will  increase  the  above 
f  inures  toabout  .24  per  M  Gallons. 

Construction  &  Maintenance  Service  Division 

—  Hr.  Thoms  A.  Edison,  Orange,  H.J. 

. oJVU— 1077. 

j.V.Hlller,  Edison  Chemical  W 
-  \lcx  Department. 


i to  \Joceivod  October  18* yi92( 


Tfixa  noto\$eoeivod  October  18, '1920. 

The  wax  shaved-  off  the  rough  cylinders . 
maohino  is  oolleotod  th^^jL tiedSporlodioally8and  the  wax  remelted, 
dust  collector.  3“e.^ge^e^oe"r,  ekcept  possibly  a  very 
I  believe  there,  is  no  loos  here  whatsoevo  ,  ^  some  do;.' a  when 

sressr“s,s-.  «£.  501 ns: « 

U.“sr  “ US’S  nZ.SU’ -  — • 

pi^t  ically^^oas  of^ax^'in^tho'dopMtment'^as'every thing  is  recovered 
by  exhausters  and  remelted. 



HATF  7lHA  f‘ZO  - 







Sampled  by 


'V'Vw  l*f'rv'^'A/ 

Marks  p  _  ^ 

— vi-.-S - iStwwv1} 

Shop  order  No. 



- Ujj).  /'H  _ 

CbecketU,)- _ ..... 



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I  S  i  D-v 

•01  3? 

>  ooiS 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,  Orange,  K.J. 

Answering  your  note  reoeived  this  morning. 

1st  Item  -  "What  ldnd  of  graphite  Is  It  yon  wait  to  dispose  of." 

This  la  a  lot  of  graphite  whlohwe  recovered  from  old  Nickel 
^drate  Mix.  Same  has  been  around  here  for  years  and  Tie  hare  i 
made  several  attests  to  sell  same,  but  have  never  been  offered 
anything  bat  two  or  threo  oenta  a  pound.  It  Is  cpite  finely  x 
powdered  and  not  absolutely  free  from  grit.  We  have  tried  to  ‘ 
sell  It  to  paint  people,  Dixons,  Gautier,  etc.,  without  success. 

2nd  Item  -  Digiosal  of  parts  of  Proctor  Dryer  - 

Possibly  yon  refer  to  an  Item  In  our  minutes  itfiere  v»  refer  to 
the  disposal  of  old  typo  drying  pm  oars* 

These  oars  are  for  28  pans  where  the  present  time  we  are  using 
Cars  suitable  for  44  pans* 

_  discontinue  any  further  ef forte  to  dispose  of  ttese 

and  hofd  them  for  your  deolslon. 

Division  Manager. 

JVH - 1960. 

Hot.  29,  1920. 

Reduction  of  iron 
200  11m.  reduced  per  pot. 
Reo.14,19  20. 


submitting  following  into  In  sonaeotlcn  with  dOsage  of  method  In  making  lion  by  ilydrogcn  for  regular  iron  Ulx. 

ltorsbor  of  oxporlnunta  made  6 

«  »  lbs.  iron  Him  made  total  660 

Old  method  -  load  end  rsuuoe  100  lbe.  rod  irtn  per  pot 

How  method  load  cad  roduco  800  lbs.  red  Iren  per  pot 

Old  method  2  pots  100  lb*,  oaoh  per  furnace  oreiy  £2  lure* 

Hew  method  1  "  200  lbe.  H  "  "  "81  hw. 

By  making  this  change  following  eerlsge  bo  effected  por  year  at  1000  oeU  per  day  taels. 

MO  lbs.  EDO  lbs.  unit 

Iron  ty  tydrogea  required  for  1000  sells 
Renter  of  r  sun  cod  pots  required 
"  "  farnaoea  " 

Latxir  voottind 

6  fttroaoe  operators  0  67j  6  pot  qp«rfttor«  0  .18  pot 

o  to# 

a  .i  i«  n  »  s  -I  »  "  »  6  pot  hslpors 

82 SI# 


Asbestos  required  o  .90  lb. 

Bolts  "  x  8"  0  .0787  each 

oil  "  6  .10  gal. 

Ualntonanoe  on  pots  G  81.996  per  pot 
"  "  furnaces  Q  .106  per  pot 

tllso.  maintenance  cm  pote  ml  fwnaeee,  including  nlpploa  etc.. 

H  .162  per  pot 




998  g. 
$  2.89 

8  8.92 

rom  - 

soring  per  lb.  «f  Iron  by  hydrogen 
»  "  cell 


9  men  $40.00 

21.40#  19.91 

48.9  8.12 

116  g.  17.40 



Shoot  Blowing  phyoloal  cmi  oleo 
OB  £0f|  lb*  pot  roduotlon  iron  U 
tor  ivJnolnc  200  lba.  rad  oxldo 




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. .  f*t£.Cf" . (5 - ~  W :.....;  • . 

xt  L_  x;7  ^-'"V. 

Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Edison  Chemical  Works  Records 
C.  F.  Hunter  Papers  (1914-1926) 

These  documents  consist  primarily  of  technical  notes,  reports,  and 
interoffice  communications  exchanged  between  Edison  and  Charles  Francis 
(Frank)  Hunter,  superintendent  of  the  Edison  Chemical  Works,  a  division  of 
the  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.  Also  included  are  technical  reports  and 
recommendations  prepared  for  Hunter,  which  he  forwarded  to  Edison  for 
approval.  The  dated  items  cover  the  years  1914, 1918,  and  1920-1 926.  There 
are  a  number  of  undated  notes  exchanged  between  Edison  and  Hunter, 
probably  during  the  period  1921-1926.  Other  ESBCo  engineers  and 
experimenters  mentioned  in  the  documents  include  G.  J.  Abrams,  Joseph  P. 
Burke,  Henry  C.  Egerton,  Paul  B.  Kasakove,  Harry  C.  Leonard,  Benjamin  F. 
Morris,  Walter  H.  Patterson,  and  Francis  S.  Schimerka,  along  with  company 
superintendent  James  F.  Monahan  and  vice  president  and  general  manager 
Frank  D.  Fagan. 

The  documents  pertain  primarily  to  the  manufacture  of  the  iron  and 
nickel  mixes  used  in  Edison's  storage  batteries,  including  tests  of  new 
processes,  equipment  modifications,  and  cost  reduction  issues.  There  are 
references  to  the  nickel  hydrate  filter  process,  the  acquisition  of  a  Dorr 
Classifier  and  a  Swenson-Walker  Continuous  Crystallizer,  the  use  of 
reclaimed  iron,  and  the  activities  of  the  Orange-Silver  Lake  technical 
committee.  Some  of  the  notes  in  Edison's  handwriting  have  been  stamped  on 
the  back  with  the  date  and  the  notation  "Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.  Edison 
Chemical  Works  Division.” 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  selected, 
including  all  those  indicating  Edison’s  personal  decision-making  and  oversight 
of  operations.  Not  selected  are  documents  containing  only  test  data  or  routine 
daily  information  or  items  dating  from  later  years  when  Edison  no  longer 
played  a  direct  role  in  management. 


ytkwc  Yf  C  ¥JL» 

CX*ciL.i£*&v  Sc-<. 


^Uu  ~v|tc..««...  vi<T.t,*rf 

c{'^(2r«<W^\  itunU-*-  •  fU-Cv'^' 


XROH.  2896.  Duplicate  of  Exp. Ho.  2809. 

(Purpoee-To  see  effect  of  Ab,  Arsenic,  on  iron  mix. 

iDetail  -Make  batoh  of  iron  Bulphate  so  that  finished 
mix  contains,  .05$  .1 $  .25$  As. 

'2896.  Duplicate  of  Exp.  Ho.  2810. 

Purpose-To  see  effoct  of  Carbon  on  iron  mix. 

■'Detail  -Hoke  batoh  of  iron  sulphate  so  that  finished 
mix  contains;  .05$  .1$  .25$  Carbon. 

/-2897 . 

>Purposo-To  see  offeot  of  C2  at  different  Sp.Grs. 

? General-Iron,  crystals. 

Detail  -Use  Ho.  1  crystals  rodissolved  and  make  to 

gravity  of  1395  at  95°  with  least  amount  of 
boiling.  Hake  three  experiments  2897  -1  -2  -3. 
All  batches  to  be  run  off  at  room  temp,  noting 
hours  stood  and  temp,  on  sheet. 


PurpoBe-fo  soe  effect  of  02  at  different  Sp.Grs. 

General-Iron,  crystals. 

Detail  -Use  Ho.  1  crystals  redissolvo  and  make  tq, 

gravity  of  1325  at  96  with  least  amount  of 
boiling.  Hake  3  experiments  2898-1  -2  -3. 

All  batches  to  be  run.  off  at  room  temp,  noting 
hours  stood  and  temp,  on  sheet. 


Purpose -To  see  effect  of  C2  at  different  Sp.Grs. 

General-Iron,  crystals. 

Detail  -Use  Ho.l  crystals  redissolve  and  make  to 

gravity  of  1250  at  95  with  least  amount  of 
boiling.  Hoke  3  experiments  2899-1  -2  -3. 

All  batches  to  bo  run  off  at  room  tomp.  noting 
hours  stood-and  temp. 


Purpose-To  see  effect  of  dissolving  iron  in  H2804  at 
1100  a.g.  at  60°. 

General-Iron,  dissolving. 

Detail  -Make  up  batch  of  O.V.  1100  at  60  In  29  bldg,  and 
put  through  regular  process. 


Purpose-To  Bee  effeot  of  Selinium  in  iron  mix. 

General -Iron. 

Detail  -Make  batoh  of  Iron  sulphate  bo  that  finished 
mix  contains  .05$  .1$  .26$  Selinium. 

Buplioate  of  Exp.  2811. 


i  jU  Ibt&W 

_ [yL - 

- - - 

iij't  s  n  <cgi  pC*  <*'•' 

Is  :  rtX#6 

,1  WL&&h  ^  5b). 

,,|„^  j bcfri*  £-*-'(■£*  — ' .  . 

I  l  Cr<-0  V)  Xj  <>  Lv^“f~ri  t  vvvc  ■WaJt. 

C  .j£-  A  ^  Vt-. 

^cccLc^ic  %  ^ 

•UC-A^  *1  >*f . I  <*».... 

H  (  C  (.  Kvc  «w 

-Ac  S ^io 

Ill^^U-^to  i^'r  IWzUtf^  .  / 

-4-^1.^  £<<P-«-c  (UccntY  ^  f  r'*?J 

TO i  Thomas  A.  Biiaon, 

HBt  Use  of  Old  &  Reclaimed  Iron  Mix 
DATE:  Ootober  27th  1920. 

Respectfully  submit,  for  your  approral  following  mixtures  of  Iron  Mix  to  be 
shipped  to  storage  Battery  Company  for  use  in  Manufacture  of  regular  production  oells, 
provided  that  such  iron  passes  all  eleotrioal  and  raeobanioal  specifications. 

SCHEME  #1  To  use  New  Iron  Mix  86  % 

Reolaimod  Iron  IS  % 

100  $ 

SCHEME  #2  To  use  New  Iron  Mix  80  % 

Reclaimed  Iron  10  % 

Old  iron  Mix  10  % 

100  $ 

SCHEME  #3  To  use  New  Iron  Mix  78  $ 

Reolaimod  Iron  10  % 

Old  Iron  Mix  10  $ 

Blower  dust  Mix  2  "n 

100  % 

In  reference  to  above  at  present  using. 

The  term  "old  Iron"  as  used  hare  denotes  iron  mix  on  hand  with  low  eleotrt- 

oal  oapaoity  due  to  high  manganese  content. 

Aooompanying  data  sheets  and  charts  show  eleotrioal  and  meohanioal  results 
of  tests  made  in  relation  to  above. 








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O.  ?.I3J 

Plant  ovmorlntendcnl 

Jfcylng  ccaaidnrable  trouble  on  Hldtol  Side  with  Filter  Press 

Cannot  Get  eleotrioal  onpaolty  on  J^drate  like  experiments. 

mlt  seems  to  be  In  leaving  nose  In  tank  end  then  making  batoh 
on  top  of  it  p  this  makes  Itfdrate  whits  and  ohalty, Instead  of  Creen  and 
crystalline  as  snail  experiments  *owod. 

As  we  Increased  the  batch  tie km  6000  to  9000  liters  or  from  2000 
to  3000  lbs.  Hiokel  Hydrate,  too  an*  settles  oat  and  °ove*s  the  coils 
(this  tank  has  no  agitator  and  a  flat  bottom)  and  o anno t  boll  dovm  to 
standard  mark.  Will  go  book  to  6000  1  mark  Wednesday ,  nr 
material  ont  of  tank*  i  ? 

1  Get  all 

dhe  batches  m 

e  to  date  dhow  i 

Batch  Ho.l-  Used  to  olean  filter  preas  lines, 
'•  Ho.  2-  3rd  Hon  1156 

-  -  16th  "  1265 

Ho.C  -  3rd 
HOoB  -  1st 
Ho, 6  -  1st 

1096  mads  leaving  part  in  tank 

.  <S> 

All  tubes  usds  by  new  man  (  Patts-san)  at  Hesoaroh  are  little 
lower  than  r^Snr  ,^o  berate  nsy  be  little  better  then  shown,  bnt  Is  not 
what  It  ought  to  be. 

Hare  had  to  unload  1  oar  of  soda.  1  oar  of  potash,  had  to  haul  60,000 
Lbs.  of  Iron  for  generators,  and  break  up  70000  Lbs.  Fe304  crystal  • 

Had  to  borrow  labor  fran  Kdisen  Stornge  Battery  Company  ftr  oie  or  t\«  days 

Will  be  Wedneeday  to  talk  situation  ovsr  with  yon  end  get  a  fbw 
pointers.  , 


I  ,  j  Plant  Stporlntendant. 


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September  27,  1921. 

1.  At  the  present  time,  there  Is  about  a  ton 
to  a  ton  and  a  half  of  oaustlo  soda  refill  for  E.  3.  B.#  stored 
in  one  of  the  buildings  of  the  wks.  Che  Primary  Battery  Div.  is 
unable  to  use  it  beoause  they  have  no  method  of  grinding  small  . 
amounts,  like  in  the  oans,  I  believe  that  Ur.  Hunter  could  use 
this  material  in  manufacture  of  nickel  hydrate.  Of  course  there 
is  a  small  amount  of  lithium  contained  in  this  ouastlo,  but  if  Ur. 
Hunter  would  use  about  1%  of  this  material,  the  %  lithium  w>uld  be 
so  small  that  it  would  be  almost  negligible.  By  using  this  mater- 
\  ial  it  would  use  up  $100.  wo  rth  of  material,  that  will  slowly 
\deteriorate.  J 

- -2.  In  Building  #6  there  are  two  steam  leaks  in 

the  main  to  the  Primary  Bat/tery.  One  leak  is  a  valve  stem  on  the 
main,  and  the  other  steam  leak  is  a  flange  leek.  Recommend  that 
the  Power  Service  be  notified  of  such  condition  exists. 

/  i  tupn 

{  Ur.  Edison  asked  that  this  be  t 

!  sent  to  you.  An  extra  oopy  * 

\  is  enclosed  for  ytxir  reply. 

/  SO  /6i  **‘C*?U 

*  sdfrut  A**-*'  n 


(3L-.  VVoefea.  {^^'''^pjtrter  IX,  1921. 

Ur.  Bdlsons  ’"’ 

1  sent  down  to  Hunter,  Chem. 
assorted  niokol,  made  up  as  follows; 

i.,  this  morning,  2311# 

Kloicel  Sludge  - - - -  860# 

nickel  Scrap,  (Obsolete  anodes  ) 

Plating  Dept.  (Worn  out  anode  straps  ) - —  401# 

(Shin  nlolce  1  strippings ) 

Hlolcel  Scrap  from  Basement  t.A.E.  lab. - —1050# 

total  —  2311# 


B.  Kasakore. 

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To  i-  Ur.  F.  D.  Fagan  ■>.„  February  22,  1922 

Fromt-  Ur.  0.  F.  Hunter 

.u.«cT-  He  pairs  at  Ohemloal  V/orks 

To  bring  to  your  attention  the  conditions  existing  at  the  Chomioal  Horks  Division. 

I  am  submitting  the  following  Hot  of  repairs  that  should  be  attended  to.  These  repairs 
are  neoossary,  as  in  most  oaaso  Whorfe  we  have  two  produotlon  units,  one  io  now  running, 
the  other  standing  idle  waiting  for  repairs;  If  our  present  apparatus  should  fail  us  it 
would  seriously  oripplo  our  produotlon.  ^  -/ 

Dust  Chamber  for  3ulphate  Drier 
Boasting  FurnaoQB 
Boasting  Furnace s 

Boasting  Furnaaas 
Bed  Iron  Dr  lore 
Bod  Iron  Driors 
Be duo ti on  Furnaaes 
Beduotlcn  Furnaces 

Bloks  1  Disaolvor 
Bloks 1  Sulphate  Lino 
Bloks  1  Precipitating 
Prootor  Drier 

Carpenters  are  now  working  on  th: 

To  repair  one  (1)  furnace, 

Should  order  one  (1)  setting  for  another 

To  rebuild  ohimnoy  on  furnaoe,  y 
To  repair  same.  vt.  -■» 

To  Install  new  dust  oolleotor. 

To  purchase  sixteen  (16)  new  rails. 

To  purchase  ten  (10)  new  pot  covers. 

o  repair  o 
To  install  new  lead  line. 
To  lag  boiling  tank. 

To  put  in  good  condition. 

10.00  6V- 

)0o00  X 
50.00  * 
3o.oo  crK 



200.00  X  , 

To  oover  6"  and  4"  line  in  #111  Bldgi( 
Gutters  are  In  bad  condition,  should 
have  ouoldo  oontraotor  come  and  make 
estimate  for  repairing  oome.  ' 

Buildings  are  badly  in  need ‘of  paint,  V 
In  some  oases  paint  was  taton  off  and  j 
labor  stopped.  Buildings  have  been  ex-J 
posed  to  weather  for  one  and  one  half  / 
years  (1  l/2  ).  .  , 


The  purpose  of,  this  lotter  is  to  enlighten  the  writer  whether  It  is  necessary 
to  get  further  authority  or  special  appropreatlons  for  this  maintenance  work.  He 
would  not  etart  all  repairs  at  same  time,  but  would  extend  them  ovor  a  period  of 
several  mouths. 



September  7th,  1922. 

FBOMl  H.  C.  Egertcn 

TO  s  Ur.  Thomas  A.  Edison 

SUBJECT  1  Uso  -of  Be-Claiwd- Iron. 

A. short  time  ago  Ur.  Fagai  in  company  with  Messrs. 
Hitohell,  Hunter  and  myself  took  up  with  you  the  question 
of  using  re-olalmed  iron  and  higi  manganese  iron  in  making 
up  the  iron  mixes.  At  this  time  you  said  that  none  of  the 
old  or  re-olaimed  iron  should  be  used. 

Since  then  we  have  conducted  extensive  tests  to 
determine  the  effect  of  re-olaimed  iron  and  find  that  the 
eleotrioal  capacity  is,  if  anything,  slightly  inoreased  and 
it  is  possible  by  using  some  of  this  iron  to  adjust  the 
loading  weights  more  easily  and  more  accurately. 

7b  should, accordingly.ipce  ycrur  approval  to  use  as 
high  as  IB  per  cent  as  covered  by  the  following  opacification 

"For  the  purpose  of  making  Iron  Mixes  which 
will  give  more  uniform  loading  weights  and  a 
better  feeding,  it  will  be  permissible  to  use 
at  option  as  high  as  IB  per  eent  "BB-olaimed 
Iron",  provided,  the  resultant  mix  gives  in  the 
five  gram  pocket  on  the  eighth  run  an  electrical 
capacity  of  1700  M.A.H.~ 

"Until  conditions  are  stable  Iron  my  be  UBed  as 
"Outaido  of  LimitB",  which  gives  16B0  M.A.H.  or 

"Ba-Olalm  Iron  is  iron  taken  from  old  oells.treated 
with  sulphurue  acid  and  which  after  treatment  meets 
the  chemioal  .requirements  for  new  iron." 

This  will  give  Silver  Lake  a  muoh  greater  latitude  in 
obtaining  the  proper  leading  oharaotorietioe  and  eleotrioal 
oapaoity  by  mixing,  ae  you  auggeated  eome  time  ago  whan  you 
explained  to  me  your  method  of  handling  wood  flour. 

H.  O.Egerton. 

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Kr.  3diaon*-^^'<5^w^,/-'^'>vt/  —  _ 

CPSi.’.TOAL  WflnK8 

In  referenoo  to  u  raoant  report  of  nino  on  tho  nso  of  a  Dorr  Clas¬ 
sifier  In  tho  manufacture  of  JTIokol  liydrato  at  tho  Chemical  Works,  I 
r.lsh  to  otato  that  I  havo  secured  additional  data  which  1  tlilnk  will 
bo  of  lntoroat  to  sou. 

py  T-rovlouo  raport,  outllnod  tho  prooont  rrocoon  for  tho  manufoo- 
turo  of  TTlokol  Hydrato;  tho  work  axpootod  to  bo  performed  by  tho  Dorr 
Claoeiflor;  tho  roasons  •  hy  tho  Dorr  Clasoiflor  faUod  to  function  ao 
o-tpootod;  off'irod  suggestions  for  addltlon;il  apparatus  to  tho  proe- 
ont  installation  to  nnko  it  function  properly  and  rake  It  a  paying 

Tho  part  of  tho  method  that  vo  sro  lntorontod  in  at  tiio  prooont 
timo  io  that  point  from  whore  tho  "Salta"  cone  from  tho  Proctor  I-rlor 
on  thru  tho  oo-callad  proooos  of  "Cloaslfication." 

(1)  Washing  tho  "salts"  froo  from  rodlw  hydrato  and  sodiun  sul¬ 
phate,  by  paroolatlns  those  "salts"  in  viator  for  a  porlod  oi'  arprox- 
icatoly  73  hours. 

(2)  PI oo ad  in  driar  for  a  porlod  of  aTproxir.atoly  -  36  hours. 

(3)  Cmohod  ajjd  Bcraanod,  aftar  which  tho  finoo  sro  ror.ovod  by 
a  small  "Dorr  Classifier"  (similar  to  tho  non  installation). 

Tho  abovo  operation  onnauneo  about  0  hours. 

(4)  Pato rial  io  ro-driod  for  period  of  arproxlnataly  24  hours. 

(5)  lilxod  and  shipped. 

Under  our  prooont  method  of  operating,  tho  timo  oonsunod  in  tho 
procosn  of  "Clasnlfloatlon"  of  Hlckal  Hydrato  io  on  followss- 

1  -  Percolating  -  72  hours 

2  -  Drying  “  36  " 

3  -  Crushing  ond  Sera  on  leg  and  Classifying  -  8  " 

4  -  He-drying  ” 

140  "  - 


In  ordor  to  wash  nodlve  hydrato  and  sodivaa  sulpliato  froo  from  tho 
JTiokol  Hydrato  and  got  it  into  a  workable  otato,  tho  prooont  process 
requires  0  double  drying  of  approximately  60  hours  ond  tho  total  work¬ 
ing  period  of  140  hours. 

Vs  noar  as  I  have  boon  able  to  ascertain,  tho  present  procosn  has 
boon  in  existence  for  tho  last  ton  yours.  The  only  chan  go  nodo  in  re¬ 
cant  years  ?as  tho  installation  of  a  sc  oil  Dorr  Claoslfior  to  remove 
tho  "Siokel  fin  os."  Other  tuan  tliat,  tho  procosn  has  remained  tho 

Tim  Eorr  Classifier  no  installed  at  present,  I  roallso  hno  nothing  to 
roaoerend  itaalf,  yot  by  caking  additional  installation  it  in  poaniblo  to 
not  only  retrieve  tha  noney  nlroady  axpen'dod  but  to  fwrthar  roduoa  tho 
ooot  of  nickol  hydrato  classifying  and  to  out  tho  tico  roquirod  ty  tho 
present  process. 

Tho  Classifier  oquippod  with  a  "bo aching  Barrel",  person  and  Uardin 
-1U»  with  a  conveyor,  is  arpoctod,  lot  -  to  wash  tho  nickol  hydrato 
froa  fran  KaOH  and  Hag  304;  2nd  -  Eacovo  tho  niokol  hydrato  flnoo;  3rd  - 
Soroan  40>  of  c. it  oriel  frea  froa  bulk  of  tho  batch;  4th  -  Eo-grind  coaroo 
notarial  and  return  it  to  tlio  system. 

It  lo  expected  that  it  will  raoulra  8  hours  to  moke  a  run  of  a 
single  batoh  of  4000  lbs, 

T!ho  only  added  opo  rations  noooooary  will  bo  the  final  drying  and 
t  iring  of  tha  hydrate. 

Provided  toe  Classifier  works  as  outlined,  tho  following  caving  will 
be  nodes 

lot  -  Saving  of  108  hours  in  length  of  tico  of  too  process  of 
Claoal float ion. 

2nd  -  dlinlnato  a  single  drying  period  of  36  hours. 

“  Combine  tho  operations  of  ’arcolating,  crushing,  soroonlng 
and  classifying# 

4th  -  deduction  in  tho  anount  of  labor  necessary  to  carry  on  tho 

If  it  is  poeslblo  to  equip  tills  clasoifior  to  obtain  tho  abovo  rooults 
for  an  upprorinatu  sun  of  $2000.  it  certainly  appoars  to  bo  on  attraotivo 
business  proposition. 

Comparing  tho  present  nothod  of  nmrufooturo  with  tho  rropooad  uso  of 
olasnlfier,  we  have; 

Present  liothod 

1  -  Poroolato  72  hours  in  hot  H2O 

2  -  Crush,  dry  and  scroon 

3  -  Eero vo  n laical  hydrato  flnoo 

'-at,  by  classifier 

Uno  of  Classifier 

Dissolve  by  noohanioal  noans 
Crush  and  screen  -  wot. 
Karova  nickol  hydrato  fines 
wot,  by  classifier. 

(1)  Sha  washing  out  of  too  TiaOK  and  tha  KagSOi,  diffors  in  that  tho  proo- 
ont  r.otood  is  dona  by  poroolating  wliilo  proposed  nothod  is  done  by  ce- 
choaioal  stirring  of  mass  with  a  fresh  supply  of  wator# 

(2)  She  second  differs  in  that  by  tha  prosant  nothod  tho  natorial  is 
crushed  and  soromod  dry,  while  in  tho  proposal!  Method,  it  will  be 
crushed  end  core  mod  wot. 

(3)  Tho  removal  of  the  niokol  fin os  will  bo  dono  exactly  in  the  pro¬ 
posed  nothod,  as  is  dono  in  tho  proscmt  ono. 

Analysis  of  tho  present  nothod  shows  that  too  cuch  tlno  is  roquirod 
to  oomplota  tha  olosalfloatlon  of  tho  niokol  hydrate. 

l3ho  proroaoU  ohangos  In  thu  praaont  Installation  of  tho  Dorr  Clao- 
slfior  aacmn  to  offor  a  qulotc  and  oaoy  chango  frori  our  prooont  nothod 
of  rconufaoturo,  to  a  noro  compact  und  abortor  procosn. 

Tnla  procooo  nuot  bo  oonoldarad  for  any  now  davolorcont  uhoro 
Hio'icol  Hydrato  lo  to  bo  usod  In  storage  battorioa  booauao  tlio 
classification  la  tho  "no ole  of  tho  bottlo"  in  tho  production  roto  of 
this  notarial. 

Jonoph  ?.  3ar!:o. 

Hr.  Edison:- 


»  M/y  24,*  1924*  /, 

Analysis  of  tha  possible  amount  of  saving  that  can  be  made  by  the  «<- 
new  Installation  of  the  Dorr  Classifier,  Bhows  that  It  will  pay  for  It 
self  In  approximately  six  months  time. 

The  following  table  is  a  comparison  of  labor  required  for  differ¬ 
ent  productions,  by  the  present  method  and  the  proposed: 

•Present  Method  1250 

Percolate  and  load  drier  1 

Pre-screen  and  crush  1 

Dorr  Washer  1 

Final  Screen  1 

1500  1750 

1  3 

1  1 

1  2 

1 _ 1_ 

1250  1500  1750 

Eliminate  __ 

1  1  1 

2  2  3 

Present  method  requires  four  men,  for  1250  and  1500  cells  per  day 
and  seven  operators  for  1750  cells  per  day. 

If  this  same  production  Is  maintained,  two  operators  can  do  the 
work  under  the  proposed  system  and  three  operators  for  1750  cells  per 

In  other  words,  there  la  a  saving  of  50$  of  labor  required  under 
present  production,  which  will  Increase  almost  in  the  same  proportion 
with  production.  Under  present  production  sohedule  two  operators  will 
be  eliminated.  At  the  rate  of  §4.50  par  day,  two  operators  eliminated 
amounts  to 

§4.50  x  2  a  §9.00  per  day  on  labor 

Savings  on  Heat 

One  drying  operation  of  36  hows  duration  will  be  eliminated.  The 
amount  of  money  saved  in  this  operation  must  beestlmated,  which  I  have 
done  in  the  following  manner: 

1st  -  Estimate  that  it  requires  4  lbs.  of  steam  to  evaporate  moisture 
from  1  lb.  of  nickel  hydrate  and  there  are  approximately  4000  lbs.  of 
material  to  a  batch. 

4000  lbs.  of  Hydrate  x  4  lbs.  Of  Bteam  =  16,000  lbs. 
required  at  76#  per  1000  lbs.  of  steam. 

16  x  .76  s  §12.16  for  Heat  saved. 

Money  3avad  nn  Material  in  Process 

Estimated  that  it  will  take  30,000  lbs.  of  Hydrate  out  of  prooess 
and  this  material  is  valued  at  40^  per  lb.,  or  a  total  value  of 

30,000  x  .40  =  §12,000 

12,000  at  6$  =  §  720  per  year  Interest. 

4,1  of  4000  lbs.  =  160  lbs.  of  fines  do  not 

At  this  point  In  the  process,  nlokal  hydrate  Is  worth  27#  per  lb. 
and  nickel  value  Is  15^. 

27(<-  15(<z  12(1,  represents  labor  and  material  value  per 
lb.  of  Nlokal  Hydrate 

160  lbs.  z  .12  =  $19.20  saving  by  reducing  production  of 
Nickel  Hydrate  Fines. 

Tabulating  these  savings,  we  have  the  following  savings  per  day; 

labor  -  $  9.00 

Heat  -  12.16 

Interest  -  2.60 

Nickel  Fines  -  19.20 

$42.96  Total  Savings 
per  day. 

ijstimating  that  this  apparatus  has  oost  the  °ompany  so  far  $5900 
and  it  may  oost  $2000  for  additional  apparatus  and  experiments,  there 
would  be  a  total  of  $8900  invested. 

$8900  total  oost  {•  $42.96  savings  per  day  =  207  dayB 
required  to  pay  for  Itself. 

207  £  SO  -  6  3/4  months 

Providing  the  above  apparatus  with  additional  installations  doeB 
the  wo rtc  expected  of  It,  this  will  Indeed  be  a  fine  proposition. 


Hoveabor  25,1924. 

Tot  c.F.Hunter. 

The  testa  were  to  be  »ade“  allows. 

(1)  Three  short  tubes  to  16 tn  run. 

121  ^b^Tsa^  J&ST—  "Standard.1'  K1(0H)2  #876. 
for  oo^arison.  ftoB  Dopr  cla8Bifiar  aaterial  and  given 

[H  mrZ  a  l«  of  A  4  cells  from  regular  produotlon.for 

The  results 



results!  w-i  tube  test. 

7.770  Grass . 
830.0  U.A.H. 
1088.6  M 
1146.0  " 

7.810  Graas. 
968.5  M.A.H. 
1076.0  " 

1083.6  " 



*875  _ 

10.439  - 

1210.0  11.A.I 

1437.7  " 

1480.2  " 

1475.0  " 

1641.7  » 

1664.3  " 

1680.7  " 

1640.3  n 

1606.7  » 

ns  to  red  ) 

**1190.0  U.&.H. 
1203.0  " 




m  of  short  tubes. 

2nd  10/14  30/16 

“to  first  three  runs  have  M  WUV 
as  sells  uure  on  regular  formation  with 
160  other  t 










TO  i  O.P.H. 

Sot,  KoH)2  Leached  in  Dorr  Olasslfler^-  Electrical  Capacity, continued. 

yro,  r^l^l^otlsn,  M_16467,  _ 

•  -  TH^m'  Pinal  Pinal 

jnd  10/14  30/16 

ae  oells  were  on  regular  fo nation  witn 
160  other  oelle. 

103.6  1»03  182*6  1*02  182*6 

17at5  1*07  172.6  1*08  172.6 

160.0  .98  160.0  .97  160.0 

160.0  1.00  160.0  1*00  160.0 

162.6  1.01  162.6  1.01  162.6 

It  will  he  noted  that  the  three  oelle  sade  iron  Dorr  Classifier  -atorlal  gave 
a  higher  voltage  to  the  saae  oapaoity  than  the  three  regular  oells. 

short  tube  results 

Average  short  tube  weight 
Average  16th  run 
Average  factored  16th  run 

7.680  Grass. 
1237.9  M.A.H. 
1263.3  H.A.H. 

a  part  of  our  standard  process.  ~ 


Toj-  c.  P.  Hunter,  %r. 
Subjects -Continuous  Crystallizer 
Dates-  Jan.  29th., 1926. 

3'zperinents  conducted  on  the  10  foot  Motion  of  Swenson  Walker  Contlnnons 
Crystallizer  for  the  past  several  nonths  have  proven  by  their  results  ttet  it 
would  be  to  our  advantage,  in  materially  rednoing  the  oost  of  aanufaoturing  iron 
sulphate  orystals,  to  dlBOontinue  the  present  method  of  crystallizing  in  tanks 
and  install  complete  equipment  for  crystallizing  continuously. 

In  running  our  experiments  we  have  been  at  a  disadvantage  in  so  far  as 
oontlnuoua  crystallizing  ie  oonoemed  because  of  the  fact  that  a  10  foot  section, 
being  eo  email,  necessitated  lte  being  used  as  a  batch  crystallizer  rather  than 
continuously,  but  the  results  obtained  ootq>led  with  the  assurance  of  the  Swenson 
Evaporator  Co.,  who  base  their  statements  on  other  installations,  were  cuoh  as 
to  Justify  ue  in  believing  that  there  will  be  no  material  difference  in  the 
results  when  equipment  is  used  for  continuous  crystallizing. 

The  orystals  produced  are  a  fine  sugar  crystal  of  a  fairly  uniform  size 
Which  will  be  an  advantage  over  the  present  varied  assortment  ranging  from  fine 
orystals  to  those  two  inches  in  diameter,  -the  only  disadvantage  being  tho  diff¬ 
iculty  in  feeding  them  to  the  sulphate  drier,  which  will  he  overcome  by  the  in¬ 
stallation  of  larger  conveyors  and  knookers  an  tho  rotaries. 

An  advantage  whioh  would  alone  justify  the  installation  is  tho  shorter 
time  of  the  material  in  proooss,  our  experiments  indicating  that  it  will  require 
six  hours  in  process  by  the  continuous  method  while  it  now  takes  fran  36  to  48 
hours,  depending  on  the  atmospheric  temperature,  a  reduction  of  30  to  42  bourn. 

In  our  pland  we  have  mado  provisions  for  the  future  installation  of  a 
Swenson  Evaporator  to  replace  the  present  -costly  concentrating  tank  when  it 
is  no  longer  serviceable ,  and  this  equipment  with  the  oontlnu  ua  crystallizer 
will  release  6600  sq.  ft.  of  floor  space  required  by  the  preBent  method. 

The  saving  in  steam  is  based  or.  the*-  fact  that  wo  have  a  yield  of  crystals 
from  the  first  solution  by  the  continuous  method  of  72J>  oerjpared  to  a  yiold  of 
Qi%  by  the  present  tank  method. 

Attached  are  data  sheets  showing  oost  of  installation  savings  and  elec- 
trioal  tests  whioh  will  justify  the  installation. 

B.  P.  Uorris 


.  to,-  ur.  O.F.  Huntor. 

From,-  A.  H.  Patterson. 

3ui>Jeot|-  A-4  OellB  with  Iron  Mix  #5760 
Sate,-  Jan.  29th.,  1925. 

Iron  Mix  #5760  mads  from  orystals  in  a  continuous  crystallizer  was  loaded  into 
"A"  typo  pookets  and  assembled  into  ^-4  cells. 

She  oell  numbers  were:  20125  M,  20126  IS,  20127  U. 

Three  regular  oells  assembled  from  regular  production  iron  were  run  as  comparison 
with  these  cells.  Those  were,  20113  M,  20063  M,  19762  11. 

Die  loading  qualities  of  Iron  Mix  #5760  are  aB  follows: 

Max.  Ho.  of  dumps  21 

Min.  HO.  of  dumps  15 

Avo.  30.  Of  dumps  18 

Ave.  wgt.  per  pooket  8.39  gms. 

Feeding  -  Slow 

The  six  cells  were  run  at  the  boginlng  of  a  regular  oiroult  of  155  A-4  Cells. 
Therefore  all  oells  go  exactly  same  treatment. 

Die  capacities  shorn  were:  Bun  1,  2,  3,  4-  formation  runs. 

Special  Cells  Regular  Cells 

Run  #4  15  ftr.  charge. 

A.  H.  Volts 

180  .98 

180  .96 

180  .92 


Rote  voltage  in  favor  of  speaial  colls. 

Run  #5  15  hr.  charge. 

20  127  U  172.6  1.05  20113  IS  172.5  1.04 

20126  U  172.5  1.07  20063  M  172.5  1.03 

20125  U  172.5  1.05  /19762  U  172.5  1.04 

1.057  1.037 

End  voltage  not  carried  to  1.0  volt  beoause  remainder  of  olrouit  going  out 

fast.  Rote  voltage  still  in  favor  of  speoial  colls. 

Bun  #6  7  hr.  charge. 

20127  U  160  1.03  20113  M  160 

20126  U  150  .96  20063  M  160 

20125  U  150  _  19762  M  150 

A.  H.  Vol  ts 

20127  M  180  .98  20113  U 

20126  It  180  1.00  20063  H 

20126  M  180  .99  19762  M 



was  unsatisfactory. 


Only  sufficient  readings  to  control  oells  w 

20113  II  162. 6 
20063  11  152.5 
19762  u  152.5 

s  shown  that  special  oells 


Ihe  final  run  was  made  to  ohook  oapaoities  as  this  run  will  give  more  aoourate 

Bun  #12  7  hr.  cargo 
Speolal  Cells 

A.  H.  Volts 

20127  U  157.5  .98 

20126  11  157.5  1.01 

20125  U  167.5  1.02 

Ave.  Volts  1.002 

Regular  Cells 

A.  H.  Volts 

20113  U  157.5  .  .99 

20063  li  157.5  .95 

19762  11  .  15T.6  1.00 

Ave.  Volts  .98 

From  the  foregoing  you  will  note  that  in  every  case  there  is  a  slight  but 
definitely  high  voltnge  to  some  oapaoities  in  favor  of  the  speoial  oells. 

This  indioatos  that  with  all  other  items  kept  the  same  the  difference  is 
due  to  the  iron. 

Of  oourse  the  best  iB  only  a  limited  ohook  on  what  oan  je  expooted  from  the 
oells  as  a  more  definite  result  could  only  be  obtained  by  more  run  with  a  large  group 
of  oellB. 

From  the  foregoing  results  it  is  evident  that  on  the  very  limited  test  we  have 
given  this  iron  the  oells  with  the  speolal  iron  have  a  somewhat  better  voltage  than 
the  regular  oolls  built  at  the  same  time. 

It  is  understood  that  the  Illetel  plates  were  from  rogular  produotion,  and  were 
from  the  same  box,  thus  making  the  iron  plates  tho  only  parts  different. 

based  on  tho  foregoing  rosults  and  after  considering  present  produot  I  would 
say  that  oells  with  iron  #5760  are  better  thun  our  current  produot.  A  more  thorough 
and  complete  test  will  oe  neoossary  to  get  a  comparison  with  other  oells. 

¥•  H.  Patterson. 

.  A 

Hr.  Hunter  was  up  yesterday  afternoon  and  spent  some  time 
in  the  Annealing  Department  and  tolls  me  that  while  he  has  not 
yet  completed  his  investigation,  ho  knows  that  wo  turned  out 
good  'work  yesterday. 

Investigation  will  bo  continued  and  detail  report  will  be 

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To:  C.F.Hunter. 

From:  H.O. Leonard.  J  U  H  E 


Subject:  Ni(0H)2  **  Elimination  of  Intermediate  1985. 

Drying  and  Final  Washing. 

In  order  to  establish  the  fact  that  the  elimination  of  the  Intermediate  Drying 
operation  can  be  accomplished  and  mate  possible  the  combining  of  Leaching  (peroolation 
of  El(OH)g  salts)  .Final  Drying  .Crushing  and  Final  Mixing  in  dosed  circuit  for  the  pur¬ 
pose  of  labor  saying.steam  saving  and  the  further  elimination  of  considerable  equipment, 
the  following  tests  were  suooessfully  carried  out; 

Representative  500  pound  portions  of  30  suooessive  lots  of  regular  Niekel  Hydrate 
previously  leaohed  in  Dorr  Classifier ,v»re  dried, orushed .mixed  and  sampled  in  the  usual 
manner  for  Short  tube  loading  weight  and  electrical  run  tests. 

Results  of  those  tests  compared  with  results  on  the  some  lots  which  were  regularly 
processed, are  shown  below. 



Av.l6th  Run.  Av.Fnotored  16th. 

(M.A.H. )  (M.A.H.l 

7.652  1212  1278 

7.621  1208  1282 

Comparative  Ro-Tap  Soreen  teste  on  the  same  materials , ore  as  follows: 



Thru  80 

"  100 
•'  160 

—  On  35  Mesh 

it  48  <i 

'*  65  " 
»100  " 

•'  150  " 
n  200  " 













Screen  test  results  show  no  material  change  In  the  physical  quality  of  the 
finished  product. 

To  further  prove  the  material  bo  produced  was  ^ood  In  all  respects .to  the 

hydrate  as  presently  was  decided  to  have  the  following  teste  carried  out  by 
the  Reaearoh  Dept,  of  the  B.S.B.Co,: 

(1)  Regular  short  tube  teat  on  3  tubes  to  16th  run, In  same  circuit  with  standard 
H1(0H)2  #876. 

(2)  Regular  long  tube  test  on  10  tubes  to  16th  run, In  Bame  circuit  with  Standard 
IT1(0H)2  #876. 

(3)  3-A4  Cells  from  Lot  #S-26-82,to  be  given  10  mns  with  a  like  number  of  A4  cells 
from  regular  production, for  comparison. 

Results  wave  as  follows: 

(see  next  page ) 



:  Ni(0H)2  **  Elimination  of  Intermediate 

Drying  and  Pinal  Washing,  ( continued) 
Short  Tube  test  i— 

Standard  AB75. 

let  Run 
2nd  Run 
3rd  Run 

14th  Run 
15th  Run 
16th  Run 

7.763  Gm3. 
.969  M.A.H. 



long  Tube  Test:- 

»  129  5 
'•  1240 
»  1241 

Standard  #875. 




Tube  Wt .  —  (Active  Material)  10.628  Gain. 

Hydrate  -  Wt.per  Dump  .03006  ana. 

Plaice  —  Wt.per  Dump  .00448  " 

Humber  of  Dumps  899.5 

1st  Run  1837.6  H.A.H. 

2nd  ••  1441.8  “ 

3rd  '•  1630.9  " 

4th  "  1494.2  •' 

5  th  '•  1639.1  >' 

6th  «  1697.7  " 

7th  •<  1647.2  » 

8th  "  1601.7  ■ 

9th  "  1629.2  " 

10th  "  1666.2  " 

Hth  »  1677.1  " 

12th  •'  1688.9  " 

13th  "  1711.2  ” 

14th  "  1686.8  " 

16th  >'  1745.9  » 

16th  "  1739.6  " 

A4  Cell  Taatj- 

Three  cells  made  up  with  special  Niokel  Hydrate  3-26-82  raid  eiven  regular  format  ion, 
then.10  additional  runs  in  comparison  with  3  cells  plated  at  random  from  regular  production. 
The  special  oella  were .numbers  3661  H,  3662  H,  3663  H  and  the  regular  cells  were .numbers 
3681  H,  3684  H,  3634  H. 

The  following  figures  give  the  average  voltage  for  a  given  capacity  of  the  two  groups 
of  oella  on  all  runs  on  Which  readings  were  totem 


1200.1  M.A.H 

1628.9  » 

1636.2  " 

1668  .  3  « 
1662.8  " 
1692.6  '• 

1711.9  » 

1716.5  " 

1718.3  '• 

1786.2  " 

1714.8  '• 

1733.9  » 

1749.3  " 

1703.9  " 

1766.1  " 

1760.9  *' 



Toj  C.F.H. 

From:  H.C.L. 


Sub.  s  Nl(0H)2  **  Elimination  of  Intermediate 

Drying  and  Final  Washing,  (oontlnted) 


Bun  Wo.  Hours.  Bats. 



Ampere  Terminal  voltage. 

Hours.  s-25-82.  Regular. 

1  48  15  30) 

2  10/14  30/15  30) 

3  10/14  30/l5  30) 


4  15 

6  16 

6  7 

7  7 

8  7 

9  7 

10  16 

11  16 

12  16 

13  7 

14  7 

16  7 

16  7 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

30  30 

172.5  1.043 

172.6  .870 

160.0  1.017 

162.6  S980 

167.6  1.010 

160.0  1.067 

172.6  .923 

187.6  .910 

180.0  1.003 

160.0  1.023 

160.0  .970 

162.5  .900 

166.0  1.020 












It  la  quite  apparent  from  the  results  obtained  on  short  tube  .long  tuba  and  A.4  Cell 
tests .that  hydrate  produoed  by  the  same  method  as  S-25-82  .has  better  capacity  characteristics 
than  either  Standard  Hydrate  #875,or  the  hydrate  from  regular  production  used  In  the  man¬ 
ufacture  of  the  regular  A4  cells  which  were  seleoted  at  random  for  the  test.  The  special 
hydrate  Is  normal  in  every  respect  os  to  loading  .number  of  dumps  .dranpweight  .etc.  .and 
representative  of  the  regular  product  UBed  at  Orange  for  a  considerable  length  of  timo. 

Any  change  desired  in  the  latter  instances  would  be  of  a  minor  nature  and  oan  be  accomplished 
by  the  oo-operation  of  Edison  Chemical  Works  and  Edison  Storage  Battery  Co. 

Prior  to  the  use  of  Dorr  Classifier  for  leeching, elimination  of  Intermediate  Drying 
and  Final  Washing  after  crushing  would  have  been  impossible  on  account  of  large  percentage 
of  fines  retained  in  the  hydrate  by  the  method  of  percolating  hot  distilled  water  through 
the  hydrate  and  then  through  muslin  Which  acted,  as  a  filter  medium  preventing  the  removal 
of  fines  at  that  point. 

Screen  tests  also  show  that  praotioally  the  same  amount  of  fines  is  produced  in  the 
final  drying, screening  .mining  and  drumning  operations  after  final  washing, as  wore  present 
after  crushing  and  before  final  washing, therefore  .the  final  washing  after  orushing  would 
seem  superfluous. 

The  final  washing  .while  seemingly  of  no  material  benefit  ltv-oo-far  aB  the  quality  of 
the  product  1b  concerned, causes  a  2,26$  loss  of  material  vJiioh  oon  be  saved  if  said  final 
washing  is  eliminated. 

The  proposed  closed  olrcuit  method, of  which  the  now  Dorr  Classifier  is  the  first  link, 
leaching  of  Nickel  Hydrate  Salts, drying, orushing  ua&  final  mixing  operations, 
eliminating  one  intermediate  drying  operation  with  its  equipment  of  oars  and  pans, the  rollo 
and  screens  as  presently  laid  out  with  labor  viiloh  will  be  unnecessary  if  the  proposed 
mstbod  is  adopted  and  the  final  washing  operation  viiioh  inoludss  one  Dorr  Classifier  and 
Thiokener.will  mnkm  the  following  eavlngB  on  Steam, tabor  and  Interest  on  money  released, 
at  1600  cells  product  ion, per  day t  (see  next  page) 



TO!  C.F.H. 

From:  H.C.L. 


Sub.;  Ni(0H)2  **  Elimination  of  Intermediate 

Drying  and  Final  Washing, (continued) 

labor,  (4  men  at  66j<,per  hour),  per  diy 

Steam,  (17520  pounds  at  104, per  thousand),  per  day 

Total, per  day 

$  17.60 
$  29.86 

300  Days  at  $39.86, per  day 

Interest  on  $8958.00  at  6$,per  annum 

Interest  on  26000  pounds  hydrate  in  stock  at  40^  per  pound, at  6% 
Actual  savings,  y*,a.r~. 

$  8968.00 
$  10119.48 

If  the  amount  of  money  released  by  elimination  of  stook  In  process  could  ho  considered, 
there  would  he  a  further  saving  of  $10400.00 .making  a  total  Initial  saving  for  the  first 
year  amounting  to  $20519.48. 

The  prohahle  coat  of  equipment .plus  installation, to  moke  the  closed  olroult  possible, 
should  not  exceed  $15000.00. 

The  Intermediate  drying  operation  con  he  eliminated  at  once, hut  there  can  he  no  labor 
saving  until  the  process  has  been  combined  in  closed  circuit. 

Several  other  advantages  of  the  dosed  circuit  method, are 

Elimination  of  #5  and  #6  tunnels  with  large  Sturtevant  Blower ,10  H.P. motor  end  several 
thousand  foet  of  l-J"  Y/.I.pipe. 

Elimination  of  34  —  44  pan  oars. 

Elimination  of  #1,2,3, and  4  tunnel  a, making  available  much  floor  space  for  further 
shortening  of  operations. 

Elimination  of  vwighlng  and  handling  operations. 

Elimination  of  a  coat  step. 

Elimination  of  10  foot  Dorr  Olassifler  and  Thickener  .with  motors  and  hoist. 

The  foregoing  information  is  for  the  purpose  of  obtaining  the  proper  permission  to 
eliminate  the  intermediate  drying  of  Miokel  Hydrate  at  onoe  and  to  prooeed  to  finality 
with  the  proposed  alosed  circuit  method. 

Attached, find  rough  flow-plans  of  present  and  proposed  olosed  circuit  method. 

Harry  CiLeonard. 


<5-/V»  & <y//"  *sa-  )  c*  />  W  e/'/r'S 

0.7*2-  • 




/Yote-:  ry  t/h  inj  //?  c?as<Lc/ 

To-  Hr.  Ohas.  Edison 

From-  0.  F.  Hunter  .....Aug.  10,  1925 

Obsolete  Proctor  Drier- 

On  Deo.  1,  1919  we  purohased  a  Prootor  drier  for  drying  our 
Niokel  hydrate.  1%)  to  this  time  it  has  never  been  erected,  and  we 
would  like  to  dispose  of  same. 

)  bring  our  drying  capacity  up  to 
tae  rated  at  1000  cells  oapaoity 
dried  at  the  rate  of  2000  cells 

It  was  originally  purchased  t 
3000  cells  per  day,  as  each  drier 
per  day -and  in  using  two  driers  we 
per  day. 

In  1921  we  changed  the  Nickel  process  and  increased  the  drying 
capacity  to  1500  oells  per  drier,  or  we  oan  now  dry  at  the  rate  of 
1500  cells  per  day, or  with  the  two  driers  wo  oan  now  dry  3000  cells 
per  day/if  necessary  to  mate  3500  cells  per  day  we  oould  run  drier 
on  Sunday  to  tide  over  any  increased  production  over  the  3000  colls 
per  day  mark. 

Attached  sheets  are  list  of  parts  : 
oould  be  used  thruout  the  Edison  Plants 
oould  use  considerable  of  the  pipe. 

Following  data  shows  dominant 

E.  Stringfellow. 

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Ur.  C.  ?.  Hunter:- 

I  liave  learned  thnt  Solvay  Caustic  Soda  76f5,  has  lioen  approved 
by  the  U.S.  Pharmacopeia. 

I  am  wondering  if  it  would  not  he  possible  for  you  at  some 
tine  to  arrange  to  use  some  of  this  Caustic  Soda  in  a 
sanrnle  hatch  of  your  product,  to  determine  if  the  76;? 
cannot  he  used  in  place  of  the  Electrolytic  70';,  Which 
costs  us  $ 3. CO  per  ton  more  than  the  standard  price  for 
regular  grade  Caustic  Soda. 

Our  contract  period  will  he  up  the  end  of  this  year,  and  if 
such  a  test  could  he  arranged,  now  is  the  time  to  do  it 
before  the  contract  period  which  begins  early  in  Decem¬ 
ber  arrives. 

\L-/^CO  ULT <X/o 

-$  £-30  ^  3  5"  -3  J 


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,on-  Ur.  T.  A.  Edison 

From  0.  F.  Hunter  June  10th.  1926. 

=T_  Swenson -Walker  Oontlnuous  Crystallizer 

Submit tine  following  data  on  Swons on-Walker  Orystalllzer. 

ur.  toTa  made  and  reoslTed  oomplete  results  on  6  batohes  made  on  above 
'  dm.  Iron  Mix  pookets  are  as  follows. 

apparatus.  She  results 

Batch  Ho. 
Run  1 
»  2 
«  3 

"3  8 

8249  8262 
1870  1678 
1800  1660 
1713  1640 
1206  1163 
1269  1206 
1419  1250 
1915  1875 
1788  1830 

8270  8276 
1748  18  00 
1690  1643 
1640  1648 
1106  1231 
1312  1256 
1339  1326 
1883  1825 
1828  1743 










Average . 
1687  f 
1352 J) 
178  OJ 

Is  oul 

•  i-ov\) 

The  loading  qualities  of  this  iron  meets  all 
when  cheoked  against  standard  iron  mix  on  a  standard  ire 

the  specifications  required 
>n  load  maohlne  at  Silver  Lake. 

Batoh  Ho. 

Pooket  Weight 
Uin.  &  Max.  Rumps 
Average  Rumps. 

8249  8262 

8.03  8.00 

16-23  14-19 

19  16.5 

8270  8276 

8.13  8.07 

15-20  14-20 

17.5  17. 





Therefore  with  your  approval  we  would  like  to  incorporate  the  Swenson 
Walker  Contiguous  Iron  Sulphate  Crystallizer  as  part  of  our  regular  production 
apparatus  at  the  Ohemioal  Works. 


Approved  for  use, 


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. , 

Special  Collections  Series  --  Chemical  Production  Records 
Edison  Chemical  Works  Records 
W.  J.  O'Dair  Papers  (1919-1920) 

These  documents  consist  primarily  of  daily  reports  and  communications 
prepared  for  Edison  by  William  J.  O'Dair,  product  engineer  at  the  Edison 
Storage  Battery  Co.  The  dated  items  cover  the  years  1919  and  1920.  There 
are  also  a  few  undated  items  from  the  same  period.  Included  are  production 
testing  data  on  tubes,  pockets,  and  other  battery  components,  along  with 
Edison's  notations  concerning  quality  issues.  Also  included  are  technical 
notes  from  Edison  to  O'Dair,  containing  questions,  experimental  instructions, 
and  requests  for  materials.  Other  ESBCo  employees  mentioned  in  the 
documents  include  researchers  Frederick  W.  Cunningham,  Walter  H. 
Patterson,  George  J.  Peck,  and  Dwight  S.  Sargent,  as  well  as  vice  president 
and  general  manager  Charles  E.  Sholes.  Some  of  the  notes  in  Edison's 
handwriting  have  been  stamped  on  the  back  with  the  date  and  the  notation 
"Edison  Storage  Battery  Co.  Product  Eng'g  Dept."  Many  of  the 
communications  exchanged  between  Edison  and  O'Dair  were  originally 
fastened  together,  accompanied  by  notes  from  O'Dair  indicating  that  they 
were  being  sent  to  Sholes  to  "note  and  return." 

All  of  the  documents  have  been  selected  except  for  a  few  fragments  and 
notes  that  contain  no  substantive  information. 



-• '  ,  *- f/ 


as  high  as(15J,  of 

»ov4  M 

flake  ((thioknesB  of 

».  r'  <y 

Regarding  the  low  oapaelty^WaoJ^^fttubee,  I  JggU-*-  ,  f 
vise  that  this  oondition  has  been  appreciated, . and  iaWIr^  due  to  wiaok  j  ^ 
of  control  over  the  nickel  flaka  plating  process*  Our  loading .weight  onf^3_J 
has  risen  at  various  periods  from  February  15th  to  date  to  as  hi^  asfl5^  of 
the  total  amount  of  active  material  in  tubes;  -L^ 

should  *a  >0v<j4uL)  0*  plUw 

fau  been  oa£Xby  irregulk  and  heavy  flak?  (%hiolmees  of 
of  .009]  in  seme  oases  .  and  °^aBtr  fower^ 

ing.  The  improper  drying  has  been  corrected  new 

the  drying  room.  In  regard  to  the n,  gj  ,meven  thick-  _ 
anodes  has  compelled  us  to  use  an^ss^Io  gfi.  still  j§ffill£C£2&t  fcrvrSw'*'  ® 

injsrs  rirr^^t^.rr0..  *.  — . «.*. ...  i,«» 

for  the  month  of  Aprilj^> 

CwnhMferenoe  to  the  heavy  flake,  it  was  found  that  the  time  limit 
—  -  » 

"SSHifSiEf's? SsrSSfS-' 

(^odtW^  ^  4u55  ».  j*  °*Dalr 

2atoJ»3£.Q»  J.313. 

mjiaoB  sxohaqk  avmax  caatHiire.' 

Wily  Report. 

Storage  Battery — wnsoat  capacity  aftor  formation. 

Average  ampere 
hour  capacity 
to  1.  volt  of 
10jJ  of  loraeit 
oeUa  on  each 
aet  formed  and 
Mat  to  otooJc. 

Bally  Ueport. 


St— CO  Battarloa — Lo—t  capacity  after  fonaatlon. 

,  bfew  r  ' 

lif-  ILo  uo  (UdrtML.  (J&h-i  ,Jr££t~.B<c0'  Of  C*~JL*+* 

r  t,  hMJr  ^  JbuT  *  Xtf  f  ^fUT^W  ^  - 

u  0  q  i/I  ^  C jr  „  .  „ 



l-U'l  p^-fT^ 


*-*■£  f?-e£l(i.*i. 

I  S--IL-  I*) 

c>- ^ 


tr  ...  .  _£■  / 

XlLo  i  H  ^j  mah 

^  *■  o^Jl^ 

JL^tyQAj  .  W*/V_ 

-  <^ocJ-  -  - XwX _ Cvs-o*L<:  J^Ort^C 

•  cjJ>^  - .  uv^oU  .'Vo^L .  .jsdLsSL .  .C^h-co^^Cfcu-. '  Tvr_ 

'  >?y  ©-"V-l.  1  L  /\^~vV_-  /^  J^S^AAC>1_  - 

..©m  ._  ^Lvo  ^ 

— (AJTV’LJtt^A^^  ttL-^yiC~ 




Hated  Capacity  1QQ  125  160  178  225  276  360  850  37.6  62.6  76  87.6  112.5 

04  05  06  07 

Gil  014  018 

J5  J6  J7  J9 

Average  ampere 
Hour  capacity 
to  1.  volt  o f 
1<#  of  lowest 
cells  on  each 
set  formed  and 
sent  to  stock- 



June  11,1919. 

SUBJECT j  G.S.ThermoBtatio  liatal. 

llr.  llaadoworofts 

A'  " 


Attached  ia  &  Bample  of  Thermo-static  natal  and  litar- 
atura  oonoemins  tha  a  ana.  I  spoke  to  Ur.  Edison  about  this  today  and 
ha  seamed  interested  in  it. 

As  it  is  tha  only  sample  and  tha  only  literature  I  have, 
X  would  request  that  it  be  returned. 

Daily  Report. 


Storage  Batteries — lowest  capacity  after  formation. 

June.  16. .  .191.9..... . . 

Hated  Capacity  112.6  160  187.5  226  SCO  375  450  37.5  75  112.5  18.75 

jjTy^  A3  A4  A5  A6  AS  A10  A12  B2  B4  B6  B1 



Storage  Batteries - S  owe  at  capacity  after  formation. 

Bated  Capaolty  112.6  160  187.6  i 

376  460  18.76  37.6  76  112.6 

AS  A4  A6  A6  AS  A10  A12  B1  £2  B4 

X  337"~ 

hour  oapaclty 

375  , 

10#  of  loirest 
oelle  on  eaoh 

set  formed  and 
sent  to  stook. 

GlX  l^Ls-  ^-“1 

Jsski^  ‘X"'- 

Bated  Capaolty 

100  126  160  176  226  276  350  450  37.6  62.6  75  87.6  112.6 


04  06  06  07  09  011  014  018  J3  JB  J6  J7  J9 

Average  ampere 
hour  oapaclty 
to  1.  volt  of 
10#  of  lowest 
oelle  on  eaoh 
set  formed  and 
sent  to  stook. 

1«C  .  ‘  ^ W / - ; — : — -I  --- 

,w;  ■y)ll£fCa.v,.  JS5L#-**' 

...ftC_3.  £(Le,. _ _ __/___=£: :: — 6 — |P$= 

. - . -  - . 

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. |  <V7  *<•  f-c-/  ,  C  r f-  Cj'i  feGay  _fi.M  .■'■  — -'- - 

IfaJl  mmll ^ 

. «...  S-Z&cAa^ LO_^tdLst.  _, — - -  f -/r — £ \ — |) — Wf 

o£-cgc.  fa  nxduf  .>U^vuu 

:.y  c^,  ^  fl.cU - V.  ^  >  - 

#4r  _14i  U  ^'Vg^^Cg  0 

...  ccsJC-C..  <r/  a. 

of  5" 

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—  iR^Ce: 

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'X La&C* 

.  _ -’— : . - . - 

jJtP, .-  _  .f3N  ^y)  . 



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i^jiik<5.L  Ml  /jf 

vi~ci  \JC 


_ \±^  — 


~~ ■*£&-***:*-  £a*~~ 

JyXA'T'  • 


i  tk-tA-  trfi'VVCT 

■  r.C.c  tUJ  t.C't 


_ JL 

'i-J'  jlicieJL-il 



kit  Cro-T  < 

V-  cl  lt>< 

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i  ^SLUj^  0  f-  i^^tk 

C-  r  rZL.-(C^;  ^j 


/  '  -^2^ 


Bept.  IX,  193.9. 

FROM:  W.  J.  O'Dair 

TO:  Mr.  Pederson,  Chem.  Lab. 

SURJECT:  Memo.  from  Mr.  T.  A,  Edieon. 

I  .have  received  the  following  memo,  from 
Hr.  T.  A.  Ed  in  on: - 

0'JJai.r  - 

It  lookB  to  me  that  if  you  bring  density 
of  Fickel  Flake  Current  below  100  uirperes  per  foot 
that  you  vill  Buve  considerably  more  in  costs  of  current 
than  you  will  lose  by  increased  wuges,  etc. 


’"ill  you  kindly  prepare  for  Kr,  Edisons'  inform¬ 
ation  dutu  which  will  show  the  correct  relation  between 
current  cost,  as  affected  by  current  density,-  time,  re¬ 
quired  to  slate  one  stripping  and  poundB  per  crane  pro¬ 
duced.  These  relations  might  be  rKpresoed  in  graphic 
form  as  follows: 

,  Horizontal  Ordinate  Vertioal  Ordinate 

Time  required  for  plating  Current  Density. 

Pounds  produced  per  crane  Time  required  for  plating. 

If  'there  is  any  other,  information  will  oh  you 
believe  would  make  thic  clear  X  think  it  would  be  well  to 
include  it  in  your  reply. 

W.  J.  0 ’Bair , 

_ Product  Engineer. 


SILVER  LAKE- HYDRATE  (Short  Tabes) 

Hydrate  Numbers . 

Tube  Numbers _ 

V«"  FAi  JTORY  LONG  Tli»E8y  a/ia  " 

Hydrate  Numbers . . i  v  '  . . - 

Tube  Numbers . . \. -  _  ^Jl1_L/X...v . . . 


Mix  Nnmhnrs  4938,  .4039  -.'..L ’  ’ . Z— 

,  Pocket  Numbers.^93.a_r„_a9.,„.i_A_2.JL..x* - - •...- - 

Capacity  nt  750  M. A.  r  Capacity. at  300,M. A..  ,,,  0  ,  Capacity  at  7S( 

Minimum  . RSZ.'.-rr. . 1857 .  —.1630 . T7....J2Z4E..  - - - 

Average  . 921 c-.._..1912..._  ;  '-.-ISMu-— jg.V8.9...  ..... 

•  Maximum  1000  -  10T6.....  - 

'FA6T0'RY  Sockets  ,(8-gramsV 

Mix  NumberS__...4S02.,_.4902..A..AOrap,_A90.7.>..A9.Q8 - £LL "T“ 

Pocket  Numbers _ J243_tp_7.26fi__x - 

SILVER.  LAKE  POCKETS  (8-grams) 

Minimum  .  ...... .7..*8.0Q.:  •’1847'  '  •-  "UUi  r;':  :  • 

Average  ,..,.aTMR.  . r -.2:888-  .™.XS6S_C-.„?-lI7. . 

Maximum  _ 8.800.  ....1212 - — .26.8.7.....  24DQ._._-...„.3.5.92L 


.•Mix  Numbers.: . i . . . —  Mix  Proportions - 

Plate  Numbers - - - — 

:!Cfllla.-7.S5l'.;..52..iiSji.  .s.oluttcin  ..rsnattB.d..fliid...wUl..:r 

OUt'.O'lSt/.  iT  ■ 

,.;m..o9iiA.jRiii,i...xiw....<i(i.c::2-i^ — . . vrtT;4 

- /(jLja,t~JLaSi  . 

•CU  LK"'"' 

-  '■/*-**'  k^4- 

OK  y 


—  ^ 

•  «■  -G 



yy  ~j_c  'i|  £ 

%-CCrU  4-M  O-  W  “'  f ‘''''•'  **  C-'-' 

Oo-^aJUt  Ussd.t^ 

juk  Kc,f  h*~*~*>  <sUC" 

^  4-^  o— < 

^  rc^  **  ^ 

4^  *e~~r 

Ju-k o  "" 

,  r  }XZC*  q’.'.#&.  ^  ™- 

fjju  nMyusv 

October  £9,  1919. 

Ur»  i'  .H.tuttorooa,  Rosoaroh  Bepartmnnt. 

Hr.  H.  Ohaaiborlaln,  Repair  department. 

Hr.  B.a.airgent,  Coll  loot  Boportment. 

Thn  following  note  from  Itr.  Edison  la  oolf-oxplanntory,- 


When  you  oo r.o  coroes  a  lot  of  very  old  oella  that  toot  below  1£0 
for  A-IOur  -  please  rernoyo  the  ml*  from  tho  tuboo  and  let  mo  have  it. 
While  I  oan  regenerate  the  Si (OH)  from  a  140  cell.  It  nay.  be  X  oan't 
Jf.  14  from  00110  Hiving  only  lot)  Qnp.houra  oapaoity.  Therefore  would 
liite  mix  from  10  or  £0  very  low  oollo.  Don't  give  mo  oolls  whoro  low  is 
duo  to  eoid  or  othor  abnormal  oonditiona,  but  thooo  whloh  have  naturally 
e  ond  put  explanatory  onrdB  on  tho  mixes  you  send. 

gone  low.  He  s 

If  you  havo  any  oollo  or  know  of  any  that  ore  now  In  3rd  oluea 
stook,  in  2nd  olase  etook  or  in  Rosouroh  nopt.  whloh  will  meet  thoso  roquiro- 
monte,  please  forward  to  Ur.  look,  wlio  will  remove  niokol  oxldo  and  flake. 
Plouso  bo  sure  about  aoid  or  othor  unusual  condition,  and  also  about  onptoity 
of  oolls  oelooted.  Thoro  ohould  bo  not  less  than  ton  oells  solooted. 


Copy  to  Hr.  look. 

Ur.  Peoki 

When  these  oelle  are  delivered,,  will  you  plaaae  remove  and 
arrange  for  delivery  to  T.A.E. Laboratory  on  B.U.  order.  Charge  to 



. Oo.h.oher...2.9., . 1 91  ..9... 

SILVER  LAKE  HYDRATE  (Short  Tubes) 

Hydrate  Numbers . 

Tube  Numbers _ 

Alter  io  Hot  Runs 



Hydrate  Numbers'.... 
Tube  Numbers _ 

Mix  Numbers _ - _ 

SILVER  LAKE  -POCKETS  (8-grams) 

Pocket  Numbers_pAa4a_=Jut...?^a;.  x..--. 

FACTORY  POCKETS  (8-grams) 


. ....I... _ Mix  Proportions-.... — _J_ 

)c  .Cells '  tovV  soVitllonlj^^On^ll’Y 




joliis.-.-aa  -, . 191ft.. . 

SILVER  LAKE  HYDRATE  (Short  Tubes) 

weight  Run  1  Run  2  Run  3 

.6*216. _  28*76  2.0*44.  2.0*84  -  32.39 


. x.—All-eells-wlll-pun-on — : — . . - . 

xx  All  oelle  will  run  on 

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...  irT« 

LJSKe  HYDRATE  (Short  Tube's) 

Hydrate  Numbers.Z£B9*...609,...6S?.*.JTJ3*.Jl?^J1.4^..81.8..i . . 

Tube  Numbers  . ,a?.g.. to. l21.J5...tq.iri;§J.J 

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TUBES  */"i«  " 

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Tube  Numbers _  _ ;••-•— - 

Loading  3rd  run  Loading"  •" 

SILVER  LAKE  POCKETS  .(5,grams).  SILVER  LAKE.  POCKETS  (8-grams) 

Mix  NumberS__!l9.a6-R>-A936...R.1r>.-4919.,_4953,j  49.6X„.jl9.6.2. - . . . 

Pocket  Numbers., AftM-B.  ,«» 

Capacity  at  750  M.A.  Capacity  at  JOo’m.A.  '  ’Capacity  at  S.M;|  Capacity  at  400  M.j 

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/;•]!  FACTORY  POCKETS  (8-grams>"!:  ; 

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•  SILVER  LAKE  HYDRATE  (Short  Tubes)- 

Hydrate  Numbers . 7.7p.,!...87B.,....93.6.,...S58 . . . . . 

Tube  Numbers _ .R«K'«.l.QQfi4_tp.._15.._x _ _ 

.  March  18, _ 194..?. 



1267  •  ’ : 

. imo:  -.ii>,2 . 

1218  -  1239 
1270  -  1310 

Hydrate  Numbers . 

Tube  Numbers - 



Mix  Numbers___ - 

Pocket  Numbers - J.....'..... - 

Capacity  at  750  M. A.  *  Cupacity  at  31 




FACTORY  POCKETS  (8-grams) 

:S(NGLE  IRON  vPj-ATES  (B  Type) 
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wax  Memo  #78 
iter.  SI.  1984. 

sr.s»  r/»u8;>.  «£»&';,  ~  srr"1"' 

-,i  -  -  -  »» 

than  our  Suh  Master  W  ax. 

We  finally  suooeeded  in  molding  a  few  G*[d^®d®  ^obtained  six  so 
After  considerable  difficulty  and  ;„d*oldine>  Archer  olaims  that 
called  O.K.  Oyilnders  in,  p0ured.  The  oooUng  tin®  as  Aroher  st 

th9WaI  Sfd  ll  8  minutes before  and  4  minutes  after  trimming 

*  chilled  mold  ts  also  necessary  sincere  an' ' ^^“^rSla-les 

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form  of  surface  cloudiness. 

When  these  blanks  were  machine. i  up  the 

low  a.  r.  the  Edging  operation  oauiod  **  raxlse  of  these 

^^^^^tTeT-Uo^  S£  ^difficulty  of  collecting 
semi  plaetio  wax. 

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one  saponification.  Ihenextdayhemolded^  molds  and 

all  day.  In  order  to  to  place  the  molds 

, . _  wnv  nan  bo  a  oomneroial  suooess. 

With  such  a  low  oongealJ^S  point  no  *  ln  material,  using 

s-irrssSsHSinits  trssi r* 

r.rr..c,^x?  .“U  — ui  **  i-“- 

Ihe  discard  unit  cost  is  loos  than  .  P0 

Further  more  the  proponed  v 
molding  machine,  owing  to  J 

is  not  suitable  to  use  on  our  meohanioal 
extremely  low  0.?.  and  great  shrinkage. 

c  C !~t  % 


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Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
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In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
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may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 
The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
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made  to  ensure  legibility. 


We  thankfully  acknowledge  the  vision  and  support  of  Rutgers  University  and  the 
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This  edition  was  made  possible  by  grant  funds  provided  from  the  New  Jersey  Historicai 
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We  are  grateful  for  the  generous  support  of  the  IEEE  Foundation,  the  Hyde  &  Watson 
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Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
Richard  L.  McCormick 
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Ann  Fabian 
Paul  Clemens 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
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Maryanne  Gcrbauckas 
Michelle  Ortwein 

Smithsonian  Institution 
Harold  Wallace 


Robert  Friedel,  University  of  Maryland 
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Susan  Hockey,  Oxford  University 
Thomas  P.  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Ronald  Kline,  Cornell  University 
Robert  Rosenberg,  John  Wiley  &  Sons 
Marc  Rothenberg,  Joseph  Henry  Papers,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Philip  Scranton,  Rutgers  Umversity/Hagley  Museum 
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Director  and  General  Editor 
Paul  Israel 

Senior  Editor 
Thomas  Jeffrey 

Associate  Editors 
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Assistant  Editor 
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Indexing  Editor 
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Consulting  Editor 
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Visiting  Editor 
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Editorial  Assistants 
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Outreach  and  Development 
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Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copyright  ©  2007  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

All  rights  reserved.  No  part  of  this  publication  including  any  portion  of  the  guide  and 
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The  original  documents  in  this  edition  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National 
Historic  Site  at  West  Orange,  New  Jersey. 

ISBN  978-0-88692-887-2 


Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Senior  Editor 

Brian  C.  Shipley 
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Linda  E.  Endcrsby 

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Indexing  Editor 

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